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laws and certain one of said United States, into or through the jurisdiction of which said regulations. vessel or vehicle may pass, or to which it is destined, or except in the R. S., § 47924796. manner and subject to the regulations to be prescribed as hereinafter 1879, June 2, ch. provided.
Consuls to report vessels leaving infected ports. 1879, June 2, ch. 11, § 9.
SEC. 2. That whenever any infectious or contagious disease shall appear in any foreign port or country, and whenever any vessel shall leave any infected foreign port, or, having on board goods or passengers coming from any place or district infected with cholera or yellow fever, shall leave any foreign port, bound for any port in the United States, the consular officer, or other representative of the United States at or nearest such foreign port shall immediately give information thereof to the Supervising Surgeon-General of the Marine Hospital Service, and shall report to him the name, the date of departure, and the port of destination of such vessel;
And shall also make the same report to the health officer of the port of destination in the United States, and the consular officers of the United States shall make weekly reports to him of the sanitary condition of the ports at which they are respectively stationed;
Surgeon-general And the said Surgeon-General of the Marine-Hospital Service shall, of marine hospital under the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, be charged with service to execute the execution of the provisions of this act, and shall frame all needful 1879, June 2, ch. rules and regulations for that purpose, which rules and regulations, shall be subject to the approval of the President, but such rules and regulations shall not conflict with or impair any sanitary or quarantine laws or regulations of any State or municipal authorities now existing or which may hereafter be enacted.
11, § 9.
Marine hospital and customs offi
cers to enforce quarantine laws.
SEC. 3. That it shall be the duty of the medical-officers of the MarineHospital Service and of customs-officers to aid in the enforcement of the national quarantine rules and regulations established under the preceding section; but no additional compensation shall be allowed said officers by reason of such services as they may be required to perform under this act, except actual and necessary traveling expenses.
SEC. 4. That the Surgeon-General of the Marine-Hospital Service of marine hospitals shall, upon receipt of information of the departure of any vessel, goods, to notify collectors and to transmit or passengers from infected places to any port in the United States, imweekly abstracts mediately notify the proper State or municipal and United States officer of sanitary re- or officers at the threatened port of destination of the vessel, and shall ports to certain prepare and transmit to the medical officer of the Marine Hospital Servofficers. ice, to collectors of customs, and to the State and municipal health authorities in the United States, weekly abstracts of the consular sanitary reports and other pertinent information received by him.
Officers of State
SEC. 5. That wherever, at any port of the United States, any State quarantine system or municipal quarantine system may now, or may hereafter exist, the may act as officers officers or agents of such system shall, upon the application of the respectof national system, ive State or municipal authorities, be authorized and empowered to act when, &c. as officers or agents of the national quarantine system, and shall be clothed with all the powers of United States officers for quarantine purposes, but shall receive no pay or emoluments from the United States. At all other ports where, in the opinion of the Secretary of the Treasformed by officers ury, it shall be deemed necessary to establish quarantine, the medical of marine hospital officers or other agents of the Marine-Hospital Service shall perform R. S., §§ 4801- such duties in the enforcement of the quarantine rules and regulations as may be assigned them by the Surgeon-General of that service under this act:
Duties to be per
State laws not to be interfered with. R. S., § 4792. Repeal.
Provided, That there shall be no interference in any manner with any quarantine laws or regulations as they now exist or may hereafter be adopted under State laws.
SEC. 6. That all acts or parts of acts inconsistent with this act be, and the same are hereby, repealed. [April 29, 1878.]
AN ACT TO PREVENT THE SALE OF POLICY OR LOTTERY TICKETS IN THE DISTRICT OF
1. Policy-lottery or policy-shop in District of 2. Permitting house to be used for policy-lottery Columbia, and sale of tickets, &c., prohib
Be it enacted, &c.
April 29, 1878. 20 Stat. L., 39.
[SECTION 1], That if any person shall, within the District of Colum- Policy-lottery or bia, keep, set up, or promote, or be concerned as owner, agent, clerk, or policy-shop in Disin any other manner, in managing any policy-lottery or policy-shop, or and sale of tickets, shall sell or transfer any ticket, certificate, bill, token, or other device &c., prohibited. purporting or intended to guarantee or assure to any person, or entitle him to a chance of drawing or obtaining a prize, or share of, or interest in, any prize to be drawn in any lottery, or in the game or device commonly known as policy-lottery or policy; or shall, for himself or another person, sell or transfer, or have in his possession, for the purpose of sale or transfer, or shall aid in selling, exchanging, negotiating, or transferring a chance or ticket in, or share of a ticket in, any policy-lottery, or any such bill, certificate, token, or other device, he shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof, shall forfeit and pay a fine of not more than five hundred dollars, or be imprisoned in the District jail not less than two months or more than one year or both in the discretion of the court.
