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MISCELLANEOUS.

Extending time for report of Board of Engineers of the Army on the survey of canal routes from Lake Erie to the Ohio River. Dec. 24, 1894.

Donating two obsolete cannon to the cities of Allegheny and Pittsburg, Penn. Jan. 12, 1895.

Providing for the expenditure of $10,000 for dredging Everett Harbor, Washington. Feb. 1, 1895.

To print 1,000 copies each of volumes 1 to 15 of the decisions of Interior Department relating to public lands and pensions. Feb. 8, 1895.

Authorizing Secretary of War to make a survey of Kalamazoo River from Lake Michigan to Saugatuck. Feb. 13, 1895. To restore the status of the Missouri militia who served during the Civil War. Feb. 15, 1895.

To return to Michigan the flags of certain regiments of Michigan volunteers. Feb. 18, 1895.

To complete the connection between St. Joseph Harbor and Benton Harbor, Mich. Feb. 18, 1895.

To confirm the enlargement of the Red Cliff Indian Reservation in the State of Wisconsin, made in 1863, and for the allotment of same. Feb. 20, 1895.

Authorizing the Secretary of War to deliver condemned cannon to various Grand Army Posts for use in decorating lots set apart for the burial of ex-soldiers. Feb. 26, 1895.

Donating cannon, muskets, etc., to Oregon State Soldiers' Home, for celebrations, etc. Feb. 26, 1895.

Authorizing the Secretary of the Navy to deliver unserviceable or condemned cannon to the Mayor of Burlington, Vermont, to be used in decorating Battery Park. Feb. 27, 1895.

Authorizing Secretary of War to deliver cannon to the committee of the National Encampment G. A. R., Louisville, Ky., for furnishing badges to the delegates. Mar. 2, 1895.

To fill vacancies in Board of Regents of Smithsonian Institution. Feb. 27, 1895. In reference to the free zone along the northern frontier of Mexico and adjacent to the United States. Mar. 1, 1895.

Granting permission for the erection of a bronze statue at Washington, D. C., in honor of Professor Samuel D. Gross, M.

D., LL. D., D. C. L. ($1,500). Mar. 2, 1895.

Extending time for taking testimony in relation to the value of the improvements of the Monongahela Nav. Co., on the Monongahela River, Penn. Mar. 2, 1895.

Directing payment to West Virginia of $181,306 93 under the act to credit and pay to the several States and Territories moneys collected under the direct tax levied by Act of Congress of Aug. 5, 1861. Mar. 2, 1895.

To provide for the printing of a digest of the laws and decisions relating to the appointment, salary, and compensation of officials of the United States courts. Mar. 2, 1895. ($2,000).

Calling on the President to take such measures as he may deem necessary to consummate the agreement between the Governments of Spain and the United States for the relief of Antonio Maximo Mora, a naturalized citizen of the United States. Mar. 2, 1895.

Extending time in which members of the 53d Congress may distribute documents to the meeting of the next Congress. Mar. 2, 1895.

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The Army Appropriation bill of February 12, 1895, provides that there shall be no appointment of major in the Pay Department until the number in that grade is reduced to twenty, and thereafter fixes the limit of such grade to twenty; also that the number of commissaries of subsistence of the rank of captain be limited to eight, and that no appointments shall be made to that grade until the number is reduced to eight. It also provides for the establishment of a military post at Spokane, Wash. Also the maximum allowance to any officer travelling under orders shall be 4 cents a mile, and in additon thereto the actual cost of transportation paid by the officer, exclusive of parlor-car or sleeping-car fare and transfers.

The Act of March 2, 1895, makes appropriations for fortifications and other works of defence, for the armament thereof, for the procurement of heavy ordnance for trial and service, etc. It also authorizes the Secretary of War, within his discretion, to establish a military post at such point on Puget Sound, and one at or near Bismarck, N. D., as shall, in his judgment, best subserve the public interests, provided that not less than 640 acres of land suitable for the purposes shall be donated free of cost to the United States in each instance. The Secretary of War is also authorized, on the application of the Governor of Michigan, to turn over to that State, for use as a State park, and for no other purpose, the military reservation and buildings and the lands of the National Park on Mackinac Island; provided, that whenever the State ceases to use the land for the purpose aforesaid, it shall revert to

the United States. The Secretary is also authorized to set apart 160 acres of land that may no longer be required for military purposes, in the Fort D. A. Russell Military Reservation in the said State for the use of the said State for agricultural fair and industrial exposition grounds, and for other public purposes. That the lands so set apart are hereby granted to the State of Wyoming: Provided, That the entry and selection of lands under the provisions of this act shall be construed as being in part satisfaction of the grant of lands to the State of Wyoming for charitable, educational, penal and reformatory institutions under the provisions of Section 11 of the Act of Congress of July 10, 1890.

