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1861,

XXXVIII. NEBRASKA TERRITORY.
Area, 335,866 sq. m. Population, 1860, 23,893.

Term ends. Salary. SAMUEL W. BLACK, of Omaha City, Governor, 1863, $ 2,500 Thomas B. Cuming,

Secretary,

2,000 JUDICIARY Augustus Hall, of Omaha City, Chief Justice, 1861, 2,000 Joseph Miller,

Assuciate Justice, 1863, 2,000 Eleazer Wakeley,

1861, 2,000 R. A. Howard,

Attorney,

Fees and 250 William E. Moore,

Marshal,

Fees and 200

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XXXIX. DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

Area, 50 sq. m. Population, 1860, 75,321.
The District of Columbia is under the immediate governmert of Congress.

JUDICIARY.
Circuit Court of the District.

Salary. James Dunlop, of Georgetown, Chief Justice, $ 2,700 James S. Morsell, of Georgetown,

Associate Justice, 2,500 William M. Merrick, of Washington,

2,500 Robert Ould,

Attorney, ees and 200 William Selden,

Marshal,

Fees. John A. Smith,

Clerk,

Fees. * Criminal Court for the District. Thomas H. Crawford, of Washington, Judge,

$ 2,000 John A. Smith,

Clerk,

Fees.* Orphans' Court. W. F. Purcell, of Washington,

Judge,

$1,500 Edward N. Roach,

Register,

Fees.

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British,

AMERICAN STATES.
1. Governments of North America.

Area in
Governments.

Square
Popula.

Capitals. Governors, &c. tion.

Miles. Danish America (Greenland), 380,000 9,400 Lichtenfels, C. S. M. Olrik, Insp.t French Possess'ns (St.Pierre,&c.) 118 200 St. Pierre, E. de la Ronciere, Com't. Russian America, 394,000 66,000 N. Archangel,

God. New Britain,

1,800,000 180.000 YorkFactory, SirGeo.Simpson, Mana. Canada West,

147,832 999,847 Toronto, SirE.W.Head, Bt., Gov.Canada East,

201,989 890,261 | Quebec, ? Gen. of Brit.N. Amer. New Brunswick,

27,700 200,000 Frederickton, J.H.T.M Sutton, Lt.-G. Nova Scotia, &c.,

18,746 300,000 Halifax, Earl of Mulgrave, do. Prince Edward's Island,

2,134

62,348 Charlotte T'n, George Dundas, do. Newfoundland,

57,000 120,000 St. John's, SirA Bannerman, Gov. British Columbia,

213,500 7,500 Ft. Langley, Sir James Douglas, do. United States of America, 3,306,834 31.676,217 Washington, JAMES BUCHANAN, Pr. United States of Mexico, 1,038,865 7,200,000 Mexico, Benito Juarez, IT do. San Salvador,

9,500

450,000 Cojutepeque, Gen. G. Barrios, do. Nicaragua,

144,000 400,000 Granada, Gen. T. Martinez, do. Honduras,

153,000 380,000 Comagagua, Don SantosGuardiolado. Guatemala,

59,000 1,100,000 N.Guatemala, Don Rafael Carrera, do. Costa Rica,

$25,000 200,000 San José, J. M. Montealgre, do. Mosquitia, !!

6,000 Blewfields, Jamaso (Indian), King. Honduras (British Colony),

11,066 Balize, Fred. Seymour, Supt. Total,

7,779,218 44,258,839 * Fees limited to $3,500.

† Dr. H. Rink is Inspector of South Greenland. These two include the area of Mosquitia. Including area of Guanacaste. îl Annexed in 1846 to Nicaragua.

I Gen. M. Miramon also claims to be President.

2. West Indian Governments.
Area in

Popula-
Governments.

Square

Capitals. Governors, &c. tion.

