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bearing directly upon the problem clubs, classes, etc., and a library and of building

meeting hall for charity workers. 2. Moral and social relations of tenement-house life-including questions of parks, playgrounds, school

The annual meeting of the Bureau

of Charities of Brooklyn was held playgrounds, and all matters relat

From ing to the moral, physical, and social May 14 at its central office.

the treasurer's report it appears that welfare of occupants of tenement houses.

for the general expenses of the

society there have been received 3. Committee on tenement-house

from voluntary contributions $18,labor—including effect of tenement

465.53, from

interest morthouse labor upon tenement-house

gage investments $331.44. The life, garment making, cigar and

amount expended was $21,752.89, cigarette making, artificial flowers

leaving a balance of $105.48. From and feather making, etc.

the reports of the various depart. 4. The tenement-house problem


quote the following in Buffalo-to consider the same

figures. Applications for aid received questions relating to the city of

at the three offices were 9,544, nearly Buffalo.

1,000 less than for the year preced5. An executive committee-to ing. Of these 2,789 were new apdirect the work of the commission plications and 7,140 old. The number and to carry on its general work. of inquiries received concerning per

sons supposed to be needing assist.

ance was 2,626, about 400 less than In a statement of Baltimore's the previous year.

the previous year. Nearly half of charitable needs in the Charities Re- these inquiries were answered from cord for May, the greatest need is said information already contained in the to be adequate provision for desti- registry. Five thousand five hundred tute consumptives, both by the and eighty-seven visits of investigafurther endowment of an established tion have been made by the agents hospital, and by providing sanatoria of the bureau. In the industrial dein the mountains for cases in the partments 30,617 days (or parts of earlier stages of the disease. The days) work was performed by beneCharity Organization Society of that ficiaries, among whom were distribcity has opened the first of what it uted $17,255.47. Two thousand two hopes will become a system of neigh- hundred and forty-seven persons borhood buildings in the several dis were sent to odd jobs, from which it tricts of the city. The buildings are is estimated that not less than a intended to be centres for uplifting dollar a piece on the average was and neighborly service in various earned. Regular employment outquarters of the city and to furnish side the bureau was secured for 165 facilities for local activities such as persons.

* *

Two interesting illustrative cases taken an active part in the manageare given in the report:

ment of the association. In the Two years ago a woman who has future the work of the solicitors is poor eyesight begged nearly all the to be supplemented, and as far as living of herself and three children. possible superseded by circular letA very patient friendly visitor taught ters. The board hopes thereby to her to wash acceptably, and in the have sufficient funds in hand at the workroom of the bureau she was beginning of winter to purchase the taught to clean. For several months needed supplies for the distributing she has been self-supporting.

depots at minimum prices and maxiAnother woman has been labored mum advantage. The whole number with by a friendly visitor for two of families helped during the past years to help her to see dirt and to

year was 12,118. The total number learn how to watch and scrub. At of women employed by the various last the visitor reports the care of branches of the clothing bureau was her rooms and children to be im 347; total number of garments made proved, and she thinks that the 3,853, valued at $2,928.42. The woman and her family have been treasurer reports a deficit of $4,permanently raised out of the beg. 558.57, due to the absence of the

usual appropriation from the city.

gar class.

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The Official Organ of the Charity Organization Society of the City of New York.

No. 2.


their study of economics and finan-

cial phenomena they know what is

The Problem of the Model Tenements ..

the true effect upon economic soci-
Part of an address at the National Con-

ety, not of taxes only, but also of
ference, by Mrs. Emily E. Williamson.

legislation. It is with fear that they

Simplify the Tenement Laws


regard the plans of the socialists in

Militarism and Charity

5 their demand for sanitary reforms,

The Cleveland Chamber of Commerce

and they are very careful to avoid

and Inspection of Subscription-solicit-

the sentimentality of some philan-

ing .....


thropists, which they know will lead

Dedication of the new building of the

to consequences diametrically op-

Young Men's Hebrew Association .... 6

posed to those wished for.

