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JOHN D. MIDDLETON, M.D. Was born in Bryantown, Charles County, Md., February 29, 1826. His father, Dr. John D. Middleton, was one of the leading (Old-School) physicians of the county in which he livedl. His mother was a sister of Dr. Felix R. McManus of Baltimore. His father dying before his birth, his mother moved to Baltimore when he was six weeks old. He attended Prof. Clark's school in Baltimore, and afterward studied medicine with his uncle, Dr. McManus, graduating at the University of Maryland, March 7, 1818. He soon afterward commenced the practice of Homeopathy, becoming a member of the Institute the year of his graduation. He settled in Wheeling, W. Va., but returned to Baltimore in 1851, where he continued until his death, April 26, 1870. He was married in 1860 to Miss Miles, of Connecticut, who, with three daughters, survived him.

GEORGE W. MOORE, M.D.

Was born near Bellevue, Ohio, November 11, 1833. He was the sixth child and fourth son of John and Mercy Rolf Moore, who were among the first settlers in Huron County in that State in 1822. He was brought up on the farm and attended the public schools. In 1857 he began the study of medicine with Dr. John Osborne of Wood County, and began to practice, but gave up in the summer of 1862 and volunteered in the army. Recruiting part of a company (G, 11th Ohio V.) he went into the service as Lieutenant. He received a commission as Captain in 1864, was in many engagements, was with Sherman in his “ March to the sea," and at the close of the war resumed his studies and graduated at the Homeopathic College at Cleveland in 1870. He practiced in Wood County for a short time, going thence to Ashtabula, and from there to Springfield, in 1874, where he continued in practice until his death, December 1, 1892. He was elected a member of the Institute in 1875 at Put-inBay. He was also a member of the Ohio State Society, and was appointed examiner for pensions under President Harrison. He married Mary E. Love of Monroeville, Huron County, Ohio, September 6, 1855, who survives him, with two children. Dr. Moore's illness extended over a period of seven years, during the greater part of which he attended to his practice.

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JAMES OTIS MOORE, M.D.

Was born at Parson field, York County, Me., April 28, 1822. He was the youngest of ten children, and the third Homeopathic physician among six brothers.

six brothers. He graduated at Castleton Medical College, Vermont, in 1848. He studied Homeopathy under his brother, Dr. Levi C. Moore, who had begun to practice the new method in 1841 or '42. In 1849, Dr. Moore established himself in Saco, Me., being the first Homeopathic physician there. He was surgeon of the Twenty-second Regiment United States colored troops, and in 1865, receiving an honorable discharge, he returned to Saco, where he remained about a year, and removed to Haverhill, Mass. Here he continued until his death, November 16, 1886. He joined the Institute in 1869.

WILLIAM OWENS, JR., M.D.

Was the son of our worthy fellow-member, Dr. William Owens. He was born April 23, 1857, in Granville, Ohio, where his parents were temporarily visiting. In the following year they returned to Cincinnati, where William spent his childhood and received a good common school education. He early showed a fondness for civil engineering and devoted several years to its study. He was one of the engineers engaged in the survey and construction of the Cincinnati Southern Railroad. He graduated at the Pulte Medical College in 1877, having attended four full courses in it. He was appointed demonstrator and went into practice with his father, making a specialty of surgery. In the winter of 1880 he was appointed surgeon of a railroad in United States of Colombia with headquarters at Ruerto Berrio, United States of Colombia about six hundred miles from the mouth of the Magdalena river. He remained here about two years, when failing health obliged him to resign his position, and he returned to Cincinnati. He attended a course of lectures at the New York Homeopathic College and resumed practice with his father. He was elected Professor of Anatomy in the Pulte College, which position he held until 1884, when ill-health again obliged him to resign. He remained with his father, however, until July, 1886, when he went to California. During a residence of two and a half years in that State his health improved and he returned to

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Cincinnati. In December, 1890, he had an attack of “la grippe,” recovered, suffered a relapse and returned to the mild climate of California, but did not derive the benefit anticipated. He died at Los Angeles, May 9, 1891. He was married to Lulu Parker, of Home City, in 1883. She survives him. He had no children. He was elected a member of the Institute in 1878, but was able to attend only a few meetings.

JOHN PAYNE, M.D.

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Was an older brother of our late associate, Dr. Wm. E. Payne. He was born in 1801. While practicing at Northport, Waldo Co., Me., in 1843, he became interested in the success of his brother who had practiced Homeopathy three years, made a trial of some of the remedies with such success that he gave up the old system which he had practiced for fifteen years, adopted the new and removed to Belfast in February, 1844. He was one of the founders of the Insti

. tute. He died October 8, 1857.

