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The Official Organ of the Charity Organisation Society of the City of New York.

Vol. V.

DECEMBER 1, 1900.

No. 27.




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that the workers in the field of charThe Church and Charity

ity were practising towards each THOMAS M. MULRY..

other the virtue of which they were The Care of Dependent Children

the exponents. REV. T. L. KINKEAD..

5 The New York System of Caring for Depend

These most beneficial results have ent Children

been accomplished in the past twenHOMER FOLKS... The Commitment of Children

ty years largely through meetings of Hon. John W. KELLER..

this kind, national, state, or city, and Tenement-House Bathrooms..

in the state of New York I may say The PLAN FOR A SEPARATE DEPARTMENT OF City HospitalS....

that the greatest credit for this work INVESTIGATION OF VAGRANCY CASES IN is due to the Charity Organization CHICAGO..

Society. New York city, like every Public Hearings of the Tenement-House Commission


other large community, had inAnnual Report of the Children's Aid Society 19 numerable associations of charity, The Children of the Poor

largely connected with churches. JACOB A. Ruis. The Week Ending November 24.

These organizations were a boon to

the professional and unprincipled THE CHURCH AND CHARITY.

beggars, who were up for sale and who swelled the list of accessions in many of the church reports, at so

much per head. A few days ago I attended a state I think it was Miss Richmond conference of charities in the city of who said, at one of the national conAlbany, and I could not help draw ferences, that if "you buy a Chrising a comparison between to-day and tian, you get a bad bargain," and twenty-five years ago. Here were there is no doubt that many bad bargathered people of every shade of gains were obtained in those days of opinion both in religion and in char financial prosperity for the unworthy ity, many with strong prejudices, poor. The Charity Organization Soothers with most radical ideas on ciety, by giving a common ground all suibjects discussed there, and yet lipon which all could meet, opened it might be called a veritable love the way to co-operation in the work, feast, so free from any friction or and, though it required some time unpleasantness were these three to bring people closely together, the days' sessions.

result has amply repaid the time and During the entire time no remark labor expended. was made to offend the most sensi Co-operation to be effective must tive. Systems and methods were be cordial, sincere, and candid. If discussed with the utmost freedom one is so strongly wedded to his but there was that respect for each religious prejudices that he can not other's opinions underlying the re meet those, who differ with him, on a marks of all, which gave evidence friendly footing and work earnestly

with them, the beta SR e ci S: Vincent de Paul, by begin at a. . iireze 2008

3:aud, which gives a most mise ei procie 20 creie di Sasconcg and clear account of the religious carico Terz ses in which he lived. I find that oi charty is broadero te the latter part of the brew, Pictestart. art caini Sta cetury and organizing met mn and worstehe s eget charitable work in the early the amenacci G's 200

site seventeenth, he worked We are no les cames satece presses the same lines as do all to our partidar Se ei bese ne chanzte societies to-dav. He did work with the other mee's

be ere in indiscriminate almsthe commen ga de ras gring was omposed to relief withwoman who is carar es Cu rescata, and against begcan not be a big We

oss the streets. He organized mistake bigotry is sincero Wisma to the settlements and serious bew talente cascinar and instituted the given, at times bresle cithis se ci itay visitors, just as stamp, and progress in their inte rebre hem gent charitable work has beeia

scence has been most potent sethack in sameleiteirmunch in the seci charity, and it was on it has with distintrarea the res dans or him that Frederic

in New York cir. It ne baze tried the Society of St. come nearer to the sun cits Viegi de Pad which to-day has problem than in ar vergave is Sanches a crer the world, with an the l'unial Site Di ne active membership of 95.000, and occasions have disorcier :20.200 boca y members. The realous pemike troue res ne cithe work of St. Vinbut the wingress shall be every cei de Pad' was religious influence. werher in the Chairmation Daar's Covers in the Society Society to rent schmale ci si Vincent de Paul, after years males engecire Inertian iractical experience, are stronger spirit of fair play wit ever gert Beers than ever in his principles. itscodicusan demands

