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Ans. And let the sighing/Then shall the Minister exhort the prisoner of the Prisoners come before or prisoners after this form, or other like: thee.

DEARLY beloved, know The Collect.

this, that ALMIGHTY GOD,

whose never-failing providence GRANT, we beseech thee, governeth all things both in Almighty God, that we, who heaven and earth, hath so for our evil deeds do worthily wisely and mercifully ordered deserve to be punished, by the course of this world, that the comfort of thy grace may his judgments are often sent as mercifully be relieved; through fatherly corrections to us; and our Lord and Saviour JESUS if with due submission and Christ. Amen.

resignation to his holy will we

receive the same, they will O GOD, who sparest when work together for our good. we deserve punishment, and in

It is your part and duty, thy wrath rememberest mercy; therefore, to humble yourself we humbly beseech thee, of under the mighty hand of God, thy goodness to comfort and to acknowledge the righteoussuccour all those who are under ness of his judgments, and to reproach and misery in the endeavour, that, by his grace, house of bondage; correct them this present visitation may lead not in thine


you to a sincere and hearty chasten them in thy

sore repentance. displeasure. Give them a right The


and means thereto understanding of themselves, is, to examine your life and and of thy threats and promises: conversation by the rule of that they may neither cast away God's commandments ; and their confidence in thee, nor whereinsoever you shall perplace it any where but in thee. ceive yourself to have offended Relieve the distressed, protect either by will, word, or deed, the innocent, and awaken the there to bewail your own singuilty: and forasmuch as thou fulness, and to confess yourself alone bringest light out of dark-to Almighty God, with full ness, and good out of evil, grant purpose of amendment of life. that the pains and punishments And if you shall perceive your which these thy servants endure, offences to be such as are not through their bodily confine-only against God, but also ment, may tend to setting free against your neighbours ; then their souls from the chains of to reconcile yourself to them, sin; through Jesus Christ our being ready to make restitution Lord. Amen.

and satisfaction, according to

the uttermost of your power, 1 Here the Minister, as he shall see con; for all injuries and wrongs

venient, may read the Prayer for All conditions of Men, the Collect for Ash done by you to any other : and Wednesday, and the Collect beginning being likewise ready to forgive Almighty God, the fountain of all wisdom, others who have offended you, &c. or any other prayer of the Liturgy, which he shall judge proper.

as you would have forgiveness of your offences at God's hand. the living God, when you can And to this true repentance and neither fly to his mercy to change of mind you must add protect you, nor to the merits a lively and steadfast faith, and of Christ to cover you in that dependence upon the merits of terrible day. the death of Christ, with an

T Here the Minister shall examine him entire resignation of yourself

concerning his faith, and rehearse the to the will of GOD. Except articles of the Creed, Dost thou believe in

God, &c. And the prisoner shall answer, you repent, and believe, we can give you no hope of salvation. All this I steadfastly believe. But if you do sincerely repent a Then shall the Minister examine whether and believe, God hath declared, he repent him truly of his sins, and be in though your sins be as red as charity with all the world, and further

admonish him particularly concerning the scarlet, they shall be made crimes wherewith he is charged ; and white as snow; though your

exhort him, if he have any scruples, that

he would declare the same, and prepare wickednesses have gone over himself for the Holy Communion, against your head, yet shall they not be the time that it may be proper to administer

to him. your destruction.

