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of union among charitable agencies may not remain in chronic dependand individuals who should work ence. If, on the other hand, there together in the relief of any parti are any to whom the amount of recular family. We have, however, lief obtained and disbursed seems striven steadily to realize more and unduly small, we can only remind more fully our duty prescribed in the such persons that our chief reliance charter of the society to make the re is now, as it always has been, upon lief in each case adequate and effect the relief agencies of the city, and ive. In many instances this involves that we are always gratified to reour obtaining relief from private in ceive an offer from any suitable sodividuals for cases which no relief ciety, or individual, or group of insociety is willing to undertake under dividuals, to assume the entire reconditions which seem to us essential sponsibility for providing for the for success.

In many of these in needs of any given family. We do stances there is no “existing agency” not wish in any way to interfere in existence; in others, institutions with the charitable work of other to which we would naturally turn agencies. On the contrary, we are are entirely filled and it is necessary constantly encouraging and expressto provide relief temporarily until a ing our appreciation of all good charvacancy can be found; in still others, itable activity. In the columns of the conditions imposed, while they this paper, in the annual report of the may be entirely reasonable from the society, in the Charities Directory, point of view of the charitable and in the daily correspondence of agency concerned, are such as to the society, we are continually aidmake it better for the family, that ing to make known to the public relief should be obtained from pri the results of the work of the socievate individuals.

ties and institutions of the city. It

is true that we try to do this in a disIn all this, however, there is noth criminating way, believing that this ing new or revolutionary. If to any will add to the value of any inforthe amount of relief obtained by the mation which we may give to the society seems unduly large, we can public. only say that it has not been in excess of the amounts needed.

We regret

We are quite aware that to most that the need exists. We are striving of our readers these remaks will to our utmost capacity to make the seem superfluous, but we hope that relief for the disbursement of which they may contribute to the final dewe become responsible as interme molition of the idea that the Charity diaries, educational and preventive in Organization Society “is becoming” character whenever possible, in order this, that, or the other thing, differthat these particular families at least ent from what it has been as de

scribed in its charter and constitu trous fire which occurred in the city tion. Our ambition is to realize the a month later upset all plans, and exobjects accurately expressed in the hausted all resources for ordinary constitution, as follows:


Whatever could be done 1. To be a centre of intercommun for the next year or two had to be ication between the various churches

turned in the direction of special asand charitable agencies in this city. sistance to those of the poorer classTo foster harmonious co-operation between them, and to check the evils

es who had suffered by the fire. of the over-lapping of relief. Owing chiefly to this obstacle the

2. To investigate thoroughly, and project was stopped. Its principles, without charge, the cases of all ap- however, and methods of operation plicants for relief which are referred

had been well thought out, and it is to the society for inquiry, and to send the persons having a legiti- now proposed to put the plan into immate interest in such cases full re

mediate operation. ports of the results of investigation. To provide visitors, who shall per The Outdoor Recreation League sonally attend cases needing counsel

has issued an appeal for funds to and advice. 3. To obtain from the proper

keep open outdoor play and exercharities and charitable individuals

cise places during the

the winter. suitable and adequate relief for de Seward Park was kept open last serving cases.

winter with


satisfactory 4. To procure work for poor per

results. The league considers it essons who are capable of being wholly pecially important to continue its or in part self-supporting.

work in Seward Park until the Park 5. To repress mendicity by the above means, and by the prosecution Department makes adequate proof imposters.

vision there for children's play6. To promote the general wel- grounds, since the success of this exfare of the poor by social and sani- periment will undoubtedly lead to tary reforms and by the inculcation of habits of providence and self-de

the extension of municipal outdoor pendence.

playgrounds to other small parks

of the city A charity organization society, according to the Jamaica Gleaner, The annual reunion of the Brookis to be established in Kingston, lyn branch of the Needlework Guild Jamaica. Many persons interested of America was held December 6. in the welfare of the poor in Kings- The reports presented show that the ton have long felt the need of some Brooklyn branch collected, during agency which would deal effectively the year, 5,300 garments; New Utwith existing poverty. A charity recht branch, 3,000; Flatbush and organization society was formally Flatlands branches,

branches, respectively, inaugurated in 1882, but a disas 2,200 and 659, making a total of 11,

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159 from the entire borough. These pices of the Charity Organization garments, all of them new and ap- Society of Buffalo, December 6, the propriate, were apportioned among special topic for discussion was, half a hundred or more of the local “The Breaking Up of Families.” hospitals, asylums, and charitable or A paper upon this subject, prepared ganizations.

by Mr. Edward T. Devine, was read.

The discussion was led by the Rev. Articles of incorporation of the George B. Richards. It is the belief Associated Charities of Saratoga of the society that poverty alone Springs have been filed with the sec should never be allowed to break up retary of state, at Albany.

the family and force the children

into institutions. The Association for Improving the Condition of the Poor, of Baltimore, has recently received a bequest A new private patients' building, of $60,000, left to the association an addition to the New York Hosby the will of the late Mr. Jacob pital, was opened December 5. The Craft Whittington.

new building is in the rear of the

main building, and has a height of The Children's Aid Society re

ten stories, with accommodations for cently received a gift of $5,000 to sixty patients. It will also afford be used in constructing a special quarters for the resident hospital cottage for the fresh-air children staff. at the Brace Farm at Kensico. Building operations will begin in the near future. This building will The corner-stone of the new home accommodate about one hundred of The Boys' Club was laid Decemboys and will resemble a large farm ber 5. Short addresses were delivered house, surrounded by a large piazza. by President Harriman, Mr. H. O. In the building will be provided Taylor, chairman of the executive kitchen, dining room, sleeping rooms committee; Secretary S. H. Brooks, and lavatories. At the present time Jr., and Mr. P. T. Dodge. The Boys' there are fifty-five boys at this Club, which was organized nearly school, who, with the assistance of twenty-four years ago, and has other employés at the school, will grown to have an enrollment of 7,dig the cellar and make arrange 000 members, has its quarters at ments for laying the foundation of

St. Marks place and Avenue A. their new home.

