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tions to be used in the courts of the United States, there to give full and true answers to such written interrogatories and cross-interrogatories as may be submitted with the application, or to be orally examined and cross-examined upon the subject of such claim. (R. S., sec. 184; 5 U. S. C., sec. 94.)

93. Witnesses' fees.-Witnesses subpoenaed pursuant to the preceding section shall be allowed the same compensation as is allowed witnesses in the courts of the United States. (R. S., sec. 185; 5 U. S. C., sec. 95.)

94. Compelling testimony.-If any witness, after being duly served with such subpæna, neglects or refuses to appear, or, appearing, refuses to testify, the judge of the district in which the subpæna issued may proceed, upon proper process, to enforce obedience to the subpæna, or to punish the disobedience, in like manner as any court of the United States may do in case of process of subpæna ad testificandum issued by such court. (R. S., sec. 186; 5 U. S. C., sec. 96.)

95. Oaths to expense accounts.-After June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and twelve, postmasters, assistant postmasters, collectors of customs, collectors of internal revenue, chief clerks of the various executive departments and bureaus, or clerks designated by them for the purpose, the superintendent, the acting superintendent, custodian, and principal clerks of the various national parks and other Government reservations, superintendent, acting superintendents, and principal clerks of the different Indian superintendencies or Indian agencies, and chiefs of field parties, are required, empowered, and authorized, when requested, to administer oaths, required by law or otherwise, to accounts for travel or other expenses against the United States, with like force and effect as officers having a seal; for such services when so rendered, or when rendered on demand after said date by notaries public, who at the time are also salaried officers or employees of the United States, no charge shall be made; and on and after July first, nineteen hundred and twelve, no fee or money paid for the services herein described shall be paid or reimbursed by the United States. (Aug. 24, 1912, sec. 8, 37 Stat. 487; 5 U. S. C., sec. 97.)

96. Civil pension roll.— The establishment of a civil pension roll or an honorable service roll, or the exemption of any of the officers, clerks, and persons in the public service from the existing laws respecting employment in such service, is hereby prohibited. (Feb. 24, 1899, sec. 4, 30 Stat. 890; 5 U.S. C., sec. 98.)

97. Ex-officers or employees not to prosecute claims in departments. It shall not be lawful for any person appointed after the first day of June, one thousand eight hundred and seventy-two, as an officer, clerk, or employé in any of the Departments, to act as counsel, attorney, or agent for prosecuting any claim against the United States which was pending in either of said Departments while he was such officer, clerk, or employé, nor in any manner, nor by any means, to aid in the prosecution of any such claim, within two years next after he shall have ceased to be such officer, clerk, or employé. (R. S., sec. 190; 5 U. S. C., sec. 99.)

98. Advertising practice before departments or offices of Government.That it shall be unlawful for any person, firm, or corporation practicing before any department or office of the Government to use the

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name of any Member of either House of Congress or of any officer of the Government in advertising the said business. (Apr. 27, 1916, sec. 1, 39 Stat. 54; 5 U. S. C., sec. 101.)

99. Expenditures for newspapers.-No executive officer, other than the heads of Departments, shall apply more than thirty dollars, annually, out of the contingent fund under his control, to pay for newspapers, pamphlets, periodicals, or other books or prints not necessary for the business of his office. (R. S., sec. 1779; 5 U. S. C., sec. 102.)

100. Sáme.—The amount expended in any one year for newspapers, for any Department, except the Department of State, including all the Bureaus and offices connected therewith, shall not exceed one hundred dollars. (R. S., sec. 192; June 22, 1906, sec. 7, 34 Stat. 449;

. 5 U. S. C., sec. 102.)

101. Expenditures for transportation of remains of deceased employees.That hereafter the heads of Departments shall not authorize any expenditure in connection with transportation of remains of deceased employees, except when otherwise specifically provided by law. (June 7, 1897, sec. 3, 30 Stat. 86; 5 U. S. C., sec. 103.)

102. Information furnished committees of Congress on request.–Every executive department and independent establishment of the Government shall, upon request of the Committee on Expenditures in the Executive Departments of the House of Representatives, or of any seven members thereof, or upon request of the Committee on Expenditures in the Executive Departments of the Senate, or any five members thereof, furnish any information requested of it relating to any matter within the jurisdiction of said committee. (May 29, 1928, sec. 2, 45 Stat. 996; 5 U.S. C., sec. 105a.)

103. Time of making annual reports.—Except where a different time is expressly prescribed by law, the various annual reports required to be submitted to Congress by the heads of Departments shall be made at the commencement of each regular session, and shall embrace the transactions of the preceding year. (R. S., sec. 195; 5 U. S. C., sec. 106.)