We exhort you therefore in 1 Then, all kneeling, the Minister shall say the name of God, and of his as follows, from the 51st Psalm. dear Son Jesus Christ our HAVE mercy upon me, O Saviour, and as you tender God, after thy great goodness ; your own salvation, to take according to the multitude of good heed of these things in thy mercies, do away mine time, while the day of salvation offences. lasteth; for the night cometh, Wash me thoroughly from when no man can work. While my wickedness; and cleanse you have the light, believe in me from my sin. the light, and walk as children For I acknowledge my fault; of the light, that you be not and my sin is ever before me. cast into outer darkness ; that Against thee only have I you may not knock, when the sinned, and done this evil in door shall be shut; and cry thy sight; that thou mightest for mercy, when it is the time be justified in thy saying, and of justice. Now you are the clear when thou art judged. object of God's mercy, if by Behold, I was shapen in repentance and true faith you wickedness ; and in sin hath turn unto him : but if you my mother conceived me. neglect these things, you will But lo, thou requirest truth be the object of his justice and in the inward parts; and shalt vengeance. Now you may make me to understand wisdom claim the merits of CHRIST; secretly. but if you die in your sins, his Thou shalt purge me with sufferings will tend to your hyssop, and I shall be clean; greater condemnation. O be- thou shalt wash me, and I shall loved, consider in this your be whiter than snow. day, how fearful a thing it will Thou shalt make me hear be to fall into the hands of of joy and gladness; that the




bones which thou hast brokenthou visitest for trial of his may rejoice.

patience, or punishment of his Turn thy face from my sins ; offences, enable him by thy grace and put out all my misdeeds. cheerfully to submit himself to Make me a clean heart, O thy holy will and pleasure. Go

and renew a right spirit not far from those, O LORD, within me.

whom thou hast laid in a place Cast me not away from thy of darkness, and in the deep ; presence ; and take not thy and forasmuch as thou hast holy Spirit from me.

not cut him off suddenly, bu O give me the comfort of thy chastenest him as a father ; help again; and stablish me grant that he, duly considering with thy free Spirit.

thy great mercies, ' may be Then shall I teach thy ways unfeignedly thankful, and turn unto the wicked; and sinners unto thee with true repentance shall be converted unto thee. and sincerity of heart, through

Deliver from blood- JESUS CHRIST our Lord. Amen. guiltiness, O God, thou that

Prayers for persons under sentence of art the God of my health; and my tongue shall sing of thy When a criminal is under sentence of righteousness.

death, the Minister shall proceed, imme

diately after the Collect, o God, who Thou shalt open my lips, o sparest, &c, lo exhort him after this form, LORD; and my mouth shall

or other like : show thy praise.

DEARLY beloved, it hath For thou desirest no sacrifice, pleased ALMIGHTY God, in his else would I give it thee; but justice, to bring you under the thou delightest not in burnt- sentence and condemnation of offerings.

the law : You are shortly to The sacrifice of God is a suffer death in such a manner, troubled spirit; a broken and that others, warned by your contrite heart, o God, shalt example, may be the more afraid thou not despise.

to offend; and we pray God, Then the Minister shall say,

that you may make such use of your punishments in this world, that soul

your O LORD, we beseech thee, the world to come.

be saved in

may mercifully hear our prayers, Wherefore we come to you and spare

all those who confess in the bowels of compassion; their sins unto thee; that they, and, being desirous that you whose consciences by sin are should avoid presumption on accused, by thy merciful pardon the one hand, and despair on may be absolved, through the other, shall plainly lay CHRIST our Lord. Amen.

before you the wretchedness of O GOD, whose mercy is your condition, and declare how everlasting, and power infinite; far you ought to depend on the look down with pity and com- mercies of God, and the merits passion upon the sufferings of of our Saviour. Consider then this thy servant; and whether seriously with yourself, in all

Let us pray.

appearance the time of your our sins, and to cleanse us from dissolution draweth near; your all unrighteousness. Do not sins have laid fast hold upon either way abuse the goodness you; you are soon to be re- of God, who calleth us merci. moved from among men by a fully to amendment, and of his violent death ; and you shall endless pity promiseth us forfade away suddenly like the giveness of that which is past, grass, which in the morning is if with a perfect and a true green and groweth up, but in heart we return unto him. the evening is cut down, dried Since therefore you are soon up, and withered. After you to pass into an endless and have thus finished the course unchangeable state, and your of a sinful and miserable life, future happiness or misery you shall appear before the depends upon the few moments Judge of all flesh; who, as he which are left you; I require pronounces blessings on the you strictly to examine yourself, righteous, shall likewise say, and your estate both towards with a terrible voice of most God and towards man; and let just judgment, to the wicked, no worldly consideration hinder Go, ye accursed, into the fire you from making a true and everlasting, prepared for the full confession of your sins, and devil and his angels.

