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nation shall, when paid into the Treasury or any designated depository of the United States, or redeemed or exchanged as now provided by law, be retained and canceled.

SEC. 3574. The notes of the fractional currency shall be in such form, Form and rewith such inscriptions, and with such safeguards against counterfeiting demption of frac

tional notes. as the Secretary of the Treasury may deem best. They shall be exchangeable by the assistant treasurers and designated depositaries for United States notes in sums of uot less than three dollars; and shall be receivable for postage and revenue stamps, and for all dues to the United States, except customs, in sums not over five dollars, and shall be redeemed on presentation at the Treasury of the United States in such sums and under such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe,

SEC. 3575. The Secretary of the Treasury may provide for the engrav- Preparation of ing and preparation, and for the issue of fractional and other notes, and notes. shall make such regulations for the redemption of such notes when mutilated or defaced, and for the receipt of fractional notes in payment of debts to the United States, except for customs, in such sums, not over five dollars, as may appear to him expedient.

SEC. 3576. No portrait shall be placed upon any of the bonds, secur- Portraits of liv. ities, notes, fractional or postal currency of the United States, while the ing, persons not original of such portrait is living.

to be placed on

bonds or notes. Sec. 3580. When any United States notes returned to the Treas-Replacing muury are so mutilated or otherwise injured as to be unfit for use, the tilated notes. Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to replace the same with others of the same character and amounts.

SEC. 3581. Mutilated United States notes, when replaced according Destruction of to law, and all other notes which by law are required to be taken up, notes. and not re-issned, when taken up, shall be destroyed in such manner and under such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe.

SEC. 3583. No person shall make, issue, circulate, or pay out any Restriction on note, check, memorandum, token, or other obligation for a less sum notes less than than one dollar, intended to circulate as money or to be received or

in one dollar.
used in lieu of lawful money of the United States; and every person
so offending shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars or
imprisoned not niore than six months, or both, at the discretion of the

See also each Department following and under VacANCIES.


| Sec. 161. Departmental regulations.

172. Restriction on employment of subordinato 162. Hours of business.

assistants. 163. Classification of Department clerks.

173. Chief clerks to supervise subordinate clerks. 164. Examinations.

174. Chief clerks to distribute duties, &c. 165. Clerkships open to women.

175. Duty of chief on receipt of report. 166. Distribution of clerks.

176. Disbursing clerks. 167. Salaries of persons employed in the Depart 194. Report of clerks employed. ments.

195. Time of making annual reports. 168. Temporary clerks.

196. Time of furnishing reports to printer. 169. Authority to employ clerks and other em 198. Biennial list of employés. ployés.

5403. Destroying public records. 170. Extra compensation to clerks prohibited. 5408. Destroying records by officer in charge. 171. Restriction on employing extra clerks.

- Hours of labor in Department.

SEC. 161. The head of each Department is authorized to prescribe

Title 4. regulations, not inconsistent with law, for the government of his Depart- Departmental ment, the conduct of its officers and clerks, the distribution and perform-regulations. ance of its business, and the custody, use, and preservation of the records, papers, and property appertaining to it.

SEC. 162. From the first day of October until the first day of April, Hours of busi. in each year, all the Bureaus and offices in the State, War, Treasury, ness. Navy, and Post-Office Departments, and in the General Land-Office, shall be open for the transaction of the public business at least eight hours in each day; and from the first day of April until the first day of October, in each year, at least ten hours in each day; except Sundays and days declared public holidays by law. [See June 20, 1874, post.] Sec. 163. The clerks in the Departments shall be arranged in four

Classification of

Department classes, distinguished as the first, second, third, and fourth classes. clerks,

SEC. 164. No clerk shall be appointed in any Department in either of Examinations. the four classes above designated, until he has been examined and found qualified by a board of three examiners, to consist of the chief of the Bureau or office into which sucb clerk is to be appointed and two other

clerks to be selected by the head of the Department. [See CIVIL SERVICE.] Clerkships open SEC. 165. Women may, in the discretion of the head of any Departto women.

ment, be appointed to any of the clerkships therein, authorized by law, upon the same requisites and conditions, and with the same compensa

tions, as are prescribed for men. Distribution of SEC. 166. Each head of a Department may from time to time alter clerks.

the distribution among the various Bureaus and offices of his Department, of the clerks allowed by law, as he may find it necessary and

proper to do. Salaries of per. SEC. 167. The annual salaries of clerks and employés in the Departsons employed in ments, whose compensation is not otherwise prescribed, shall be as the Departments. follows:

First. To clerks of the fourth class, eighteen hundred dollars.
Second. To clerks of the third class, sixteen hundred dollars.
Third. To clerks of the second class, fourteen hundred dollars.
Fourth. To clerks of the first class, twelve hundred dollars.

