« SebelumnyaLanjutkan »
or to discharge without bail, as are now possessed and exercised by the vurts of this commonwealth; and if any deposit shall have been made as , and the court shall decide that the plaintiff was not entitled to bail
, or ice the amount for which bail was demanded, the defendant shall be enhe repayment of the money deposited, or so much thereof as shall remain le amount of bail authorized by the court.
3.) Of the privilege and exemption from arrest. freeholder,(h) inhabiting any part of this province, (i) who hath resided r the space of two years, and has fifty acres of land, or more in fee-simple 1, and twelve acres thereof, or more, well cleared or improved, or hath a ouse worth fifty pounds, current money of America, in some city or townn this province, clear estate, or hath unimproved land to the value of ds like money, shall be arrested or detained in prison by any writ of rapias ad respondendum, in any civil action, unless it be in the king's iere a fine is or shall be due to the king, his heirs or successors ;(k) or 7 be such freeholders as by this act are made liable to be arrested.(1) vided always, That nothing herein contained shall exempt any person ş arrested, or shall debar any person from taking out writs of arrest
, itiff in every such writ, or somebody for him, doth make appear by affi1 oath or affirmation, which the justice that grants such writ, is hereby I and required to administer, testifying, that the defendant in the same 1 has signified his intentions of going to sea, or of removing out of this r lurks in secret places, or conceals himself in his own or other's house ; defendant in such writ hath refused or neglected, upon demand, (m) to real or personal security for the debt, or refused, without process, to put in special bail to the plaintiff's action for the debt or cause for complains; or that the defendant suffered himself to be arrested, or o be entered against him; or made over his lands or chattels to others, them to be attached, and made no proper defence to such proceedings; ne plaintiff can make appear from records, or otherwise, that so much of ant's estate is mortgaged, aliened, entailed, or liable to one or more (n) suffered or ordered to be entered against such defendant, so that the is fee-simple estate, in possession, clear of those and all other incum.11 not, as the deponent believes, be sufficient to satisfy the debt demanded; defendant in such writ hath not been a resident in this province for the o years next before the date of the same writ: in all which cases writs lalî be granted, and the defendant held to special bail, if the case requires
justices that grant the same shall cause all the affidavits they take, as ired, to be filed by the clerk of the court where such writs are returnif any freeholder, exempted from arrests by virtue of this act, shall hap aken by any writ of arrest, the court where such writ is depending shall 0) upon the defendant's motion, stay all further proceedings against ey examine his circumstances;(p) and if they find he is such as by this ded to be exempted, the court shall, of their own accord, abate the writ, he defendant thirty shillings costs, to be paid by him or them that prowrit, and for non-payment thereof, the court shall grant an attachment, cases where a rule of court is not complied with.
evived by act 14 April even though the plaintiff direct the sheriff to accept lark 18. If the defend- his appearance. Barnard v. Field, 1 Dall. 348. But freehold of the value of if a freeholder be joined as a defendant with a rrest, though the plain- unprivileged person, i he writ will be abated as to the that amount. Fitler v. former only. Buckman v. Jones, 3 W. N. C. 302. Che defendant need not McGuigan v. McCarthy, 6 Ibid. 253. possession, under color (m) The demand need not be in writing. Filler v. hat has been required. Harman, 2 Y. 290. And the refusal will subject a & H. Pr. $ 235. If the freeholder to arrest in all cases, without exception. liction of the court, the Jack v. Shoemaker, 3 Binn. 280. But when a free 1 existence and value, it holder receives notice to enter bail, he may cite the f he object, to show an plaintiff to show his cause of bail, and if the judge be freehold be in another of opinion that the defendant ought not to be held to not only show its exist- bail, he may order that his appearance be accepted. roduce evidence, by the Ibid. 283. of its being clear from (n) A judgment before a justice of the peace is Ramsey, 2 M. 342. sufficient to defeat the privilege of a freeholder. , 1 Dall. 348.
Quesnel v. Mussi, 1 Dall. 436. So is an award from
, 10 W. N. C. 553. verein, upon the judgment (p) The court will inquire into the fact of the de
v. Howell, 1 Dall. 310; fendant's residence; Penman v. Wayne, 1 Dall. 241; Leg. Int. 324. Buckman and relieve him from arrest, Ibid. 348. Jack v. Shao McGuigan v. McCarthy, maker, 3 Binn. 280. Filler v. La Breure, 18. & R.