Miles. Hayti,

Em. 11,000 800,000 Cape Hayt’n, Fabre Geffrard, Pres't. Dominica,

18,000 200,000 San Domingo, J. D. Valverde, Pres't. Cuba,

42,383 1,007,624 Havana, F. Serrano y Dom.Ct.G. Porto Rico, 3,865 500,000 San Juan, R. Echaque,

do. Jamaica, British,

5,468 379,690 Spanish Town C. H. Darling, Gov. Gen. Trinidad,

,

2,000 60,319 Puerta d'Esp. obt. W. Keate, Gov. Windward Islands,

Bridgetown,

Francis Hincks, Gov of Barbadoes,

166 135,939

[Barbadoes & W. Isls. Grenada, &c.,

155
23,923 St. George,

Cornel. Kortright,Lt.-G St. Vincent,

131
27,248 Kingston,
Edward J. Eyre,

do. Tobago,

187 13,208 Scarboro', Jas. V. Drysdale, do. St. Lucia,

225 24,500 Castries, Henry H. Breen, See. Leeward Islands,

St. John's, Kerr B. Hamilton, Gov. Antigua,

168 36,178

[of Antigua & L. Isls. Montserrat,

49 7,365 Plymouth, Sam. Cockburn, Pres't. St. Christopher and Anguilla,

103 24,508 Basseterre, Sir B.C.C.Pine, Lt.-G. Nevis,

30

10,200 Charlestown, A. C. Rumbold, Pres't. Virgin Islands,

137 4,027 Road Town,' I. P. L. Dyett, do. Dominica,

291 22,469 Rosseau, H. St. G. Ord, Lt.-Gov. Bahama Islands,

5,422 27,519 Nassau, Chas. J. Bayley, Gov. Turk's Island,

400 3,400 Grand Turk, W. R. Inglis, Pres't. Bermuda Islands,

47 14,000 Hamilton, Col. F. Murray, Gov.

534 Guadaloupe, &c.,

134,544 Basseterre,

do.

Col. Frébault,
French,

322 Martinique,

do. 121,145 Port Royal, M. de Candé,

21 St. Martin's, N. Side,

2,200

do. St. Martin's, S. Side, — Dutch,

11
3,500

do. 580 Curaçoa, &c., - Dutch,

do.

26,311 Wilhemstadt, J. D. Crol, Santa Cruz, &c.,

81 35,000 Christ’nstadt, Le cons. Birsch, Gov. St. Thomas, Danish,

37
8,000

of the Danish W. St. John's,

72 3,000

India Islands. St.Bartholomew's, - Swedish,

25 9,000 La Carenage, J. H. Haasum, Gov. Total,

91,910 3,669,817
3. Governments of South America.

Area in
Governments.

Popula.
Square

Capitals. Governors, &c. tion.

Miles. Venezuela, Republic, 416,600 1,356,000 Caraccas,

Pres.

M. F. Tovar, Ecuador, do. 325,000 665,000 Quito,

do.

G. Franco, Bolivia, do.

374,480 1,650,000 Chuquisaca, J. M.Linares, Dictator. Peru, do.

580,000 2,400,000 Lima, Ramon Castilla, Pres. Chili, do. 170,000 1,439,120 Santiago,

do. Manuel Montt,

do. Granadian Confederation, 330,000 2,363,000 StaFé de Bog. M. Ospina, Argentine Confederation, 927,000 874,000 Parana,

do.

S. Derqui, Buenos Ayres, Republic, 60,000 350,000 Buenos Ayres, B. Mitre,

Gov.

Pres. Uruguay, The Oriental Repub. of, 120,000 250,000 Montevideo, B. P. Berro, Paraguay, Republic,

