Gambar halaman


60 000


imported; is. ditto, on those at ke: the money thar had been given to the home

36,000 Emperor should come before the House, 5 per cent. on customed goods, and

he should oppose it ; and he hoped the 10 per cent. on brimstone, bemp,

House would refift, with him, fo violent iron in bar or unwrought, olive.

an attack v upon the Conftitution; and oils and staves (prize goods,

then he should know, whether be lived wine, and coals excepted)

184,000 in a free couniry or not. Auctions-2fd, in the pound on

The resolutions moved by the Chan. estates; 3d. ditto, on furniture, 40,000 Coffee and cocoa, gd. per 1b.

cellor of the Exchequer, were then put

30,000 Postage-id. additional on 3d and

and carried, and the report ordersd to be so in proportion

250,000 received the next day. On that day Canals---15. od. toll duty on goods

(Dec. 8th) Mr. HOBART brought up carried by inland navigation 120,000 thc Report of the Committee of Ways Distilleries-id. per galion on corn

and Means, and moved, that the resolu. wash

300,000 tions be read a first time. Stage coaches

60,000 On the motion that the resolutions be Pari els-2d. on all parcels booked

read a second time, Mr. Fox role, and Drawback on plantation coffee 22,000 said, he had fome observations to make Aflefled Taxes---Horses

12,000 Commutation duty 128,000

on the degraded ftuation of the House, Houses


with respect to the Executive Power.

A fervant of the Crown, in contempt of Total amount of the taxes is 2,132,000

law, had sent 1,200,000l. to Germany; And the intereft, for which they are

and, till the House had solemnly proprovided for, being

2,110,000 nounced on the Minister's conduct, he

Thould deem himfclf a traitor to his There remains a surplus of

22,000 country, if he agreed to vote either a The Chancellor of the Exchequer then tion, Ministers had been guilty of a di.

man or a shilling. In the case in quesgave a general sketch of the produce of rect breach of the Conítitution. They the permanent taxes, and calculated the had difp-sed of money, not only without average revenue, for the last four years, convening the Parliament, but without ar 13,885,000l. But the next statement consulting it while actually filling

Pay. of the Minister was of a moft extraordi, ments had been made fo late as Novem. nary natu.e: : His Majesty's Ministers," ber, 1796 ; and all this had been done, as said he, * did not think it juftifiable to if on purpose to trow, that the power re: withhold, with dangerous caution, that fided in the servants of the Crown. Mr. supply which might have irustrated the Fox noticed it, as a circumftance kot exertions of a perlevering and faithful less fingular, tha the House had yester, álly.". With this consideration, he add- day, for the first time, been acquainted ed, that the lum of 1,200,000!. had been with 'he Spanish war, although it had állotted to the service of his Imperial been publicly intimated by the Lord Majesty, without ibe consent of advice of Lieutenant of Ireland ; though notice of Parliament. After proposing a vote of credit, to the granting letters of marque nad appeared

in the Gazette ; and though the news. amount of three millions, he drew a fafcinaung picture of the profperous state feturned to the uiturpation of the func

papers were full of hostilities. He then of this country, and observed, that if thc tions of Parliament' by the King's fernext quarter of the present year kept yants; and asked, whát figure this Paro pace in improvement with the former, liament would make in history, if it overthe commerce of 1796 would be found to looked fo fatal a precedent? 'As to him, exceed that of 1795 by no less a fum than self, he should oppose the second reading four millions. The exports alone amount- of the resolutions; and, if supported, ed to more than the sum of 30 millions.

would pledge himself to bring forward a Mr. Fox and Mr. Grey, with power. motion, charging the Ministers with ful arguments, controverted several of the high crimes and misdemeanors." statements of the Minister, and deduced, Mr. PITT contended, that Ministers from the failure of his former affertions, were justified in what they bad done, by Itrong pi obabilities of the groundless na- the vote of credit, which was to enable ture of those he had made that day, re. his Majesty's Ministers to adopt fuch specting the prosperous state of the coun.. measures as the exigencies of the public try, and of the finances. Mr. Fox avow. might require. ed, that wheneyer she question for voting Sir W. PULINEX and Mr. GREY




Public Affairs.---Great Britain.