The plot of land upon which the new

club house is being built cost $70,At the monthly conference of 000, and the building, when comchurch workers, held under the aus pleted, will have cost $100,000 more.

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It is expected that the club's new The sum of money the institution home will be opened early next year. collects each year is also printed

with the name of the authorized

collector. No institution can proMr. Nathan Straus, who has for

cure one of these certificates unless several years supplied sterilized the committee of the Chamber of milk to the poor children of New Commerce is certain that it is worthy York, has sent out a circular urging It is thought that this plan of the

of support by the general public. that there should be a stricter super- Chamber of Commerce will be gratevision of the milk supply in cities. fully welcomed by the business men, lle declares that the lives of thou who are constantly called upon for ! sands of helpless infants could be contributions

contributions for institutions of saved annually if municipal authori- which they know nothing. or of ties would adopt suitable preventa- which perhaps they had never heard. tive measures. The measures which Mr. Straus suggests are the muni Mr. Andrew Carnegie's latest excipal ownership and operation of pression on the subject of philanPasteurizing plants.

thropy, before the patrons and trus

tees of the Montefiore Home, is not The following letter is not only

less characteristic than the one in genuine but has also the earmarks of

which he declared it a disgrace for truthfulness, and we fear that it in

a man to die rich. This time he cicates a certain lack of considera

called attention to the forms of philtion on the part of the one in charge anthropy which include the stimuof the office to which the poor lating of others in the cause.

He woman was sent.

named it as his special pride that his

Sep 20, 1900 large gifts to public charities and Dear kind lady Miss B

improvements have been conditioned When you told me to go to the on the addition of like sums from place I went there they told me to other sources. He said in part: come 7 oclock evening I went they

“Money is frequently given by told me to come in the moring I come men without thought, simply to ease in the moring they tell me to come in their conscience. Money given in the evening dear Miss B- you

this way, nine times out of ten, does know I cant walk you seen my feet no good. There is no use in helping are swoln

anybody up a ladder unless he does Miss S- Orcherd St

some of the climbing himself. A for Miss B

man came to me recently and conRivington St

gratulated me upon having given

inillions to a technical institution The committee of benevolent asso in Pittsburgh. I said: 'No. But ciations of the Chamber of Com- if you congratulate me upon having merce, Cleveland, Ohio, will issue induced Pittsburgh to give a large certificates to the worthy charitable

sum for a public library, shake.' I institutions of that city. On the wish to have on my tombstone not cards of each institution named it what I have given, but the names of

stated that it is worthy of help those whom I have induced to give."



of need. The distress of the family The families taken in charge by the inertia of the natural breadwin

seems to be the result, primarily, of the Charity Oraganization Society; ner. He has refused work on a numthrough its district committees,

ber of occasions when it has been present many different types of man provided for him by the district hood, or the absence of that quality. agent, because the work, to his mind, They are all interesting, though each has seemed too hard. He has shown has its own peculiar characteristics. more or less reluctance to accept Those who apply for aid range woodyard tickets, and has preferred from the experienced and persistent to this wholesome labor the more imposter to the destitute, hardwork- agreeable task of caring for the chiling, but unfortunate man or woman;

dren at home while his wife was out from the family which needs but oc at work. Those acquainted with the casional assistance during some time family, and those who have repeatof unusual distress, to the family edly aided them when called upon, which has come to accept its condi- have all been impressed with Mr. tions of poverty as a matter of course,

G.'s laziness. His wife, on the and has sunk into the depths of whole, has been more industrious, pauperism. Each of these varied and has contributed to the support types presents a problem and re of the family quite as much as she quires careful investigation and the could reasonably be expected to do. attention of an experienced visitor, The particular difficulty in her case whose knowledge of the real condi has been a tendency to resort to begtions makes it possible to adminis- ging. With her youngest child in ter the relief wisely and efficiently. her arms, she will take her place at Many cases show a tendency to be the stairs of an uptown elevated come chronic when aid is given read station and appeal to those who are ily and bountifully, and the remedy hurrying home, for assistance to seitself may thus tend to aggravate cure work either for herself or her the disease.

husband. When referred to the A typical instance of this kind is Charity Organization Society, or to recorded in the case history of Mr. some other charitable institution, and Mrs. G. This family was taken she replies by saying that her case under the care of the society in is under consideration at the time, April, 1896, and though it has been and that the society is doing all that self-supporting for short periods it can, but thus far has been unsince that time, it is still under successful. Her appeal usually retreatment.

sults in some money being given to Neither Mr. G. nor his wife are her and the promise that her repersons of any unusual traits. Mrs. quest for work will be remembered. G., in her appearance, is intelligent, This indiscriminate giving, of neatly dressed, and, on the whole, is course, complicates the work of the not unattractive. Her husband is fairly district committee. Mr. G. is abundantwell educated, and has been assisted ly able to earn his own living, but is by his relatives on many occasions, constitutionally indisposed to do so both with opportunity to earn a liv- while other means of support are being and with direct assistance in time ing provided.

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