363. But they will not hear evidence to contradict
this clause. Asbury v. Strickler, 1 T. & H. Pr. $ 343. (0) A defendant may be arrested
on a bail-piece from (c) The officer who grants the warrant is to judge
P. L. 839.
12 July 1542 $ 3. any such judgment or judgments, which shall have been rendered against him, be
longing to the complainant :
Or, that he has assigned, removed or disposed of, or is about to dispose of, any of his property with the intent to defraud his creditors :(d)
Or, that he fraudulently contracted the debt or incurred the obligation respecting which suit is brought.(e)
It shall be the duty of the said judge to issue a warrant of arrest in the form
following, to wit:9) Ibid. $ 3. 55.
County, ss. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania : To the sheriff, or constable of
any Form of warrant.
county, greeting: Whereas, complaint has this day been made before me, on the oath (or affirmation, as the case may be] of [here insert the name of the party making the affidavit], setting forth [here briefly set forth the complaint]. These are therefore to command you to arrest the said and bring him (or them, as the case may be] before me at my office in [here insert the residence of the judge], without delay, to be dealt with according to law. And have you there also this precept. Witness my hand at this day of
8 July 1895. P. L. 269.
Which warrant shall be accompanied by a copy of all affidavits presented to the judge, upon which the warrant is issued, which shall be certified by such judge, and shall be delivered to the party, at the time of serving the warrant, by the officer serving the same.(k)
56. The officer to whom such warrant shall be delivered, shall execute the same by arresting the person or persons therein named, in any county in this commonwealth, and bringing him or them before the judge issuing the warrant,(i) and shall keep him or them in custody until he or they shall be duly discharged or committed as hereinafter provided : Provided, Such warrant shall issue only in the county where the cause of action arises, or the judgment shall have been entered.(k),
How to be executed.
Where only to issue.
P. L. 840.
Bond for the de
(8.) Of the proceedings after service of the warrant. 12 July 1842 $ 6.
57. On the appearance of the person so arrested, before the judge, he may con
trovert any of the facts and circumstances on which such warrant issued, (i) and Hearing before the may, at his option, verify his allegations by his affidavit; and in case of his so judge.
verifying the same, the complainant may examine him on oath, touching any fact or circumstance material to the inquiry, and the answers on such examinations shall be reduced to writing, and subscribed by him; and the officer conducting such inquiry shall also receive such other proof as the parties may offer, either at the time of such first appearance or at such other times as such hearing shall be
adjourned to; and in case of an adjournment, the judge may take a bond, with ance at adjourned or without surety, for the appearance of the party arrested at the adjourned hearing.
hearing (m) Ibid. $7. 58. The judge conducting such inquiry shall have the same powers to issue Subpænas.
subpæna to enforce the attendance of witnesses, and to punish witnesses refusing
to testify, as is vested in the court of which he is a judge. Ibid. $ 8. 59. If such judge is satisfied thrat the allegations of the complainant are sub
stantiated, and that the party arrested has done, or is about to do, any one of the granted, in certain acts specified in the third section of this act, he shall issue a commitment, under
his hand, reciting the facts of the case, and directing that such party be committed to the jail of the county in which such hearing is had, to be there detained until he
Commitment to be
whether such refusal be unjust. Hall v. McKnight, 3 (h) Davis v. Jaffe, 17 W. N. C. 107. Am. L. J. 374. It is not a just cause of refusal, that (i) The defendant must be brought before the judge the judgment was obtained against the defendant as who issued the warrant; another judge of the same an indorser, and that his assets are not more than court has no jurisdiction to discharge him. Morch v. sufficient to satisfy his personal obligations. McClur: Raubitschek, 33 W. N. C. 567. kan v. Simpson, 1 Pitts. 171.
(k) This is an amendment of act 12 July 1812, § 5, (d) It is not enough, that the removal would be en- P. L. 339. joined in equity; the fraud must be satisfactorily (1) The complainant is not bound to produce proof shown. Nietlinger v. Wetzel, Com. Pleas, Schuylkill, to substantiate his charges, until the same have been March 1875.