Fifth. To the women employed in duties of a clerical character, subordinate to those assigned to clerks of the first class, including copyists and counters, or temporarily employed to perform the duties of a clerk, nine hundred dollars.

Sixth. To messengers, eight hundred and forty dollars.
Seventh. To assistant messengers, seven hundred and twenty dollars.
Eighth. To laborers, seven hundred and twenty dollars.

Ninth. To watchmen, seven hundred and twenty dollars. Temporary SEC. 168. Except when a different compensation is expressly prescribed clerks.

by law, any clerk temporarily employed to perform the saine or similar duties with those belonging to clerks of either class, is entitled to the

samo salary as is allowed to clerks of that class. [See 0 212.*] Authority to SEC. 169. Each head of a Department is authorized to employ in his employ, clerks Department such number of clerks of the several classes recognized by and other em. law, and such messengers, assistant messengers, copyists, watchmen, ployés.

laborers, and other employés, and at such rates of compensation, respect

ively, as may be appropriated for by Congress from year to year. Extra compen. SEC. 170. No money shall be paid to any clerk employed in either sation to clerks Department at an annual salary, as compensation for extra services, prohibited. unless expressly authorized by law. [See Extra PAY, &c.]

Restriction on SEC. 171. No extra clerk shall be employed in any Department, Bureau, employing extra or office, at the seat of Government, except during the session of Conclerks.

gress, or when indispensably necessary in answering some call made by either House of Congress at one session to be answered at another; nor then, except by order of the head of the Department in which, or in some Bureau or office of which, such extra clerk shall be employed. And no extra clerk employed in either of the Departments shall receive compensation except for time actually and necessarily employed, nor any greater compensation than three dollars a day for copying, or four dollars a day

for any other service. Restriction on Sec. 172. No messenger, assistant messenger, laborer, nor other subsubordinate as.

o ordinate assistant shall be employed in any Department, Bureau, or sistants.

office at the seat of Government, or paid out of the contingent fund appropriated to such Department, Bureau, or office, unless such employment is authorized by law, or is necessary to carry into effect some ob

ject for which an appropriation has been specifically made. Chief clerks to Sec. 173. Each chief clerk in the several Departments, and Bureaus, superviso subor- and other offices connected with the Departments, shall supervise, under dinate clerks.

S. the direction of his immediate superior, the duties of the other clerks

therein, and see that they are faithfully performed. Chief clerks to SEC. 174. Each chief clerk shall take care, from time to time, that the distribute duties, duties of the other clerks are distributed with equality and uniformity, &c.

according to the nature of the case. He shall revise such distribution from time to time, for the purpose of correcting any tendency to undue accumulation or reduction of duties, whether arising from individual negligence or incapacity, or from increase or dininution of particular kinds of business. And he shall report monthly to his superior officer

* Sec. 242, R. S., provides that no clerk temporarily employed in the Department of the Treasury shall receive a greater compensation than at the rate of twelve hundred dollars a year for the time actually employed.

any existing defect that he may be aware of in the arrangement or dispatch of business.

SEC. 175. Each head of a Department, chief of a Bureau, or other Duty of chief superior officer, shall, upon receiving each monthly report of his chief on receipt of reclerk, rendered pursuant to the preceding section, examine the facts port. stated therein, and take such measures, in the exercise of the powers conferred upon him by law, as may be necessary and proper to amend any existing defects in the arrangement or dispatch of business disclosed by such report.

SEC. 176. The disbursing clerks authorized by law in the several De- Disbursing partments shall be appointed by the heads of the respective Depart- clerks. ments, from clerks of the fourth class; and shall each give a bond to the United States for the faithful discharge of the duties of his office according to law in such amount as shall be directed by the Secretary of the Treasury, and with sureties to the satisfaction of the Solicitor of the Treasury; and shall from time to time renew, strengthen, and increase his official bond, as the Secretary of the Treasury may direct. Each disbursing clerk, except the disbursing clerk of the Treasury Department, must, when directed so to do by the head of the Department, superintend the building occupied by his Department. Each disbursing clerk is entitled to receive, in compensation for his services in disbursing, such sum in addition to his salary as a clerk of the fourth class as shall make his whole annual compensation two thousand dollars a year.

Sec. 194. The head of each Department shall make an annual report Report of clerks to Congress of the names of the clerks and other persons that have been employed. employed in his Department and the offices thereof; stating the time that each clerk or other person was actually employed, and the sums paid to each; also, whether they have been usefully employed; whether the services of any of them can be dispersed with without detriment to the public service, and whether the removal of any individuals, and the appointment of others in their stead, is required for the better dispatch of business.