903 considered the measure in question as cri- • When the Minister," said Mr. Fox, minal and unconftitutional, and the de- « determined, about a year ago, to furnith fence set up as extremely weak.

fupplies to the Prince of Conde, why The House then divided; for the re- was not that circumstance stated to this solution, 164; against it, så. Majority, House? It would be a miserable answer, 106.

indeed, to say, that the amount of the exOn the 12th of December, Mr. Secre. penditure could not be made out; for tary Dundas brought down a Mellage ihis fame answer might be given in many from the King, containing a proposal re- cafes of votes of credit, and extraordinalative to the immediate commencement of ries of the army and navy. It appears, hoftilities with Spain. He also brought that fome of the money that has been apup a copy of the Declaration of War by plied, was applied so long ago as Decemthe Spanish Court; and notified, that the ber, 1795 ; Tome was lent in February, answer to this declaration would be laid 1796. From hence, it might be reasonbefore the House the next day. Accor. able to suppose, that this inopey was paid dingly, on the 13th of December, Mr. out of the vote of credit of 1795 ; no -DUNDAS presented the answer that had such thing! the expence was paid, out been drawn up by his Majesty's com

of the vote of credit of 1796, which vote mand, to the Declaration of War by was not passed till February last.”. Mr, Spain against this country. His Majesty's Fox then said, that he had not calculatMessage relative to the War with Spain, ed the exact amount of the money which was then taken into consideration, and was sent during the receis, he knew an address was ordered to be presented that the sum of four hundred thouby such members of the House as were sand pounds had been issued fince the of the Privy Council.

meeting of Parliament.“ Why (added At this moment, the Legislative and he) did the Minister keep this froin Executive Powers of this country ap- their knowledge ? certainly, either to fix peared to be at issue---a great point was a precedent against the Constitution, or about to be tried ; Whether the Execu. upon a conceited opinion that he was a tive Government could, of its own au- better judge of the lubject than the Par. thority, dispose of the public treasure, liament.” and apply the money of the people to Mr. Fox next made his motion; the such services as they may think proper, purport of which was, " that his Ma. without the consent of the Legislature, jesty's Ministers, in sending money for even during the fitting of Parliament ? the service of the Emperor and the

On the 14th of December, a Common Prince of Conde, without the consent, Hall of the Liverymen of the city of and during the fitting, of Parliament, London was assembled, for the purpose have acted contrary to their duty, and of taking into consideration the conduct the trust repofed in them, and have vioof Ministers in fending money to the lated the principles of the Constitution, Emperor, without the consent of Parlia- and the privileges of this House.” ment; and a majority, of at least thirty Mr. Pitt made a long defence, which to one of the Liverymen, gave a decided he rested entirely upon a series of preceyote against the conduct of the Ministers dents, which he produced, from the for. in this instance.

mer proceedings of Parliament. Mr. Fox, in the House of Commons, Mr. SHERIDAN, in a speech replete on the same day, rose to make his pro- with sentiment and wit, controverted the mised motion, respecting the conduct of arguments of Mr. Pitt, and showed, his Majesty's servants, in sending money that out of all the precedents cited by to his Imperial Majesty, without the con. him, not one of them applied either to sent of Parțiament. After an excellent the remittances of money previous to the introduction, on the true conftitutional palling of the vote of credit, or to the mode of granting sums of money for circumstance of money being remitted votes of credit, and çxtraordinaries of during the actual sitting of Parliament. the army and navy, he referred to On the division, the numbers were, the precedents of proceedings in the For Mr. Fox's motion, House of Commons, collected by Mỹ. Against it,

285 HATSELL; whence he pointed out, in numerous cases, and from the clearest de- fure on Ministers, for advancing money to the

List of the MINORITY, for a direct Cen. ductions, that the measures of the Mi. Emperor, and the Prince of Condé, without mister, then under discussion, were fub- the consent or knowledge of Parliament.-T. verhive of the constitution of this country. Anson, Sir J. Aubrey, J. Båker, Sir C. Bam


[ocr errors]


