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INDEX

TO THE

CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES.

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W.............................

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Art. Sec. Par. Page
Arts and sciences, to be promoted......

1 8 8 37
Acts, records and judicial proceedings of each state entitled
to faith and credit in other States..........

4 1 1 44
Amendments to the Constitution, how made.......

5 1 1 45
made ...........
Appointments to be made by the President...................... 2 2 42
Apportionment of representatives................................. 1 2 3 33
Appropriations by law......

.............. 1 96 39
Appropriation for army not to exceed two years.............. 1 8 11
Armies, Congress to raise and support............

1 8
Arms, right of the people to keep and bear (2d amendment) . . .
Assemble, people may (1st amendment)...........

. . 49
Attainder, bill of, prohibited to Congress........................... 1 9 3 39

prohibited to the States.......................... 1 10 1 39
of treason shall not work corruption of blood

or forfeiture, except during the life of the
person attainted..........

.............. 3 3 2 43

B
Bail, excessive, not required (8th amendment)..................... .. ...
Bankruptcy laws to be uniform.......................................... 1 8 4 37
Bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Re-

presentatives...................................................... 1 7 1 36
before they become laws, shall be passed by both houses

and approved by the President; or, if disapproved,

shall be passed by two-thirds of each house.............. 1 7 3 37
not returned in ten days, unless an adjournment inter-
vene, shall be laws.........

........ 1 7 2 36
Borrow money, Congress may .......

1 8 2 37

С
Capitation tax, apportionment of..........

.............. 1 9 4 39
Census, or enumeration, to be made every ten years............ 1 2 3 34

50

Art. Sec. Par. Page
Citizens of each State shall be entitled to the privileges and

immunities of citizens in the several States........... 4 2 1 44
Claims, no prejudice to certain......................................... 4 3 2 44

of the United States, or of the several States, not to be

prejudiced by any construction of the Constitution 4 3 2
Coasting trade, regulations respecting ................................ 1 9 5 39
Coins, Congress fix value of foreign.................................. 1 8 5
Commerce, Congress to regulate........................................

.. 1
1

8 3 37
regulations respecting, to be equal and uniform... 1 9 5 39
Commissions to be granted by the President........................ 2 2 3
Common law recognized and established (7th amendment)..... .. .. ..
Congress vested with power.............................................. 1 1 1

may alter the regulations of State legislatures con-

cerning elections of senators and representatives,

except as to place of choosing senators............... 1 4 1 35
shall assemble once every year........................... 1 4 2 35
officers of government cannot be members of.......... 1 6 2 36
may provide for cases of removal, death, &c. of

President and Vice-President ........................... 2 1 6 41
may determine the time of choosing electors of Pre-

sident and Vice-President................................ 2 1 4 41
may invest the appointment of inferior officers in

the President alone, in the courts of law, or the

heads of departments..................................... 2 2 2 42
may establish courts inferior to the Supreme Court.. 3 1 1 42
may declare the punishment of treason ................. 3 3 2 43
may prescribe the manner of proving the acts and

records of each State......................................... 4 1 1 44
to assent to the formation of new States............... 4 3 1 44
may propose amendments to Constitution or call a

convention .................................................... 6 1 1
to lay and collect duties..................................... 1 8 1 37
to borrow money............................................... 1 8 2 87
to regulate commerce............

1 8 3 37
to establish uniform laws of bankruptcy and natu-
ralization...........

.................... 1 8 4 37
to coin money, regulate the value of coin, and fix a

standard of weights and measures..................... 1 8 5 37
to punish counterfeiting....................................... 1 8 6 37
to constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court 1 8 9 37
define and punish piracies, felonies on the high

seas, and offences against the laws of nations..... 1 8 9
to establish post offices and post roads.................. 1 8 7 37
to authorize patents to authors and inventors....... 1 8 8 87
to declare war, grant letters of marque, and make

rules concerning captures......... ............ 1 8 10 38

m

ed stules...............

Art. Sec. Par. Page
Congress to raise and support armies............ ........... 1 8 11 38
to provide and maintain a navy .............

1 8 12 38
to make rules for the government of the army and
navy..........................

.........

1 8 13 38
to call out the militia in certain cases................... 1 8 14 38
to organize, arm, and discipline militia ................. 1 8 15 38
to exercise exclusive legislation over seat of govern-
ment............

............................. 1 8 16 38
to pass laws necessary to carry the enumerated powers

into effect ...................................................... 1 8 17 38
to dispose of and make rules concerning the territory
or other property of the United States.

4 3 2 44
President may convene and adjourn, in certain cases 2 3 1 42
Constitution, how amended................................................. 5 1 1 45

laws, and treaties declared to be the supreme law 6 1 2 45
rendered operative by the ratification of nine
States ...........