giving all the satisfaction which Your sins have brought you is in your power to every one too near this dreadful sentence: whom you have wronged or it is therefore your part and injured ; that you may find duty, my brother, humbly to mercy at your heavenly Father's confess and bewail your great hand, for Christ's sake, and and manifold offences, and to not be condemned in the dreadrepent you truly of your sins, ful day of judgment. as you tender the eternal salva- Lastly, beloved, submit your tion of your soul.

self with Christian resignation Be not deceived with a vain to the just judgment of God, and presumptuous expectation which your own crimes have of God's favour, nor say within brought upon you, and be in yourself, Peace, Peace, where charity with all men; being there is no peace ; for there is ready sincerely to forgive all no peace, saith my God, to the such as have offended you, wicked. God is not mocked ; not excepting those who have he is of purer eyes than to prosecuted you even unto death: behold iniquity ; and without and, though this may seem a holiness no man shall see the hard saying, yet know assuredly, LORD. On the other hand, that without it your charity is despair not of God's mercy, not yet perfect. And fail not though trouble is on every side; earnestly to endeavour and for God shutteth not up his pray for this blessed temper mercies for ever in displeasure: and composure of mind. So But if we confess our sins, he may you cast yourself with an is faithful and just to forgive us entire dependence upon the

munion Service.

mercies of God, through the thee, for succour in behalf of merits of our Saviour and this thy servant, who is now Redeemer JESUS CHRIST. under the sentence of con

Here the Minister shall examine him demnation. The day of his concerning his faith, and rehearse the calamity is at hand, and he is articles of the Creed, Dost thou believe in accounted as one of those who GOD, &c. And the criminal shall answer,

go down into the pit. Blessed All this I steadfastly believe. Lord, remember thy mercies ; | Then shall the Minister examine whether look upon his infirmities; hear

he repent him truly of his sins, exhorting the voice of his complaint; give him to a particular confession of the sin for which he is condemned; and upon him, we beseech thee, patience confession, he shall instruct him what in this his time of adversity, satisfaction ought to be made to those whom he has offended thereby ; and if he knoweth and support under the terrors any combinations in wickedness, or any which encompass him; set evil practices designed against others, let him be adunonished to the utmost of his before his eyes the things he

power to discover and prevent them. hath done in the body, which 1 After his confession, the Minister shall have justly provoked thee to

declare to him the pardoning mercy of God, in the form which is used in the Com

and forasmuch as his anger;

continuance appeareth to be After which shall be said the Collect short amongst us, quicken him following:

so much the more by thy grace O HOLY Jesus, who of and holy Spirit ; that he, thine infinite goodness, didst being converted and reconciled accept the conversion of a sin- unto thee, before thy judgments ner on the cross ; open thine have cut him off from the earth, eye of mercy upon this thy may at the hour of his death servant, who desireth pardon depart in peace, and be received and forgiveness, though in his into thine everlasting kingdom, latest hour he turneth unto through Jesus CHRIST our Lord. thee. Renew in him whatsoever Amen. hath been decayed by the fraud

| Adding this. and malice of the devil, or by his own carnal will and frailness.

O SAVIOUR of the world, Consider his contrition ; accept blood hasť redeemed us, save

who by thy cross and precious his repentance; and forasmuch as he putteth his full trust only us, and help us, we humbly in thy mercy,

impute not beseech thee, O LORD. unto him his former sins, but Then the Minister, standing, shall strengthen him with thy blessed

IN the midst of life we are Spirit; and when thou art in death : of whom may we pleased to take him hence, take seek for succour, but of thee, him unto thy favour : This we O LORD, who for our sins art beg through thy merits, O LORD, justly displeased? our Saviour and our Redeemer.

Yet, O LORD God most holy, Amen.

O Lord most mighty, O holy I Then shall the Minister say, and most merciful SAVIOUR, O FATHER of mercies and deliver us not into the bitter God of all comfort; we fly unto pains of eternal death.


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