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SEC. 17. [Damages-Judgment.]-Where the petition is brought to obtain leave to build or continue a mill-dam, and such leave is granted, or where it is brought against the owner of a mill-dam as aforesaid, the court may render judgment for the damages assessed against the person owning or proposing to build such mill; and such assessment of damages, when fully paid and satisfied, after confirmation thereof by the court, shall bar a recovery for any damages or injury sustained previous or subsequent to such inquest in any and every action at law; Provided, however, That where the petition is brought against the owner of a mill-dam already built as aforesaid, unless the mill is found to be of public utility, such assessment, though paid and satisfied, shall not bar a recovery for damages or injuries which may accrue thereafter.
SEC. 18. [State land-Damages.]-The damages assessed upon public lands of the state shall be collected as in other cases, and paid into the state treasury to the credit of the proper fund.
SEC. 19. [Infant defendants.]-Should any of the defendants to the petition be infants, the proceedings shall be conducted in all respects as if such infants were of full age; but the court shall appoint some suitable and discreet person not of kin to the plaintiff, to act as guardian ad litem for such infants. Such guardian ad litem shall appear and defend for such infants, but no confession, admission, or default on his part shall prejudice or affect their rights or interests.
SEC. 20. [Costs.]-Should no resistance be made to proceedings brought under this act to obtain leave to build or continue a mill-dam, the costs shall be adjudged against the plaintiff; but if such proceedings be resisted in any stage thereof, the court shall equitably adjust the costs which are caused by such resistance, having regard to the event.
SEC. 21. [Jurors-Vacancies.]-Should any of the jurors so summoned, fail to appear at the time and place appointed for the inquest, the sheriff shall forthwith prepare a list of three disinterested freeholders of the county for each juror so in default, and of the list so prepared, the plaintiff, and defendants, their agent or attorney, shall alternately, in the presence of the sheriff, strike out one name till but the number required to fill the panel remains. If the defendants fail to appear, or should they refuse or fail to strike, or if they are unable to agree upon any name or names to be struck from said list in their turn, the sheriff shall strike in their stead. The sheriff shall forthwith summon the freeholders so chosen, and the same proceedings shall be thereupon had as when all the jurors
SEC. 22. [Defaulting jurors-Punishment.]-The sheriff shall in his return report to the court the name of any juror so in default as aforesaid, and on motion of the plaintiff, such defaulting juror may be attached as for contempt, and unless when brought before the court, he then and there purge himself of such contempt to the satisfaction of the court, he may be adjudged to pay the costs incurred by reason of his said default, and to stand committed until the same are paid; and unless he voluntarily appear to purge himself as aforesaid, he shall in any event, pay the costs of such attachment.
SEC. 23. Jurors' fees.]-Each juror shall be allowed one dollar for each days attendance upon such inquest, and other costs shall be allowed as in other
SEC. 24. [Preservation of mill.]-When the water backed up by any mill-dam belonging to any mill or machinery is about to break through or over the banks of the stream, or to wash a channel so as turn the water of such stream, or any part thereof, out of its bed or ordinary channel, whereby such mill or machinery will be injured or affected, the owner or occupier of such mill or machinery, if he do not own such bank or banks, or the lands lying contiguous thereto, may, if necessary, enter thereon, and erect and keep in repair such embankments, fortifications, and other works, as shall be requisite to prevent such water from breaking through or over the bank or banks of such stream, or washing a chan
nel as aforesaid, such owner or occupier committing thereon no unnecessary waste or damage.
SEC. 25. [Same-Damages.]-Nothing contained in the last preceding section shall be construed to bar the owner of such bank or banks, or lands lying contiguous thereto, from recovering the amount of any injury which he may have actually and in fact sustained, by the erection or repair of such embankment, fortification, or other works.
SEC. 26. [Injuring mill site.]-If any person shall injure, destroy, or remove any such embankment, fortification, or other works, the owner or occupier of such mill or machinery may recover of such person all damages which he may sustain by reason of such injury, destruction or removal.