SEC. 195. Except where a different time is expressly prescribed by Time of maklaw, the various annual reports required to be submitted to Congress ing annual reby the heads of Departments shall be made at the commencement of ports. each regular session, and shall embrace the transactions of the preceding year.

SEC. 196. The head of each Department, except the Department of Department reJustice, shall furnish to the Congressional Printer copies of the docu

f the doon ports, when to be ments usually accompanying his annual report, on or before the first ter.

furnished to prin. day of November in each year, and a copy of his annual report on or before the third Monday of November in each year.

SEC. 198. The head of each Department shall, as soon as practicable Biennial lists of after the last day in September in each year in which a new Congress is emp

employés to be

filed in Interior to assemble, cause to be filed in the Department of the Interior a full and De

ad Department. complete list of all officers, agents, clerks, and employés employed in his Department, or in any of the offices or Bureaus connected therewith. He shall include in such list all the statistics peculiar to his Department required to enable the Secretary of the Interior to prepare the Biennial Register. [See under BIENNIAL REGISTER.]

SEC. 5403. Every person who willfully destroys or attempts to destroy, Title 70, Chap. 4. or, with intent to steal or destroy, takes and carries away any record, De paper, or proceeding of a court of justice, filed or deposited with any public record's. clerk or officer of such court, or any paper, or document, or record filed or deposited in any public office, or with any judicial or public officer, shall, without reference to the value of the record, paper, document, or proceeding so taken, pay a fine of not more than two thousand dollars, or suffer imprisonment, at hard labor, not more than three years, or both. [Seo 5408.]

SEC. 5408. Every officer, having the custody of any record, document, Destroying paper, or proceeding specified in section fifty-four hundred and three, records by officer

charge. who fraudulently takes away, or withdraws, or destroys any such record, document, paper, or proceeding filed in his office or deposited with him or in his custody, sball pay a fine of not more than two thousand dollars, or suffer imprisonment at hard labor not more than three years, or both; and shall, moreover, forfeit his office and be forever afterward disqualified from holding any office under the Government of the United States.

LEGISLATIVE AND EXECUTIVE APPROPRIATION ACT. June 20, 1874. That it sball be the duty of the heads of the several Executiva De

Heads of Ex, partments, and of the heads of the respective Bureaus therein, in the inecutive Depart- terests of the public service, to require of all clerks of class one and ments and Bu. above, and of chiefs of divisions, such hours of labor as may be deemed reaus to regulat

necessary for the proper dispatch of the public business, not exceeding, hours of labor o clerks, &c.

however, the time for which said Departments are by law required to be open for business, any usage to the contrary notwithstanding. [See $ 162.]

NOTE.- A joint resolution of June 23, 1874, authorized two months' pay to clerks and employés discharged at the close of the fiscal year, without fault on their part, but by reason of the reductions made necessary by legislation of Congress at that session ; and the act of March 3, 1875, authorized one month's pay to each persons discharged for similar reasons at the close of the fiscal year, provided that the amount paid should be deducted from the salary of any person receiving the same who should be re-appointed within six months of the date of such discharge.



Sec. 520. Establisbment of the Department of Agricul. 525. Custody of property, records, &c. ture,

526. Duties of Commissioner. 521. Commissioner of Agriculture.

527. Purchase and distribution of seeds, plants, 523. Officers and employés.

&c. Title 12. SEC. 520. There shall be at the seat of Government a Department of

Agriculture, the general design and duties of which shall be to acquire and to diffuse among the people of the United States useful information on subjects connected with agriculture, in the most general and comprehensive sense of that word, and to procure, propagate, and distribute

among the people new and valuable seeds and plants. Commissio ner SEC. 521. The Department of Agriculture shall be under the charge of of Agriculture.

a Commissioner of Agriculture, who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and shall be entitled

to a salary of four thousand dollars a year.* Officers and em- SEC. 523. The Commissioner of Agriculture shall appoint a chief clerk, ployés.

with a salary of two thousand dollars a year, who in all cases during the necessary absence of the Commissioner, or when the office of Commissioner shall become vacant, shall perform the duties of Commissioner, and he shall appoint such other employés as Congress may from time to time provide, with salaries corresponding to the salaries of similar officers in other Departments of the Government; and he shall, as Congress may from time to time provide, employ other persons, for such time as their services may be needed, including chemists, botanists, entomologists, and other persons skilled in the natural sciences pertain

ing: to agriculture. Custody of SEC. 525. The Commissioner of Agriculture shall have charge, in the property, records, building and premises appropriated to the Department, of the library,

furniture, fixtures, records, and other property appertaining to it, or

hereafter acquired for use in its business. Duties of Com. Sec. 526. The Commissioner of Agriculture shall procure and preserve missioner.

