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Name.

XVIII. THEOLOGICAL SCHOOLS.

Place.

Cambridge, Mass., New Haven, Conn., Princeton, N. J., Carlisle, Pa., Williamsburg, Va., Charlottesville, Va., Chapel Hill, N. C., Tuscaloosa, Ala., Lexington, Ky., Louisville, Ky., Lebanon, Tenn., Cincinnati, Ohio, Bloomington, Ind.,

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Baptist,
Lutheran,
Ass. Ref. Ch.,
Dutch Ref.,
Presbyterian,
Evang. Luth
Germ. Ref. Ch.

Commenced

Operation. co No. Professors.

37 202 7,000

66

2,000 69 4,300 2,000

66
66

23
36
871,006 21,259
23 238 3,000
33 201 5,500
52 596 900
17

Bangor Theological Seminary, Bangor, Me. Congregation., 1816 3 Meth. Gen. Bib. Institute, Concord, N. H. Methodist. 1847 3 40 Gilmanton Theol. Seminary, Gilmanton, Congregation., 1835 3 N. Hampton Theol. Seminary, New Hampton," Baptist, 1825 2 Theological Seminary, Andover, Mass. Congregation., 1807 6 Divinity School, Harv. Univ., Cambridge, Cong. Unit., 1816 2 Theological Institution, Newton, Baptist, 1825 3 Theol. Dep. Yale College, New Haven, Conn. Congregation., 1822 4 Theol. Inst. of Connecticut, East Windsor, " 1834 3 151 5,000 Theol. Inst. Episc. Church, New York, N. Y. Prot. Episcop., 1817 5 64 336 10,000 Union Theological Seminary, Presbyterian, 1836 5 106 211 18,000 Theol. Sem. of Auburn, 1821 4 30 580 6,000 Hamilton Lit. and Theol. Inst., Hamilton, 1820 4 32 133 4,000 1816 2 5 52 1,250 1836 1 11 143 3,200 1784 3 36 179 1812 5 1826 2 1825 2 Presbyterian, 1828 2

66

66

""

66

Auburn,

""

""

Hartwick,

(6

Hartwick Seminary,
Theol. Sem. Ass. Ref. Church, Newburg,
Th. Sem. Dutch Ref. Church, N.Brunswick,N.J.

66

66 ""

66

Asso. Church,

1792 2 1828 3

""

Asso. Ref.,

""

Princeton,
Gettysburg, Pa.
Mercersburg,
Alleghany T.,
Canonsburg,
Pittsburg,
Meadville,
Philadelphia,
Fairfax Co., Va.
Prince Ed. Co., "
Richmond,
Columbia,
Lexington,

"(

Theol. Sem. Presbyt. Church,
Seminary, Lutheran Church,
German Reformed,
Western Theol. Seminary,
Theological School,
Theological Seminary,
Western Theological School,
Theological Seminary,
Episc. Theol. School of Va.,
Union Theological Seminary,
Virginia Baptist Seminary,
Southern Theol. Seminary,
Theological Seminary,
Furman Theological Seminary, Fairfield Dist.,
Mercer Theological Seminary, Penfield,
Howard Theol. Institution, Marion, Ala.
Western Bap. Theol. Institut., Covington, Ky.
Southwest Theol. Seminary, Maryville,
Lane Seminary,
Cincinnati,
Theol. Dep. Kenyon College, Gambier,
Theol. Dep. Wes. Res. College, Hudson,
Granville Theol. Department, Granville,
Oberlin Theol. Department, Oberlin,
Theol. Sem. Ass. Ref. Church, Oxford,
Indiana Theological Seminary, S. Hanover,
Alton Theological Seminary, Upper Alton, Ill. Baptist,

Cong. Unit., 1844 4
Ref. Presbyt.,
3
Prot. Episcop., 1822 4
Presbyterian, 1824 3
Baptist,
1832 3
S. C. Presbyterian, 1831 3
Lutheran,
1835 2
Baptist, 1826 2

""

66

""

Ga.

66

"C

1833 3 1843 2 1840 4

"C

XIX. LAW SCHOOLS.

Tenn. Presbyterian, 1821 2
Ohio,

66

1829 3

66

"C

((

Prot. Episcop., 1828 4
Presbyterian, 1830 3
Baptist, 1832 2
Congregation., 1834 3
Asso. Ref.,
1839 1
Ind. Presbyterian,

66

""

1835

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Students near
1849-50.

Number
educated.

