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the splendid actions of Buonaparte, and artifices that governed their genotwithstanding his victories in Pied- neral conduct. mont, was, early in 1799, as we By their influence in the affemhave seen, superceded, in the com- blies, the most distinguished and mand of the army of Italy, by the zealous of their partizans were apminister of war, the peculator pointed tecretaries to the different Scheerer. The admiral Bruix, pa- committees or commissions of the rading, with a large fleet, between councils. These, in general, found Toulon and Brest, and Brest and means of bringing over a majority Toulon, afforded to many reasons to agree to whatever was proposed. for suspecting that its equipment But, whenever they experienced was intended for no other purpose any difficulty, or serious opposition, than that of a chain of peculation they applied for new mellages from from the directory to the dock-yard. the directory, of a more peremp. There was no meanness or misde. tory and menacing nature, which meanor, or act of injittice and op- never failed to reduce opposition to pression fo great, but that a filence. rous part of the nation thought In order to avoid the odium attheir rulers capable of it. While tending the impotition of fair and the battalions were greatly deficient necessary taxes, they had recuurle in their complements of men; enora to rapine, whenever they had any mous exactions of money were kind of pretext for its commission; made, for the maintenance of nume- in which rapine they were cordirous legions, on paper. The priva- aily íupported, even by the council tions, mileries, and distrelies of the of five hundred, who bore some armies abroad; multiplicd instances analogy to the British house of comof corruption on the part of the go- mons, and were the more immedivernment at home; arbitrary im- ate representatives of the people : prisonments and sequestrations, and though their schemes were sometimes justice and injustice, bought or fold; vigorously opposed in the council of all these circumstances produced á elders. Thus, when they found that
a general odiurn against the directory, a proposed tax on salt would not go which foon proved an overmatch down, and the deficit was but imfor all their means, great as they perfectly fupplied by a tax on doors were, of maintaining their sway by and windows, they fell upon the influence and corruption.
pofieflions, movcable and immove. It is not permitted, by the limits able, of the protestant clergy of of our plan, to follow the directory Allace. It was remonlirated in through that variety of measures vain that these were fecured to the they took, from day to day, for the clergy by treaties between the forinternal government of France, and mer lovereigns of Allace and France. the support of their own authority. The policlions of the proieliant We fall only state a few facts, clergy, it was faid, belonged origi which, however, will be sufficient nally to the catholies; that trantto give some idea of the principles actions between princes and people
The council of the ancients, or cuo hundred and fifty, too, emerated crizirally from the voice of the people, not as in Britain, from the appointmen: of a king or ochur clief.
did not alter the nature and origin Sieves, at that time French ambarof things; that liberty and equality fador at the court of Berlin. It fhould prevail throughout the whole scarcely falls within the province of French republic; that the Lathe- general history, on the most diffurans, who had their minifters, fu- five plan, and certainly not within periors, consistories, and even ca- our design, to be more particular nons, formed a state within a state, in an account of the political conwhich was absurd ; that the inter- fusions and changes of an unsettled efts of individuals ought not to be and capricious government, agitaput in competition with that of the ted by so many individual interests, public, &c. It was decreed as a passions, and vices. It is not worth law, that all donations and esta- while to mark the relative postions blishments, founded either by Lu- of particles of matter tost about in therans or Calvinists, whether for a whirlwind. Suffice it to say here, the support of divine worthip, re. what has already, been observed, ligious orders, or even for hospic that the new rulers, on their entals, or other charitable purposes, trance into office, had recourse to were national property.