controverted by the defendant's atidavit, or by proof. (e) The fraud contemplated is actual fraud; and Spencer v. Hilton, 10 Wend. 608. The affidavit is therefore, one cannot be arrested for fraud committed prima facie evidence on the hearing. Berger v. Smull, by his copartner, without his actual participation. 39 P Š. 302. The act requires something more from Bassett v. Davis, i Clark 310. Fraudulent representa- a defendant than his simple denial of the facts and tions, inducing a sale to the defendant, are within this circumstances on which the warrant was issued; there clause. Gallagher v. Norcross, 7 Phila. 623. It is should be an answer, plea, excuse or justification immaterial, whether the fraud were committed in or given to the charge. Hull v. UcKnight, 3 Am. L. J. out of the state. Gosline v. Place, 32 P. S. 520. The 371. fraud need not be averred in the declaration. Com- (m) The bond is well taken in the name of the monwealth v. McCabe, 22 P. S. 430; S. P. Corwin v. judge. McClelland v. Smith, 12 P. S. 303. But the Freeland, 6 N. Y. 560.
defendant appear on the day, his sureties are dis(9) After a hearing and commitment, it is too late charged; the condition is for appearance only; in case to take exception to the form of the warrant. Com- of a second adjournment, there ought to be a second monwealth v. McCabe, 22 P. S. 450.
bond. Ibid. Noble v. Long, 4 W. N. C. 61.
P. L. 340.
pay or secure the
shall be discharged by law,(n) and such party shall be committed and detained 12 July 1842 8. accordingly.(o) 60. Such commitment shall not be granted, if the defendant shall pay the debt
Ibid. $ 9. or demand claimed, with cost of suit, and of the proceedings against him, or give security to the satisfaction of the judge before whom the hearing shall be had, Unless defendant that the debt or demand, with the costs of the suit, and proceedings against him, debt. shall be paid, with interest, within sixty days, if the demand be in judgment, and the length of time for stay of execution given by law on debts of like amount has expired; and if the said length of time has not elapsed, then that the same shall be paid at the expiration of that time, if that shall be sixty days distant from the time of giving said surety; and if not, then that the same shall be paid within sixty days from the time of giving the same. If the demand be not in judgment at the time of giving said surety, the day of payment shall be regulated by the same rule, but in no case shall the party be required to give surety for the payment of the debt before the recovering of judgment. 61. Such commitment shall not be granted, if the party arrested shall give bond
Ibid. § 10. to the complainant in a penalty of not less than twice the amount of the debt or Orgive bond not to demand claimed, with such sureties as shall be approved by such judge, con- remove or assign
his property. ditioned that he will not remove any property which he then has, out of the jurisdiction of the court in which suit is brought, with the intent to defraud any of his creditors, and that he will not assign, sell, convey or dispose of any of his property with such intent, or with a view to give a preference to any creditor for any debt antecedent to such assignment, sale, conveyance or disposition, until the demand of the complainant, with costs, shall be satisfied, or until thirty days after final judgment shall be rendered in the suit brought for the recovery of such demand: Provided, however, That this section shall apply only to cases where the only frandulent design established against the party arrested is, that he is about to remove any of his property out of the jurisdiction of the court in which suit is brought with intent to defraud his creditors.
62. Such commitment shall not be granted, if the person arrested shall enter into Ibid. $ 11. a bond to the complainant, in the penalty and with the securities prescribed in the preceding section, conditioned that he will, within thirty days, (p) apply by benefit of the inpetition to the court of common pleas of the county, or to a judge thereof, if the solvent laws. court shall not within that time be in session, for the benefit of the insolvent laws of this commonwealth, (9) and that he will comply with all the requisitions of the said law, and abide all orders of the said court in that behalf, or in default thereof and if he fail in obtaining his discharge as an insolvent debtor, that he shall, on the day of his so failing, surrender himself to the jail of said county.(r)
63. Any defendant committed agreeably to the Sth section of this act, shall 12 July 1842 remain in custody until a final judgment shall have been rendered in his favor in Effect of comthe suit prosecuted by the creditor, at whose instance he shall have been com- mitment. mitted, or until he shall have assigned his property and obtained his discharge as provided in the subsequent sections of this
act; but such person may, at any time, How defendant be discharged by any judge of the county, on his paying the debt or demand may be discharged claimed, and costs, or by giving the security for the payment thereof, as provided in the 9th section of this act, or on his executing either of the bonds mentioned in the 10th and 11th sections of this act.