2

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1531,626 11,000 26 200 9,000 18 121 6,000 48 252 6,000 33 147 2,000

35

85 1,500

40 9 8,000

13

38 229 5,000 20 175 4,000

1,000

24 124 4,500 10 20 1,800

30 1,000

1,000 1,000

9 2,000 90 6,000 36 257 10,500 30 4,500

22

43

80 500 250

20 124

31 1,500

Professors. Students.

Volumes in Library.

98

33

8

9

32
72

10

75

50

56

25

29

Name.

XX. MEDICAL SCHOOLS.

Millard Fillmore, Wm. R. King, Daniel Webster, Thomas Corwin, Charles M. Conrad, Wm. A. Graham,

Place.

Maine Medical School,
N. H. Medical School,
Castleton Medical College,
Vermont Medical College,
Medical School, Harv. Univ.,
Berkshire Medical School,
Medical Inst. Yale College,
Coll. Phys. & Surg., N. Y.,
Med. Inst. Geneva Coll.,
Med. Faculty, Univ. N. Y.,
Albany Medical College,
Med. Dep. Univ. Penn.,
Jefferson Medical College,
Med. Dep. Penn. College,
Philadelphia Coll. of Med.,
Med. School, Univ. Md.,
Washington Med. College,
Med. School, Columb. Coll.,
Med. School, Univ. Va.,
Richmond Med. College,
Winchester Med. College,
Med. Coll. State of S. C.,
Med. College of Georgia,
Med. College of Louisiana,
Memphis Medical College,
Med. Dep. Transylv. Univ.,
Med. Dep. Univ. Louisville,
West'n Reserve Med. Coll.,
Medical College of Ohio,
Indiana Medical College,
Indiana Central Med. College, Indianapolis,
Rush Medical College,
Chicago, Ill.
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor,
Med. Dep. of St. Louis Univ., St. Louis, Mo. 1836
Med. Dep. of Missouri Univ., Columbia,

1849

66

Brunswick Me.
Hanover, N.H.
Castleton, Vt.
Woodstock. Vt.
Cambridge, Ms.
Pittsfield,
N. Haven, Ct.
N. York, N.Y.
Geneva,

66

66
""

66

N. York, Albany, Philadel., Pa.

66

66

66

Founded.

5

1820 1797 7 1818

7

1835 1782

1823

1810

1807

1835

Wm. R. King, Vice-President,
Roger B. Taney, Chief Justice United States,
W. W. Seaton, Mayor of Washington,
James A. Pearce, U. S. Senator,
James M. Mason, "
Henry W. Hilliard, U. S. Representative,
Wm. F. Colcock, 66

66

66

Executive Committee.

W. W. Seaton,
A. Dallas Bache,
James A. Pearce,

1837

1839

66

66

(6

Baltimore, Md. 1807

66

66

1765

1824

1839

1827

Washington, 1825 6
Charlottesville, 1825
Richmond, Va. 1838
Winchester, "
Charleston, S.C. 1833
Augusta, Ga.
N. Orleans, La.
Memphis, Ten.
Lexington, Ky.
Louisville, "
Cleveland, Oh.
Cincinnati, "
Laporte, Ind.

1830
1835

1818 1837

1844

1819

Prof. Stu.

74

52

1849 1842

1840

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3

BOARD OF REGENTS.

104

90

Lectures commence.

596 February 15th.
758 1st or 2d Th. in Aug.
555 4th Thurs. in Aug.
332 1st Th. in March.
575 1st Wed. in Nov.
473 1st Th. in Sept.

117

103

41

219

60

421

864 7wks af. last Th.Jul. 852 1st Mon. in Nov. 98 1st Tues. in Oct. 597 Last Mon. in Oct. 114 58 1st Tues. in Oct. 433 5,130 1st Mon. in Nov. 516 1,809 1st Mon. in Nov. 106 36 October 14.

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100

OFFICERS.

WM. R. KING, Chancellor.

115 124 2d Mon. in Nov. 3d Mon. in Nov.

256

214 1,351 376 53

1st Mon. in Nov.
1st Mon. in Nov.
1st Wed. in Nov.

130 331 1st Mon. in Nov.

19 1st Mon. in Nov.
10 October 28th, 1850.
16 1st Mon. in Nov.
September 12.

63 October 15th.
1st Mon. in Nov.

Grad uates.

112

220

92

XXI. SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTE.

CORPORATION, ex officio.

909 October 31st.

1st Mon. in Nov. 81 1st Mon. in Nov. 1st Mon. in Oct. 14 1st Mon. in Nov. 1st Mon. in Oct. 2d Mon. in Nov.