104. Copy for annual reports and accompanying documents to be furnished printer.—That appropriations herein and hereafter made for printing and binding shall not be used for any annual report or the accompanying documents unless the copy therefor is furnished to the Public Printer in the following manner: Copies of the documents accompanying such annual reports on or before the fifteenth day of October of each year; copies of the annual reports on or before the fifteenth day of November of each year; complete revised proofs of the accompanying documents and the annual reports on the tenth and twentieth days of November of each year, respectively; and all of said annual reports and accompanying documents shall be printed, made public, and available for distribution not later than within the first five days after the assembling of each regular session of Congress. (July 1, 1916, sec. 3, 39 Stat. 336; 5 U. S. C., sec. 108.)

105. Inventories of property.-The Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of War, the Secretary of the Navy, the Postmaster General, the Attorney General, and Secretary of Agriculture shall keep, in proper books, a complete inventory of all the property belonging to the United

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States in the buildings, rooms, offices, and grounds occupied by them, respectively, and under their charge, adding thereto, from time to time, an account of such property as may be procured subsequently to the taking of such inventory, as well as an account of the sale or other disposition of any such property (except supplies of stationery and fuel in the public offices and books, pamphlets, and papers in the Library of Congress). (R. S., sec. 197; 5 U. S. C., sec. 109.)

106. Transfer of miscellaneous books to District Library.–Any books of a miscellaneous character no longer required for the use of such department, bureau, or commission, and not deemed an advisable addition to the Library of Congress, shall, if appropriate to the uses of the Free Public Library of the District of Columbia, be turned over to that library for general use as a part thereof. (Feb. 25, 1903, sec. 1, 32 Stat. 865; 5 U.S. C., sec. 110.)

107. Custody of files and records of war agencies.—That except as otherwise provided by law the President is authorized to transfer to the custody and care of such of the departments or independent establishments as he may determine, the files and records of the agencies created for the period of the war upon the discontinuance of such activities. (July 19, 1919, sec. 4; 41 Stat. 233; 5 U. S. C., sec. 111.)

108. Disposition of useless papers in departments, or in the various public buildings under the control of such departments. That whenever there shall be in any one of the Executive Departments of the Government an accumulation of files of papers, which are not needed or useful in the transaction of the current business of such Department and have no permanent value or historical interest, it shall be the duty of the head of such Department to submit to Congress a report of that fact, accompanied by a concise statement of the condition and character of such papers. And upon the submission of such report, it shall be the duty of the presiding officer of the Senate to appoint two Senators, and of the Speaker of the House of Representatives to appoint two Representatives, and the Senators and Representatives so appointed shall constitute a joint committee, to which shall be referred such report, with the accompanying statement of the condition and character of such papers, and such joint committee shall meet and examine such report and statement and the papers therein described, and submit to the Senate and House, respectively, a report of such examination and their recommendation. And if they report that such files of papers, or any part thereof, are not needed or useful in the transaction of the current business of such Department, and have no permanent value or historical interest, then it shall be the duty of such head of the Department to sell as waste paper, or otherwise dispose of such files of papers upon the best obtainable terms after due publication of notice inviting proposals therefor, and receive and pay the proceeds thereof into the Treasury of the United States, and make report thereof to Congress. (Mar. 3, 1881, sec. 1, 21 Stat. 412; Aug. 5, 1882, sec. 1, 22 Stat. 228; Feb. 16, 1889, 25 Stat. 672; Mar. 2, 1895, sec. 1, 28 Stat. 933; 5 U. S. C., sec. 112.)

109. Prohibition of contributions or presents to superior.—No officer, clerk, or employe in the United States Government employ shall at any time solicit contributions from other officers, clerks, or employes


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in the Government service for a gift or present to those in a superior official position; nor shall any such officials or clerical superiors receive any gift or present offered or presented to them as a contribution from persons in Government employ receiving a less salary than themselves; nor shall any officer or clerk make any donation as a gift or present to any official superior. Every person who violates this section shall be summarily discharged from the Government employ. (R. S., sec. 1784; 5 U.S. C., sec. 113.)

110. Foreign decorations.—That no decoration, or other thing, the acceptance of which is authorized by this act, and no decoration heretofore accepted, or which may hereafter be accepted, by consent of Congress, by any officer of the United States, from any foreign government, shall be publicly shown or exposed upon the person of the officer so receiving the same. (Jan. 31, 1881, sec. 2, 21 Stat. 604; 5 U. S. C., sec. 114.)