SEC. 27. [Public mills.]-All mills within this state, now in operation or which hereafter may be put in operation, for grinding wheat, rye, or corn, or other grain, and which shall grind for toll, shall be deemed public mills.
SEC. 28. [Duties of miller.]-The owner or occupier of every public mill within this state shall grind the grain brought to his mill as well as the nature and condition of his mill will permit, and in due time as the same shall be brought.
SEC. 29. Rates of toll-Posting.]-The owner or occupier of every public mill shall cause a statement of the rates of toll by him charged for grinding and bolting the different species of grain, to be posted in at least two conspicuous places within the mill; and such statement shall be either written or printed in a plain and legible manner, and the county commissioners of each county shall establish and regulate the amount of toll allowed to be charged.
SEC. 30. [Measures.]-He shall keep in his mill an accurate half-bushel measure, and an accurate set of toll dishes.
SEC. 31. [Liability of miller.] He shall be accountable for the safe keeping of all grain received in his mill for the purpose of being ground, with the bags or casks containing the same, and shall, when required deliver the same, or the flour or meal thereof, to the owner, or his or her agent, or order, or servant, with the bags or casks in which the same was received; Provided, That such miller shall not be accountable for any bags or casks, unless the same be distinctly marked with the initial letters of the owner's name, nor for the loss of grain, bags or casks which shall happen by unavoidable accident.
SEC. 32. [Taking too much toll-Penalty.]-Any owner or occupier of any public mill, who shall, by himself or agent, or servant, take a greater rate of toll than that inserted in the statement required in section twenty-nine, or shall in any manner fail to comply with the provisions and requirements of this act, shall forfeit to the party injured, the sum of twenty-dollars, which penalty may be sued for and recovered before any court of this state having jurisdiction thereof.
SEC. 33. [Public changed to private mills.]-Any owner or occupier of any public mill may, by giving thirty days' notice in writing, change such public mill into a private one; such notice shall be posted on the mill, and in at least two other conspicuous places within the county; Provided, however, That such mill shall no longer grind for toll after expiration of the date of said notice; Provided, That no party shall change his mill to a private mill, until fully reimbursing all parties who have assisted in its erection.
SEC. 34. [Repealed chap. 36, R. S. 262.]
SECTION 1. [Mining tools-Taxation.]-That all tools and implements and machinery used solely in opening and working any coal mine situated in the
*NOTE.-"An act to encourage the opening and developing of coal and other mineral interests in the state of Nebraska." Laws 1875, 156. Took effect Feb. 23, 1875. See sec. 1, ante p. 257. See also sec. 1, art. IX, Const., p. 31.
State of Nebraska, shall for the term of three years after the passage of this act, be exempted from taxation. [1875, § 1, 156.]
SEC. 2. [Award for discovery of coal or iron.]-That when it shall be made apparent to the governor of Nebraska by affidavit of the owner or owners thereof, that a vein of coal not less than twenty-six inches in depth, and of sufficient capacity to pay to mine, and within paying distance from the surface, has been discovered, or vein of good iron ore eighteen inches thick, it shall be the duty of the governor to appoint a suitable person to examine the same, whose duty it shall be to report the probable extent and capacity of the vein, or veins, upon personal examination and measurement of said vein or veins, all expenses for said examination to be paid for by the owner, or owners of said mines.. Said report being satisfactory to the governor, he shall direct the auditor to draw an order on the treasurer for the sum of four thousand dollars to be paid to the owner, or owners of said mine of coal, and of two thousand dollars, for a vein of iron ore one foot thick; if the vein of coal discovered should be three feet in depth, four thousand dollars, and of the required capacity. Said orders to be paid out of the general fund of the state treasury, as above directed.
SEC. 3. (Specimens of strata preserved.]-It shall be the duty of the persons prospecting for coal or iron ore, carefully to perserve specimens of each strata through which its shafts are sunk, or borings are made and if the bonus is obtained, on the conditions before mentioned in this bill, to deposit the same, properly labelled, in care of the department of the state for the future use of the commonwealth.
