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A VIEW OF THE ANCIENT AND MODERN STATE OF EUROPE;
OF THE IMPORTANCE OF OUR COLONIES; AND OF THE COMMERCE, SHIPPING,

MANUFACTURES, FISHERIES, &c.

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THE MODERN POLITICO-COMMERCIAL GEOGRAPHY OF THE SEVERAL COUNTRIES OF EUROPE,
CAREFULLY REVISED, CORRECTED, AND CONTINUED TO THE PRESENT TIME.

IN FOUR VOLUMES.

IN

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1 Ο Ν ο Ν :
PRINTED AT THE Logographic Press, BY J. WALTER, PRINTING-HOUSE SQUARE, BLACKFRIARS,

AND SOLD BY
1. ROBSON AND W. CLARKE, T. PAYNE AND SONS, B. WHITE AND SON, L. DAVIS, B. LAW, R. BALDWIN,

I. BECKET, P. ELMSLY, W. OTRIDGE, J. JOHNSON, C. DILLY, W. RICHARDSON, W. FLEXNEY, W. GOLDSMITH,
J. BEW, T. EVANS, G. AND T. WILKIE, T. WHIELDON, W. LOWNDES, J. DEBRETT, T. HOOKHAM, SCATCHARD
AND WHITAKER: ALSO BY L. WHITE, DUBLIN; ELLIOT AND GORDON, EDINBURGH; AND DUNLOP AND
WILSON, GLASGOW.

MDCCLXXXVII.

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AN

HISTORICAL AND CHRONOLOGICAL DEDUCTION

OF THE

ORIGIN OF COMMERCE,

FROM THE EARLIEST ACCOUNTS, &c,

SIXT E ENTH CENTURY.

Succession of PRINCE s in this Century.

Maximilian, 51558

and son of > 1558

Emperors of Germany. Kings of England. Kings of Portugal. Kings of Sweden. Kings of Poland.
MAXIMILIAN , HENRY VII. to 1509 EMANUEL thel, John 11. to 1504 JOHNALBERT,
I. to

1519
- VIII. to 1546 Great, to $4521 Steno Sture and

(Son of Cali- } 1501 CHARLES V.) EDWARD VI. to 1553 John III. to 1557 SwantoSture, >1520 mir IV.) to J Grandíon toi MARY I. to 1558 SEBASTIAN, to 1578 Regents, to

ALEXANDER, to 1506 ELIZABETH, to 1600 HENRY (the one CHRISTIAN II. .

SIGISMUND I. to 1548 and beyond. Cardinal) to $ 1580

the Tyrant,to +5+3 SIGISMUND 2 Philip I. K. ! Philip II. K. ? GUSTAVUS E-)

II. his Son, i of Spain, to

of Spain, to $ 1598

RICKSON,or
Kings of Scotland.

(surnamed FERDINAND I.)

Philip III. of 7, VASA, (who we JAMES IV. to Brother 101564 JA

Augustus)ın > 1572 1513 Spain, to s ee entirely le

whom ended Charles V, to

V. to 1542

and beyond. parated the MARY, to MAXIMILIAN)

the Line of 1567

kingdom of % 1560 Jagellon, to II. Son of 18-6 JAMES VI. to 1600

Kings of Denmark, Suvedenfrom
and beyond.

HENRY of
Ferdinand,to )
Norway and Sweden. the Union

France, who
RODOLPH, his?

JOHN, to
1513 made by

was elected, /'574 Son, to s

King's of Spain.
CHRISTIAN ) Margaret &

and died in
and beyond.
FERDINAND
II. (called the

Haquin) to

STEPHEN BA-7
and ISABEL-
tyrant in the
ERIC XIV. to 1568

TORI, to S7586
LA,of Castile > 1504
Swedish List,

John III. to 1594 SIGISMUND, )
Leon, and

and was the $1523 SIGISMUND, to 1600 (King of 1600 Kings of France. Arragon, to Jast that ruled

and beyond.

Sweden) to J. Louis XII. to 1515 PHILIP I. to 1516 over both Den

and beyond. FRANCIS I. to 1547 CHARLES I. 2

mark & Swe-
HENRY II. to 1559 (and V.) to 5555 den, to
FRANCIS II. to 1360 PHILIP II. his? Denmark and Norway.
CHARLES IX. to 1574 Son, to

}1598

FREDERICK I. to 1534 HENRY III. to 1589 PHILIP III. his 2 CHRISTIAN - IV. to 1600 Son, to S100 III. to

$ 1559 and beyond.

and beyond. FREDERICKII.to 1 588

CHRISTIANIV.to 1600

and beyond.

600

The CHARACTER OF THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY. 1501 THIS Century abounds with interesting revolutions and material alterations almost over

T all Christendom. The accession of the vast dominions of Spain to the House of Austria by a marriage, was such a conjunction as seemed greatly to endanger the equilibrium of Europe for the greatest part of this century, and had a considerable influence on commerce.

Whilst Portugal pursued her commerce and rapid conquests in East India, so that the city of Lisbon soon became (what the now declining city of Venice had been for many centuries Vol. II.

past)

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