SEC. 2. That if any person shall knowingly permit in any house under Permitting his control, in the District of Columbia, the sale of any chance or ticket house to be used in, or share of a ticket in, any lottery or policy-lottery, or shall know- for policy-lottery prohibited. ingly permit any lottery or policy-lottery or policy shop in such house, he shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than fifty dollars or more than five hundred dollars, or be imprisoned in the District jail not less than two months or more than one year, or both, in the discretion of the court. [April 29, 1878.]
AN ACT PROVIDING FOR THE RECORDING OF DEEDS, MORTGAGES, AND OTHER CONVEY-
1. Deeds, &c., in District of Columbia to take effect on delivery to recorder as against purchasers, &c., without notice.
Be it enacted, &c.
April 29, 1878.
20 Stat. L., 39.
to take effect on
[SECTION 1], That sections four hundred and forty-six and four hundred Deeds, &c., in and forty seven of the Revised Statutes relating to the District of Co- District Columbia lumbia, passed at the first session of the Forty-third Congress, eighteen delivery to recordhundred and seventy-three and eighteen hundred and seventy-four, be, er, as against purand the same hereby are, repealed, and there is enacted in lieu thereof chasers, &c., withthe following: out notice; repealing and substitute
All deeds, deeds of trust, mortgages, conveyances, covenants, agree- for ments, or any instrument of writing which by law is entitled to be re- R. S., vol. 2 Dist. corded in the office of the recorder of deeds, shall take effect and be valid, Col., §§ 446, 447. as to creditors and as to subsequent purchasers for valuable consideration without notice, from the time when such deed, deed of trust, mortgage, conveyance, covenant, agreement, or instrument in writing shall, after having been acknowledged, proved, or certified, as the case may be, be delivered to the recorder of deeds for record, and from that time only;
Recorder to note And the recorder of deeds shall note on each deed or other instruon deeds, &c., day ment of writing required by law to be recorded, the day and hour of delivery of the same to him to be recorded.
and hour of delivery.
Deeds already SEC. 2. That this act shall not be so construed as to affect any deed recorded not af- or other instrument of writing heretofore recorded. [April 29, 1878.]
April 30, 1878. 20 Stat. L., 40.
AN ACT AUTHORIZING THE ISSUE OF PASSPORTS FREE TO COLORED CITIZENS GOING
Passports for colored citizens going to Brazil for certain purposes to be issued free of charge.
Passports for col- Be it enacted, &c., That the Secretary of State be, and he is hereby ored citizens going directed to issue passports, free of charges and fees therefor, to any to Brazil for cer- colored citizens of the United States who may wish to go to Brazil to tain purposes to be issued free of engage in work upon the Madera and Mamore Railway, and to that charge. extent the provisions of section four thousand and seventy-five of the Revised Statutes are suspended. [April 30, 1878.]
R. S., § 4075. 1874, June 20, ch. 328, par. 7.
April 30, 1878.
20 Stat. L., 46.
AN ACT AUTHORIZING THE SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY TO EMPLOY TEMPORARY
[Par. 1.] Provided, That all moneys heretofore, and that shall heredepredations on atter be, collected for depredations upon the public lands shall be covlands to be covered into the Treasury of the United States as other moneys received ered into Treasury. from the sale of public lands:
R. S., §§ 2461,
4751. 1878, June 3, ch. 150, § 1. 1878, June 3, ch. 151, §§ 4,5.
Timber cut on [Par. 2.] And provided, further, That if any timber cut on the public public lands ex- lands shall be exported from the Territories of the United States, it tories liable to seiz- shall be liable to seizure by United States authority wherever found.
ported from Terri
[April 30, 1878.]
April 30, 1878.
20 Stat. L., 524.
AN ACT FOR THE ALLOWANCE OF CERTAIN CLAIMS REPORTED BY THE ACCOUNTING
Certain claims not to be allowed where more is fraudulently claimed than is justly due.
SEC. 2. No claim shall hereafter be allowed by the accounting-officers, not to be allowed under the provisions of the act of congress, approved June sixteenth, where more is eighteen hundred and seventy-four, or by the Court of Claims, or by fraudulently claimed than is Congress, to any person, where such claimant, or those under whom he claims, shall willfully, knowingly, and with intent to defraud the United States, have claimed more than was justly due in respect of such claim, or presented any false evidence to Congress, or to any department or court, in support thereof. [April 30, 1878.]