SEC. 4. [Application of act.]-The provisions of this act shall not apply to any veins of coal already discovered nor shall any bonus be paid for striking the same vein within twenty-five miles.
SECTION. 1. [Denominations.]-The money of account of this state, is the dollar, cent, and mill, and all public accounts, and the proceedings of all courts in relation to money, shall be kept and expressed in money of the above denomination.
SEC. 2. [Same.]-The above provisions shall not in any manner affect any demand expressed in money of another denomination; but such demand, in any suit or proceeding affecting the same, shall be reduced to the above denomination.
SECTION 1. [Authority of district court.]-That the district court shall have authority to change the names of persons, towns, villages, and cities within this state. [1871, 62. G. S. 483.j
SEC. 2. [Person's name-How changed.]-That any person desiring to change his or her name, may file a petition in the district court of the county in which such person may be a resident, setting forth: First. That the petitioner has been a bona fide citizen of such county for at least one year prior to the filing of. the petition. Second. The cause for which the [change of] petitioner's name is sought. Third. The name asked for. And it shall be the duty of the district court at any term thereof after the filing of such petition, upon being duly satisfied, by proof in open court, of the truth of the allegations set forth in the petition, and that there exists proper and reasonable causes for changing the name of the petitioner, and that thirty days previous notice of the intended application had been duly given in some newspaper printed in such county; or in case no newspaper be printed in the county, then in some newspaper in general circulation therein, to order and direct a change of name of such petitioner, and that an order for the purpose be made in the journals of such court.
+NOTE.-Chap. XXXVII, R. S. 269. Chap. 45, G. S. 480, except secs. 3 and 4, repealed 1881, 102.
SEC. 3. [Name of towns etc.-How changed.]-That whenever it may be desirable to change the name of any town, village, or city in any county of the state, a petition for that purpose may, in like manner, be filed in the district court of such county, signed by a majority of the legal voters of such town, village, or city, setting forth the cause why such change is desirable, and the name prayed for to be substituted, and the court upon being satisfied by proof that the prayer of the petitioners is reasonable and just, and that notice as required in the foregoing section had been given, and that two-thirds of the legal voters of such town, village, or city, desire the said change, and that there is no other town, village, or city in the state of the name prayed for, may order the change prayed for in such petition.
SEC. 4. [Costs-Vested rights.]-All proceedings under this act shall be at the cost of the petitioner or petitioners, for which fee-bill, or execution may issue as in civil cases; Provided always, That any change of names under the provisions of this act, shall not in any manner affect or alter any right of action, legal process, or property.
CHAPTER 61.—NOTARIES PUBLIC.
SECTION 1. [Appointment.]-The governor is hereby authorized to appoint and commission such number of persons to the office of notary public, in each of the respective counties of this state, as he shall deem necessary; but no person shall be appointed a notary public except upon the petition of at least twenty-five legal voters of the county in which he resides. Each person appointed notary public shall hold his office for the term of six years from the date of his commission, unless sooner removed, and shall reside in the county for which he was appointed and commissioned; Provided, That whenever the word county is used in this chapter it shall be construed to comprehend and include any unorganized territory or unorganized county attached to any organized county for judicial purposes; and any such unorganized territory or unorganized county attached to any organized county for judicial purposes shall be considered attached to, in, and part of such county for all the purposes and requirements of this act. [Amended 1883, chap. LVIII.]
SEC. 2. [Commission.]—When any person shall be appointed to the office of notary public, the governor shall sign the commission of such person, and deliver the same to the secretary of state. Upon the receipt of such commission by the secretary, he shall affix thereto, the great seal of state, and attest the same, and transmit by mail or messenger, the commission and a blank bond, to be executed by the person so appointed and commissioned, to the county clerk of the county for which such appointment was made, who shall within five days after the receipt by him of such commisson, notify the person so appointed that he holds the commission and blank bond, and if the person appointed to such office does not, within thirty days after the date of such notice, execute the bond hereinafter mentioned, deliver the same to the clerk of the county, qualify, and receive his commission, the clerk shall return such commission to the secretary of state to be cancelled.