Or to take the
P. L. 312.
(9.) Of the proceedings subsequent to the commitment. 61. Any person committed as above provided, or who shall have given the bond 12 July 1842 $ 18. specified in the 11th section of this act, or against whom any suit shall have been commenced in a court of record, in which such person, by the provisions of this Defendant comact, cannot be arrested or imprisoned, may present a petition to the court of com- mitted may petimon pleas of the county in which he shall be imprisoned, or in which the said suit make assignment. is pending, or to the judge thereof, praying that he may assign his property and have the benefit of the provisions of this act.()
65. The petition aforesaid shall set forth all the matters required to be set Ibid. § 14. forth by the 9th section of the act of the 16th day of June 1836, entitled “ An act
What such petition relating to insolvent debtors,” and shall be veritied in like manner. Upon the must set forth.
tion for leave to
(n) See Gosline v. Place, 32 P. S. 520, as to the Phila. 18. But see People v. Bancker, 5 N. Y. 106. form of the commitment.
If the defendant be bound over and convicted of (0) Where it appeared that the defendant had pre- fraudulent insolvency, and his petition be thereupon viously been discharged as an insolvent, the court, on dismissed by the court of common pleas, and he do motion, quashed the warrant. Bassett v. Davis, 1 not surrender himself, an action will lie upon the bond, Clark 310.
though there be a motion in arrest of judgment, which (p) The bond is forfeited, unless the application be is undisposed of. Power v. Graydon, 53 P. S. 198. made within thirty days from its date. Haviland v. (r) If a discharge be refused, after a hearing on the Hayward, 35 P. S. 459.
merits, and the defendant committed in discharge of 19) To satisfy the condition of a bond given under his bond, he cannot make a second application, under this section, all that is required is, that the defendant the general insolvent act of 1836. Ex parte Greenfield, make application for the benefit of the insolvent laws, 1 Del. Co. R. 2. in the general form. The 13th section makes no dif- (s) See People v. Bancker, 5 N. Y. 106-7. Hall y. ference between applications in compliance with the Kellogg, 12 Ibid. 325. bond, and those made generally. Beall v. Sparks, 1
P. L. 312.
12 July 1842 $ 14. presentation of the said petition, the court or judge shall fix a time for the hearing
of the same, which shall be during the next session of the court of common pleas: Proceedings there. Provided, Thirty days shall intervene between the presentation of the petition
and the time for hearing the same, and the petitioner and his creditors shall be heard before the judges of the court of common pleas, unless the said court shall make an order that a single judge shall hear the case and decide it, in which case
the judge shall have all the powers herein conferred upon the court. Ibid. $ 15. 66. The court or judge shall proceed agreeably to the provisions of the aforeProceedings on the said act of the 16th day of June 1836, in causing the notice to be given to the hearing of such
creditors of the petitioner, in deciding upon his case, in making orders, in perpetition.
mitting an assignment to be made by said petitioner, in the oath to be administered to him, and in all the proceedings thereafter touching his property, and shall have the same power over the trustees to whom an assignment shall be made as is
therein specified. Ibid. $ 16. 67. The trustee of any debtor, to whom an assignment shall be made under
this act, shall have the same powers, shall be liable to the same duties, and shall Powers of trustees.
proceed in the same manner in all respects, to discharge the same, as is given, imposed upon, and required of the trustees under the aforesaid act, and the rights of creditors and their remedies shall be the same as under the said act, and the effect of a discharge of the petitioner by the said court shall be the same under the said act, so far as regards both his person and property, and all rights and remedies given by the said act, and all proceedings, both civil and criminal, thereby authorized, may be had, the same as if they were herein fully enacted at length, so far as the same can be applied to the case of a debtor upon a contract
only. Ibid. & 35. 68. After the defendant in any case shall have executed the bond required by
the 11th section of this act, he shall not sell, assign or dispose of any part of his dispose of his property, which is not exempt by law from execution, except so far as may be Property. rexcepis necessary for the support of himself and family, until he shall be discharged.
of his family.
And if proof shall be made, on the hearing before the judge or the court, that the applicant has so sold, assigned or disposed of his property, it shall be the duty of said judge, or of the court, to refuse to make the order directed by the aforesaid act
of the 16th day of June 1836. Ibid. § 19. 69. Whenever any bond given under the preceding section of this act shall
become forfeited by the non-performance of the condition thereof, the obligee recovered on for- shall be entitled to recover thereon the amount due to him on the judgment, with
costs obtained in the original suit.
