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Williamsport, our right joining the left of the 3d Corps, and began fortifying; and in a short time my men were well protected. Their spirits were never better than at this time, and the wish was universal that the enemy would attack. On the night of the 14th I was ordered with my infantry and artillery to ford at Williamsport, the ammunition chests going in the ferry-boat. I could find no ferry-boat nor any one in charge - it was dark and raining – the entrance to the river would have been impracticable for artillery in daylight; and as well as I could ascertain, the exit was worse. Everything was in confusion. Colonel Corley, Chief Quartermaster Army Northern Virginia, who had charge of the arrangements, recommended Colonel Brown, my chief of artillery, to cross by the pontoons, and sent to the same point my reserve train of ambulances with wounded, originally intended to cross by the ferry-boats. Just before midnight my advance (Rodes' division) commenced crossing. The men had directions to sling their cartridge boxes over their shoulders, but many rounds of ammunition were necessarily lost, as the water was up to their armpits the whole way across, sometimes deeper. By eight o'clock my whole corps was over, all fording except Hays' brigade, which was sent with the artillery to the pontoons.
While in camp near Darksville, the enemy under Kelly were reported between Martinsburg and Hedgesville protecting the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, and occasionally skirmishing with Johnson's division, which was destroying the track. General Lee directed on the 2 ist an effort to be made to capture this force, said to be 6000 strong. Sending Early's division to get in the rear through Mill's Gap and down North Creek, I joined Rodes to Johnson and marched against their front. Though these movements were made in the night of the 21st, the enemy heard of them through spies, and early on the 22d had retreated out of reach.
The other corps had already marched towards the Blue Ridge, and accordingly we followed and bivouacked near Winchester; and next day, on reaching Manassas Gap, found Wright's brigade of Anderson's division deployed to repel a large force of the enemy, who were advancing upon it through the Gap. The insignia of two corps could be seen in the Gap and a third was marching up. Over ten thousand men were in sight.
The enemy were so close to Wright's brigade that the line of battle had to be chosen some distance in the rear, and accordingly some two hundred and fifty sharpshooters of Rodes' division, under Major Blackford, were added to Wright's brigade to hold the enemy in check while the line was formed. Rodes' brigade (Colonel O'Neil), deployed as skirmishers, formed the first line; and the remainder of Rodes' division with Carter's battalion of artillery, the second line. These dispositions were made by General Rodes, with his usual promptness, skill and judgment. The enemy were held in check for some time by the line of Wright's brigade and the skirmishers under Major Blackford, which they at last drove back, with considerable loss to themselves, by flanking it.
These troops, in our fuil view, showed great gallantry, and though in very weak line and intended merely to make a show, held the enemy back so long and inflicted such loss that they were satisfied not to come within reach of O'Neil, but remained at a safe distance, where they were leisurely shelled by Carter's artillery. Johnson's division was ordered to take position near the river, to prevent the enemy's cutting us off from the ford at Front Royal, and though not required in action, was promptly in place. Early's division, much
. jaded, was fifteen miles off near Winchester, and could not possibly reach me before the afternoon of the next day.
I had reason to believe that Meade's whole army was in our front, and having but two divisions to oppose him, I decided to send Early up the Valley to Strasburg and New Market, while I marched the other two divisions up the Page valley to Luray, the route pursued by Jackson in 1862 in his campaign against Banks. Johnson's and Rodes' divisions moved back two to four miles and encamped near · Front Royal — the rear-guard under Colonel Bradley T. Johnson, of Johnson's division, leaving Front Royal after 10 o'clock next day the enemy making only a slight advance, which was driven back by a few rounds of artillery.
Rodes' division, the only troops of my corps that I saw during this affair, showed great eagerness and alacrity to meet the enemy, and had he advanced, would have given him a severe lesson. I was indebted for correct and valuable information regarding the strength and movements of the enemy at this point, to Captain W. Randolph, commanding cavalry escort attached to my headquarters, and to Captain Wilbourn of the Signal Corps.
Summary. In this campaign the loss of my corps was as follows: at Winchester and in the Valley, 47 killed, 219 wounded, and 3 missing 269 aggregate.
At Gettysburg and in Pennsylvania, 883 killed, 3857 wounded, and 1347 missing — 6094 aggregate. Aggregate for the entire campaign, 930 killed, 4076 wounded, and 1350 missing - making in all 6356.