74,000 600,000 Asuncion, Carlos Ant. Lopez, do. Brazil, Empire of,

2,300,000 7,677,800 Rio de Janeiro Pedro II., Emperor.* Guiana (British),

76,000 (127,695 Georgetown, P.E.Woodhouse, Lt.G. Guiana (Dutch),

33,500 64,270 Paramaribo, R.E. VanLansberge,Gv. Guiana (French),

21,500 30,000 Cayenne, Tardy de Montravel,do. Patagonia,

380,000 120,000

(Native Chiefs.) Falkland Islands,

16,000 500 Port Louis, T. E. L. Moore. Total,

6,259.000 19,967,385 Grand Total of America, 14,130,203 63,896,041

POPULATION OF THE GLOBE. Africa, variously estimated from 60,000,000 to

200,000,000 America (as above),

67,896,041 Asia, including Islands,

755,000,000 Australia and Australian group of Islands,

1,415,000 Europe (as on p. 330),

275,806,741 Polynesia (a mere estimate, as there are few or no data),

1,500,000 Total population of the Globe,

1,301,647,782 * Born Dec. 2, 1825; ascended the throne April 7, 1831.

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58% (Age at Accession.

King

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Anhalt-Bernburg Alexander Duke Mar. 2, 1805 Mar.24, 183429 Evangelical Anhalt-Dessau Leopold

Oct. 1, 1794 Aug. 9, 1817 22 Austria

Francis Joseph Emperor Aug.18, 1830 Dec. 2, 1848 18 Catholic Baden

Frederic Grand Duke Sept. 9, 1826 Apr. 24, 1852 26 Evangelical Bavaria

MaximilianII. King Nov.28, 1811 Mar.21, 1848 36 Catholic Belgium Leopold

Dec. 16, 1790 July 21, 1831 40 Lutheran* Brunswick William Duke

Apr. 25, 1806 Apr. 25, 1831 25 Denmark

Frederic VII. King Oct. 6, 1803 Jan. 20, 1845 39 France

Napoleon III. Emperor Apr. 20, 1808 Dec. 2, 1852 44 Catholic Great Britain

Victoria Queen May 24, 1819 June 20, 1837 18 Prot. Episc. Greece Olho

June 1, 1815 May 7, 1832 17 Catholic* Hanover George V.

May 27, 1819 Nov.18, 1851 33 Evangelical Hesse-Cassel

Frederic Wm. Elector Aug. 20, 1802 Nov.20, 1847 45 Reformed Hesse-Darınstadt Louis III. Grand Duke June 9, 1806 June 16, 1848 42 Lutheran Hesse Homburg Ferdinand Landgrave Apr. 26, 1783 Sept. 8, 1845 65 Reformed Holland orNetherlands William III. King Feb. 19, 1817 Mar.17, 184932 Liechtenstein

John

Prince Oct. 5, 1840 Nov.12, 1858 18 Catholic
Lippe
Leopold

Sept. 1, 1821 Jan. 1, 1851 30 Reformed Lippe-Schaumburg George

Dec. 20, 1784 Feb. 13, 1787 2 Mecklenburg-Schwer. Fred. Francis Grand Duke Feb. 28, 1823 Mar. 7, 1842 19 Lutheran Mecklenburg-Strelitz Frederic

Oct. 17, 1819 Sept. 6, 1860 41 Monaco

Chas. Honoré Prince Dec. 8, 1818 June 20, 1856 37 Catholic Nassau

Adolphus Duke July 24, 1817 Aug. 20, 1339 22 Evangelical Oldenburg

Peter Grand Duke July 8, 1827 Feb. 27, 1853 26 Lutheran
Portugal
Pedro V.1 King

Sept. 16, 1837 Nov. 15, 1853 16 Catholic
Prussia
William I.

Mar.22, 1797 Jan. 2, 1861 63 Evangelical Reuss, Elder Line, Henry XXII. Prince Mar.28, 1846 Nov. 8, 1859 13 Lutheran Reuss, Younger Line, Henry LXVII.

Oct. 20, 1789 June 19, 1854 64 Russia

Alexander II. Emperor Apr. 29, 1818 Mar. 2, 1855 37 GreekChurch Sardinia

Vict. Eman. II. King Mar.14, 1820 Mar.23, 1849 29 Catholic Saxe-Altenburg Ernest

Duke Sept.16, 1826 Aug. 3, 1853 26 Lutheran Saxe-Coburg-Gotha Ernest II.

