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Labor curnover statistics showing the rate of accessions and separations, by industry, for the Nation and for selected Staces and areas, are also based on data supplied by employers. The 42 State agencies currently in the cooperative program on these tumover statistics have the same responsibilities as in the employment statistics program. This program is jointly financed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Bureau of Employment Security.

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he Bureau of Labor Statistics wishes to acknowledge gratitude the cooperation of thousands of business zations and Federal, State, and local government ies whose officials have given freely the statistics ther information needed for this volume. The figures

provide a unique opportunity to reveal not only the panorama of our industrial economy, creared by the

of the United States through their imagination, rise, and labor, but also the varied detail of which it de. In this book we show, among other facts, in what ries people have jobs, how many hours they work each

and how much they earn by the hour and by the week. ng the past helps us to understand the present and s the future; this book, through the data shown, traces rowth and transformation of the Nation's industrial my and the distribution of its manpower through the recent 5 decades of this century.

A separate section presenting some of the broader categories of labor force statistics is also embodied in this volume, in order to provide a rounded picture of historical employment trends. The labor force statistics are compiled through household interviews, and provide, estimates covering the entire labor force, including unemployed and a gricultural workers.

This volume of historical statistics represents a significant technical achievement by the Division of Manpower and Employment Statistics. The following units and indi. viduals made important contributions to the final result.

The volume was prepared under the general direction of Harold Goldstein, Chief, and of Dudley E. Young, Assistant Chief for Industry Employment Statistics, and under the direct supervision of Rudolph C. Mendelssohn, Chief of the Branch of Employment Operations, and Robert O Dorman, Chief of the Branch of Program Planning and Techniques.

'ayroll employment statistics, which provide detailed try information for the Nation on the employment, hours rk, and earnings of nonfarm wage and salary workers, ased on information supplied by employers. Each , a sample of industrial, commercial, and government lishments, employing collectively about 25 million rs, send data drawn from their payrolls to State agen: cooperating with the Bureau of Labor Statistics. In

agencies, data are extracted for preparation of figures ate and area employment, hours, and earnings. Then .ports are sent to the BLS to be used in the preparation itional figures. The costs of this Federal-State pro

are shared in 44 States with the U.S. Department of r's Bureau of Employment Security; the costs in the ning States are shared by the State departments of

with the BLS. Employers' contribution reports under nemployment insurance system are the major source of hmarks on which most industry employment estimates based. These reports are collected and tabulated by employment security agencies under Bureau of EmploySecurity direction. Benchmark data for the remaining ons are obtained with the help of records from the au of Old-Age and Survivors Insurance, the Civil Servo Commission, several other Government agencies, and te organizations including the American Hospital Assoon, National Catholic Welfare Conference, and the Na1 Council of Churches.

The estimating techniques underlying the statistics were the responsibility of John P. Wymer, who was assisted by Dorothy M. Hinton, Samuel Schechter, Joaquin A. Pavia, Nathan Buchalter, Margaret W. Testerman, and Carol M. Utter. Emeline French and Maurice M. Levin provided technical assistance in the adaptation of the series to the new industrial classification system. David M. Fishbein was responsible for the organization of the volume, under the supervi. sion of Robert M. Shaw. Edward B. Morris designed the electronic computer programs generating data for 1959 and 1960. Programs for earlier years, and for direct printing of the statistical pages by the computer were designed under the guidance of Frederick W. Suffa, by Walter Stuart, aided by Carol G. King, Pauline T. Padgett, and Brendan J. Powers. Vincent W. Casey and Alene B. Chase supervised the technical staff review of the statistics.

Ewan Clague
Commissioner of Labor Statistics

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