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troop on that day, and be fined or censured at the discretion of a general or regimental court of associators.

11. Whatever sentinel shall be found sleeping or drunk on his post, or shall leave it before he is regularly relieved shall suffer such penalty or disgrace as shall be ordered by a regimental court of associators.

12. Whatever commissioned officer shall be convicted, before a general court of associators, of behaving in a scandalous or infamous manner, unbecoming the character of an officer and gentleman, shall be dismissed from the association with disgrace.

13. Every non-commissioned officer or soldier, who shall be convicted at a regimental court of associators, of having carelessly lost, wilfully spoiled or wasted, any ammunition, arms or accoutrements, belonging to this province, shall be dismissed his battalion, troop or company, as an unworthy member, and be prosecuted as the law directs.

14. All disorders and neglects which officers or soldiers may be guilty of, to the prejudice of the good order and military discipline of the association of this colony, are to be taken cognizance of by a general or regimental court of associators, according to the nature and degree of the offense, and such officers or soldiers shall be fined or censured at the discretion of the court.

15. That on the first meeting of every company, after subscribing these articles of association, and from thence forward on the first meeting of every company, after the last Monday in February annually, there shall be chosen by the non-commissioned officers and privates, out of each company in the respective battalions, two persons who are entitled to vote for members of assembly, whose duty and office shall be, for the year following, to sit and join with the officers in courts of association, which persons so chosen shall be styled court associators.

16. Every general court of associators shall consist of thirteen members, six of whom shall be commissioned officers under the rank of field officer, and six court associators, who shall be drawn by lot out of the whole number for the battalion, and

. [1775-76 these twelve are to choose a president, who shall be a field offcer, and have a casting voice.

17. Every regimental court of associators shall be composed of seven members, three officers, three court associators, and a president, who is to be a captain, and to be chosen by the six, and also to have a casting voice.

18. In all courts of associators, not less than two-thirds of the members must agree in every sentence for inflicting penalties, or for disgracing any associator, otherwise he shall be acquitted.

19. The president of each and every court of associators, whether general or regimental, shall require all witnesses in order to the trial of offenders, to declare on oath or affirmation, that the evidence they shall give is the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth; and the members of all courts of associators shall take an oath or afirmation which the president is required to administer to the other members, and the next in rank is required to administer to him, that they will give judgment with impartiality.

20. All non-commissioned officers, drummers, fifers, or others, that shall be employed and receive pay in any of the battalions, companies or troops, shall subscribe these rules and regulations, and be subject to such fines, to be deducted from their pay, and to such penalties as the regimental court of associators shall think proper, upon being convicted of having transgressed any of these regulations.

21. All associators called as witnesses in any case before a court of associators, who shall refuse to attend and give evidence, shall be censured or fined at the discretion of the court.

22. No officer or soldier, being charged with transgressing these rules, shall be suffered to do duty in the battalion, company or troop to which he belongs, until he has had his trial by à court of associators, and every person so charged shall be tried as soon as a court of associators can be conveniently assembled.

23. The officers and soldiers of every company of artillery, or other company, troop or party, that is or shall be annexed to any battalion, shall be subject to the command of the colonel or commanding officer of said battalion, and the officers shall sit . as members of courts of associators, in the same manner as the officers of any other company.

24. No penalty shall be inflicted, at the discretion of a court of associators, other than degrading, cashiering or fining: The fines for the officers not to exceed three pounds, and the fine for a non-commissioned officer or soldier not to exceed twelve shillings, for one fault.

25. The field officers of each and every battalion shall appoint a person, in every company, to receive such fines as may arise within the same, for breach of any of these articles, (except for non-attendance) and the commissioned officers of the company shall, with the approbation of the field officers, direct those fines to be applied to the relief of the necessitous soldiers belonging to that company, and the overplus, if any, to other necessary expenses of the company; and such person shall account with the field officers, as often as required, for all such fines received, and the application thereof.