June 21, 1818 Jan. 29, 1844 52 Saxe-Meiningen Bernard

Dec. 17, 1800 Dec. 24, 1803 3 Saxe-Weim. Eisenach Chs. Alexander Grand Duke June 24, 1818 July 8, 1853 35 Saxony

John

King Dec. 12, 1801 Aug. 9, 1854 52 Catholic* Schwarzburg-Rudolst. Gunther Prince Nov. 6, 1793 Apr. 28, 1807 13 Lutheran Schwarz'g-Sonder'n, Gunther

Sept.24, 1801 Aug. 19, 1835 35 Spain

Isabella II. Queen Oct. 10, 1830 Sept.29, 1833 3 Catholic States of the Church Pius IX. Pope May 13, 1792 June 16, 1846 54 Sweden and Norway Charles XV. King May 3, 1826 July 8, 1859 33 Lutheran Turkey

Abdul Medjid Sultan Apr. 20, 1823 July 1, 1839 16 Mahometan* Two Sicilies

Francis II. King Jan. 16, 1836 May 22, 1859 23 Catholic Waldeck

George Victor Prince Jan. 14, 1831 May 15, 1845 14 Evangelical Wurtemberg

William I. King Sept.27, 1781 Oct. 30, 1816 35 Lutheran The King of Belgium is a Protestant, though his subjects are chiefly Catholics ; the King of Saxony is a Catholic, though the greater part of his subjects are Protestants; and the King of Greece is a Catholic, though most of his subjects are of the Greek Church. Of the 16,440,000 European subjects of the Sultan of Turkey, 10,435,079 are Christians, and 6,004,921 are Mahometans.

† His father, Ferdinand, husband of the late queen, was regent until Sept. 16, 1855.

# Al the peace of Villafranca (July 11th, 1859), Austria ceded Lombardy to France, (with certain reservations which appear in the American Almanac for 1860, pp. 363 and 364), to be ceded by France to Sardinia. By the Treaty of Zurich (November 101h, 1859), France ceded this territory to Sardinia. Parma, Modena, the Romagna, and Tuscany, by popular vote, on March 11th, 1860, accepted and carried into effect by decrees of Sardinia, on ihe 18th and 220 of that month, were annexed to the latter kingdom. March 24th, 1860, a treaty for the transfer of Savoy and ihe arrondissement of Nice from Sardinia to France was signed by those powers, and the cession was made on June 141h, 1860.

STATES OF EUROPE,
With the Form of Government, and Square Miles, according to McCulloch's

Geographical Dictionary, with Corrections ; and the Population (chiefly) from the
Almanach de Gotha for 1861.
States and Titles.

Popu

Form of Government.

Square

Miles.

Date of Enum'n.

lation.

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1858

Andorra, Pyrenees, Repub With two syndics and a council,

190 7,000 *Anhalt-Bernburg, Duchy, States having limited powers,

339 56,031 1859 *Anhalt-Dessau-Cöthen,

678 119,515 1859 **Austria, Empire, Absolute monarchy,

248,551 35,040,810 1857 *Baden, Grand Duchy, Limited sovereignty ; two chambers, 5,712 1,335,952 1858 *Bavaria, Kingdom, Limited monarchy;

28,435 4,615,748 1858 Belgium,

11,313 4,671,183 1860 *Bremen, Free City, Republic ; senate and assembly,

112 88,856 1855 *Brunswick, Duchy, Limited sovereignty; one chamber, 1,525 274,069 1858 Church, States of, Popedom, Absolute sovereignty,

12,082 2,113,086 1853 Denmark, Kingdom, Limited monarchy; with prov. states, 21,856 2,468,713 a 1855 France, Empire,

Const. mon.; senate and legislat. body, 212,341 36,746,432 6 1856 *Frankfort, Free City, Republic; senate and assembly,

39 79, 278 1859 Great Britain, Kingdom, Limited monarchy; lords andcommons, 110,846 28,888,597 c 1859 Greece,

Limited monarchy; two chambers, 18,244 1,067,216 1856 *Hamburg, Free City, Republic; senate and assembly,

