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LIST OF PUBLIC DOCUMENTS.
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STATE INSTITUTIONS AND BOARDS OF CONTROL.
EASTERN STATE PENITENTIARY, PHILADELPHIA.
Board of Inspectors.
President-E. J. Lafferty, 4925 North Thirteenth Street, Philadelphia.
Warden-Robert J. McKenty.
The Eastern State Penitentiary located at Philadelphia was established by Act of March 20, 1821, P. L. 94; opened for inmates October 25, 1829; cost of building to June 1, 1922, $1,134,665.19; number of prisoners, June 1, 1922, 1,741-males, 1,681 ; females, 60; expended for maintenance in 1921, $308,537.35; earnings by prisoners' labor in 1921, $21,153.01; total number of officers and instructors, 138.
The institution is run on the principle of the separate confinement of the prisoners. The Government is vested in a board of five inspectors appointed by the Governor.
The counties comprising the Eastern District from which convicts are sentenced to the Eastern State Penitentiary, are as follows, viz: Adams, Berks, Bradford, Bucks, Carbon, Chester, Columbia, Cumberland, Dauphin, Delaware, Franklin, Lackawanna, Lancaster, Lebanon, Lehigh, Luzerne, Lycoming, Monroe, Montgomery, Montour, Northampton, Northumberland, Perry, Pike, Schuylkill, Snyder, Sullivan, Susquehanna, Tioga, Union, Wayne, Wyoming, York and Philadelphia.
WESTERN PENITENTIARY OF PENNSYLVANIA, PITTSBURGH, ALLEGHENY COUNTY.
Board of Inspectors.
County-John Francies, Rockview, Centre County.
The Western Penitentiary of Pennsylvania was first erected on public land adjoining the town of Allegheny, as authorized by Act of Assembly, approved March 3, 1818, P. L. 138; opened for reception of prisoners in 1826; authorized to be removed to new location in Ninth ward, Allegheny, by Act approved June 12, 1878, P. L. 210; new buildings were commenced the same year. In 1885 the old buildings were torn down and the ground turned over to the City of Allegheny, by authority of Act approved June 22, 1893, P. L. 139; cost of buildings to June 1, 1922, including labor of prisoners, $1,610,160.26; expended for maintenance in 1921, $398,901.65, being the total for Pittsburgh and Rockview; earnings by prisoners' labor and miscellaneous income in 1921, $90,397.14; number of pris. oners June 1, 1922, 1,842—males, 554 at Rockview and 1,288 males at Pittsburgh ; females at Pittsburgh, none; total number of officers and instructors, 160, including Rockview. The government of the institution is vested in a board of five inspectors, all residents of Allegheny County, appointed by the Governor.
The Western district is composed of the following counties, viz: Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Butler, Bedford, Blair, Crawford, Clarion, Cambria, Clearfield, Cameron, Centre, Clinton, Erie, Elk, Fayette, Forest, Fulton, Greene, Huntingdon, Indiana, Jefferson, Juniata, Lawrence, Mercer, MiMin, McKean, Potter, Somerset, Venango, Westmoreland, Washington and Warren.
By Act of March 30, 1911, P. L. 32, the Board of Inspectors of the Western Penitentiary was authorized to select a tract of land in the western part of the State of not less than fifteen hundred acres in a rural district so that the prisoners may be provided with useful employment in tilling the soil, or otherwise, and have constructed thereon suitable buildings of modern design for a new Western Penitentiary; the plans and specifications shall be so drawn as to provide for buildings which, with the cost of the said tract of land and other improvements thereon, shall not exceed a total expenditure of $1,250,000; the Legislature of 1911 appropriated $300,000 to commence this work the Legislature of 1913 made an additional appropriation of $350,000, the Legislature of 1915, $300,000, and the Legislature of 1919, $500,000. Upon the completion of the new penitentiary, which is located at Rockview, Centre County, the present penitentiary, including site and buildings, shall be sold and the purchase money therefor paid into the treasury of the Commonwealth.
NEW WESTERN PENITENTIARY OF PENNSYLVANIA, ROCKVIEW, CENTRE COUNTY.
Board of Inspectors.
Superintendent of Construction-John Francies, Rockview, Centre County,
The New Western Penitentiary of Pennsylvania was authorized by an Act approved June 14, 1915, P. L. 972. The Act provides that upon the completion of this institution the inmates of the Eastern and Western State Penitentiaries shall be transferred to this institution, which shall then be known as the Pennsylvania State Penitentiary, and the inspectors of the Eastern and Western State Penitentiaries, as then constituted, shall thereupon become the board of inspectors of the New Penitentiary.