26. The general or commander in chief of this association, for the time being, shall have full power of pardoning or mitigating any censures or penalties ordered to be inflicted for the breach of any of these articles, by any general court of associators, and every offender, convicted as aforesaid by any regi. mental court of associators, may be pardoned, or have his penalties mitigated, by the colonel or commanding officer of the battalion, excepting only where such censures or penalties are directed as satisfaction for injuries received by one officer or soldier from another.

27. Any officer, non-commissioned officer, or other person, who, having subscribed these articles, shall refuse to make such concessions, pay such fines, or, in any other matter, refuse to comply with the judgment of any court of associators, shall be dismissed the service, and returned to the commissioners of the county, who shall charge and proceed against him as a non-associator, and he shall further be deemed unfriendly to the liberties of America.

28. Upon the determination of any point by a regimental court of associators, if the officer or soldier concerned on either . [1775-76 side, thinks himself still aggrieved, he may appeal to a general court of associators; but, if, upon a second hearing, the appeal appears groundless and vexatious, the person so appealing shall be censured at the discretion of the said general court.

29. Upon the death, resignation, promotion or other removal, of a field officer, standard bearer, or adjutant, the officers of the battalion shall choose a person in his place; and upon the death, resignation, promotion or other removal of an officer or court associator from a troop or company, such vacancy is to be filled by the person such troop or company shall elect.

30. No officer or soldier shall be tried a second time for the same offense, except in case of appeal.

31. That when any officers or soldiers of the association, in this province, shall be called into actual service by the assembly, or committee of safety, in recess of assembly, they shali be subject to all the rules and articles made by the assembly, at this sitting, for regulating and governing the troops in the pay of this province, until they are joined to and in service with continental troops, and then they shall be subject to all the rules and articles already made by the Honorable Congress, for the government of the continental troops; provided always, that no officer or soldier of the said association shall, after such junction, be tried by any court martial, unless such court be wholly composed of officers of the said association, if a sufficient number can be bad.

32. No commissioned, non-commissioned officer or private, shall withdraw himself from the company to which he belongs, without a discharge from the commanding officer of the battalion, nor shall such person be received into any other company without such discharge.

In testimony of our approbation and consent to be governed by these regulations, which have been deliberately read to or carefully perused by us, we have hereunto set our hands.

Resolutions directing the Mode of Levying Taxes on Non-Asso


1. The assessors of the several townships, boroughs, wards and districts, within this province, who have not performed the said service, are required on or before the twenty-fifth day of May next ensuing, to make in writing and deliver an exact list of the names and surnames of every male white person capable of bearing arms, between the ages of sixteen and fifty years, (ministers of the Gospel of all denominations, school masters in actual employ, and servants purchased bona fide and for a valuable consideration, only excepted) residing in such township, borough, ward or district, to the commissioners of the county chosen by virtue of the act for raising of county rates and levies.

2. If any assessor shall neglect or refuse to perform the duty aforesaid, the commissioners of the respective counties, or any two of them, are hereby required and enjoined to fine him in any sum, not exceeding ten pounds, unless such assessor's refusal proceeds from conscientious motives; and such fine shall be levied and recovered in the same manner as is directed by the laws of this province for levying and recovering fines imposed on assessors refusing or neglecting to perform the duties therein required of them, to be paid into the hands of the respective county treasurers, to be by them delivered to the same person, and applied to the same use, as the other moneys directed to be levied by the resolves of this house, in their present sitting.

3. The commissioners of the respective counties, or any two of them, are hereby required and enjoined to appoint some proper person to make out the list aforesaid in the place of the assessor so refusing or neglecting, which person so appointed shall make out and return such list to the commissioners, on or before the first day of May next ensuing.

4. Every assessor, or person appointed in his place as aforesaid, shall, before he begins to make out the lists aforesaid, take an oath or affirmation, which any magistrate of the county is hereby required and enjoined to administer, without fee or reward:

"That he will go to the place or places of abode of all "and every person and persons residing within his town. "ship, borough, ward or district, and make a faithful and “diligent inquiry of, and endeavor by all other lawful "ways and means in his power, to procure a true and



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