CANALS.

The Act of March 2, 1895, authorized the President to appoint a board of three persons with power to meet and confer with any similar committee which may be appointed by the Government of Great Britain or of the Dominion of Canada, and who shall make inquiry and report whether it is feasible to build such canals as shall enable vessels engaged in ocean commerce to pass to and fro between the great lakes and the Atlantic Ocean, with an adequate and controllable supply of water for continual use; where such canals can be most conveniently located, the probable cost of the same, with estimates in detail; and if any part of the same should be built in the territory of Canada, what regulations or treaty ar rangements will be necessary between the United States and Great Britain to preserve the free use of such canal to the people of this country at all times; and all necessary facts and considerations relating to the construction and future use of deep-water channels between the Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean. The persons so appointed shall serve without compensation in any form, but they shall be paid their actual travelling and other necessary expenses, not exceeding in all ten thousand dollars, for which purpose the said sum of ten thousand dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary, is hereby appropriated.

The President may, in his discretion, detail as one of such persons an officer of the Army or Navy. See "Nicaragua Canal."

LOTTERY LAW.

The Act of March 2, 1895, enacted that any person who shall cause to be brought within the United States from abroad, for the purpose of disposing of the same, or deposited in or carried by the mails of the United States, or carried from one State to another in the United States, any paper, certificate, or instrument purporting to be or represent a ticket, chance, share, or interest in or dependent upon the event of a lottery, so-called gift concert, or similar enterprise, offering prizes dependent upon lot or chance, or shall cause any advertisement of such lottery, so-called gift concert, or similar enterprise, offering prizes dependent upon lot or chance, to be brought into the United States, or deposited in or carried by the mails of the United States, or transferred from one State to another in the same,

shall be punishable in the first offence by imprisonment for not more than two years or by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars, or both, and in the second and after offences by such imprisonment only.

INCREASE OF THE NAVY.

The Appropriation Act of March 2, 1895, provided: "That for the purpose of further increasing the naval establishment of the United States the President is hereby authorized to have constructed by contract two seagoing coast-line battle-ships designed to carry the heaviest armor and most powerful ordnance upon a displacement of about ten thousand tons, to have the highest practicable speed for vessels of their class, and to cost, exclusive of armament, not exceeding four million dollars each; and six light-draft composite gun-boats of about one thousand tons displacement, to be fixed by the Secretary of the Navy, and no one of which shall cost more than two hundred and thirty thousand dollars, or in all for said six gunboats, one million three hundred and eigthty thousand dollars, exclusive of armament, and not more than two of said gunboats shall be built in one yard, or by one contracting party, and in each case the contract shall be awarded by the Secretary of the Navy to the lowest best responsible bidder; and three torpedo boats, at a cost of not exceeding one hundred and seventy-five thousand dollars each; and, subject to the provisions hereinafter made, one seagoing battle-ship and one of said torpedo boats shall be built on or near the coast of the Pacific Ocean, or in the waters connecting therewith, and one torpedo boat on the Mississippi River, and one torpedo boat on the coast of the Gulf of Mexico; and in the construction of all said vessels all of the provisions of the Act of August 3, 1886, entitled, 'An Act to increase the naval establishment,' as to materials for said vessels, their engines, boilers, and machinery, the contracts under which they are built, except as to premiums, which are not to offered, the notice of any proposals for the same, the plans, drawings, and specifications therefor, and the method of executing said contracts, shall be observed and followed, and said vessels shall be built in compliance with the terms of said Act. save that in all their parts said vessels shall be of domestic manufacture: Provided, that if it shall appear to the satisfaction of the President of the United States, from the biddings for the contracts for either of said torpedo boats, and for one of the foregoing battle-ships to be built on the Pacific Coast, when the same shall be opened and examined by him. that the said torpedo boats or battle-ships cannot be constructed at a fair cost at the places fixed in the proposals and biddings, he may authorize the construction of said torpedo boats, or any of them, or the battle-ship, the biddings for which provide for building upon the Pacific Coast, elsewhere in the United States, subject to the limitations as to cost hereinbefore provided; and any of the ships, gunboats, and torpedo boats provided for in this Act may be constructed of steel or other metal, or of alloy, except where it is otherwise provided in this Act, and

be

one of said battle-ships shall be named Kearsarge.'