[ocr errors]

pfylde, G. Barclay, Sir F. Baring, C. G. Beau- what he had donc as the subject of an, M slerk, R. Biddulph, W. W. Bırd, Hon. E. Bou- other state. It is unnecessary almost to verie, Hon. W. Bouverie, J. Brogden, J. R. add, that the motion was negatived by a Burch, F. Burdett, G. Byng, Lord G. Caven

great majority dith, Sir R. Clayton, E. Coke, T. W Coke, On the 17th of December, the Chan- Q W. "Collroun, J. Courtnay, Sir C. Davers, Sir J. cellor of thc Exchequer brought up a Palhwood, C. Dundas, Hon. L. Dundas, Hon.

message from his majesty, announcing, . T. Erskine, Gen. Fitzpatrick, Sir H. Fletcher, Hon. E. Foley, C. Fox, C. Grey, J. Green, j. that it would be of the greatest imHare; J. Harrito , W. Hulley, N.° Jefferys, s. portance to the cause of the allies that he Jekyl, Luc. Jervois, T Kemp, R. Payne should be enabled to continue such tem. Kright, F. Lawrence, Sir W. Lemon, J. Le- porary advances for the service of the mon, J. R. Lloyd, J. Martin, R. Milbanke, Sir emperor as might enable him to prosecute H. Mildmay, sir W. Milner, J. Nicholls, D. his military operations with vigour and North, W. Northey, H. Peters, w. Plumer, G. effect at an early period. Porter, Sir W. Pulteney, Sir J. Pulteney, H. This message was taken into considc. Purse, Hon. G. Rawdon, J. Richardson, Lord J. sation by the house on the 19th of DeRuffel, Lord W. Rullell, St. Andrew St. John, cember, when Mr. Pitt moved the ad. S. E. Scudamure, R. B. Sheridan, G. Shum, Sit. drcis. This brought forward a long dewell Sitwell. Lord R. Spencer, Lord Stanley, c. bate, in which the ministerial fide of the Sturt, General Tarleton, M. A. Taylor, Lord house went over their old ground of arJ. Townshend, Hon. H Tuftun, Hon. J. Tuf ton, Sir F. F. Vane, R. Vyner, 's. Whitbread, gument in favour of remitting money to

Walwyn, C. C. Weltern.---Tellers, Alder. the emperor, and enumerating the ad. nian Combe, W. Smith.

vantages which had already been derived

from that measure. On the 16th of December general Fitzpatrick, in a pathetic speech of covsider; know what there was in the address that

Mr. Fox, on this occasion, wished to abie length, defcribed the sufferings and

could limit the issue of the money to be imprisonment of M. de la Fayette, in one of the emperor's dungeons in Bohemia; house could know whether the money

fent to the emperor, or by what means the and also the severity impofcd upon his had not been aļready ifsued ? His prin. wife, daughters, and companions. der to procure the release of this unfor: pal objection was, that the address tended

to carry on the farce and the delusion, tunate inan, the general moved, “ That an humble address be presented to his ma.

and to propagate an opinion, that the jesty, representing that the detention of M. controul or the appropriation of the fums

house had not any thing to do with the de la Fayette, and his fellow.lufferers, in that were voted. the prisons of the emperor, is injurious to

The address was carried without a the character of the allies ; and to the in

division. terests of humanity; and intreating his

The same day, in a committee of sup. majesty to take such measures for procur- ply, Mr. Pitt moved, that a sum, not ing their release, as to his royal wisdom exceeding 500,000l

. fnould be granted to may seem fit." This motion brought a long debate, in time to his imperial majesty, &c. and the

his majesty, to be remitted from time to the course of which Mr. Pirt declared motion was agreed to. that the imprisonment of that unfortu

Mr. DUNDAS, on the zoth of Decem. nate gentleman was not influenced, di. ber, moved," that as long as the Cape of rectly or indirectly, by the government of Good Hope Should be in his majestys this country; nor did he see how we poffeffion, his majesty, in council, ihould could interfere with the domestic police be allowed to make reguletions respectof another power:

ing the coinmerce to and from that The obicrvations made by Mr. place.” It was not his majelly's intenWYNDHAM, on this occasion, implied iion, he said, to hold that place upon what Mr. Pitt had apparently en- strict colonial laws, nor that fhips of other deavoured to conceal, that the imprison- nations should be precluded from rcuchment of La Fayette was in consequence ing there, nor that they should be pres of the part he had taken in the American cluded from the fale and barter of the as well as the French revolution ; and produce of their respective countries, certainly went to overturn, virtually, Mr. The motion having been agreed to, Mr, Pitt's argument against the propriety Dundas moved for leave to bring in a of one nation interfering in the domestic bill, to enable his majefty to make regula. concerns of another-Since La Fayette tions, for a limited time, for the trade to was now punished by the emperor for and from the Cape of Good Hope.


