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five families or more, and the major- where they were greatly impressed ity of the witnesses recommended with the large number of small onethat this definition be made similar story houses containing one or two to the definition in New York and families in each. Street after street other cities, so that it would apply of these rows of small cottages were to all houses containing three fami seen by the commission. lies or more.

It was also shown that one tene The average number of inmates ment-house inspector was inadequate in the fifteen charitable institutions for the city of Buffalo, and it was

of Illinois during the quarter ended urged that this force should be September 30 was 7,352, and their strengthened and increased.

average net cost per capita to the

state was $36.58. Many of those testifying also urged that a number of old buildings It is a noteworthy fact that of in the lower part of the city should be the thirty names selected for the condemned as not fit for habitation, Hall of Fame, two were chosen and that others should be provided solely because of their philanthropic with adequate fire escapes. Several services. George Peabody and witnesses testified that in the Polish

Peter Cooper, who received respectsection of the city there was over

ively seventy-two and sixty-eight

votes, stand well toward the head of crowding in certain cases, but that, the list. as a rule, the great majority of the Poles lived in small one-story and The Work Together is an interestone and one-half story wooden cot- ing and active club formed for the tages containing but one family, and purpose of bringing together emthat, in many cases, the houses were ployer and employed on a basis of owned by the occupants.

mutual interests. Its special objects A number of witnesses expressed are to treat from the particular the opinion that a tenement-house standpoint of members affected by system was not necessary in the city the interests of the building trades. of Buffalo, and that such a system Among the questions considered are should be discouraged; that it was how to secure healthy, safe and comessential to a right state of civiliza

fortable homes, how to guard tion that people should live in sep- against disease and secure health, so arate houses and have their own far as that can be secured through homes, and that the great majority wise regulations of houses, streets, of people in Buffalo did so.

etc. Meetings are held twice a The hearing closed at four o'clock.

month at 225 West Ninety-ninth

street. Several meetings of the club After the hearing a number of the

have been held to consider the quesmembers of the commission in tions asked some weeks ago by the spected the Polish quarter of the city, State Tenement-House Commission.

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It is reported that an epidemic of ordered by its board of control. typhoid fever prevails at the state The opinion was written in response institution for feeble-minded chil to a joint application made by State dren in Syracuse.

Comptroller Gilman and Superintendent Sage, of the House of

Refuge.- New York Sun. Columbia University is about to establish a course in hospital economics at the Teachers' College. This

The board of directors of the course is for trained nurses who

German Evangelical Home for Aged wish to become hospital superin

Men and Women, in Brooklyn, have tendents or principals of nurses'

discussed the advisability of erecttraining schools.

ing an addition to the home.

was decided that ample reason exMrs. Clara Doolittle, recently ap

ists for additional accommodations. pointed by the board of health to investigate the public and private

The Chicago school board emasylums in Chicago, which care for ploys fifty medical inspectors who infants, says that in over forty such

visit the schools two or three times homes, babies are cared for as a

every week. The Philadelphia Medmoney-making enterprise, and that

ical Journal states that the principals the death rate is high.

of the Chicago schools have agreed,

almost without dissent, that the Mrs. F. P. Strickland, superin- money thus expended, amounting tendent of the Joint Application to $2,500 per month, would better Bureau in the United Charities Build

be expended for kindergartens. ing, read a paper containing many suggestions of value to the corps Over eighteen churches have of friendly visitors of the Organized united to form Auxiliary G, Fifth Aid Association of Jersey City on and Seventh Assembly Districts, October 26.

Federation of Churches and Chris

tian Workers. The object of the Attorney-General Davies has tendered an opinion in which he holds auxiliary “is to unite and utilize the that the House of Refuge on Ran. intelligence, love, and resources of

the churches, missions, and organizadall's Island and institutions of that character, which are supported

tions for Christian work, within the wholly or partly by public funds,

section specified, for the improveneed not pay over to the Treasurer

ment primarily of the spiritual, but the moneys which they receive from

also of the material, economic, sosources other than the state, but cial, and educational interests of the may deposit them in a bank to the section and of the city at large.” A account of the institution, using canvass of the fifth and seventh asthem for its expenses as may be sembly districts is being made and

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every family will be visited. It is

to support at home, 12; one-day announced that the information cases, II. The total number of which is being gathered, religious cases examined was 3,237. The larg, and sociological, will be kept on file

est number of cases approved, 344, at some place in the section, where were found in Mount Sinai Hospital. it will be at the disposal of all within

This institution had also the largest the section who are engaged in number of cases disapproved, 428. Christian and philanthropic work. In St. Vincent, 218 were approved;

80 were disapproved. Post-GradAn excellent indication of the uate, approved, 210; disapproved, value of the work done by the 226. St. Francis, approved, 188; United Hebrew Charities, from the disapproved, 80. St. Joseph, appoint of view of those who devote proved, 148; disapproved, 74.

J. their days solely to similar effort, is

Hood Wright, approved, 147; disto be found in the fact that CHARI

approved, 94. Flower, approved, TIES, the weekly paper issued by

131; disapproved, 50. the Charity Organization Society,

The above-mentioned hospitals devotes five pages of its last issue to extracts from the valuable reports

are all those having more than a submitted at the recent meeting of

hundred approved cases. United Hebrew Charities.The American Hebrew.