355

Nathan K. Hall,
J. J. Crittenden,
Roger B. Taney,
Thomas Ewbank,
William W. Seaton.

Joseph Henry, LL. D., Secretary.
Spencer F. Baird, Assistant Secretary.
Charles C. Jewett, Librarian.

Graham N. Fitch, U. S. Representative,
Rufus Choate, Mass.,
Gideon Hawley, N. Y.,

Richard Rush, Penn.,
William C. Preston, S. C.,

A. Dallas Bache, Members of
Joseph G. Totten, Nat. Inst.

Building Committee. Joseph G. Totten, W. W. Seaton.

Roman Catholics,
Protestant Episcopalians,
Presbyterians, Old School,
Presbyterians, New School,
Cumberland Presbyterians,
Other classes of Presbyterians,
Dutch Reformed,
German Reformed,

Evangelical Lutherans,

Moravians,

Methodist Episcopal,

Methodist Protestant Church,

Reformed Methodists,

XXII. RELIGIOUS DENOMINATIONS.

According to returns made 1844 -50, and by Estimate.

Names.

Churches. Ministers.

1,073

1,081

1,232

1,497

2,512

1,860

1,651

1,551

480

350

530

293

282

299

261

273

1,604

663

22

24

Wesleyan Methodists,

German Methodists (United Brethren),
Allbright Methodists (Evangel. Associa❜n),

Mennonites,

Orthodox Congregationalists,
Unitarian Congregationalists,
Universalists,

Swedenborgians,
Regular Baptists,
Six-Principle Baptists,
Seventh-Day Baptists,
Free Will Baptists,
Church-of-God Baptists,
Reformed Baptists (Campbellites),
Christian Baptists (Unitarians),
Anti-Mission Baptists,

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Seats of
Government.

Iowa,
Wisconsin,
California,

Providence,
Newport,
Hartf'd & N. Hav.,
Albany,
Trenton,

Dover,
Annapolis,
Richmond,
Raleigh,
Columbia,
Milledgeville,
Tallahassee,
Montgomery,
Jackson,
Baton Rouge,
Austin,

Little Rock,

Nashville,
Frankfort,

Columbus,
Indianapolis,
Springfield,
Jefferson City,

Lansing,
Iowa City,
Madison,
San José,

1,800

600

400

1,971

245

1,194

42 8,406

21

52

1,252
97
1,848
607

2,035

Times of Holding
Elections.

5,042

740

75

600

500

250

250

XXIII. Table exhibiting the Seats of Government, the Times of the Election of State Officers, and the Meeting of the Legislatures, of the several States.

States.

2d Monday in September,
2d Tuesday in March,
1st Tuesday in September,
2d Monday in November,
1st Wednesday in April,
1st Monday in April,
Tu. after 1st Mon. in Nov.,
Tu. after 1st Mon. in Nov.,
2d Tuesday in October,
2d Tuesday in November,
1st Wednesday in October,
4th Thursday in April,
1st Thursday in August,
2d Monday in October,
1st Monday in October,
1st Monday in October,
Ist Monday in August,
1st Mon. and Tu. in Nov.
1st Monday in November,
1st Monday in August,
1st Monday in August,
1st Thursday in August,
1st Monday in August,
2d Tuesday in October,
1st Monday in August,
Tu. after 1st Mon. in Nov.,
1st Monday in August,
1st Tuesday in November,
1st Monday in August,
Tu. after 1st Mon. in Nov.,
Tu. after 1st Mon. in Nov.,

1,687

250

700

30

5,142

25

43

1,082

128

848

498

907

Communicants.

1,233,350 67,550

200,830

155,000

50,000

45.500

33,980

70,000

163,000

6,000

1,112,756

64,313

3,000

20,000

15,000

15,000

58,000

197,196

30,000

60,000

5,000

686,807 3.586

6,243

56,452

10.102

118,618

3,040

67,845

Times of the Meeting of
the Legislatures.

2d Wednesday in May.
1st Wednesday in June.
2d Thursday in October.
1st Wednesday in January.

1st Tuesday in May.
Last Monday in October.
1st Wednesday in May.
1st Tuesday in January.
2d Tuesday in January.
1st Tuesday in January.
1st Tues in Jan.,biennially.
Last Monday in Dec., bienn.
1st Monday in December.
3d Monday in Nov., bienn.
4th Monday in November.
1st Monday in Nov., bienn.
1st Monday in Nov., bienn.
2d Monday in Nov., bienn.
1st Monday in Jan., bienn.
3d Monday in Jan., bienn.
December, bienn.

