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(Created pursuant to sec. 5 (a) of Public Law 304, 79th Cong.)

PAUL H. DOUGLAS, Illinois, Chairman

WRIGHT PATMAN, Texas, Vice Chairman JOHN SPARKMAN, Alabama

RICHARD BOLLING, Missouri J. WILLIAM FULBRIGHT, Arkansas

WILBUR D. MILLS, Arkansas JOSEPH C. O'MAHONEY, Wyoming

AUGUSTINE B. KELLEY, Pennsylvania RALPH E. FLANDERS, Vermont

JESSE P. WOLCOTT, Michigan ARTHUR V. WATKINS, Utah

HENRY O. TALLE, Iowa
BARRY GOLDWATER, Arizona

THOMAS B. CURTIS, Missouri
GROVER W. ENSLEY, Staff Director

JOHN W. LEHMAN, Clerk

SUBCOMMITTEE ON LOW-INCOME FAMILIES

JOHN SPARKMAN, Alabama, Chairman RALPH E. FLANDERS, Vermont

AUGUSTINE B. KELLEY, Pennsylvania ELEANOR M. SNYDER, Economist

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LETTERS OF TRANSMITTAL

OCTOBER 15, 1955. Hon. PAUL H. DOUGLAS, Chairman, Joint Committee on the Economic Report,

United States Senate, Washington, D. C. DEAR SENATOR DOUGLAS: Transmitted herewith is a staff report which contains some of the more recent statistics relating to the lowincome population. The report was prepared at the request of the Subcommittee on Low-Income Families which, in accordance with instructions contained in the March 14, 1955, report of the full committee, is conducting a study of low-income problems.

The subcommittee is appreciative of the generous cooperation of the executive departments of the Federal Government and other organizations in preparing materials included in this report. The data presented do not necessarily represent the views of the subcommittee or of its individual members.

John SPARKMAN, Chairman, Subcommittee on Low-Income Families.

OCTOBER 15, 1955. Hon. John SPARKMAN,

Chairman, Subcommittee on Low-Income Families,

United States Senate, Washington, D. C. DEAR SENATOR SPARKMAN: Transmitted herewith is a staff report which presents some of the more recent additions to the statistical materials on the size and characteristics of the low-income population. A considerable portion of these materials represents data not previously published and which were especially prepared for the use of the Subcommittee on Low-Income Families by Government and private agencies.

This report was prepared primarily for the use of the subcommittee, for those participating in the subcommittee's forthcoming hearings and others interested in the problems associated with low income. It is not intended to be all inclusive; in the selection of the materials, emphasis was placed on the particular topics on which the subcommittee will focus its attention this year. In many instances, however,

,

, the present report brings up to date statistical information contained in the earlier report assembled by the staff for the subcommittee's use, Low-Income Families and Economic Stability: Materials on the Problem of Low-Income Families (S. Doc. No. 231, 81st Cong., 2d sess.).

Part 1 of the report contains a series of current estimates of the size and general characteristics of the low-income population as well as comparisons of the changes which occurred since the earlier staff report was issued. Part 2 presents materials relating to various com

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