Inbetere that any permaIsabiat isinis siis mei care can be exõected without cinating that creistenpreiste in I believe that each relarger than chart wrists aus den mination should be left herers , In iareiss its own poor in its own en to her pintu lans war ars in this pinion I am upheld eta i say sherg: namer

by the Society of St. Vinthe real o regase

de Fabbr the principles of Charitable work.

te charty organisation societies. The other dari at nr. 1!:. Fier person. no matter what his Genn, the president of the national raginn." Se the better for the conference of charities remaria! pristie cishat religion. that the same rates ich were I can shirk my experience is being discussed timiar were being wirenzen I ser that it shows that decisei forty er nier reins agi? the greater part of the poor are not In looking over the recent y-printed pracanther region. Expe

him great.

rience has shown that those who are his religious, moral, and political poor are so, in the great majority of education, with all that emancipates instances, because they have, by him from his passions and from a neglecting their religious duties, portion of his wants, with those fallen deeper and deeper into despair, things that make him free and make or dissipation and destitution. In every instance of my twenty-eight "Help honors when to the bread years of experience where improve- that nourishes it adds the visit that ment was effected, religion was the consoles, the advice that enlightens, groundwork of reformation. On the friendly shake of the hand that the other hand, in the instances lifts up the sinking courage; when it where religious people became des treats the poor man with respect not titute it was only temporary, and only as an equal but as a superior, they soon regained their self-depend- since he is the messenger of God to ence.

us, sent to prove our justice and our Do not think I would have you charity, and to save us by our works. infer that these people were not “Help, then, becomes honorable worthy because they were irre because it may become mutual, beligious or careless.

Constant strug

cause every man that gives a good gle with poverty made them despair, advice, a kind work, a consolation and the bitter thought that no one to-day, may to-morrow stand himself cared for them made them indiffer in need of a kind word, advice, and ent. This is why our society makes consolation; because the hand that it a duty of its members personally you clasp, clasps yours in return, beto visit the poor in their houses, at cause that indigent family you love, least once each week, to give them loves you in return, and will have not only the alms of bread but also largely acquitted themselves towards the alms of good advice.

you when the old man, the mothers, The great Frederic Ozanam would and the little children shall have always enter the houses of the poor prayed for you. with hat in hand so deep was his “Do you suppose you pay the respect for these afflicted ones. In priest to whom the state gives a one of his eloquent discourses he hundred crowns a year to be the says: "Help is humiliating when it father, the schoolmaster, the comappeals to men from below, taking forter of the poor village lost in the heed to their material wants only, mountains, or the soldier who gets paying attention to those of the five sous a year to die under the flesh, to the cry of hunger and cold, flag? Why, the soldier gives the to what excites pity, to what one suc alms of his blood to the country, cors even in the beast. It humiliates and the priest of his words, his when there is no reciprocity, when thoughts, his heart! Don't tell me, you give the poor man nothing but then, that I humiliate the poor man bread and clothes or a bundle of when I treat him as I treat the priest straw; what, in fact, there is no like who blesses, and the soldier who dies lihood of his ever giving you in re for me! turn. But it honors when it ap “Alms are the retribution of servpeals to him from above, when it ices that have no salary. And let occupies itself with his soul, with no one say that in treating poverty

We may

as a priesthood, we aim at perpetu- sult. One great result has come ating it. The same authority that from the discussions. Our duties tells us we shall always have the towards each other

each other have been poor with us is also the authority brought out in bold relief, and it that tells us to do all we can that remains for the charity workers in there may cease to be any. When every field to profit by the knowledge you dread so much to lay an obliga- thus obtained. tion on him who accepts your alms, "The rich and the poor have met I fear it is because you have never one another. The Lord is the experienced the obligation it confers maker of them both." on him who gives.