The Society for Instruction in

First Aid to the Injured was first We have the report for the quarter organized in New York in 1882, as ending September 30 of the examin a committee of the State Charities ers of the Department of Public Aid Association, under the chairCharities, whose duty it is to investi- manship of the late General George gate the patients in private hospitals B. McClellan. In 1883, it was reand determine which are rightfully organized as a separate society. Its public charges. A summary of the object is to give

object is to give instruction by report follows:

means of lectures in the use of Number of cases approved, 2,107;

remedial measures to be employed approved because of ability to pay

before the doctor arrives, and to part, 12; total approved, 2,119. teach a few of the simple laws of Number of cases disapproved, 1,

health and nursing. The course 118; reasons for disapproving, as consists of five lectures, which are follows: Non-residents, 123; recent given free to those unable to pay. immigrants, 29; unknown at resi The week following the last lecture dence given, 129; insufficient his an examination is held by the meditory, 141; able to pay, 195; referred cal examiner, and diplomas are to public hospitals, 24; refused treat awarded to those who prove themment, 3; not emergency, 451; able selves qualified to render first aid to

the injured. Since the organization Philadelphia, would be a godsend to of the society, 11,940 have received these cities, instruction and 7,818 have received diplomas.

The regular monthly meeting of

the Brooklyn Free Kindergarten Myron H. Wilson, a trustee of Society was held at the Pratt InstiNorthwestern University, has given tute, October 23. Mrs. Meleny, $50,000 to be used in replacing the chairman of the Education Combuilding now occupied by the North- mittee, reported that seventeen western University Settlement in kindergartens maintained by the soEvanston, Ill. The settlement was ciety have an enrolment of forty founded eight years ago, Mrs. Henry pupils each. Wade Rogers, wife of the then president of the university, being

Trinity Hospital, at 50 Varick its prime mover and one of its most

street, which has been closed since active supporters. The association

May for repairs. was reopened which directs and largely maintains

October 15.

This hospital, which the movement is composed of alumni

has been under the management and friends of the university.

of the Sisters of St. Mary for many

years, will, hereafter, be under a The Philadelphia Medical Journal, secular superintendent, Miss Kircommenting upon the prevalence of shoss, the sisters having withdrawn. crime in New York, concludes the article with the following indorsement of a Juvenile Court:

The delegates from the Charity In favorable contrast with this re- Organization Society to the New port from New York is the state

York State Conference of Charities ment which comes from Chicago and Corrections are as follows: Mr. about the working of the Juvenile Robert W. DeForest, president; Court in that city. This is a tribunal

Mrs. Chas. R. Lowell and Mr. that takes cognizance especially of

Samuel M. Jackson, of the Central juvenile delinquents and attempts Council; Mr. Edward T. Devine, to rescue and reform children instead general secretary; Miss C. S. of graduating them in crime. The McCarty, Miss M. D. Henry, Miss journal known as CHARITIES for

B. K. Bloss and Miss C. C. Carver, October 6 has a paper on this sub

district agents. ject in which it shows the efficient working of this court. This tribunal is devoted to saving children, and it Advance orders for the CHARITIES seems to be effecting its object in DIRECTORY OF GREATER NEW innumerable instances. A similar YORK received by the Charity Orcourt, both in New York and in ganization Society at one dollar.



first applications for free coal have

been received. At the joint application bureau of

Amount disbursed for food supthe Charity Organization Society and the Association for Improving

plies, $183.20; for rent, $21; for

other relief, $97.32; total amount exthe Condition of the Poor there were

pended for relief, $301.52. 220 applications for aid. Of the

Thirty-three woodyard tickets homeless persons forty-seven were taken in charge.

were given to men, 27 workroom

tickets to women, and 98 garments The agents of the investigation de

were distributed from the storeroom. partment of the Charity Organization Society made 439 calls to ob

The whole number of applicants tain information concerning those who asked for assistance. One hun

at the three offices of the Brooklyn dred and twenty-two new

Bureau of Charities for the week endwere entered upon the books of the ing October 27, was 230, of which registration bureau.

number 51 were new. The number In the district offices thirty-seven employed in the woodyards was 44, new families were taken in charge of whom 7 were new applicants. In One hundred and ninety-three tickets

the laundry, employment was given

to 86; to 11 for the first time. The were presented at the woodyard. Each of these tickets entitles the holder to

workrooms for women furnished do a prescribed amount of work for

work to 104, 19 of whom had not which he is paid fifty cents in cash.

been previously employed there. Of the number issued, 181 were given to men with homes in the city. At the office of the examining

At the laundry, seventeen women physician for outdoor poor, in the were given a total of sixty-nine days' Department of Public Charities, 240 work and twenty-nine days' work

persons were examined in the week was given at the workrooms.

ending October 27. Of this number, 139 were sent to the City Hos

pital, 40 to the Metropolitan HospiDuring the week ending Saturday, tal, 17 to the dispensary, 9 to the October 27, 99 cases were referred superintendent of outdoor poor, 32 to the Association for Improving the to Bellevue Hospital, and 3 returned Condition of the Poor; of these, 84

to their homes. were applications for relief, and 15 for investigation only. Of the total During the same week, at the Denumber, 23 came through the joint partment of Public Charities, 52 application bureau. Notwithstand

persons were sent to the almshouse, ing the continued mild weather, the 16 to the state almshouse at Flatbush

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