135 222,379 1859 *Hanover, Kingdom, Limited monarchy; two chambers, 14,600 1,843,976 1859 *Hesse-Cassel, Electorate, Limited sovereignty; two chambers, 4,430 726,686 1859 *Hesse-Darmstadt, G. Duch., Limited sovereignty ; two chambers, 3,761 845,571 1858 *Hesse-Homb’g, Landg’o'te, Absolute sovereignty; one chamber,

106 25,746 1858 Holland, with Luxemburg, Limited monarchy ; two chambers, 13,890 3,494,161 C 1859 Ionian Islands, Republic, Under Brit. protec.; council and chamb. 1,006 246,483 1858 *Lichtenstein, Principal., Limited monarchy; with one chamber,

61 7,150 1857 *Lippe,

445 106,086

1858 *Lippe-Schaumburg,

170 30,144 1858 *Lubec, Free City, Republic; senate and assembly,

142

55,423 1857 *Mecklen.-Schwerin, G.Du. Limited sovereignty; with onechamber, 4,701 541,395

1859 *Mecklenburg-Strelitz, “

997 99,628 1851 Monaco, Principality, Absolute sovereignty,

12 7,627 *Nassau, Duchy,

Limited sovereignty ; two chambers, 1,736 443,618 1859 *Oldenburg, Grand Duchy,

2,470 294,359 1858 Portugal, Kingdom, Limited monarchy; two chambers, 34,500 3,568,895 C 1857 *Prussia,

107,300 17,739,913 *Reuss, Principalities of, Limited sovereignty; one chamber,

588 121,203 1859 SRussia (in Europe), Empire, Absolute monarchy,

2,120,39763,932,081

1856 San Marino, Republic, Senate and council of ancients,

21 8,000 1858 Sardinia, Kingdom, Limited monarchy; two chambers, 48,026 11,029,219

1858 *Saxony,

Limited monarchy; two chambers, 5,705 2,122,148 1858 *Saxe-Altenburg, Duchy, Limited sovereignty ; one chamber, 491 135,574 1859 *Saxe-Coburg & Gotha," Lim. sov.; one chamb. for each duchy,

153,379 1859 *Saxe-Mein.-Hildburgh.“ Limited sovereignty; one chamber,

968 168,816 1858 *Saxe-Weim.-Eisenach,"

1,403
267,112

1859 *Schwarzburg-Rudolst., Pr.

4051 70,030 1859 *Schwarzburg-Sondersh., “

358 62,974 1859 Sicilies, The Two, Kingdom, Absolute monarchy,

41,521 8,703,130 1856 Spain,

Limited monarchy; with a legislature, 176,480 15,454,514 1857 Sweden,

1855

$ 170,715 3,639,332 Norway, Limited monarchy; with a legislature,

121,725 1,490,047 1855 Switzerland, Republic, Confederation of republics; a diet, 15,261 2,391,478 1850 Il Turkey (in Europe), Emp. Absolute monarchy,

189,920 16,440,000 1845 *Waldeck, Principality, Limited sovereignty; one chamber,

455 57,550

1858 *Wurtemberg, Kingdom, Limited monarchy; two chambers, 7,568 1,690,898 1858

Total,

3,765,522 275,806,741| * Member of the Confederation of Germany.

+ The enumeration is that of 1857. The population enumerated is that of the Austrian territory as left by the peace of Zurich. I Since the separation of the Romagna.

Including Poland (4,696,919) and Finland (1,632,977). || Including Wallachia, Moldavia, and Servia, containing respectively 1,800,000, 1,200,000, and 1,100,000 inhabitants. Including Turkey in Asia and African possessions, the population in 1844 was 36,600,000.

a Exclusive of Iceland, with a population in 1855 of 64,603, and an area of 40,000 square miles, and other colonies with a population of 55,680, but including the Duchies of Schleswig, Holstein, and Lauenburg.