1st Monday in Nov., bienn.
1st Monday in Oct., bienn.
1st Monday in December.
1st Monday in December.
1st Monday in December.
2d Monday in Jan., bienn.
Last Mon. in Dec., bienn.
1st Monday in January.
1st Monday in Dec., bienn
1st Monday in January.
1st Monday in January.

XXIV. GOVERNORS OF THE SEVERAL STATES AND

TERRITORIES,

With their Salaries, Terms of Office, and the Expiration of their respective Terms; the Number of Senators and Representatives in the State Legislatures, with their respective Terms.

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John Hubbard,

Maine, N. Hampshire, Samuel Dinsmoor, Vermont, C. S. Williams, Massachusetts, George N. Briggs, Rhode Island, Henry B. Anthony, Connecticut, Thomas H. Seymour, New York, Hamilton Fish, New Jersey, Daniel Haines, Pennsylvania, Win. F. Johnston, Delaware, William Tharp, Maryland, Philip F. Thomas, Virginia, John B. Floyd, N. Carolina, David S. Reid, S. Carolina, W. B. Seabrook, Georgia, George W. Towns, Florida, Thomas Brown, Alabama, Henry W. Collier, John A. Quitman, Joseph Walker, P. Hansborough Bell, John S. Roane, William Trousdale, John L. Helm, Act., Seabury Ford, John S Barry, Joseph A. Wright, Augustus C. French, Austin A. King, Ansel Briggs, Nelson Dewey, California, Peter H. Burnett, Oregon Ter., John P. Gaines, Minesota Ter., Alexander Ramsey, New Mexico "§ Utah Ter., Brigham Young,

Mississippi,

Louisiana,

Wisconsin,

Texas,
Arkansas,

Tennessee,

Kentucky, Ohio,

Michigan,

Indiana,

Illinois,
Missouri,

Iowa,

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1,200 1,500 1,300 3 Dec. 1852 50 3 1,500 4 Jan. 1853 25 4 2,000* 4 Nov. 1852 18 4 1,000 4 Dec. 1850 194 1,250 2 Dec. 1851 18 2 10,000 2 Dec. 1851 16 2 3,000t 4 Aug. 1852 2,500 4 Mar. 1853 2,500 4 2,500 4 Sept. 1854

Representatives. Term years.

$1,500 1,000 750

2,500

400

1,100

4,000

1,600

May 1851 311 151 June 1851 12 1 286 1 Oct. 1851 301 230 1 Jan. 1851 40 1 356 1 1 May 1851 311 691 1 May 1851 211 215 2 Jan. 1851 32 2 128 3 Jan. 1851 18 3 58 3,000 3 Jan. 1852 333 100 1,333 3 Jan. 1851 94 21 3,600* 3 Jan. 1851 21 6 82 3,333 3 Jan. 1852 32 4 134 1 2,000 2 Jan. 1853 50 2 120 2 3,500 2 Dec. 1850 45 4 124 2 2 Nov. 1851 471 130 1 4 Oct. 1853 194 402 2,500 2 Dec. 1851 33 4 100 2 3,000 2 Jan. 1852 32 4 92 2 6,000 4 Jan. 1854 32 4 982 2,000 2 Dec. 1851 21 4 1,800 4 Nov. 1852 25 4 2,000 2 Oct. 1851 252 2,500

3,000

1,500

4 Sept. 1852 38 4
2 Dec. 1850 36 2
2 Jan. 1852 22 2 66

100 1
752

492

39 2

541

36 1

181

181

66 2

752

75 2

100 2 721

92 9 2

261

132 13 2 261

In all the States, except Virginia and South Carolina, the Governor is voted for by the people; and if no one has a majority of all the votes, in the States in which such a majority is required, the Legislature elects to the office of Governor one of the candidates voted for by the people.

With the use of a furnished house.

† Including $1,500 as Superintendent of Indian Affairs.

1 Including $1,000 as Superintendant of Indian Affairs.

§ A Governor for New Mexico will not be appointed until the act establishing the Territory takes effect. See Abstracts of Public Laws, No. 23.

XXV. RAILROADS IN THE UNITED STATES.

The following list of Railroads in Massachusetts and the adjacent States, and in New York, is very complete and accurate, being compiled from official returns made near January, 1850. But the remainder is quite imperfect, though more full than any thing which has been given before. We insert it in the hope, that, by the kindness of our correspondents in the several States, and of the officers of the railroad companies, we may obtain materials for a far more perfect enumeration in our next volume.

1. Railroads in Massachusetts.

Name of Road.

Road

compl.*

$

y'rs.

miles.

