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" It must not be assumed that, where nothing is written in this column, "white" is to be understood. The column is always to be filled. Be particularly careful in reporting the class mulatto. The word is here generic, and includes quadroons, octoroons,... "
Measuring America: The Decennial Censuses from 1790 to 2000 - Halaman 10
oleh Jason G. Gauthier - 2002 - 140 halaman
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Federal Measures of Race and Ethnicity and the Implications for the 2000 ...

United States, United States. Congress. House. Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. Subcommittee on Government Management, Information, and Technology - 1998 - 702 halaman
...category but did not define the term. In 1870 and 1880, mulattoes were officially defined to include "quadroons, octoroons, and all persons having any perceptible trace of African blood." In 1890 enumerators were told to record the exact proportion of the "African blood" again reiving on...
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Shades of Citizenship: Race and the Census in Modern Politics

Melissa Nobles - 2000 - 248 halaman
...Categories Instructions to Enumerators (1880, Be particularly careful in reporting the class Mulatto. COM.) The word is here generic, and includes quadroons,...correct determination of this class in schedules 1 and 5" (italics in original). 1890 White, Black, "Write white, black, mulatto, quadroon, octoroon, Mulatto,...
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Interracialism: Black-White Intermarriage in American History, Literature ...

Werner Sollors - 2000 - 560 halaman
...IN AMERICA 1815-1859 (1960). 69. In 1870, the US Census Bureau defined the term "mulatto" to include "quadroons, octoroons, and all persons having any perceptible trace of African blood." NEGRO POPULATION 1790-1915, supra note 21, at 207. Instructions for the 1890 census defined "black"...
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Who Is Black?: One Nation's Definition

F. James Davis - 2010
...category but did not define the term. In 1870 and 1880, mulattoes were officially defined to include "quadroons, octoroons, and all persons having any perceptible trace of African blood." In 1890 enumerators were told to record the exact proportion of the "African blood," again relying...
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Census and Identity: The Politics of Race, Ethnicity, and Language in ...

Professor David I Kertzer, David I. Kertzer, Dominique Arel, Dennis P. Hogan - 2002 - 210 halaman
...column is always to be filled. Be particularly careful in reporting the class Mulatto. The word here is generic, and includes quadroons, octoroons, and all...correct determination of this class in schedules 1 and 2 (italics in original). (US Bureau of the Census 1989: 26) Schedule 1 was for population, Schedule 2...
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Constructing "race" and "ethnicity" in America: Category-making in Public ...

Dvora Yanow - 2003 - 252 halaman
...In 1 880 they were told: "Be particularly careful in reporting the class Mulatto [orig. emphasis]. The word is here generic, and includes quadroons,...depend upon the correct determination of this class . . ." (Short 1996, p. 338, n. 7). In 1890 the "scientific" determination changed: "Be particularly...
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Gender Nonconformity, Race, and Sexuality: Charting the Connections

Toni P. Lester - 2002 - 232 halaman
...were black or mulatto by visual inspection. For the census of 1870, mulattos were defined to include: "quadroons, octoroons and all persons having any perceptible trace of African blood." By 1890, octoroon and quadroon joined mulatto as separate classifications. Even the US Census Bureau...
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New Faces in a Changing America: Multiracial Identity in the 21st Century

Loretta I. Winters, Herman L. DeBose - 2003 - 407 halaman
...while grew increasingly detailed. In 1870, enumerators were told that "the class Mulatto" included "quadroons, octoroons, and all persons having any perceptible trace of African blood" (quoted in Nobles, 2000, p. 187l. When those categories were themselves listed on the 1890 census schedule,...
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Race in the Jury Box: Affirmative Action in Jury Selection

Hiroshi Fukurai, Richard Krooth - 2003 - 270 halaman
...not be assumed that. where nothing is written in this columo. "White" is to be understood. The columo is always to be filled. Be particularly careful in...depend upon the correct determination of this class in schedule I and 2. Indiacs.— "Indians not taxed" are not to be enumerated on schedule 1. Indians out...
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Culturally Diverse Mental Health: The Challenges of Research and Resistance

Jeffery Scott Mio, Gayle Iwamasa - 2003 - 370 halaman
..."one-drop-rule" of hypodescent: Be particularly careful in reporting the class Mulatto. The word here is generic. and includes quadroons. octoroons. and all...the correct determination of this class in schedules l and 2 [emphasis addedj. tU.S. Bureau of the Census. l989. p. 26; in Nobles. 2000. p. l740) Regardless...
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