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The House of Rest

to be cared for by the officers for the state and alien poor. Twenty-two children under two years, and 16

FOR CONSUMPTIVES, over two years of age were admitted to Randall's Island.

40 Broadway, New York City. WOODBURY G, LANGDON, President,

Lewis G, MORRIS, Vice-President. For the week ending October 27,


ANDREW C. ZABRISKIE, Treasurer 440 persons were admitted to Belle

TRUSTEES: vue Hospital. Of these, 265 were

Woodbury G. Langdon, James Pott, Robert

Watts, M.D., Lewis G. Morris, Wm. Harold men; 149, women; 16, boys, and 10, Brown, F. Aug. Schermerhorn, Andrew C. Za.

briskie, c. Vanderbilt, Rev. Ed und Guilbert, girls. . There were 34 deaths during D.D., P. Cooper Hewitt, Robert B. Suckley,

Rev. John P. Peters, D.D., Howard Townsend, the week; 18 men, 12 women, 2 boys,

Chas. Frederick Hoffman, H. C. von Post, Hen

ry C. Montgomery. and 2 girls.

The Trustees desire to call the attention

of the public to the fact that this corporaThe Manhattan Eye and Ear tion maintains its organization, and that

its place of business is ai 40 Broadway, Hospital recently purchased a pow New York City. It is prepared to receive erful magnet which, it is said, will and use all donations or legacies, and to

apply the same to the care of Consumpsustain a weight of 250 pounds.

tives and persons affected with other bronThis magnet will be of important

chial and pulmonary complaints. service in the removal of metal substances from the eye.

New York Medical College The directors of the Twenty-sixth and Hospital for Women, Ward Hospital, of Brooklyn, have

19 WEST 101st STREET, decided to close that institution

Between Central Park West and Manhattan Avenue, because the withdrawal of the former appropriation by the city has made (1.)--The only college in the State exclusively for it impossible to continue the work. Brown, Dean.

(2.)--A hospital (inedical and surgical) for women

and children, The board of managers is endeavor

Patients charged according to ability

to pay, or free if necessary ; supported by board of ing to induce the city to take the patients and voluntary coníributions.

(3.)-Dispensary for women and children; open from

m. to 5 p. m. hospital and maintain an emergency

Women physicians only in attendance.

(4.)-Obstetrical out deparıment; staff of 20 women hospital with an ambulance service.

physicians attend the needy poor women in their own homes during continement. Cards for free attendance may be obtained from the resident physician.

Mary Knox Robinson, President. THE CHARITIES DIRECTORY FOR





Pillow Covers, Erc., (Mention this announcement in sending orders.)



the education of women in medicine


9 a


The Official Organ of the Charity Organisation Society of the City of New York.

Vol. V.

NOVEMBER 10, 1900.

No. 24.







I 2




the subsidy system and other ques

tions of public interest. A general The Annual Meeting

invitation is extended not only Tenement-House Legislation in New York,

to representatives of Protestant, 1852-1900...

Catholic and Hebrew congregations The Trials of a Visitor...

and charitable institutions and soLife in a Tenement House.

cieties, but also to those who as THE CHARITY-PROMOTER..


social problems. The Craig Colony's Seventh Year...... The New BRANCH OF THE UNIVERSITY


1852-1900. The Week Ending November 3..

The Tenement-House Commis

sion has just issued a printed report THE ANNUAL MEETING.

of 200 pages, prepared by the secreThe annual meeting of the Charity tary, Mr. Lawrence Veiller, giving Organization Society will be held in a history of all tenement-house legisthe Assembly Hall of the United lation that has been enacted in New Charities Building at 8 P. M., Friday,