$

13,146

17,579 51,555

Berkshire,t
Boston and Lowell,
Boston and Maine,
Boston and Providence,
Boston and Worcester,
Cape Cod Branch,
Cheshire,
Connecticut River,
Eastern,
Essex,

Fall River,
Fitchburg,

1841 21.14 600,000 600,000 31,325
42,000
1835 25.76 1,830,000 1,945,646 247,522 159,514 71,428 593,828 278,313 179,789 230,174 416,488 266,287 8
1843 74.26 3,715,869 3,930,057 387,159 272,764 71,646 1,205,007 102,485 332,214 168,974 522,335 283,510 51
1835 41.00 3,160,000 3,370,269 244,850 181,670 60,080 573,360 96,642 225,639 119,441 354,331 169,905 6
1835 44.62 4,500,000 4,908,332 460,988 269,609 145,934 959,557 248,768 330,606 331,338 703,361 429,443 6
1848 27.80 377,750 616,759 53,568 34,805
17,403 66,825 21,247 35,430 14,972 51,282 31,145
1849 53.65 1,508,419 2,618,069 163,234
68,200 65,554 94,988 50,999 72,863 92,240 172,106 120,412 2
1846 50.00 1,283,210 1,766,678 164,394 111,450 45,550 325,521 125,116 106,261| 79,818 192,072 95,090 3
1840 54.11 3,342,500 3,612,348 278,573 232,505 33,804 1,049,114 70,348 404,071 70,402 517,929 209,686 8
1848 19.86 283,267 484,947 46,497 35,406 4,291 97,919 10,746 19,937 8,527 28,465 26,783
1846 42.24 1,050,000 1,146,003 144,537 90,763 52,884 252,767 62,554 102,638 65,543 174,043 119,712 3
1845 50.93 3,269,780 3,445,791 347,872 226,973 102,157 875,410 287,032 213,067 262,161 493,060 255,160 8
Lowell and Lawrence, 1848 12.35 200,000
321,998 39,910 32,552 6,838 131,607 9,104 32,901
9,156 42,532 23,668 4
Nashua and Lowell,$ 1838 14.58 600,000 641,082 62,670 28,050 29,070 258,865 181,623 67,097 79,736 156,434 99,456 10
New Bedford and Taunton, 1840 20.13 400,000
498,476 40,164 27,160 12,544 97,742 15,404 81,639 46,076 134,390 90,817 6
Norfolk County,
1849 25.96 505,946 950,605 30,545
20,665
9,880 35,002 7,450 18,272 7,977 26,249 15,714
Norwich and Worcester,|| 1839 66.00 1,688,500 2,095,508 216,511 129,044 76,194 171,998 53,372 104,398 114,144 236,197 159,661
Old Colony,
1845 37.25 1,956,230 2,292,400 234,918 174,558 34,525 773,124 85,541 184,669 55,632 275,066 235,772
Pittsfield & North Adams, 1846 18.65 450,000 446,543 25,185
34,011 16,185 15,712 15.466 31,358 11,833 6
Providence & Worcester, 1847 43.41 1,457,500 1,939,666 131,768 95,773 31,334 306,739 61,837 118,219 93,921 217,253 101,231 3
Taunton Branch,
1836 11.10 250,000 306,390 79,604 57,320 21,932 100,287 36,546 62,782 42,848 108,398 85,044 8
Vermont& Massachusetts, 1849 69.00 2,237,454 3,078,349 171,620 95,694 50,094 146,306 81,266 71,464 92,733 145,117 115,407
Western, T
1842 156.00 5,150,000 9,926,951 730,491 234,878 460,941 435,805 273,608 561,575 745,393 1,343,810 588,322 8
Worcester and Nashua, ** 1848 45.69 1.132,472 1,361,527 102,990 75,702 27,374 145,405 28,979 70,007 35.703 108,125 91,645

·

Total,

1025.49

p.ct. per cent. $

7

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Surplus

on hand.

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86,652

45,293

*The cars began to run on sections of the various roads as they were finished, and dividends were declared, in some cases, before the road was completed. † Leased to the Housatonic Road at seven per cent. net on the capital of $ 500,000.

This includes Eastern Railroad in New Hampshire. Length 16 miles. Capital paid in $ 492,500; cost $493,082, $5.33 miles in New Hampshire.

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Includes branch from Norwich to Allyn's Point,

This includes the Albany ach West Stockbridge Railroad, from Albany to the State line. Length 38.25 miles; built at a cost of $ 1,930,895, and leased by the

Western Railroad.

**6.62 miles in New Hampshire.

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