the use and renown of arms. Suil, The discomfiture and defeats that however, while the voice of the every where attended the French jacobins was for war, contribuarmies, in the early part of 1799, tions, and confcriptions, the .cry united with a general contempt and of the best part of the nation was detestation of the executive go- personal fafety, the preservation of vernment, awakened the courage property, and peace. In this al with the hopes of the jacobins, and ternative, menacing on the one threatened the moderate and peace- hand, a return of the royalists able part of the nation with a revival (which must take place, if the coof the fysiem of terror. While a alesced powers Piould not be regeneral infurrenclion prevailed in fifted with vigour and effect) and the western departments, a coalition the system of terror, with all the of parties was formed at Paris burthens of war, on the other, the against the directory, whole power French nation, with admiration and was overthrown by the election of regret, called to their remembrance, a new third of the legislature, and, the hero, who, without conscripon the eighteenth of June, by the tions of men, or contributions of appointment of their fucceflors. money from France, led on the The rapacious Rewbel was ftript French to victory, and glory. In of his power by the lot of feceflion. these circumstances, early in OcioTrailhard, Merlin, and Lareveil- ber, Buonaparte landed suddenly at lere Lepaux, were threatened into Frejus, in Provence, like a pirit resignation. Barras remained, and from another world. He as fudreceived for his new colleagues, denly overthrow the revolutionary Gohier, president of the court of work of ten years, and afiumed the revision, and, at a former period, sovereign power over a nation inminister of justice; Roger du Cos, capable of republican freedom, and an ex-legislator, of whom little was the prey of contending factions, alfaid or known; Moulins, a terrorist most equally corrupt, under the or jacobincial general; and the silent, vame of chief consul. spoculative, and pertinacious abbé
it in great
tainment could give the rustic was
found around its walls. The heir Sd. THE rivers and shores along apparent to the throne, the nobility sd week fo covered with ice, that fons of the first and most diftinguillimost of the corn and other veslelsed families in the kingdom, to the were frozen up. The wild fowl number of about two hudied and
abundance. eighty, honoured his grace with Several accidents happened to per- their presence on this occafion. Sous lhooting with long guers. The 6th. Turnbull, a soldier, who landlord of the Feathers-inn, at fands charged with having stolen, Tillingham, Nattered his arm so from the mint in the Tower, two that it was obliged to be immedi- bags of 1000 guineas each, was ately amputated; and lieutenant apprehended, at Dover, by the malSeave, of the Acute, gun-beat, in ter of a trading vedlel, to whom he Bradwell-river, had his face levere applied for the purpose of hiring his ly wounded. Both were occasion- boat to carry him to Calais; and ed by the bursting of their fowling- offered thirty guineas for his palpieces.
Some doubts of the pro4th. His grace John Henry, duke priety of his application arifing in of Rutland, having attained the the mind of the boatman, inducing twenty-first year of his age on this him to fcrutinize the countenance day, it was celebrated with the of his employer, he was struck with greatest festivity, buth at Belvoire his resemblance to the perfon advercastle and Grantham. In the morn- tiled; in consequence of that idea, ing the bells of Grantham-church he had him secured until he inspecied ufhered in the day. Jofeph Law. the advertisement, which leaving sence, efq. commander of the vo- no doubt as to his being the perInnteer infantry, went, at ten fon, he was fearched in a publico'clock, with his detachment, to houle, and on his person were found Belvoir-castle, where they were 1010 guineas of the year 1798; in reviewed by the duke of Rutland the afternoon of the same day he and the duke of Beaufort, and at was brought to town in the mailone o'clock they fired a seu de joie. coach, and lodged in fase custody. On this day every magnificence Same day, at half past one o'clock, was exhibited at the castle, and the manfion at Walworth, the proerery joy which mirth and enter-. perty of the widow of the late 'mheVOL. XLI.
riff Fenn, and inhabited by her of the enemy was 30 guns, and daughter and son-in-law, fir John 280 men. She is the gun-vessel fitted and lary Rose, unfortunately caught out by commissioner Schank, with fire, and in less than two hours was the inclosed plane in the gun-carriburnt to the ground.-On investi- ages.-Captain Mortlock is fince gation it appeared, that the old lady dead of his wounds. (Mrs. Fenn) was fitting by the fire, 8th. The lease of Don Saltero's in her bed-room, on the first floor; coffee-house, at Chelsea, was fold, a coal flew out of the fire and burnt with all the curiosities. This wellthe carpet; the old lady,, as she known coffee-houle was first openthought, extinguished it, but in a ed in the year 1695, by one Salter, few minutes after it blazed out; and a barber, who drew the attention in her attempt to put it out, her of the public by the eccentricities handkerchief caught fire, which fo of his conduct, and by furnishing alarmed her as to put her in a sense. his houte with a large collection of less state. Sir John and lady Rose, natural and other curiofities, which who had been on a visit to Dover, till now remained in the coffeearrived just in time to witness the room, where printed catalogues destruction of their premises. were sold, with the names of the