The site selected for the erection of the New Penitentiary is situated at Rockview, in Benner Township, Centre County, six miles southwest of Bellefonte, and an equal distance northwest of State College, on the Bellefonte, Nittany and Lemont Division of the Pennsylvania Railroad. The tract contains 6,298 acres, 5,362 of which were purchased outright from the owners, and 936 acres were obtained from the State Forest Reservation. The tract is almost in the exact geographical center of the State, and ideally adapted to agriculture; 3,000 acres of the land are tillable, while the remainder of it is extensively timbered.
Under the Act of June 19, 1913, P. L. 528, all persons convicted of murder of the first degree are sentenced to suffer death by electrocution, and the warden or deputy warden of the Western State Penitentiary, or some person designated by the warden, is delegated to carry out the provisions of the Act. The Legislature of 1913, appropriated $50,000 to the Board of Inspectors for commencing and, if possible, completing the erection of an electrocution building, also the purchase of such apparatus, machinery and appliances and their installation upon the grounds of the new pentitentiary as may be deemed necessary. This building was completed in January, 1915, and on February 8, 1915, the first execution took place therein.
The cost of building to June 1, 1922, including labor of prisoners, $2,004,801,04; expended for maintenance in 1921, $398,901.65, being the total amount for Pittsburgh and Rockview; number of prisoners, June 1, 1922, 1,842—males, 554 at Rockview, and 1.288 at Pittsburgh ; females at Pittsburgh, none; number of officers and instructors, 160, including Pittsburgh.
PENNSYLVANIA INDUSTRIAL REFORMATORY, HUNTINGDON, HUNTINGDON COUNTY.
Board of Managers.
Treasurer_0. H. Irwin, Huntingdon, Huntingdon County.
The Pennsylvania Industrial Reformatory, located at Huntingdon, was created under the Act of June 12, 1878, P. L. 179, as the Middle Penitentiary, and was to have been operated on the solitary confinement principle, but by Act of June 8, 1881, P. L. 63, and a subsequent Act of April 28, 1887, P. L. 63, the aim and purpose of the institution was changed to an "Industrial Reformatory,” for young male first offenders between the ages of fifteen and twenty-five. The completed institution was turned over to the State by the building commissioners on May 15, 1888. The institution was opened for the reception of inmates February 15, 1889. The total cost of grounds and buildings to date has been $1,157,891. There are four wards, containing in all 804 cells. Number of inmates June 1, 1922, 802; expended for maintenance year ending May 31, 1922, $118,195.22; total number of officers and instructors, 115.
Instruction is given the inmates, in compliance with the law governing the institution, in a number of trades, in connection with which the educational feature forms a prominent part of the work of the Reformatory. The schools are graded, and every inmate is obliged to attend.
Persons sentenced to the Reformatory are given a general sentence with no fixed term of imprisonment and are released only when it appears to the board of managers that there is a strong or reasonable probability that they will live and remain at liberty without violating the law, such conclusions to be reached by the keeping of a uniform system of marks in which each prisoner shall be credited for good personal demeanor, diligence in labor and study, and for results accomplished, and be charged for derelictions, negligence and offenses, but they cannot be imprisoned for a longer time than the maximum term fixed by law for the crime of which convicted, except in cases where they have violated their parole.
The parole system is in operation, whereby after having complied with the rules governing the institution, and earned good records for conduct, labor and advancement in schools, the inmates may be paroled, provided they have previosuly obtained employment with some responsible person, who will agree to give them steady work for at least six months after they obtain their release on parole, during which time they are still subject to the custody of the board of managers, and may be arrested and returned for any violation of their parole.
A parole is not granted until after the inmate has been confined for about thirteen (13) months with a good record, but where the offense for which he was convicted is of a serious grade of crime he may be held for a still longer time.
At the expiration of the parole period, if served in a satisfactory manner, the board of managers requests the judge who sentenced the inmate to the Reformatery to grant him his final discharge, which, when granted, releases him from further custody.
The management of the Reformatory is vested in a board of five managers appointed by the Governor, with the advice and consent of the Senate, one member being appointed every two years for a term of ten years.
The contract system of labor is forbidden in the Institution. The inmates are employed by the Commonwealth under the direction of the Department of Public Welfare, created under the Act approved May 25, 1921, P. L. 1144, authorizing this department to employ the labor of the inmates for the purpose of manufacture and production of supplies for the State prisons, or for the Commonwealth, cr for any county, city, borough or township thereof, or any state institution, or any educational or charitable institutions receiving aid from the Commonwealth, or for the purpose of industrial training or instruction, or in the production of supplies for State roads,--the automobile tags issued by the State Highway Department are manufactured at the Reformatory under the direction of the Public Welfare Department.
PENNSYLVANIA TRAINING SCHOOL, MORGANZA, WASHINGTON COUNTY.
Board of Managers. President-John S. Robb, Jr., Carnegie, Allegheny County. Vice-President-Edward McDonald, McDonald, Washington County. Secretary-Charles W. Houston, 7225 Meade Street, Pittsburgh, Allegheny County.