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COMPARISON OF CENSUS ACTS

FOURTEENTH CENSUS

[Public, No. 325, Sixty-fifth Congress, H. E. 11984l

AN ACT To provide for the fourteenth and subsequent decennial censuses

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That a census of the population, agriculture, manufactures, forestry and forest products, and mines and quarries of the United States shall be taken by the Director of the Census in the year nineteen hundred and twenty and every ten years thereafter. The census herein provided for shall include each State, the District of Columbia, Alaska, Hawaii, and Porto Rico. A census of Guam and Samoa shall be taken in the same year by the respective governors of said islands and a census of the Panama Canal Zone by the governor of the Canal Zone in accordance with plans prescribed or approved by the Director of the Census.

Sec. 2. That the period of three years beginning the first day of July next preceding the census provided for in section one of this Act shall be known as the decennial census period, and the reports upon the inquires provided for in said section shall be completed and published within such period.

Sec. 3. That during the decennial census period, and no longer, there may be employed in the Census Office, in addition to the force provided for by the legislative, executive, and judicial appropriation Act for the fiscal year immediately preceding the decennial census period, an assistant director, who shall be an experienced practical statistician; a chief statistician, who shall be a person of known and tried experience in statistical work; a disbursing clerk; an appointment clerk; a private secretary to the director; four stenographers; eight expert chiefs of division; and ten statistical experts. The assistant director shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The chief statistician, the disbursing clerk, the appointment clerk, the chiefs of divisions, and the private secretary to the director shall be appointed without examination by the Secretary of Commerce upon the recommendation of the Director of the Census. The statistical experts and the stenogra

FIFTEENTH CENSUS

[H. R. 393, Seventieth Congress, first sessionl

A BILL To provide for the fifteenth and subsequent decennial censuses

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That a census of population, agriculture, and distribution shall be taken by the Director of the Census in the year 1930 and every ten years thereafter. The census herein provided for shall include each State, the District of Columbia, Alaska, Hawaii, and Porto Rico. A census of Guam, Samoa, and the Virgin Islands shall be taken in the same year by the respective governors of said islands and a census of the Panama Canal Zone by the governor of the Canal Zone in accordance with plans prescribed or approved by the Director of the Census.

Sec. 2. That the period of three years beginning the first day of July next preceding the census provided for in section 1 of this Act shall be known as the decennial census period, and the reports upon the inquiries provided for in said section shall be completed within such period.

Sec. 3. That there may be employed in the Bureau of the Census, in addition to the force provided for by the appropriation Act for the fiscal year immediately preceding the decennial census period, two assistant directors, one of whom shall act as executive assistant to the director, performing, in addition, the duties usually assigned to the chief clerk, and the other, who must be a person of known and tried experience in statistical work, as technical and statistical advisor; these officials to be appointed by the Secretary of Commerce, upon the recommendation of the Director of the Census, in conformity with the civil service laws and rules.

In addition to the force hereinbefore provided for, there mav be appointed by the Director of the Census, without regard to the provisions of the classification Act, for any period not extending beyond the decennial census period, at annual or piece-price rates of compensation to be fixed by him, as many temporary employees in the District of Columbia as may be necessary to meet FOURTEENTH CENSUS

phers shall be appointed in conformity with the civil service Act and rules: Provided, That whenever practicable women and honorably discharged soldiers and sailors shall be employed in the positions herein provided for.

Sec. 4. That the assistant director shall perform such duties as may be prescribed by the Director of the

FIFTEENTH CENSUS

the requirements of the work: Provided, That hereafter in making appointments to clerical and other positions in the executive branch of the Government in the District of Columbia or elsewhere preference shall be given to honorably discharged soldiers, sailors, and marines, and widows of such, and to the wives of injured soldiers, sailors, and marines, who themselves are not qualified, but whose wives are qualified, to hold such positions: Provided further, That all such clerical, mechanical, and subclerical appointments shall be made in conformity with the civil service laws and rules.

That special agents, supervisors, supervisors' clerks, enumerators, and interpreters may be appointed by the Director of the Census to carry out the provisions of this Act and of the Act to provide for a permanent Census Office, approved March 6, 1902, and Acts amendatory thereof or supplemental thereto, such appointments to be made without reference to the civil service or the classification Acts. The Director of the Census may delegate to the supervisors authority to appoint enumerators. The enlisted men and officers of the Army, Navy, and Marine Corps may be appointed and compensated for the enumeration of Army, Navy, Marine and other military posts. The special agents, supervisors, supervisors' clerks, enumerators, and interpreters thus appointed shall receive compensation at per diem or piece-price rates to be fixed by the Director of the Census: Provided, That special agents appointed at a per diem rate shall not be paid in excess of $8 per diem except as hereinafter provided; and that the compensation on a piece-price basis may be fixed without limitation as to the amount earned per diem: Provided further, That during the decennial census period the Director of the Census may fix the compensation of not to exceed twenty-five special agents at an amount not to exceed $12 per diem: Provided further, That permanent employees of the Census Office and special agents may be detailed, when necessary, to act as supervisors or enumerators, such permanent employees and special agents to have like authority with and perform the same duties as the supervisors or enumerators in respect to the subjects committed to them under this Act.

FOURTEENTH CENSUS FIFTEENTH CENSUS

Census. In the absence of the director, the assistant director shall serve as director, and in the absence of the director and assistant director, the chief clerk shall serve as director.

The appointment clerk shall perform the duties assigned him by the Director of the Census. The disbursing clerk of the Census Office shall, at the beginning of the decennial census period, give bond to the Secretary of the Treasury in the sum of $100,000, surety to be approved by the Solicitor of the Treasury, which bond shall be conditioned that the said officer shall render, quarter j'early, a true and faithful account to the proper accounting officers of the Treasury of all moneys and properties which shall be received by him by virtue of his office during the said decennial census period. Such bond shall be filed in the office of the Secretary of the Treasury, to be by him put in suit upon any breach of the conditions thereof.

Sec. 5. That during the decennial census period the annual compensation of the officials of the Census Office shall be as follows: The Director of the Census, $7,500; the assistant director, $5,000; the chief clerk and three chief statisticians for the divisions of population, manufactures, and agriculture, respectively, $4,000 each; three other chief statisticians for the divisions of vital statistics and statistics of cities, and the chief statistician provided 'for in section three of this Act, $3,600 each; the geographer, $3,000; the disbursing clerk, $3,000; the appointment clerk, $2,750; the chiefs of division, $2,500 each; the private secretary to the director, $2,250; the statistical experts, $2,000 each; and the stenographers provided for in section three of this Act, $1,800 each.

Sec. 6. That in addition to the force hereinbefore provided for and to that authorized by the legislative, executive, and judicial appropriation Act for the fiscal year immediately preceding the decennial census period, there may be employed in the Census Office during the decennial census period, and no longer, as manv clerks with salaries at the rates of $1,800, $1,680, $1,560, $1,440, $1,380, $1,320, $1,260, $1,200, $1,140, $1,080, $1,020, $960, and $900; one engineer at $1,200; and two photostat operators, at $1,200 each; as many skilled laborers, with salaries at the rate of not less than $720 nor more than $1,000 per annum; and as many messengers, assistant messengers, messenger boys, watchmen, unskilled

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