The poor are our brothers. The Your experience, I am sure, is the best work we can do for them is to same; that the poor respond most help them to help themselves. Workcordially to your advances and give ing together earnestly and actively you their confidence when you enter we need not fear results. into your work with a truly religious not eradicate poverty, but we will spirit. The spiritual work, the up lessen it, and if each does his part lifting work, the making of the poor well

, we may lay the flattering uncself-dependent, and of preserving tion to our souls that the much their self-respect is the most impor- talked of "Fatherhood of God and tant work. If the dispensing of Brotherhood of Man” has been with charity were to consist merely of

us no unmeaning title. the doling out of bread and clothing, just to keep life in their bodies, then The forty-fifth annual meeting of I would say, better for the children

the board of governors of the New of the poor to starve and die in their

York State Women's Hospital, miserable hovels than to grow up

Fiftieth street and Fourth avenue, full of bitterness, a menace to society and of no benefit to themselves.

was held at the home of Mrs. Robert The great thing to be avoided in W. de Forest, 7 Washington Square, modern philanthropic work, to my North, on November 22.

Mr. John mind, is the tendency to secularize

E. Parsons opened the meeting with charity. If we create wants among the poor which can not be satisfied

the annual report of the board of and neglect the restraining influence governors, in which he said that 881 of religion to make them reconciled indoor patients have been treated to what they must endure, we are during the year, 301 of which were creating a spirit of unrest among free. There were 4,187 out-door them, which, if allowed to grow, will endanger the future of society.

patients and 9,763 consultations. We have just emerged from a

Mr. Parsons reported many gifts heated political canvass-probably in during the year, among them that of no other campaign were the lines be Mrs. Frederick F. Thompson, the tween rich and poor more closely former treasurer, who has already drawn—and certainly in no other given $50,000, and who, when the country could such a spectacle be requisite $400,000 is secured for the witnessed, a peaceful conflict and the new building, will contribute a home ready acquiescence of all in the re for nurses to cost $150,000.


between the beginning of the agitaRev. Thomas L. Kinkead, D. D.,

tion for a change and its actual acchairman of the committee on the complishment, showing how slowly

necessary reforms are effected, but care of defective, dependent, delin how inevitably they come when perquent, and neglected children, pre sistent truth and evidence are kept sented the report of his committee to in the forefront of public thought. the First New York Conference of

The transfer of children supportCharities and Correction, in session

ed by the public from the almshouse

to private families or private instiat Albany, N. Y., on Wednesday

tutions under a system of contract evening, November 21.

for their support was a great step An extract from the report is forward, and the system was found given below:

so convenient and advantageous that “We should confine ourselves in it has endured to the present. It has the study of this question chiefly to many strong advocates and not a few our own state, because it concerns us equally ardent opponents. most and offers better opportunity We will not enter into the merits to make our conclusions practical of the various systems of providing and effective. From the earliest for dependent children. Yet a quesdate for which we have reliable data, tion of policy, though it is merely a dependent children in the state were question, presents

itself here. cared for, at public expense, in the Should we raise the standard of our following ways: In the almshouse, charitable institutions so high that where they were common tenants they become desirable in the eyes of with the unfortunate of every type; parents, and that children in them or in a separate department of the have advantages over other children, almshouse in quarters provided un or should we keep them at a grade so der almshouse management; or in low that they will be sought only in county houses, in buildings separated extreme necessity ? from the almshouse in locality and To the mind of your committee, management. With these

the paramount issue in child-saving coupled a loose placing-out system, work at present is the preservation with or without indenture, and some and purification of the home. In were boarded out. These methods these days, when family ties are were so crude and disastrous to the weakening and powerful influences welfare of the children that we may are drawing people away from home say, that the management of children life, every effort should be made to by municipal and local authorities strengthen home ties. Parents proved a failure.

should not be released from the duty Thanks to the earnest efforts of of supporting their children unless it the State Board of Charities, sec be really necessary. Charity should onded by the State Charities Aid not encourage inordinate greed or Association, a determined legislat- improvidence. ure, and an aroused public sentiment, We recommend more stringent a great change was effected about laws, or the better enforcement of the beginning of the past quarter those already existing, in reference of a century. Some ten years elapsed to the abandonment of children by


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