Defendant not to
What may be
P. L. 344.
(10.) Of the costs, and of witnesses. 12 July 1842 8 18. 70. When a complaint shall be made and a warrant of arrest issued [or upon
a hearing under the 17th section (1) of this act), and the complaint shall be disLiability of parties missed, the party making the same shall be liable for all fees to otficers, and for for fees and costs. all costs which the party arrested shall have incurred; and the fees of the officers Fees of witnesses. shall be the same as for similar services in other cases; witnesses shall receive the
same fees as are allowed before the justices of the peace. But if the complaint shall be sustained, the party making the same shall recover the costs of the party arrested, upon the same being taxed or allowed by the proper officer, and shall be
recovered with the other costs in the suit. Ibid. $ 22. 71. No person shall be excused from answering any bill seeking a discovery in No person excused relation to any fraud prohibited by this act, or from answering as a witness in from testifying. relation to any such fraud, but no such answer shall be used in evidence in any
other suit or prosecution.(u)
III. Of the commencement of actions by attachment.
(1.) of the writ of attachment.(v) 72. It shall be the duty of any prothonotary of a court of record in Pennsylvania to issue an attachment against any defendant or defendants(w) upon the application of any plaintiff or plaintiffs(x) upon proof by the affidavit of said plaintiff, or any of them, or of any other person for him, her or them, that said defendant or defendants are justly indebted(y) to him, her or them in a sum exceeding one
24 May 1887. P. L. 197.
Attachinent may issue in certain cases.
(t) This section provides for the discharge of per- (w) This includes corporations. Mechanics' Bank sons under arrest, at the time of the passage of the V. Miners' Bank, 41 L. I. 312. act.
(2) The pendency of a common-law action for the (u) See Uhler v. Maulfair, 23 P. S. 481. Union same debt, is not a bar to an attachment under this Bank v. Barker, 3 Barb. Ch. 358. Siffkin v. Jan- act. Swartz v. Lawrence, 12 Phila. 181. Rheinstrom ning, 4 Edw. Ch. 37. Real estate cannot be attached v. Green, 7 Leg. Gaz. 2.34; s. C. 4 Luz. L. Reg. 223. under this act. Bank v. Draper, 89 P. S. 46. Vor an () An attachment will not lie for a debt not presunsettled partnership account, by a creditor of one of ently due and payable. Couks v. White, 11 W. N. C. the copartners. Laughlin v. Maybin, 39 L. I. 4. 271. Simes v. Steadwell, 12 Ibid. 292. But a fraudu
(v) This act is constitutional. White v. Thielans, lently contracted debt not yet due may be at once de106 P. S. 173. See title JUSTICES OF THE PEACE. manded, and an attachment issued. Herman v. Saller,
25 W. N. C. 408. Schuck v. Loucheim, 1 Cent. 329.
P. L. 197.
P. L. 960.
hundred dollars, the nature and amount(z) of such indebtedness being set forth in 24 May 1897. such affidavit, and that said party defendant is about to move his, her or their property out of the jurisdiction of the court in which said attachment is applied Affidavit. for, with intent to defraud his, her or their creditors, or that said party defendant has property, rights in action or interest in any public or corporate stock, money or evidences of ebt, which he, she or they fraudulently conceal, or that said party defendant has or have assigned, disposed of or removed, or is about to assign, dispose of or remove, any such property, money, rights in action, interest in public or corporate stock or evidences of debt, with the intent to defraud his, her or their creditors, (a) or that he, she or they fraudulently contracted the debt or incurred the obligation for which such claim is made(6). Provided, That before such attachment Bond. shall issue, there shall be executed and filed with the prothonotary of the court or by the prothonotary of the county in which such attachment is applied for, a bond(c) to the commonwealth of Pennsylvania for the use of the parties interested, in the penalty of at least double the amount claimed, with good and sufficient surety to be approved by one of the judges of said court, conditioned that if the plaintiff or plaintiffs fail to prosecute such attachment with effect, or in case such attachment be quashed, dissolved or ended, then the plaintiff or plaintiffs shall pay to the defendant or defendants in such attachment all legal costs, fees and damages which said party defendant or defendants may sustain by reason of such attachment, and which said bond shall remain in the office of the said prothonotary for the use of any party injured as aforesaid. (d)
73. In all cases of arrest for homicide, or for assault and battery, resulting in 6 April 1870 & 1. great bodily harm to the person assaulted, so that his or her life is thereby imperilled, wherein the person arrested has been or shall be held to bail, and has made Actions for peror shall make default, whereby his or her recognizance has been or shall be for- sonal torts may be feited, and has fled or shall flee the jurisdiction of the court, it shall and may be commenced by lawful for the person so injured as aforesaid, his or her executors or administrators, certain cases. to begin his, her or their action for damages, by filing in the proper court a certified copy of the record in such criminal proceeding, together with an affidavit that the defendant has left or is about to leave the jurisdiction of the court; whereupon the said court shall award and issue an attachment against all and singular the goods and chattels, lands and tenements, rights and credits of the defendant, or any part thereof, within the jurisdiction of the said court; which attachment shall be served and shall have the same effect, and the proceedings thereunder against the defendant, and against any garnishee or garnishees, shall be the same as in cases of foreign attachment. 74. The provisions of this act shall apply to the city and county of Philadelphia. Ibid § 2.