111. Foreign decorations; delivery through State Department.—That hereafter any present, decoration, or other thing, which shall be conferred or presented by any foreign government to any officer of the United States, civil, naval, or military, shall be tendered through the Department of State, and not to the individual in person, but such present, decoration, or other thing shall not be delivered by the Department of State unless so authorized by act of Congress. (Jan. 31, 1881, sec. 3, 21 Stat. 604; 5 U.S.C., sec. 115.)

112. Expenditures for telegraph and telephone communication. That hereafter the head of any department or establishment of the Government, in his discretion, may transfer in advance to the Signal Corps of the Army, from appropriations available for the transmission of messages such amounts as may be necessary to defray the expense of transmitting messages turned over by him to that corps, including the payment of toll charges of commercial carriers, the leasing of facilities required for transmitting messages, and the installation and maintenance of such facilities. (Apr. 15, 1926, 44 Stat. 267; 5 U. S. C., sec. 118.)

113. Civilian officers and employees having permanent station in foreign countries; living quarters.-That under such regulations as the heads of the respective departments concerned may prescribe and the President approve, civilian officers and employees of the Government having permanent station in a foreign country may be furnished, without cost to them, living quarters, including heat, fuel, and light, in Government-owned or rented buildings and, where such quarters are not available, may be granted an allowance for living quarters, including heat, fuel, and light, notwithstanding the provisions of section 1765 of the Revised Statutes (U. S. C., title 5, sec. 70): Provided, That said rented quarters or allowances in lieu thereof may be furnished only within the limits of such appropriations as may be made therefor, which appropriations are hereby authorized : Provided further, That the provisions of this Act shall apply only to those civilian officers and employees who are citizens of the United States. (June 26, 1930, 46 Stat. 818; 5 U. S. C., sec. 118a.)

113a. Subscription charges for newspapers, etc., for official use; payment in advance.--That subscription charges for newspapers, magazines, and other periodicals for official use of any office under the Government of the United States or the municipal government of the Dis

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trict of Columbia may be paid in advance from appropriations available therefor, notwithstanding the provisions of section 3648 of the Revised Statutes [U. S. C., title 31, sec. 529]. (June 12, 1930, 46 Stat. 580; 5 U.S. C., sec. 118b.)

114. Annual appropriations to sustain losses of United States employees in foreign countries due to appreciation of foreign currencies.—That there are authorized to be appropriated annually such sums as may be necessary to enable the President, in his discretion and under such regulations as he may prescribe and notwithstanding

the provisions of

any other Act and upon recommendation of the Director of the Budget, to meet losses sustained on and after July 15, 1933, by officers, enlisted men, and employees of the United States while in service in foreign countries due to the appreciation of foreign currencies in their relation to the American dollar, and to cover any deficiency in the accounts of the Treasurer of the United States, including interest, arising out of the arrangement approved by the President on July 27, 1933, for the conversion into foreign currencies of checks and drafts of officers, enlisted men, and employees for salaries and expenses: Provided, That such action as the President may take shall be binding upon all executive officers of the Government: Provided further, That no payments authorized by this Act shall be made to any officers, enlisted men, or employees for periods during which their checks or drafts were converted into foreign currencies under the arrangement hereinbefore referred to: Provided further, That allowances and expenditures pursuant to this Act shall not be subject to income taxes: And provided further, That the Director of the Budget shall report all expenditures made for this purpose to Congress annually with the Budget estimates. (Mar. 26, 1934, 48 Stat. 466; 5 U. S. C., sec. 118c.)

115. Title to motor vehicles. The commissioners shall cause to be levied, collected, and paid such fees for titling and retitling as they deem necessary, not to exceed the sum of $1 for each such titling or retitling, and they shall not after the 1st day of January 1932, register or renew the registration of any motor vehicle or trailer unless and until the owner thereof shall make application in the form prescribed by the commissioners, under oath, and be granted an official certificate of title for such vehicle. No registration or other fee shall be charged to vehicles owned by the Federal or District Government, or any duly accredited representative of a foreign government. The owner of a motor vehicle or trailer registered in the District of Columbia shall not after the 1st day of January 1932, operate or permit or cause to be operated any such vehicle upon any public highway in the District without first obtaining a certificate of title therefor, nor shall any individual knowingly permit any certificate of title to be obtained in his name for any vehicle not in fact owned by him, and any individual violating any provision of this subsection or any regulations promulgated thereunder shall be fined not more than" $1,000 or imprisoned not more than one year, or both. (Feb. 27, 1931, 46 Stat. 1424; 6 D. C. Code, sec 243d.)

115a. Operation of motor vehicle in District of Columbia without permit prohibited. --No individual shall operate a motor vehicle in the District, except as provided in section 8 [6 D. C. Code, sec. 245], without having first obtained an operator's permit issued under the pro

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