SEC. 3. [Bond-Record by county clerk.]-Each person so appointed to the office of notary public shall, within the time limited in section two of this act, appear before the clerk of the county for which he was appointed, and demand the blank bond so transmitted by the secretary of state, and execute and deliver to such clerk a bond for the state of Nebraska, in the penal sum of two thousand dollars, with two securities, residents of such county, who shall severally justify, as hereinafter prescribed, conditioned for the faithful performance of the duties of such office; and such person, so appointed to the office of notary public, shall make oath or affirmation, to be endorsed on such bond, and subscribed by
the person appointed before some officer authorized by law to administer oaths, and by him certified thereon, that he will support the constitution of the United States, the constitution of the state of Nebraska, and will faithfully and impartially discharge and perform the duties of the office of notary public. The county clerk shall file and preserve the bond in his office, and record the commission, bond, justification of the sureties, and oath of office, in a book to be kept by him for that purpose, and shall transmit to the secretary of state, written or printed notice that the requirements of this act have been complied with by the person so appointed and commissioned, which notice shall be filed and preserved in the office of the secretary of state.
SEC. 4. [Sureties on bond-Penalty.]—The justification of sureties on the bond shall be an oath or affirmation endorsed on such bond to the effect that each of said sureties is a resident and freeholder of the county for which such notary public was appointed and is worth at east the sum of two thousand dollars, over and above all debts and liabilities by him owing, and all property exempt by law from levy or sale on execution, which oath or affirmation shall be subscribed by the sureties, and taken before and certified to by some officer authorized by law to administer oaths, and any person swearing or affirming falsely in this regard, shall be liable to and suffer all the pains and penalties of the statutes of this state, to punish persons for the crime of perjury.
SEC. 5. [Seal-Record of official acts.]-Each notary public, before performing any duties of his office, shall provide himself with an official seal, on which shall be engraved the words "Notarial seal," the name of the county for which he was appointed and commissioned, and the word "Nebraska," and in addition, at his option, his name, or the initial letters of his name, with which seal, by impression, all his official acts as notary public shall be authenticated. Each person so appointed and commissioned shall, also, before entering upon the duties of the office, provide himself with an official record, in which shall be recorded all his official acts, together with a copy of the instrument, certificate of protest, and notices and other matter by him acted upon-except the taking of acknowledgments, and proofs of deeds, and other instruments required by law to be recorded, either in this or other states, affidavits and depositions, and other acts not relating to protests. And the record and seal of such notary public shall be exempt from levy or sale on execution, attachment, or warrant of distraint.
SEC. 6. [Powers-Duties-Certificate.]-Every person, during the term of his office, so appointed, commissioned, and qualified to the office of notary public, is hereby authorized and empowered, within the county for which he was appointed to such office, to administer oaths and affirmations, in all cases; to take depositions, acknowledgments, and proofs of the execution of deeds, mortgages, powers of attorneys, and other instruments in writing, to be used or recorded in this state, to demand acceptance, or payment of any foreign, inland, or domestic bill of exchange, promissory note, or other obligation, in writing, and to protest the same for non-acceptance or non-payment, as the case may be, and give notice to endorsers, makers, drawers, or acceptors, of such demand or nonacceptance, or non-payment; and to exercise and perform such other powers and duties, as by the law of nations, and according to commercial usage, or by the laws of the United States, or of any other state or territory of the United States. or of any other government, or country, may be exercised and performed by notaries public, and over his signature and official seal certify the performance of such duties, so exercised and performed under the provisions of this act, which certificate shall be received in all courts of this state, as presumptive evidence of the facts therein certified to; and on due proof of the loss of such original certificate, the record thereof, so kept by such notary public as is by this act prescribed, shall be received by all courts in this state as presumptive evidence of the facts therein recorded; Provided, That any person interested in the subject matter of such certificate or record of such certificate, may, by other evidence, contradict the matters and things set forth in such certificates, or in the record thereof.