Before crossing the Potomac it captured 28 pieces of artillery, and about 4500 prisoners. About 200 prisoners were taken before reaching Gettysburg.
At that place over 4000 prisoners, 3 pieces of artillery and 4 stands of colors — memorable as having been brought off Cemetery Hill — were the spoils gained, making altogether nearly 9000 prisoners and 31 pieces of artillery. A large number of small arms, a large amount of quartermaster, ordnance and subsistence stores were taken in Pennsylvania and sent to the rear.
The 54th North Carolina regiment, of Hoke's brigade, and the 58th Virginia, of Smith's brigade, Early's division, sent to Winchester from Staunton with prisoners, returned in time to aid Gen. Imboden in repelling the enemy's attack on the wagon-train at Williamsport.
Iverson's brigade, sent back to guard my wagon-train from Fairfield, had a handsome affair with the enemy's cavalry at Hagerstown, in which they are reported by General Iverson as “killing, wounding and capturing a number equal to their whole force."
The conduct of Hays' Louisiana brigade and Hoke's North Carolina brigade, the latter under Colonel Avery, at “Cemetery Hill," Gettysburg, was worthy of the highest praise. Here and at Winchester the Louisiana brigade and their gailant commander gave new honor to the name already acquired on the old fields of Winchester and Port Republic, and wherever engaged.
Lieut.-Colonel Andrews of the artillery, not fully recovered from his serious wound at Cedar Run, was again wounded at Winchester, and while suffering from his wounds appeared on the field at Hagerstown and reported for duty.
The rapid and skilful advance of Gordon's brigade on the 13th of June near Winchester, with great spirit driving the enemy in confusion towards the town, was one of the finest movements I have witnessed during the war, and won for the troops and their gallant commander the highest commendation.
At Winchester the Maryland battalion was attached to General Steuart's brigade, and the Baltimore Light Artillery to Colonel Brown's battalion, with which they served with their usual gallantry throughout the campaign.
At Gettysburg, July ist, I was much pleased with the conduct of Captain Carter's battery, which came under my immediate observation.
I beg leave to call attention to the gallantry of the following men and officers :
At Winchester. Lieutenant John Orr, Adjutant 6th Louisiana, was the first man to mount the enemy's breastworks on the 14th, receiving in the act a bayonet wound in the side. General Early recommends him for captain of cavalry, "he being desirous of entering that branch of the service, for which he is so eminently qualified.”
Lieutenant C. S. Contee's section of Dement's battery was placed in short musket-range of the enemy on the 15th June, and maintained its position till thirteen of the sixteen men in the two detachments were killed or wounded, when Lieutenant John A. Morgan of the ist North Carolina regiment, and Lieutenant R. H. McKim. A. D. C. 10 Brigadier-General George H. Steuart, volunteered and helped to work the guns till the surrender of the enemy. The following are the names of the gallant men belonging to the section : Lieutenant C. S. Contee, A. J. Albert, Jr., John Kester, William Hill, B. W. Owens, John Glascock, John Harris, William Wooden, Rees, Frayer, Duvall, William Compton, John Yates, William Brown, — Gorman, Thos. Moor. * Colonel Brown, Chief of Artillery, recommends Lieut. Contee for promotion to the captaincy of the Chesapeake artillery, vice Captain W. D. Brown, a most gallant and valuable officer, killed at Gettysburg
At Gettysburg Captain D. P. Halsey, A. A. G. of Iverson's brigade, displayed
* By the kindness of a surviving member of this section we are enabled to fill out the rames of two of these gallint men. They are Frederick Trayer and Wm. H. Gorman. Rees," cer informant says, should be C. C. lease. Another member, not mentioned here, was Robert B. Chew, who was wounded.- Ep.
conspicuous gallantry and rendered important service in rallying the brigade, which he led in its final attack.
General Rodes speaks of the services rendered by Colonel D. H. Christie (mortally wounded July 1st) as having been especially valuable.
First Lieutenant T. M. Harney, 14th North Carolina, while in command of sharpshooters, defeated the 150th Pennsylvania regiment and took their colors with his own hands, falling mortally wounded soon after.