Report of the Springfield Union Relief

A new danger has arisen in the


claims which are made in the name

Charitable Methods in Porto Rico..

of the great mass of laborers; by

this I mean claims as to the attri-



butes and powers of the state. But

this subject is one of too great mag-

Dr. Gould's Report.. ..
The George Junior Republic

nitude to enter upon in a short

Tenements in Glasgow .

13 paper. I will only refer to the

claims made for a system of govern-


mental building hygiene, which, it is

urged, will make healthy dwellings

Part of an address at the National Con and workshops. That makes control

ference, by Mrs. Emily E. Williamson.

of the private lives of the citizens

It is a distinguishing fact of this a function of the state and of munici-

century that human sentiment is palities. We can not under any cir-

becoming more and more earnestly cumstances ask the state to supply

interested in the condition of the dwellings or food gratuitously, or

working classes and in their housing. under cost price, without manifest

During the past year the study of injustice to those who can not share

their position and a search for ways in these favors, and without the risk

and means for improving their lot of demoralizing the poor classes.

have been occupying the minds of Such food and dwellings would

the leading cconomists and philan- mean a loss to the state, which would

thropists of the east, notably of require the imposition of a tax to

New York.

meet it. This increase of taxation

The economists of the liberal would fall on the whole nation, the

school have been taking their share rich and the poor alike.

in the universal solicitude; and the Again, state aid < this kind has

reasonable economists have refused another disadvanı It must dis-

to be drawn into a too easily formu- courage private entu, rise and pri-

lated solution of the problem. In vate industry. If the state constructs

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houses to be rented below cost price, house reform. “If we succeed in upit impedes private building and pro- building the material and therefore duces results the reverse of those ex moral side of what is the foundation pected.

of the real life in our cities, we shall One of the most important factors have taken a longer stride than is in the development of the physical, possible in any other way towards a moral, and intellectual is the dwell. solution of the great civic problems ing. In it the life of the family with which we are confronted." is passed. It is the sphere in which The present movement for better every individual has a part. The tenement houses is an effort to cut inconveniencies, physical, and moral, at the root of the diseases which eat of unsanitary dwellings inhabited by at the body social and eat at the the working class and the poor, no body politic. Among the most one denies. The overcrowding, with effectual means of improving the its following of disease of all kinds, homes of the working class must be and its accompaniment of crime and set the improvement of means of vice have been oftentimes brought communication and cheapness of to light. The cause is universal. transport. Very satisfactory results It is to be met with all its saddest have been attained by private owners results in France, in England, in of model houses for the working class the United States, in Germany, in in cities. The working people who Switzerland, in Belgium, and in are in the easiest circumstances, who Holland.

earn a regular wage, have in some Still, great advance has been places themselves met their requiremade in alleviating the conditions ments. surrounding tenement life. This was It is undoubtedly to the interest brought out very forcibly by Jacob of private industry, of philanthropic Riis in his address at one of the enterprise, and of associations of meetings of the tenement - house workingmen, to provide better exhibit in New York. He showed He showed dwellings.

If the houses

set that in the last twenty-five years apart for the dwellings of the workgreat improvement had been made ingmen should bring in fair in the architecture and sanitary revenue, their number would at once arrangements of


tenements increase. Work along these lines throughout the country. He gave must proceed step by step. We at that time a very interesting sketch must offer houses relatively comof work done by commissioners ap fortable and healthy, with the option pointed by the New York legislature. of the tenants to become owners. These reports are summarized in a Dr. E. R. L. Gould, president of pamphlet prepared by Mr. Veiller, City and Suburban Homes Co., when Secretary of the Tenement asked if improved houses will pay, anHouse Commission.

swered that they will, that they have Governor Roosevelt in an address paid here in New York. Upward of made at the opening of the tene one hundred millions of dollars has ment-house exhibit, said many things been invested in the largest European which were of great importance. and American cities, and $88,000,000 One remark of his made a great is now earning and always has earned impression upon a large number a comfortable profit. of people. He said he consid The building societies of America ered that on the whole no move have done a great deal for the workment is so vital to the well being ingman, probably more in the small of our people as that of tenement cities than in the large ones. The



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