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This report presents statistics by census tracts from the 1960 Censuses of Population and Housing. Legal provision for these censuses, which were conducted as of April 1, 1960, was made in the Act of Congress of August 31, 1954 (amended August 1957), which codified Title 13, United States Code.
Census tracts are small, permanently established, geographical areas into which large cities and adjacent areas have been divided for statistical purposes. The boundaries of tracts are developed by a local committee and approved by the Bureau of the Census. For all areas where census tracts are established, a Census Tract Key Person is appointed by the Director of the Census to serve as the representative of the Bureau to the local committee on all matters concerning census tracts. Usually he is chairman or secretary of the local census tract committee. The historical background of the concept of census tracts and a more detailed definition are given in the Introduction to this report.
The PHC(1) publication series consists of 180 reports and provides data for approximately 23,000 census tracts. The areas covered by these reports are listed on page 12. A description of the other final reports from the 1960 Censuses of Population and Housing is presented on pages 11 and 12.
The census program was designed in consultation with a number of advisory committees and many individuals in order to maximize the usefulness of the data. Among the groups organized for this purpose were the Council of Population and Housing Census Users, Technical Advisory Committee for the 1960 Population Census, Housing Advisory Committee, and the Federal Agency Population and Housing Census Council (sponsored by the U.S. Bureau of the Budget). The persons who served with these groups represented a wide range of interest in the census program; their affiliations included universities, private industry, research organizations, labor groups, Federal agencies, State and local governments, and professional associations.
A large number of persons participated in the various activities of the 1960 Censuses of Population and Housing. Primary responsibilities were exercised by many of the persons listed on the preceding page. Within the Population, Housing, Decennial Operations, Field, Geography, and Statistical Methods Divisions, most of the staff members worked on this program.
The following members of the Population Division had a major role in planning the content of this series of reports: Stuart H. Garfinkle, Paul C. Glick, Selma F. Goldsmith, and Henry D. Sheldon. Within the Housing Division, Alexander Findlay, J. Hugh Rose, and Herbert Shapiro had major roles in planning the content; and Nathan Krevor supervised the operational aspects of the housing portion of this series of reports. The technical editorial work was performed by Mildred M. Russell, Leah S. Anderson, and Louise L. Douglas of the Population Division.
Important contributions were made by Glen S. Taylor, then Chief, Richard A. Hornseth, Denver K. Ingram, and Willard P. Hess of the Decennial Operations Division in the processing and compilation of the statistics; Robert B. Voight, then Chief, Ivan Munro, and Paul R. Squires of the Field Division in the collection of the information; Robert C. Klove, Robert L. Hagan, and Toshi Toki of the Geography Division in the delineation and mapping of tracts; and Robert Hanson and Herman Fasteau of the Statistical Methods Division in the sampling and quality control operations.
Important contributions were also made by Lowell T. Galt and Herman P. Miller of the Office of the Director, and by the staffs of the Administrative Service Division, Everett H. Burke, Chief; Budget and Management Division, Charles H. Alexander, Chief; C'ensus Operations Office, Robert D. Krook, Executive Officer; Electronics Systems Division, Robert F. Drury, Chief; Personnel Division, James P. Taff, Chief; and Statistical Research Division, William N. Hurwitz, Chief.
Map of the tracted area appears following the last page of tables.