(2.) Of the service and return. 75. Every such attachment shall be made returnable on the first return-day 17 March 1869 $ 2. of said court next after the time of issuing thereof, and be served by the sheriff of the proper county, or by some general or special deputy by him made, by attaching Service and return so much of the money, stocks, rights in action, evidences of debt or other property of attachment. of said party defendant, not exempt by law from sale upon execution, as will be sufficient to pay the debt demanded, with costs ;(e) and shall deliver to said defendant or defendants, or one of them, a copy of said attachment, with an inventory of the property or other thing attached, if said party defendant can be found
P. L. 9.
(2) An attachment cannot issue for unliquidated set out any evidence that the goods were obtained by damages arising from breach of contract. Rauch v. artifice or false pretences, the attachment will be disGood, 5 Leg. Gaz. 62; 8. c. 1 Leg. Chron. 58. This act solved. Miller v. Shapiro, 12 C. C. 526. A suppledoes not embrace a claim for damages for fraud or a mental attidavit will not be allowed. Robinson v. right to rescind. Batroff v. Tobacco Co., 17 W.N. C. Atkins, 2 W. N. C. 111. Sutton v. McAskie, 1 Chest. 255. Neither does it embrace claims for unadjudicated Co. R. 489. damages arising from the cutting of timber from lands (c) The bond is for the security of the defendant, in dispute Walker v. Beury, 7 C. C. 258.
not of the garnishee. Rothermell v. Marr, 10 W.N.C. (a) See Wightman v. Henry, 1 W. N. C. 74. Quay 421. The bond must be given to prosecute the attachv. Robbins, Ibid. 154. Waldman v. Fisher, Ibid. 340. ment with effect; the attachment will be dissolved McCallum v. Hodder, 2 Ibid. 185. Whildin v. Smith, where the bond is conditioned simply to prosecute the 4 Ibid. 88. Miller v. Smith, 2 Pears. 265. A fraudu- action with effect. Starbird v. koonse, 10 C. C. 449. lent confession of judgment followed by an execution, An attachment should not be quashed because the is a disposition of property within this act. Ditch- bond is defective or insufficient Hall v. Kintz, 12 burn v. Co-operative Association, 13 C. C. 1. Ross v. C. C. 90. The bond is sufficient if signed by the firm Roth, Ibid. 14.
name, by one member of the firm with one surety; it (6) An affidavit in the words of the statute is suffi- need not name the parties for whose use it is given. cient to found the jurisdiction; it need not set forth Hall v. Kintz, 13 C. C. 24. the facts upon which the fraud or fraudulent intent is (d) This is an amendment of the act 17 March based. Sharpless v. Ziegler, 92 P. S. 467. Hall v. 1869, § 1, P. L. 8. The bond is for the security of the Kintz, 13 C. C. 24. See Biddle v. Black, 99 Ibid. 380. defendant, not of the garnishee. Rothermel v. Marr, Where the affidavit sets forth allegations of specific 10 W. N. C. 421. fraudulent acts, they must of themselves be of sutti- (c) Money in the hands of the sheriff cannot be atcient ground to sustain the attachment; and this, tached. Supplee v. Hughes, 2 W. N. C. 352. Nor though there be a general charge of fraud within the real estate. Continental Bank v. Draper, 89 P. S. words of the act. Bank v. Tasker, 1 C. C. 173. Boyd 416. Nor an unsettled partnership account, at the v. Bright, 4 C. C.518. An atfidavit that part of a debt suit of an individual creditor. Laughlin v. Maybin, was fraudulently contracted, is not sufficient. Wright 39 L. I. 4. v. Eren, 24 W. N. C. 111. If the affidavit does not