6 Exclusive of the colonies (including Algeria), with a population (in 1858) of 3,641,226. c The colonies and dependencies of Great Britain have, besides, a population stated at 192,493,939 ; those of Holland, 17,692,634 ; of Portugal, 2,759,412; and of Spain, 4,528,633.

790

65

GREAT BRITAIN. POPULATION OF THE BRITISH COLONIES, ACCORDING TO

PUBLISHED RETURNS.

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NORTH AMERICA.
Canada,

1852
Not distinguished.

949,034 893,231
New Brunswick,
1851

99,526 94,274 Nova Scotia, 1851

137,677

138,440 Prince Edward's Isl., 1857

36,131 35,365 Newfoundland, 1857

64.269 58,370 Bermuda,

1851 1,865

2,704 2,822 3,591 4,687 6,295 Honduras,

1858
Not distinguished.

(19,000)
WEST INDIES.
Bahamas,
1854 2,722 2,777 11,025 11,095

13,747 13,872 Turk's Islands,

Not distinguishe d.

1,596 1.654 Jamaica,

1844 9,289 6,487 172,344 189,313 181,633 195,800 Virgin Islands, 1859

(201)
(5,8 52)

2,804 3,249 St. Christopher, 1855

Not distinguishe d.

9,525 11,216 Nevis, 1844

4,418 5,153 Antigua, 1856 (2,172)

(33, 236)

16,624 18,784 Montserrat,

1856
Not distinguishe d.

3.149

3,894 Dominica,

1855

430 417 11,501 12,786 11,931 13,299 St. Lucia,

1858 323 393 12,067 13,267 12,390 13,660 St. Vincent,

1857
Not distinguished.

13 957 16,171 Barbadoes,

1851
(15, 824)
(120, 115)

62,272 73,667 Grenada,

1851
Not distinguished.

15,713 16,958
Tobago,
1858 110 50 6,839

7,379 6,949 7,429 Trinidad,

1851
Not distinguished.

35,631 32,969
British Guiana,
1851 (11,558) (116, 137)

67,267 60,428 Falkland Islands, 1858

320 251*
AUSTRALIA.
New South Wales,

1858
Not distinguished.

19937

142,525 Victoria, 1858

323.576 180,9437 South Australia, 1858

60,723 57,942 Western Australia, 1858

9,930

4,846 Tasmania, 1857

45,916 34,8861

Aborigines. New Zealand, 1858

31.667 24,303 66,722 50,472 Hong Kong,

1858 1,164 -298 55,074 18,967 56,238 19,265 Labuan,

1858

22

3 870 268 892 271 Ceylon,

1858 4,210 2,482 904,919 821,721 909,129 824,2035 Mauritius,

1858

Gener'l pop'lat's, Indian in migr'nts. 349,779 46,050

81,512 107,072 35,462

156,851 Natal, 1857 4,288 3,824 (112.906)

(121, 068) Cape of Good Hope, 1856 (102, 156) (129,167)

(267 096)|| St. Helena, 1858

2,973 2,517 Gold Coast, 1851 (21)

(151, 325)

(151, 346) Sierra Leone,

Exclusive of the Assia country.
1858
82 25

19,660 118,551 19,472 18,576
Gambia,
1851 177 14

2,996 2,506 3,173 2,520 Gibraltar, 1856

(17,750) Malta (including 1858

70,997 69,954 military),

Aliens & strangers.

Na tives. Ionian Islands,

1858

(8,4 41) 118,907| 102,388 (229,1736) Area and Population in the Year 1859. T

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EAST INDIES.

British States.

Other States.

Total.

Area in square miles,

851,038

625,278 1,476,316 Population,

135,442,911 50,465,366 185,908,277 * Besides 50 aliens and resident strangers, whose sex is not distinguished. + Inclusive of 250,320 Chinese, namely, 147,364 men, 24,374 women, and 33,582 children.

Total on the 31st December, 1858, 84,800. $ Besides 26,196 aliens and strangers.

Inclusive of 10,584 aliens, and 25,189 various, Malays, heathens, &c.

# for the Other

States."

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