GEORGE W. PEER, M.D.

Was born at Williamson, Wayne County, N. Y., in 1820. He graduated at the University of New York in 1848 and shortly after removed to Rochester, where he continued to practice until his death. In 1862 he received appointment as army surgeon and established a military hospital in Trinity Church, Washington, and, later, one at Georgetown and another at Fairfax. He had charge of the steamer “ John Brooks” during the Peninsular campaign, and was in active service on the field at Antietam, Malvern Hill, Gettysburg, and all the prominent battles of the Army of the Potomac. He joined the Institute in 1872. He died of apoplexy, January 12, 1883.

SARAH BROOKS PETTENGILL, M.D.

Was born in Charlestown, Mass., May 16, 1810. She was the daughter of Dr. Jacob Felt. In 1827 she married John Pettengill, a merchant in Charlestown. In 1833 they removed to Concord, N. H., where Mr. Pettengill was engaged in business. Mrs. Pet

tengill's failing health compelling her to be away from home in the fall and spring, they decided to make Philadelphia their home. In 1856 Mrs. Pettengill began the study of medicine for her own improvement, and after two years' study she concluded to continue the third year and graduated at the Penn Medical University. She had been a Homeopathist for several years and desired to enter the Homeopathic College, but the rules forbade her admission. She was allowed, however, to listen to the lectures on Practice and Materia Medica if she would sit behind a partition, screened from the other students. Under these conditions she attended two winters and gained much valuable information. She was admitted to membership in the Institute in 1871 at the meeting held in Philadelphia, with Drs. Harriet S. French, Mercy B. Jackson and Harriet J. Sartain. She died March 29, 1877.

AARON PITNEY, M.D.

Was born near Mendham, N. J. He was a pupil of Dr. Valentine Mott and after graduating, was appointed surgeon in the army and served during the war of 1812. At the close of the war he associated himself with his brother, Dr. Joseph Pitney, at Auburn, N. Y. During this period he was induced to try the alleged virtues of Homeopathic remedies and visiting New York, placed himself under the tuition of Dr. A. Gerald Hull. He removed to Chicago in 1842 and began the practice of Homeopathy with Dr. D. S. Smith as his only colleague. He joined the Institute in 1857, at the meeting held in Chicago. He died April 7, 1865, of malignant erysipelas, resulting from a fall.

ALBUS REA, M.D.

Was born in Windham, Cumberland County, Me., in 1795. He attended medical lectures and graduated in Boston in 1819 and the following year settled in Portland, Me. In 1840 he became a convert to Homeopathy through Dr. Eliphalet Clark and continued very zealous in his advocacy of the New School of medical practice. He had acquired a large practice which he not only retained, but added to by his change in method, and increased success consequent thereon. He was one of the founders of the Institute, taking an active part in the first meeting. His death, resulting from an injury, occurred October 14, 1848.

JACOB ROBERTS, M.D. Of him, his son writes: “The old Quaker Doctor, one of the most benign characters of his day and generation in the State of Maine, in medicine, religion and politics. He learned to read after he was seventeen years old, and throug! his own efforts became the best Latin scholar east of the Kennebec Biver, and he did more to establish public opinion, the Quaker religion, and Republican polities than any other ten men of his time. His father was a soldier at seventeen years of age and fought in the battle of Bunker Hill and so on to Yorktown, then with two wives, raised twenty-four children, two of whom are now living. The old soldier died at the age of 86 years leaving three hundred and seventy-six living descendants."

Dr. William E. Payne* wrote of him : “In 1844, Dr. J. Roberts of the town of Brooks who had been engaged in Allopathic practice for about forty years, became a convert to Homeopathy. He was induced to investigate the subject through the agency of Dr. John Payne of Belfast. Many interesting anecdotes are related of him, which characterized the man, the spirit of some of which at least, it might be well for us who are left behind to emulate. His whole ain seemed to be to cure rather than to secure a multiplicity of cases.”

Dr. Roberts was one of the early members of the Institute, becoming such in 1847, but it does not appear that he attended many meetings.

Dr. Roberts was born in the town of Buckfield, Oxford County, Me., in 1784. He was the fourth of twenty-four children of Joseph Roberts. He died at North Vassalborough, Me., March 15, 1856.

BENAIAH SAN BORN, M.D. Was born at Waterford, Vt., in 1799. He received his early education at the public schools in Caledonia County, Vt., attended

* History of Homoeopathy in Maine, from which extracts are published in Trans. of Inst, 1876, vol. ii., p. 555.

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