7th. An account was received in principal benefactors to the collectown, from Portsmouth, of the arrival tion. Sir Hans Sloane contributed there of the Wolverene gun-vessel, largely out of the fuperfluities of commanded by captain Mortlock. his own museum. Vice-admiral This veílel failed from the Downs Munden, and other officers who only on Thursday last on a cruize had been much upon the coasts of off the French coast, and on the Spain, enriched it with many curiofollowing day me fell in with two fities, and gave the owner tbe name farge French luggers, one carrying of Don Saltero ; fee Tatler, No. 10 guns, and the other 14, and 34, Nichols's edition, where Salhaving on board 140 inen cach. tero is ridiculed for his credulity, in A very warm action immediately appropriating his pincushion and commenced, which was littained hats to queen Elizabeth's chamberfor near two hours, during which, maids, &c. In the same light is to tije Frenchmen attempted to board be considered a famous relic we tle Wolverene. Captain Mortlock, have seen in the museum of the with his own hands, lashed one of royal society at Crane-court, under the French reflels to an iron fiai). the name of Pontius Pilate's wife's chion of his own thip, which, how- grandmother's hat, but better calever, unfortunately gave way, and culated to fit mother Shiplon or her the enemy got off, and being clofe grandame. Such collections, howin with their own More, they both ever, aided by those of Tiadefcant, escaped. Captain Mortlock was Ashmole, and Thoresby, cherished badly wounded, and the master the infancy of science, and should was likewile wounded, and eight be appreciated as the playthings men, and a seaman and marine of a boy after he is arrived at man.
killed. The Wolverene hood. mounts only 12 guns, and carries 9th. Paris. The whole range of but 70 men, and the united force edifices erected in the interior of the
gardens of the Palais Royal, now fome French emigrants, and a guard called Egalité, were burnt to the. of marines; he was received by the ground last week. These buildings Ottoman court with all the distinccomprised the Opera de Buffon and tion due to a foreigner in a public the Lycée des Arts, a variety of character. shops, restorateurs, caffés, mena- 12th, Dublin. At a meeting of gerie of wild beasts, &c. which the corporation, and court of D'Oyer were entirely consumed, as well as hundred, at Cork, resolutions, in several handsome busts, statues, &c. favour of an union, have been unawhich were brought from Italy. nimously agreed to ; and an address No one has been able to discover to parliament, praying for an adopwhether this fire was occasioned by tion of the measure, ordered to be accident or design; but, from the dif- prepared and presented. ferent reports, it is probable that it This evening, between 9 and 10, broke out in that part of the build- the liouse of the parish-clerk of St. ing which was occupied as a thea- Andrew, Holborn, in Shoe-lane, tre, and where workmen had been was robbed of the communionemployed, during the night, in plate of the church, and 2001. in making preparations for a perform calh, belonging to the rector. The ance which was to have taken place robbers entered the house by the on the following day. The Palais garret-window, having, it is supRoyal was situated in the centre of posed, got over the bone-house in Paris
, and erected by the duke of the church-yard. In their retreat, Orleans, in his own garden, a few they dropped a silver cup
and cover, years before the revolution.
which was found in the church11th. Conflantinople. Sir Sidney yard. Smith, minifter-extraordinary from 14th. The corning-mill belonging his Britannic majesty, arrived here to the gunpowder-works of Meilrs. on the 2d of this month, in the Pigou and Co. at Dartford, this Tiger, of 84 guns. On the 5th day blew up, by which unfortunate he had a conference with the Reis accident two men and a boy were Effendi, at which was present Mr. killed. A few of their scattered Spencer Smith, the English ambal- remains were collected together and lador. Among the presents destined interred; but by far the greatest by his Britannic majesty for the part were literally blown to atums. grand feignior, and which fir, Sidney One man had fortunately left the is charged to present, is a perfect mill not more than a minute before model of the Royal George and the explosion took place; and twelve brass field-pieces, three. what, though fingular, is true, this pounders, with their cassoons con- is the third time he has thus mifructed in such a manner as tu beraculously escaped from similar acportable by camels. Sir Sidney .cidents. Smith has this day taken up his reli- 25th. An earthquake was felt dence at the beautiful palace of this day in feveral parts of the deBailes, in which the ambassadors of partment of Finisterre, and appears the Venetian republic formerly to have extended itself to a great lived. He was accompanied by fé- number of other departments. At veral military and naval officers, Nantes the fhock was extremely