.............................. 7 1 1 46
Contracts, no law impairing............................................. 1 10 1 39
Cirentins for proposing amendments to the Constitution... 5 1 1 45
Counterfeiting, Congress to provide for punishment of .......... 1 8 6 37
Court, Supreme, its original and appellate jurisdiction........ 3 2 2 43
Consta inferior to the Supreme Court may be ordained by

Congress......................................................... 1 8 9 37

Ditto........................................ditto ............... 3 1 1 42
Crimes, persons accused of, fleeing from justice, may be de-
manded......

......................... 4 2 2 44
how to be tried................................................... 3 2 3 43
Criminal prosecutions, proceedings in cases of (5th amendment) .. .. . 49

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Debu against the confederation to be valid.........................
Dune to be laid by Congress, and to be uniform................
further provision respecting.............

.
cannot be laid by the States....................................
on exports prohibited ............
on imports and exports imposed by States shall inure

to the treasury of the United States.....................

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Elections of senators and representatives shall be prescribed
by the States..........

............ 1
qualifications and returns of members of Congress

to be determined by each house....................... 1
Electors of President and Vice-President, how chosen, and
their duties ..............

.......... 2

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ral states, shall be bound by oath or affirmation, to support this constitution: but no religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to any office or public trust under the United States.

ARTICLE VII. 1. The ratification of the conventions of nine states, shall be sufficient for the establishment of this constitution between the states so ratifying the same.

Done in convention, by the unanimous consent of the states present, the

seventeenth day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand seren hundred and eighty-scren, and of the independence of the United States of America, the twelfth. In witness whereof, we hare hereunto subscribed our names.

GEORGE WASHINGTON,

President, and Deputy from Virginia.
NEW HAMPSHIRE.

DELAWARE.
John Langdon,

George Read,
Nicholas Gilman.

Gunning Bedford, jun.,

John Dickinson,
MASSACHUSETTS.

Richard Bassett,
Nathaniel Gorham,

Jacob Broom.
Rufus King.

MARYLAND.
CONNECTICUT.

James M’Henry,
Wm. Samuel Johnson,

Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer,
Roger Sherman.

Daniel Carroll.

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IN CONVENTION.

Monday, September 17, 1787. Roselred. That the preceding Constitution be laid before the l'nited

ates in Congress assembled; and that it is the opinion of this Convention that it should afterwards be submitted to a convention of delegates chosen 11. each State by the people thereof, under the recommendation of its Levisature, fur their axsent and ratification; and that each convention, assenting Board ratifying the same, should give notice thereof to the United States ID(Intres assembled.

Portred. That it is the opinion of this Convention, that, as soon as the agresti in of nine states shall have ratified this Constitution, the United

ates in (ingress assembled should fix a day on which electors should be If art by the states which shall have ratified the same, and a day on W h electors should assemble to vote for the President, and the time and

for commencing proceedings under this Constitution; that, after such Toatin, the electors should be appointed, and the Senators and Repre

rutives electrd; that the electors should meet on the day fixed for the olere. of the President, and should transmit their votes, certified, signed, *. , and directed, as the Constitution requires, to the Secretary of the I sita ste in Congress assembled; that the Senators and Representatra band contrne at the time and place assigned; that the Senators hull artwint a President of the Senate, for the sole purpose of receiving,

ung, and eventing the votes for President; and that, after he shall be hen, the Congress, together with the President, should, without delay, to t o exkute the Constitution. By the unanim i der of the Convention:

G. WASHINGTON, President.

IN CONVENTION.

Sptember 17, 1777. * W. hare now the honor to submit to the consideration of the t e atre in Congress gsembled, that Constitution which has ap far as the most advisable.

1 fnen.is of our country have long seen and desired that the power of 3.1** war, x e, and treaties; that of lerving money, and regulating

o't, and the corrispondent erecutire and judicial authorities, whould tertia rff vtualis vested in the general government of the C'nion ; bot impriety of delegating such extensive trust to one body of men de n t bonorum result the neersity of a different organization.

It is tovusiv impractable, in the federal government of these states,

meure all nights of independent sotereignty to each, and yet provide for IL intreat and safety of all. Individualı entering into society must give We are a lorty to preserve the rest. The magnitude of the brifice

.* 4« . * wril on situation and circumstances, as on the object to 1.1 .1.1. It is at all times difficult to draw with precision, the line

o the night wheb must be surrendered and those which may be prwr , and, wo the present occasion, this difficulty was in trasel lv a

m a n for the several states, as to their situation, extent, habits, and parts liar intereste

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