PENSIONS.

The Act of March 2, 1895, provides that from and after September 28, 1892, the accrued pension to the date of the death of any pensioner, or of any person entitled to a pension having an application therefor pending, and whether a certificate therefor shall issue prior or subsequent to the death of such person, shall, in the case of a person pensioned, or applying for pension, on account of his disabilities or service, be paid, first, to his widow; second, if there is no widow, to his child or children under the age of sixteen years at his death; third, in case of a widow, to her minor children under the age of sixteen years at her death. Such accrued pension shall not be considered a part of the assets of the estate of such deceased person, nor be liable for the payment of the debts of said estate in any case whatsoever, but shall inure to the sole and exclusive benefit of the widow or children. And if no widow or child survive such pensioner, and in the case of his last surviving child who was such minor at his death, and in case of a dependent mother, father, sister, or brother, no payment whatsoever of their accrued pension shall be made or allowed except so much as may be necessary to reimburse the person who bore the expense of their last sickness and burial, if they did not leave sufficient assets to meet such expense. And the mailing of a pension check, drawn by a pension agent in payment of a pension due, to the address of a pensioner, shall constitute payment in the event of the death of a pensioner subsequent to the execution of the voucher therefor. And all prior laws relating to the payment of accrued pension are hereby repealed.

The Pension Appropriation bill of March 2, 1895 repealed the law which went into effect July 1, 1893, providing that no pension should be paid to a non-resident who is not a citizen of the United States, except for actual disabilities incurred in the service. It also enacted that pensioners receiving less than $6 per month, for any degree of pensionable disability, shall have their pensions increased to that amount; and provided that the law should not be retroactive

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PUBLIC PRINTING.

An act of January 12, 1895, provides for a Joint Committee on Printing, consisting of three members from each House of Congress. It has power to adopt such measures as may be deemed necessary to remedy any neglect or delay in the execution of the public printing; to reprint a limited number of bills; to fix upon standards of paper for public printing, and to award contracts therefor, and to have control of the arrangement and style of the "Congressional Record," etc. The Public Printer must be a practical printer and versed in the art of bookbinding, and is appointed subject to confirmation by the Senate, with a salary of $4,500 a year. He must also furnish a bond to the amount of $100,000 for the faithful performance of his duties.

The employes of the Government Print

ing Office may have thirty days' leave of absence, with pay, each year; with pro rata leave to those who serve fractional parts of the year. The Public Printer, chief clerk, foreman of printing or binding, and their assistants, are forbidden to have any interest, direct or indirect, in the publication of any newspaper or periodical, or in any printing, binding, etc., or in any contracts for supplies, under a penalty of imprisonment and fine upon conviction. The pay for composition is limited to fifty cents per 1,000 ems; to pressmen, 50 cents per hour, and to printers and bookbinders 40 cents per hour. If employed on night work an extra allowance of 20 per cent is made. Apprentices, not to exceed twenty-five at any one time, may be employed. The superintendent of documents in the Interior Department is abolished, and public documents will no longer be furnished to that department for distribution; provided, that the distribution of the census reports shall be continued and completed under existing laws and regula

tions.

There are 100 sections in the Act, most of which define the manner and number of publications and how they shall be distributed.

REVENUE MARINE.

The Appropriation Act of March 2, 1895, provides for a medical board to "examine and report upon all officers of the Revenue Cutter Service who, through no vicious habits of their own, are now incapacitated by reason of the infirmities of age or physical or mental disability to efficiently perform the duties of their respective offices. And such officers as, under the terms of this act, may be reported by said board to be so permanently incapacitated shall be placed on waiting orders out of the line of promotion, with one-half active duty pay, and the vacancies thereby created in the active list of the officers shall be filled by promotion in the order of seniority, as now provided by law: Provided, however, that no such promotion shall be made until the professional qualifications of the candidate shall have been determined by written examination before a board of officers of the Revenue Cutter Service convened by the Secretary of the Treasury for that purpose: Provided further, that the number of officers upon the active list now authorized by law shall not be increased by this act."