AN ACT TO PROVIDE FOR THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE OATH OF OFFICE TO COL-
Alaska; oaths of customs officers in; before whom may be taken.
Be it enacted, &c., That until the formal organization of the Territory of Alaska, the oath of office required by law to be taken by a collector or other officer of the customs in Alaska may be taken before the judge of any circuit or district court of the United States. [May 2, 1878.]
May 2, 1878.
20 Stat. L., 47.
Alaska; oath of customs officers in; be taken. before whom may
R. S., §§ 2591, 2592, 2617, 2618.
AN ACT TO PROHIBIT THE COINAGE OF THE TWENTY CENT PIECE OF SILVER.
Be it enacted, &c., That from, and after the passage of this act, the coinage of the twenty cent piece of silver, by the Government of the United States be, and the same is hereby prohibited. And all laws in conflict with this act are hereby repealed. [May 2, 1878.]
May 2, 1878.
20 Stat. L., 47.
Coinage of twenty-cent piece prohibited.
R. S., § 3513. 1875, ch. 143.
AN ACT TO EXTEND THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION THIRTY-TWO HUNDRED AND NINETY-
May 3, 1878. 20 Stat. L., 48.
may be withdrawn
Be it enacted, &c., That the Secretary of the Treasury, be and is hereby Alcohol in bond authorized to grant permits, as provided for in section thirty-two hun- for scientific purdred and ninety-seven of the Revised Statutes of the United States poses without paypassed at the first session of the Forty-third Congress, to any scientific ment of tax by ceruniversity, or college of learning created and constituted such by any tain institutions, State or Territory under its laws, though not incorporated or chartered, though not incorporated. upon the same terms and subject to the same restrictions and penalties, R. S., § 3297. already provided by said section thirty-two hundred and ninety-seven: Provided further, That the bond required thereby may be executed by any officer of such university or college, or by any other person for it, signed. and on its behalf, with two good and sufficient sureties, upon like conditions, and to be approved as by said section is provided. [May 3, 1878.]
AN ACT MAKING APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE NAVAL SERVICE FOR THE YEAR ENDING
May 4, 1878.
20 Stat. L., 50, 51.
Secretaries or Vice-Admiral, and commanders of
[Par. 1.] That on and after the first day of July, eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, there shall be no appointments made from civil life clerks to Admiral, of secretaries or clerks to the Admiral, or Vice-Admiral, when on sea service, commanders of squadrons, or of clerks to commanders of vessels; vessels, &c., not to
be appointed from civil life; how detailed from Navy. R. S., § 1556, 2d ed., p. 267.
And an officer not above the grade of lieutenant shall be detailed to perform the duties of secretary to the Admiral or Vice-Admiral, when on sea service, and one not above the grade of master to perform the duties of clerk to a rear-admiral or commander, and one not above the grade of ensign to perform the duties of clerk to a captain, commander, or lieutenant-commander when afloat:
Provided, That the secretaries and clerks in service on the first day of July, eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, on vessels abroad, shall continue as such until such vessel shall return to the United States on the termination of its cruise.
[Par. 2.] That all charts hereafter furnished to mariners or others not persons not in gov- in the government service shall be paid for at the cost price of paper be paid for at cost. and printing paid by the government.
ernment service to
K. S., §§ 226, 432. 1879, ch. 68.
AN ACT TO ALTER AND AMEND THE ACT ENTITLED "AN ACT TO AID IN THE CON-
Whereas, on the first day of July, anno Domini eighteen hundred and sixty-two, Congress passed an act entitled "An act to aid in the construction of a railroad and telegraph line from the Missouri River to the Pacific Ocean, and to secure to the Government the use of the same for postal, military, and other purposes"; and
Whereas afterward, on the second day of July, anno Domini eighteen hundred and sixty four, Congress passed an act in amendment of said firstmentioned act; and
Whereas the Union Pacific Railroad Company, named in said acts, and under the authority thereof, undertook to construct a railway, after the passage thereof, over some part of the line mentioned in said acts; and
Whereas, under the authority of the said two acts, the Central Pacific Railroad Company of California, a corporation existing under the laws of the State of California, undertook to construct a railway, after the passage of said acts, over some part of the line mentioned in said acts; and
Whereas the United States, upon demand of said Central Pacific Railroad Company, have heretofore issued, by way of loan and as provided in said acts, to and for the benefit of said company, in aid of the purposes named in said acts, the bonds of the United States, payable in thirty years from the date thereof, with interest at six per centum per annum, payable half yearly, to the amount of twenty-five million eight hundred and eightyfive thousand one hundred and twenty dollars, which said bonds have been sold in the market or otherwise disposed of by said company; and