Captain A. H. Galloway, 45th North Carolina, recaptured the flag of the 20th North Carolina of Iverson's brigade. Lieutenant James W. Benton, 45th North Carolina (killed), showed as much or gallantry than any man in the regiment, though but seventeen years
Sergeant Thomas J. Betterton, Company A 37th Virginia, took a stand of colors and was dangerously wounded. Private W. H. Webb, orderly to General Johnson, remained on the field after being severely wounded. General Johnson says “his conduct entitles him to a commission."
The following non-commissioned officers and privates are mentioned for gallantry: Sergeant Grier, Company B, Sergeant Wills, Company D 43d North Carolina, Sergeant Neill and Private McAdoo, Company A 53d North Carolina, Sergeant Christ. Clark, 12th Ala., Private A. F. Senter, Company H 25th Va. (detailed in ambulance corps.)
Many officers, besides those named above, are distinguished by their commanders for gallant conduct. I have only space for the names of a few, whose acts of gallantry are specified.
I was fortunate in this campaign in the assistance of three divisioncommanders, Major-Generals J. A. Early, Ed. Johnson and R. E. Rodes, whose wise counsels, skilful handling of their men, and prompt obedience to orders are beyond praise — Generals whose scars bear testimony to the manner in which were won their laurels and rank. Colonel J. Thompson Brown, commanding artillery of this corps, showed himself competent to his position and gave ine perfect satisfaction.
I have to express my thanks to the officers of my staff for their valuable services during the campaign : Major (now Lieutenant Colonel A. S. Pendleton), chief of staff, Major Campbell Brown, A. A. G., Lieutenant T. T. Turner, A. D. C., Lieutenant James P. Smith, A. D. C., Colonel A. Smead and Major B. H. Greene, Assistant Inspectors General; Surgeon Hunter McGuire, Medical Director ; Major J. A. Harman, Chief Quartermaster; Major W. J. Hawks, Chief Commissary of Subsistence; Major Wm. Allen, Chief of Ordnance ; Captain R. E. Wilbourn, Chief of Signals ; Captain H. B. Richardson, Chief Engineer ; Captain Jed. Hotchkiss, Topographical Engineer.
Colonel J. E. Johnson, formerly of the 9th Va. cavalry, Lieutenant Elliott Johnston of General Garnett's staff, and Lieutenant R. W B. Elliott of General Lawton's staff, were with me as volunteer aidesde-camp.
Colonel Pendleton's knowledge of his duties, experience and activity relieved me of much hard work. I felt sure that the medical department under Surgeon McGuire, the Quartermaster's under Major Harman, and the Subsistence under Major Hawks, would be as well conducted as experience, energy and zeal could ensure. The labor and responsibility of providing the subsistence of the whole army during its advance rested in a great measure on Major Hawks, and could not have been more successfully accomplished. Colonel J. E. Johnson was placed in charge of the pickets on the Shenandoah, covering my flank and rear during the attack on Winchester, and I rested secure in that respect, trusting to his experience, judgment and cool. ness. Captain H. D. Richardson, Chief Engineer, was severely wounded at Gettysburg, and left, I regret to say, in the enemy's hands -a loss I have very severely felt ever since that engagement. The efficiency and value of Major Allen and Captain Wilbourn in their respective departments are well known. -The reports of the division "commanders accompany this report; also those of the brigade commanders and the chief of artillery. To these I beg leave to refer for greater detail in their respective operations than is practicable in the report of the corps commander.
I have the pleasure to send you the accompanying maps of the campaign by Captain Jed. Hotchkiss, Topographical Engineer, being the map of routes to and from Gettysburg, map of the battlefield of Win. chester, and map of the battlefield of Gettysburg.
(Signed) R. S. EWELL, Lieu'l-Gen'l C. S. A. Comdg 2d Corps A. N. Va.
HAD never known Phil to be so outrageously idle as he was on
that Thursday afternoon. He was often careless and inattentive to a degree that sorely tried our grandmother's patience — a quality of which the dear old lady did not possess a superabundant stock and entailed upon him sundry mild penalties in the shape of an extra column of spelling, or a half-hour's imprisonment in the sitting room after lessons were over ; but an admonitory rap of Grandmother's ivory-headed stick on the floor, or a severe Philip, attend immediately to what you are doing !" was usually sufficient to recall his wandering thoughts, and induce some show of attention for a few