THE MORA CLAIM.

The Spanish Cabinet on July 31, 1895, resolved to pay the long-standing claim of Antonio Maximo Mora to the United States, amounting to $1,500,000. The payment was made on September 14, 1895. It appears that during an insurrection in Cuba a valuable sugar plantation owned by Mora, who claimed to be an American citizen, was confiscated by the Spanish officials. Mora appealed to the authorities at Washington for redress, and as long ago as 1886 the Spanish Government agreed to pay $1,500,000 in settlement. The claim was pressed by every Administration of the United States after that, but the opposition in the Spanish Cortes, influenced by public opinion in Spain, prevented the payment.

OF 1892.

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"The representatives of the Republicans of the United States, assembled in general convention on the shores of the Mississippi River, the everlasting bond of an indestructible Republic, whose most glorious chapter of history is the record of the Republican party, congratulate their countrymen on the majestic march of the Nation under the banners inscribed with the principles of our platform of 1888, vindicated by victory at the polls and prosperity in our fields, workshops and mines, and make the following declaration of principles:

PROTECTION.-"We reaffirm the American doctrine of protection. We call attention to its growth abroad. We maintain that the prosperous condition of our country is largely due to the wise revenue legislation of the Republican Congress. We believe that all articles which cannot be produced in the United States, except luxuries, should be admitted free of duty, and that on all imports coming into competition with the products of American labor there should be levied duties equal to the difference between wages abroad and at home. We assert that the prices of manufactured articles of general consumption have been reduced under the operations of the tariff act of 1890. denounce the efforts of the Democratic majority of the House of Representatives to destroy our tariff laws piecemeal, as is manifested by their attacks upon wool, lead and lead ores, the chief products of a number of States, and we ask the people for their judgment thereon.

We

We

RECIPROCITY.-"We point to the success of the Republican policy of reciprocity, under which our export trade has vastly increased, and new and enlarged markets have been opened for the products of our farms and workshops. remind the people of the bitter opposition of the Democratic party to this practical business measure, and claim that, executed by a Republican Administration, our present laws will eventually give us control of the trade of the world.

SILVER.-"The American people, from tradition and interest, favor bimetallism, and the Republican party demands the use of both gold and silver as standard money, with such restrictions and under Fuch provisions, to be determined by legislation, as will secure the maintenance

of the parity of values of the two metals, so that the purchasing and debt-paying power of the dollar, whether of silver, gold or paper, shall be at all times equal. The interests of the producers of the country, its farmers and its workingmen, demand that every dollar, paper or coin, issued by the Government shall be as good as any other. We commend the wise and patriotic steps already taken by our Government to secure an international conference to adopt such measures as will insure a parity of value between gold and silver for use as money throughout the world.

FREE BALLOT AND FAIR COUNT.— "We demand that every citizen of the United States shall be allowed to cast one free and unrestricted ballot in all public elections, and that such ballot shall be counted and returned as cast; that such laws shall be enacted and enforced as will secure to every citizen, be he rich or poor, native or foreign born, white or black, this sovereign right guaranteed by the Constitution. The free and honest popular ballot, the just and equal representation of all the people, as well as their just and equal protection under the laws, are the foundation of our republican institutions, and the party will never relax its efforts until the integrity of the ballot and the purity of elections shall be fully guaranteed and protected in every State.

SOUTHERN OUTRAGES.-"We denounce the continued inhuman outrages perpetrated upon American citizens for political reasons in certain Southern States of the Union.

favor

FOREIGN RELATIONS.-"We the extension of our foreign commerce, the restoration of our mercantile marine by home-built ships and the creation of a Navy for the protection of our National interests and the honor of our flag; the maintenance of the most friendly relations with all foreign Powers, entangling alliances with none; and the protection of the rights of our fishermen. We reaffirm our approval of the Monroe Doctrine, and believe in the achievement of the manifest destiny of the Republic in its broadest sense. We favor the enactment of more stringent laws and regulations for the restriction of criminal, pauper and contract immigration.

favor effi

MISCELLANEOUS.-"We cient legislation by Congress to protect the life and limbs of employes of transportation companies engaged in carrying on interstate commerce, and recommend legislation by the respective States that will protect employes engaged in State commerce, and in mining and manufacturing.