York state since the very earliest November 16. Among the speakers days. The report is a very complete will be Hon. Bird S. Coler, Comp

one, taking up every phase of the

tenement-house laws and tracing in troller of the City of New York,

detail all the changes that have ocHon. John W. Keller, President of

curred in reference to each subject. the Department of Public Charities, The different subjects are arDr. John H. Pryor, of Buffalo, Mem- ranged in four main classes: Fire ber of the Commission of the State provisions, light and ventilation proHospital for Consumptives. Mr. visions, sanitary and health proviRobert W. de Forest, Chairman of sions, and general provisions relating the Tenement-House Commission

to the administration of the law, and

other kindred topics. and President of the Charity Organ

Under the fire provisions may be ization Society, will preside. Ex

found such topics as the following: tracts will be read from the annual

Fire escapes, the construction of pubreport which deals comprehensively lic halls and stairways, the construcwith the questions of tenement tion of hall partitions, the construchouse reform, dependent children, tion of elevator shafts, dumb-waiter

and light and vent shafts, and so on, stairs to be absolutely fireproof exthrough the different requirements cept when the buildings are over five of the various laws. Among the stories high, and are also arranged light and ventilation provisions are for four families on every floor.

In to be found such subjects as: The other cases at the present time the amount of space to be left between stairs and halls are required to be of front and rear tenements, the space slow-burning construction, and in to be left vacant at the rear of tene tenement houses less than three storment houses, the percentage of the ies high no special provision is made. lot permitted to be occupied by new Similarly, in reference to the contenements, the size of light and air struction of hall partitions, in 1867, shafts, the ventilation and size of it appears, the law required that in rooms and halls, and so on; a simi all tenement houses intended to be lar method of grouping or classifi- occupied by four families or more cation has been followed in reference the hall partitions from the foundato the sanitary provisions.

tion to the roof should be made of Under each one of the different top brick not less than twelve inches in ics is to be found a statement of all thickness, and that the floor beams the changes that have taken place at of such halls should be iron with different times in reference to this brick arches. The present law limespecial part of the law, and follow its this requirement only to the stairing such statement in each case are ways and the partitions enclosing exact quotations from the different them, and does not include the whole enactments so that the student may public hallway. Similarly, in reference trace in detail each change. The to having the first story constructed present law upon each subject is also fireproof, the law as originally enindicated and the report contains a acted in 1871 was much more rigid very full and complete index, and at than it is at the present day, the earthe end a list of all building laws and lier law requiring that in all tenetenement laws that have been enacted ments over three stories in height, in the state of New York from 1849 occupied by as many as six families to the present time.

above the first story, the first floor It is surprising to find upon the should be entirely fireproof. The perusal of this report how many ex present law does not require this uncellent laws were enacted twenty or less the building is five stories in thirty years ago, and how much less height. rigid the present laws are, in some It is extremely interesting to find cases, than these laws of former that, as early as 1867, the law retimes. For instance, in 1867, the quired all woodbins and coalbins in law required that in all tenement the cellars of tenement houses to be houses to be occupied by four fami- constructed of fireproof material. Had lies or more, the stairs and halls this law not been repealed in 1871, should be constructed entirely fire a great number of our most serious proof of stone or iron, and the floor tenement-house fires would not beams of the halls were to be of iron have occurred, as a large proportion or brick arches. This is much more of such fires start in cellars. In 1887, stringent than the present law upon a law was enacted prohibiting the use this subject, which does not require of any wooden building as a tene

ment house; that is, by more than Sing, 1,209. Total, 3,380.

The two families. The present law, decrease in the total population of however, permits such buildings to

the prisons and reformatories of the be occupied by as many as six fami

state since 1895 is 2,615. lies.

In regard to the very important For the first time since its foundaquestions of the percentage of lot per tion the Union Settlement in the mitted to be occupied by a new tene

upper east side begins its work ment house, it seems that there was

this year with adequate quarters. no provision at all upon this subject The five houses, Nos. 235 to 243 until 1879, and that in that year this

East 104th street, which have been percentage was limited to 65 per cent, but the Board of Health was

leased and altered to form one congiven discretionary power to permit necting building, permit of a suba greater percentage of the lot to be stantial increase in the settlement's occupied in special cases. This plan of work. As a result of this practically remained the law until enlargement there are a number of 1891, when all discretionary power new departures this fall. Besides in this respect was taken away and

the People's Singing Class, under the percentage was limited strictly the direction of Frank Damrosch, to 65 per cent.

