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cer or mariner of such vessel on shore, in order to leave him behind in any foreign port or place, or refuses to bring home again all such officers and mariners of such vessel whom he carried out with him as are in a condition to return and willing to return, when he is ready to proceed on his homeward voyage, shall be punished by a fine of not more than five hundred dollars, or by imprisonment not more than six months. [See SS 4300-4305.)
1316. SEC. 5442. Every consul, vice-consul, commercial agent, or vicecommercial agent, who knowingly and falsely certifies to any invoice, or other papers to which his certificate is by law authorized or required, shall be punished by a fine of not more than ten thousand dollars, and by imprisonment for a term not more than three years. [See $$ 1715,1 1717.]
1317. SEC. 5495. The refusal of any person, whether in or out of office, charged with the safe-keeping, transfer, or disbursement of the public money, to pay any draft, order, or warrant, drawn upon him by the proper accounting officer of the Treasury, for any public money in his hands belonging to the United States, no matter in what capacity the same may have been received, or may be held, or to transfer or disburse any such money promptly, upon the legal requirement of any authorized officer, shall be deemed, upon the trial of any indictment against such person for embezzlement, as prima-facie evidence of such embezzlement. [See 3644.]
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EXTRACTS FROM TREATIES AND CONVENTIONS
REFERRED TO IN THE TEXT.
Treaty concluded July 27, 1853 (Friendship, Commerce, and Navigation).
If any citizen of either the two contracting parties shall die without will or testament, in any of the territories of the other, the Consul-General or Consul of the nation to which the deceased belonged, or the representative of such Consul-General or Consul, in his absence, shall have the right to intervene in the possession, administration, and judicial liquidation of the estate of the deceased, conformably with the laws of the country, for the benefit of the creditors and legal heirs.
1319. ARTICLE XI.
It shall be free for each of the two contracting parties to appoint Consuls for the protection of trade, to reside in any of the territories of the other party; but, before any Consul shall act as such, he shall, in the usual form, be approved and admitted by the government to which he is sent; and either of the contracting parties may except from the residence of Consuls such particular places as they judge fit to be excepted.
The archives and papers of the Consulates of the respective governments shall be respected inviolably, and under no pretext whatever shall any magistrate, or any of the local authorities, seize or in any way interfere with them.
The Diplomatic Agents and Consuls of the Argentine Confederation shall enjoy, in the territories of the United States, whatever privileges, exemptions, and immunities are, or shall be, granted to Agents of the same rank, belonging to the most favored nation: and, in like manner, the Diplomatic Agents and Consuls of the United States, in the territom ries of the Argentine Confederation, shall enjoy, according to the strict est reciprocity, whatever privileges, exemptions, and immunities are or may be, granted in the Argentine Confederation to the Diplomatic Agents and Consuls of the most favored nation.
Consular Convention concluded July 11, 1870 (Rights, privileges, and
immunities of Consuls).
1320. ARTICLE I. Each of the high contracting parties shall be at liberty to establish Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, or Consular Agents at the ports and places of trade of the other party, except those where it may not be convenient to recognize such officers; but this exception shall not apply to one of the high contracting parties without also applying to every other Power Consuls-General, Consuls, and other Consular Officers appointed and taking office according to the provisions of this article, in one or the other of the two countries, shall be free to exercise the right accorded them by the present convention throughout the whole of the district for which they may be respectively appointed. The said funetionaries shall be admitted and recognized respectively upon presenting their credentials in accordance with the rules and formalities established in their respective countries. The exequatur required for the free exercise of their official duties shall be delivered to them free of charge: and upon exhibiting such exequatur they shall be admitted at once and without interference by the authorities, Federal or State, judicial or executive, of the ports, cities, and places of their residence and district, to the enjoyment of the prerogatives reciprocally granted.
1321. ARTICLE II.
The Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents, their Chancellors, and other Consular Officers, if they are citizens of the State which appoints them, shall be exempt from military billetings, from service in the military or the national guard, and other duties of the same nature, and from all direct and personal taxation, whether Federal, State, or municipal, provided they be not owners of real estate, and neither carry on trade nor any industrial business.