In or.


Public Affairs.-France.

905 Mr. Dundas next rose to open the The Austrian general, Petrasch, had Éaft India budget, which he performed taken post between the sources of the in a long and detailed account of the state Necker and the Danube, by avhich he of the company's finances.

more effectually covered the passes of the On the 20th of December, the com- Black Forest, and his parties incessantly mittee of the house of commons upon the harrassed the rear of the French. Pressed Southwark election, decided upon the in this manner, general Moreau perpetition of Ms. TIERNEY against Mr. ceived the extreme danger to which his THELLUSSON's eligibility to become a farther retreat was exposed, and he rerepresentative in parliament for that bo. folved to risk a general action. rough, after he had been found guilty of Early on the 2d of October, the left corruption by a former committee ; and wing of his army crossed the Danube ac. the chairman declared, that GEORGE Reidlingen, and repassing it at Mur. WOODFORD THELLUSSON, esq. was durkingen, turned and defeated the corps not eligible at the last elcction to serve which La Tour had posted betwixt the in parliament for the Borough of South- Feder See and the river. As soon as he wark.

was affured of the success of his left wing. Thus the committee has ascertained he advanced to attack general La Tour and established this great constitutional in front, and the action was maintained. point, “ That any member having been during lix hours with the utmost ola convicted of treating after the telte of Itinacy. At length general La Tour,. ahe writ, is ineligible.

perceiving that his left Alank was totally FRANCE,

uncovered, and that his rear was menaced. In our account of the public affairs of by the progress of the French, was. France, in O&tober laft, we left the obliged to abandon his ground, and re: French general Moreau surrounded with tire behind the Rothambach. His re. dangers and difficulties ; he has, how. treat was covered by the corps of Condé... ever, since effecteď a retreat, which, in The success of the French on this octhe judgment of military men, is con-. casion was very brilliant ; though a ricos

Gidered as one of the most splendid ex. treating army, they took more than five + ploits of the present war.

thousand of their purfuers, and twenty The Austrians, by several movements, pieces of cannon. General Moreau hava the 27th, 28th, and 29th of Septemb ing thus far succeeded in his design, remade themselves masters of the highest commenced his ma ch on the 5th of parts of the mountains of the Black October, by the route of Stockach. Ora Forest where the Danube takes its rise, the 6th, two divisions of his army passed as well as those rivulets which, running the Danube, and on the 8th, he fixed westward to the Rhine, form the only his head quarters at Stockach. wasses whereby an army can descend from After lecuring the passages over the Chefe mountains to the Prisgau. General Rhine, the generał himfelé arrived at Moreau had now no other alternative Strasburg on the 16th of October ; buc. than either to attack the Austrians in he soon after rejoined his army at Friorder to gain the Val-d'Enfers, which burg, and on the 18th, he had' his head descends into the Brisgau by the town of quarters at Furg. Fribourg, or to make his retrcat by the Brilliant as this retreat was, the acforest towns and the territory of Swisser- tivity of the Austrians was not lets contand; and finding himself at the same spicuous. As the French general evinced time closely pursued by general La Tour, some dispositions to retain his position on he determined, by a vigorous attack, to the right side of the Rhine, he was atendeavour to give the latter a.check, and, tacked by the forces under the archduke by this means, gain time fufficient to on the 24th of O&tober, in the formidable effect his retreat, without any very con- position of Schlingen, and sustained confiderable loss. On the 30th of Septem- fiderable loss. He retired after this aca: ber; therefore, he attacked the forces tion towards the Tête-de-pont near Hu. under general La Tour, in the neigh- ningen, and on the 26th, retreated across bourhood of Steinhausen ;: an, obstinate the Rhine at that place. engagement ensued, in which the French