"The Republican party has always been the champion of the oppressed, and recognizes the dignity of manhood, irrespective of faith, color or nationality; it sympathizes with the cause of Home Rule in Ireland, and protests against the persecution of the Jews in Russia.

"The ultimate reliance of free popular government is the intelligence of the

people and the maintenance of freedom among men. We therefore declare anew our devotion to liberty of thought and conscience, of speech and press. and approve all agencies and instrumentalities which contribute to the education of the children of the land; but, while insisting upon the fullest measure of religious liberty, we are opposed to any union of Church and State.

TRUSTS.-"We reaffirm our opposition, declared in the Republican platform of 1888, to all combinations of capital organized in trust or otherwise, to control arbitrarily the condition of trade among our citizens. We heartily indorse the action already taken upon this subject, and ask for such further legislation as may be required to remedy any defects in existing laws and to render their enforcement more complete and effective.

POSTOFFICE REFORM.-"We approve the policy of extending to towns, villages and rural communities the advantages of the free delivery service now enjoyed by the larger cities of the country, and reaffirm the declaration contained in the Republican platform of 1888, pledging the reduction of letter postage to one cent at the earliest possible moment consistent with the maintenance of the Postoffice Department and the highest class of postal service.

CIVIL SERVICE.-"We commend the spirit and evidence of reform in the Civil Service, and the wise and consistent enforcement by the Republican party of the laws regulating the same.

NICARAGUA CANAL.-"The construction of the Nicaragua Canal is of the highest importance to the American people, both as a measure of National defence and to build up and maintain American commerce, and it should be controlled by the United States Government.

favor

TERRITORIES.-"We the admission of the remaining Territories at the earliest practicable date, having due regard to the interests of the people of the Territories and of the United States. All the Federal officers appointed for the Territories should be selected from bona fide residents thereof, and the right of self-government should be accorded as far as practicable.

ARID LANDS.-" We favor cession, subject to the Homestead laws, of the arid public lands to the States and Territories in which they lie, under such Congressional restrictions as to disposition, reclamation and occupancy by settlers as will secure the maximum benefits to the people.

COLUMBIAN

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"The representatives of the Democratic party of the United States, in National convention assembled, do reaffirm their allegiance to the principles of the party as formulated by Jefferson and exemplifled by the long and illustrious line of his successors in Democratic leadership from Madison to Cleveland; we believe the public welfare demands that principles be applied to the conduct of the Federal Government through the ac cession to power of the party that advo cates them, and we solemnly declare that the need of a return to these fundamental principles of a free popular government based on home rule and individual liberty was never nore urgent than now, when the tendency o centralize all power at the Federal Capital has become a menace to the reserved rights of the States that strikes at the very roots of our Government under the Constitution as framed by the fathers of the Republic.

ELECTIONS BILL.-"We warn the people of our common country, jealous for the preservation of their free institutions, that the policy of Federal control of

EXPOSITION. - "The World's Columbian Exposition is a great National undertaking, and Congress should promptly enact such reasonable legisla-elections, to which the Republican party tion in aid thereof as will insure a discharge of the expenses and obligations in cident thereto, and the attainment of results commensurate with the dignity and progress of the Nation.

sympathize

INTEMPERANCE. - "We with all wise and legitimate efforts to lessen and prevent the evils of intemperance and promote morality.

PENSIONS.-"Ever mindful of the services and sacrifices of the men who saved the life of the Nation, we pledge anew to the veteran soldiers of the Republic a

has commended itself, is fraught with the gravest dangers, scarcely less momentous than would result from a revolution practically establishing monarchy on the ruins of the Republic. It strikes at the North as well as the South, and injures the colored citizens even more than the white; it means a horde of deputy marshals at every polling place armed with Federal power, returning boards appointed and controlled by Federal authority, the outrage of the electoral rights of the people in the several States, subjugation of the

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