singing class for children is also to This report of the Tenement be tried, with Miss Frances Bartlett House Commission contains many as leader. She is to try the appli. other matters of interest, and should cation of kindergarten ideas to the prove of great value to architects, teaching of music.-New York Post. builders, lawyers, and students of tenement-house reform. It is the

The Philadelphia Medical Journal first history of this kind that has

asserts that the person who should been prepared.

secure for a city a supply of pure

and rich milk would be more worthy A compilation of the annual re of a place in a “ Hall of Fame" than ports received by the State Com any so far included in the proposed

New York list. The Journal adds: mission of Prisons shows that the

“Such a work requires more than a population of the six penitentiaries revolution in the occupation of farmof the state at the close of the ing, dairying, and milk-handling; it fiscal year, September 30 last, was demands long education and per2,191, a decrease of thirty from the sistently upheld consciences of every previous year, and of 2,417 since

man engaged in these industries.

We still await with ever fresh dis1895. The population of the New

appointment the coming of rich men York County Penitentiary is 736, who will endow organizations of prean increase of forty-nine, and of ventative medicine. The death-rate the Kings Penitentiary 381,

and the sufferings, and the expenses decrease of five. The number of

of American life can now be reduced inmates of the three state prisons by one-half whenever as few rich

men agree to utilize the good-will is as follows: Auburn, males, 1,022, and the good science of our profesfemales, 99; Clinton, 1,050; Sing sion in that work."


The super


the visitor in charge of the family

was sent to the house with directions Patience and a temperament not

to stay with the woman until she easily ruffled are prime requisites

was safely landed in the hospital. for workers among needy families A petition to send the ambulance in their homes. How 'both may be “just once more”.

was answered upset in the calmest way by those

with a gracious “all right", and not needing help is illustrated by the long after, just as a weary day's following experience. An A. 1. C. P.

work was ending, the telephone bore visitor decided that the mother of a

the soothing news, “she's here." family, which she had in charge, On Monday morning about eleven needed hospital care.

the visitor started for the house to intendent of the central office made

take the children to a home which arrangements to have the Bellevue

had been obtained

obtained through the ambulance sent to remove the woman

Superintendent of Outdoor Poor. from her home. The husband was

A gratifying glow of satisfaction at on the Island for ill-treating the having the end of her troublesome family. There were three children,

task in sight animated the visitor as a baby of eight months, a boy of

she walked along, and knocked six years and a girl two years of briskly at the housekeeper's door. age.

The baby could go to the She listened for the sound of chilhospital with its mother, but the

dren's voices, but those she heard other children must be provided for.

did not come from the right direcThe housekeeper was persuaded to tion. She did not even stop to say care for them at the expense of the good morning to the housekeeper association, until permanent care when the door opened, but gasped could be arranged for. It had taken

out, “where the children?" several days to persuade the mother

"Why, sure, they're upstairs with to go to the hospital, and when she

their mother. Didn't you know she consented, on Friday afternoon, she

had come back." claimed to be in such agony that she The visitor had had experience and could scarcely walk. On Saturday did not faint. Instead she climbed morning the ambulance called for

the stairs and asked Mrs. Blank what her, but the woman was not ready. was the matter with the hospital. The ambulance left and shortly after

Mrs. Blank said it made her nervous the telephone wires between hos and she felt better at home anyway. pital and association were warm

But what jarred the visitor was with messages and explanations. the fact that Mrs. Blank had walked The conversation ended with a kind

home and carried the baby. consent to send the ambulance a second time. It went. The mother was ready, but required of the am

Three courses of lectures among bulance driver positive assurance those given by the Board of Educathat the boy and girl would not be

tion, it is said, will be of special intaken to the Gerry Society before she would leave them. This

terest to mechanics, artisans, and not being within the driver's juris. those interested in electrical subjects. diction he left without his passen- Eight of these lectures will be given ger. Again the telephone wires bore burdens of wrath and mortifica

on light and heat. Other lectures tion and a halt was called for the upon electricity and physics will also time being. Later in the afternoon

be given.


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