After general Moreau had effected were repulsed, not, however, without this famous retreat, the Austrians laid'. much loss on the other side ; in par. fiege to the fort of Kehl. On the mornticular, a detachment of the prince of ing of the 22d of November, the French Condé's corps suffered greatly.

garrison made a vigorous fortie, to re


[ocr errors]



connoitre the line of circumvallation of horting his troops to recollect, that they the Austrians. The whole line of the were the same who had carried the besiegers was forced, without a shot being bridge of Lodi; he perceived a moment fired, and with the greatest bravery of enthufiasm, and withing to profit from The Auftrians abandoned all their artil. it, he threw himself off his horse, seized lery, which was instantly spiked; the a standard, darted at the head of the gre. French carried off ren pieces of cannon, nadiers, and ran to the bridge; exclaim: and fix or seven hundred prisoners, ing; follow your general. The column was zmong whom were thirty officers. Since thaker for a moment; the troops, however, this action, the Austrians have been again were only thirty paces from the bridges defeated in an attempt to storm the fort. when the terrible fire of the Austrians

In the ftatement referred to above; reached the column, and caused it to fall we left general Wurmler, and nearly all back at the moment even when their anhis forces, in Mantua; but not so closely tagonists were about to fly. It was in invested by the French as to prevent him this moment that feveral of the French from making several succelsful sorties. generals were killed or wounded. His perilous situation, however, and a The commander in chief, and his étathope to regain their loft territories in major, were at length overwhelmed; the Italy, induced the court of Vienna to general himself súas thrown with his fend large reinforcements, under the com- horse into a marth, from whence; under mand of general Alvinzy, to relieve ge. the fire of the enemy, he escaped with neral Wurmser. On the oth of Novemá difficulty ; le mounted his horse again, ber, as gerieral Alvinzy was on the point the coluinn rallied, and the Austrians of puthing forward his advanced guard, dared not to quit their trenches. general Buonaparte, who had marched in Night came on, when general Guieux the night, commenced a most severe at- arrived at the village of Arcola, which tack upon his whole line. The action lie took, with a great number of prisonbegan with general Proverra's corps, and night put an end to the affair, with. On the rext morning, the Austrians out either party having gained or lost any attacked the French at all points, but ground'; hut on the next morning, the were repulsed by general Massena's coFrench general withdrew his forces to lumns with great loss. On the oth of another position. General Davidovitch November, the contending armles fought had in the mean time made himself again with great obstinacy; and the vicmaster of Trente.

tory on the part of the French on that The Austrian and French accounts of day was, according to their accounts, this action on the Brenta, differ materially complete. The Auftrians abandoned all as to each other's lofs, and each alligns their positions, and retreated in the night the victory to their own party.

to Vicenza. In these different engage. Soon after this battle, general Alvinzy ments, the Auftrians loft, in killed and formed a junction with the columns of wounded, ten thousand men, the French the Tyrol, and found himself at the head had a considerable number killed, but of 40,000 men.

their loss in prisoners was much less; On the 15th of November, Buonaparte they had seven generals wounded, two advanced near to the village of Arcola, to mortally. attack the Austrians. It was necessary It is necessary to observe in this place, to pass a bridge in possession of the that the Austrians, in their account of enemy, froin which they kept up a ter. these engagements, admit, in express rible fire; the French troops proceeded terms, the severity of the conflicts, but several times to the charge to carry this contend for the vičtory. bridge ; but not having, in the first in. The French republic and his majesty Itance, evinced the fame audacity, as at the king of the Two Sicilies, have, the bridge of Lodi, they were repulfed in through their plenipotentiaries, agreed their reiterated attempts; and general to articles of peace, which were signed at Angereau, with the colours in his hand, Paris, on the ioth of October, 1796. advanced in vain at the head of a column The substance of these articles is, to force Arcola. It being, however, of “ That neither of the two powers shall the last importance to obtain poffeffion furnish to the enemies of the other any of that place, general Buonaparte pro- fuccours of troops, ships, arms, Atores, ceeded, with all his état-major, at the men, or money. That his majesty of head of Angereau's division ; after ex- the Two Sici.ies shall observe the most ;



« SebelumnyaLanjutkan »