all information concerning agriculture which he can obtain by means of books and correspondence, and by practical and scientific experiments, accurate records of which experiments shall be kept in his Office, by the collection of statistics, and by any other appropriate means within his power; he shall collect new and valuable seeds and plants; sball test, by cultivation, the value of such of them as may require such tests; shall propagate such as may be worthy of propagation ; and shall dis

tribute them among agriculturists. Purchase and SEC. 527. The purchase and distribution of seeds by the Department distribution of seeds, plants, &c.

of Agriculture shall be confined to such seeds as are rare and uncommon to the country, or such as can be made more profitable by frequent changes from one part of our own country to another; and the purchase or propagation and distribution of trees, plants, shrubs, vines, and cuttings, shall be contined to such as are adapted to general cultivation and to promote the general interests of horticulture and agriculture throughout the United States.


* Now three thousand dollais.



Sec. 437. Establishment of Department of the Inte. 411. Duties of Secretary. rior.

412. Puwers of Secretary. 438. Assistant Secretary of the Interior.

443. Supervision of census. 439. His duties.

SEC. 437. There shall be at the seat of Government an Executive Title 11, Chap.fl.) Department to be known as the Department of the Interior, and a


7 Secretary of the Interior, who shall be the head thereof. [Salary eight of Department of thousand dollars per annum.]

the Interior. SEC. 438. There shall be in the Department of the Interior an Assist- Assistant Secant Secretary of the Interior, who shall be appointed by the President, retary of the Inby and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and shall be entitled terior: to a salary of six thousand dollars* a year, to be paid monthly.

Sec. 439. The Assistant Secretary of the Interior shall perform such His duties. duties in the Department of the Interior as shall be prescribed by the Secretary, or may be required by law.

Sec. 441. The Secretary of the Interior is charged with the supervis- Title 11, Chap. 2. ion of public business relating to the following subjects :

Duties of SecreFirst. The census; when directed by law.

Second. The public lands, including mines.
Third. The Indians.
Fourth. Pensions and bounty-lands.
Fifth. Patents for inventions.
Sixth. The custody and distribution of publications.
Seventh. Education.
Eighth. Government Hospital for the Insane.
Ninth. Columbia Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb.

SEC. 442. The Secretary of the Interior shall hereafter exercise all the Powers of Soc. powers and perform all the duties in relation to the Territories of the retary. United States that were, prior to Marcb 1st, eighteen hundred and seyenty-three, by law or by custom exercised and performed by the Secre. tary of State.

Sec. 443. The Secretary of the Interior shall exercise supervisory and Supervision of appellate powers in relation to all acts of marshals and others in taking censtis. and returning the census of the United States.


Sec. 346. Establishment of Department of Justice, 360. Duties of officers of Department of Justice. 347. Solicitor-General.

301. Officers of, to perform services for other De348. Assistant Attorneys-General.

partments. 349. Solicitor of Treasury, &c., in Department of 362. Superintendence of district attorneys and Justice.

marshals. 350. What officers under control of Attorney. 363. Retaining counsel to aid district attorneys. General.

364. Attendance of counsel. 354. Duties of Attorney-General.

365. Counsel fees restricted. 356. Opinion of Attorney-General upon questions 366. Appointment of special counsel. of law.

367. Detail of officers to attend suits. 357. Legal advice to Departments of War and 370. Traveling expenses of officers so detailed. Navy.

383. Publication of opinions. 358. Reference of questions by Attorney-General --. Actions against members of Congress, defense to subordinates.

of. 359. Conduct and argument of cases.

Sec. 340. There shall be at the seat of Government an Executive De- Title 8. partment to be known as the Department of Justice, and an Attorney- Establishment General, who shall be the head thereof. [Salary eight thousand dol- of Department of lars.]

Justice 28 Sec. 347. There shall be in the Department of Justice an officer, Solicitor-Genelearned in the law, to assist the Attorney-General in the performance of ral. his duties, called the Solicitor-General, who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and shall be entitled to a salary of seven thousand five hundred dollars a year. In case of a vacancy in the office of Attorney-General, or of his absence or disability, the Solicitor-General shall have power to exercise all the duties of that office.

SEC. 348. There shall be in the Department of Justice three officers.. Assistant Atlearned in the law, called the Assistant Attorneys-General, who shall be

torneys-General. appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the

* Now three thousand five hundred dollars.

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