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The French have for many Years confounded CH. A. P. our Resolutions, and deceived us, but now we are XII. resolved to break all their Artifices, by stopping onro our Ears. We come now to unite with you, while the French know nothing of the Matter. The Commandant at Missilimakinak has told us many Lies, he has betrayed us, and made us kill one another, but we are firmly resolved never to hearken to him any more. The Peace was accordingly firmly concluded, notwithstanding all the Opposition the French could make. The French Authors say, the only Reason that induced the Diomondadies was, that the - - English sold them Goods cheaper than the French could.

Some Time before the News of the Peace arrived, the French at Montreal being informed that a Party of the Five Nations were discovered near Corlear’s Lake, sent out a Captain with a Party of Soldiers and Indians, who being well experienced in the Manner of making War with Indians, marched through the thickest Woods, and by the least frequented Places, so that he discovered the Enemy, without being discovered. He surprised that Party, killed several, and took one Prisoner. The Utawawas being then trading at Montreal, the Count de Frontenac invited them to a Feast to be made of this Prisoner, and caused him to be burnt publickly alive at Montreal, in the Manner of which I have already given two Accounts from the French Authors.

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: , C H A P. XIII. The Conduct which the English and French oš

Jerved, in regard to the Five Nations, immediately after the Peace of Reswick.

reached New-York, the Governor sent an Express to Canada, to inform the Governor there of it, that Hostilities might cease. The Five Nations having an Account of the Peace earlier than they had it in Canada, took Advantage of it, in hunting Bever near Cadarackui Fort. The Governor of Cà. mada being informed of this, and believing that the Five Nations thought themselves secure by the general Peace, resolved to take his last Revenge of them. For this Purpose he sent a considerable Party of Adirondacks to surprise them, which they did, and killed several, but not without Loss of

S. ON after the News of the Peace of Reswick

many of their own Men. The Loss of one of their

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“ the whole Earth tremble before me, now die by
“ the Hands of Children?” for he despised the A-

dirondacks. -
A Dispute at this Time arose, between the Go-
vernment of New-York and Canada, about the French
Prisoners which the Five Nations had in their Hands.
The Earl of Bellamont, then Governor of New-2%rk,
would have the French receive those Prisoners from
him, and direéted the Five Nations to bring them
to Albany for that Purpose. The French, on the
other Hand, refused to own the Five Nations as
subject to the Crown of Great-Britain, and threat-
3 ened

ened to continue the War against the Five Nations, Ch a p. if they did not bring the Prisoners to Montreal, XIII. and deliver them there. The Count de Frontenac *-vo-' fent some of the Praying Indians with a Message to this Purpose, and to have all the French Allies included in the general Peace. The Messenger on his Return told the Count, publickly in Presence of several Utawawas, that the Five Nations refused to include several of his Allies, but were resolved to revenge the Injuries they had received. The Utawawas were exceedingly discomposed at hearing this, and the Count, to recover their Spirits, assured them, that he never would make Peace without including all his Allies in it, and without having all their Prisoners restored. At the same Time he made Preparations to attack the Five Nations with the whole Force of Canada. The Earl of Bellamont being informed of this, sent Captain john Schuyler (of the Militia) to tell the Count, that he had the Interest of the King his Master too much at Heart, to suffer the French to treat the Five Nations like Enemies, after the Conclusion of the general Peace; for which Reason he had ordered them to be on their Guard, and had furnished them with Arms and Ammunition ; that he had ordered the Lieutenant-Governor, in Case they were attacked, either by the French or their Allies, to join them with the regular Troops; and that, if he found it necessary, he would raise the whole Force of his Government in their Defence. This put a Stop to the French Threatening, and both Sides made Complaint to their Masters. The two Kings ordered their respective Governors to be assisting to each other, in making the Peace effectual to both Nations, and to leave the Disputes, as to the Dependency of the Indian Nations, to be de* O 3 termined .

CHA P. termined by Commissioners, to be appointed purXIII. suant to the Treaty of Reswick. *Y"> It is exceedingly impolitick, when weaker Potentates, ingaged in a Confederacy against one powerful Prince, leave any Points to be determined after the Conclusion of a Peace ; for if they cannot obtain a Concession, while the Confederacy stands and their Force is united, how can a weaker Prince hope to obtain it, when he is left alone to himself, after the Confederacy is dissolved 2 The French have so often found the Benefit of this Piece of Imprudence, that in all their Treaties they use all the Cajoling, and every Artifice in their Power, to obtain this Advantage, and they seldom miss 1t. o

About the Time of the Conclusion of the Peace at Reswick, the noted Therouet died at Montreal. The French gave him Christian Burial in a pompous Manner, the Priest, that attended him at his Death, having declared that he died a true Christian ; for, faid the Priest, while I explained to him the Pas: sion of our Saviour, whom the jews crucified, he cried out; “Oh ! had I been there, I would “ have revenged his Death, and brought away their

“ Scalps.” -
Soon after the Peace was known at Montreal,
three considerable Men of the Praying Indians came
to Albany; they had fine laced Coats given them,
and were invited to return to their own Country.
They answered, that they were young Men, and
had not Skill to make a suitable Answer, and had
not their ancient Men to consult with ; but promi-
sed to communicate the Proposals to their old Men,
and would bring back an Answer in the Fall. I
find nothing more of this in the Register of Indian
Affairs, though it might have been of great Conse-
quence had it been pursued to Purpose ; but such
Matters, where there is not an immediate private

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because he would have them sent to Albany, as being Slaves to the English. That the French had no Dispute with the English, but for the Independency of the Five Nations. This indiscreet Condućt of Captain Schuyler was so much resented by the Five Nations, that a Deputation of the most considerable Sachems was sent to Albany in june 1699, to complain of it; and they sent at the same Time Deputies to Canada to conclude the Peace, independently of the English. . These Deputies that came to Albany were so far convinced that the French had abused them, and how much more it was for their Security to be included in the general Peace with the English, than to have only the French Faith for their Security, that they immediately dis. patched a Messenger after their Deputies that were gone to Canada. Though this Messenger reached them too late to stop their Proceeding, it convinced the Deputies so far of its being for their Interest to be joined with the English in the Peace,

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their Deputies to Canada, Colonel Peter Schuyler


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