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THE CLASSIFIED CIVIL SERVICE
MESSAGE FROM THE
PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES
REPORT OF THE COMMISSION ON ECON-
To the Senate and House of Representatives:
I transmit herewith a report of the Commission on Economy and Efficiency on the subject of the retirement from the classified civil service of superannuated employees. To the plan proposed in this report and set forth in detail in the accompanying draft of a bill I give my unqualified approval, because I believe it to be sound in principle and just both to the Government and to its employees.
NECESSITY FOR A RETIREMENT PLAN.
It is unnecessary at this time to discuss at length the necessity for adopting some plan by which the service may be relieved of the loss from the inefficiency of the personnel caused by the retention on the rolls, after long and faithful service, of those who have passed the age when they can perform a full day's work. The subject is one Iwith which all administrative officers are familiar. It has been referred to in several messages which I have sent to the Congress and in many reports of the heads of departments. It is conceded by everyone acquainted with the situation that some action must be taken. Under present conditions the loss to the Government will continue to increase. Some method other than the summary discharge of employees when they become inefficient on account of age must be adopted. The present practice of retaining such employees on the rolls and, as they grow older, expecting from them a smaller quantity and lower grade of work can not continue indefinitely without seriously impairing the efficiency of the entire service and imposing upon the Government a cost that will be in excess of the expense to be incurred by the adoption of a reasonable plan for remedying existing conditions.
PROPOSED PLAN OF RETIREMENT.
The plan submitted by the commission contemplates that each employee in the classified service in the executive departments and establishments at Washington shall be retired as soon as he reaches the age of 70 years and shall receive thereafter an annuity equal to one-half of his annual salary, with the provision that no annuity shall exceed $600.
I invite particular attention to the fact that the plan provides that each person hereafter entering the service shall pay the entire expense
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