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may receive the proper indorsements, to show the length of time she has been employed in coasting voyages within the year. (Decisions 4,468, March 25, 1880; 4,498, April 19, 1880.)

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Foreign Merchant Vessels. 6. The master of any foreign vessel, bound from one district of the United States to any other district of the same, must, previous to her departure, deliver to the collector a manifest, in duplicate, of the lading of his vessel, or of the fact that there is none, if there be none, and must verify the manifest by his oath, and must cbtain a permit to proceed to the port of his destination. (Rev. Stat., $ 4,367.) The penalty for neglect is one hundred dollars ($ 4,369). This provision is from the act of 1793.

The foregoing does not cover the case of a vessel which is to proceed with the remainder of her cargo brought from a foreign port; nor to that of a vessel proceeding in order to obtain additional cargo for a foreign port; other provisions are appropriate to such cases.

Notwithstanding the sanction above stated, a foreign vessel with merchandise taken in one district to be unladen in another, is liable to a tonnage duty of fifty cents per ton (Rev. Stat., $ 4,219); and to fifty cents per ton as “light money" (84,225), unless the latter be saved by section 4,227; and the merchandise itself is subject to the penalty of forfeiture ($ 4,347; chapter xxxi, March 1, 1817, $ 4). She is also liable to tonnage duty if she transport passengers coastwise. (Decision 1,735, December 8, 1873.)

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Foreign Pleasure Yachts. %. A pleasure yacht of any foreign nationality must make clearance when leaving one district for another, unless it belongs to a “regularly organized yacht club of a nation which extends like privileges to the yachts of the United States.” (Rev. Stat., $ 4,216.)

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Evidence of Tonnage. 8. A foreign vessel, before obtaining clearance, must produce to the collector a memorandum from the surveyor, showing his estimate of her tonnage. The memorandum is attached to that manifest which is retained on file.

Adjustment of Inward Foreign Voyage. 9. If the vessel, whether of the United States or of some foreign

nation, arrived from some foreign port, all questions relating to her inward voyage must be disposed of before she is allowed to have clearance.



Licensed Vessels under 20 Tons. 10. The master of a vessel of less than twenty tons burden, licensed for carrying on the coasting trade, is not required to deliver a manifest, nor to obtain a permit, when bound from a district in one State to a district in the same or in an adjoining State, on the sea-coast, or on a navigable river, when the vessel has on board merchandise of the growth, product, or manufacture of the United States only, except distilled spirits; or (1) of distilled spirits not more than five hundred gallons; or (2) wine in casks not more than two hundred and fifty gallons, or in bottles not more than one hundred dozens; or (3) sugar in casks or boxes not more than three thousand pounds; or (4) foreign merchandise in packages, as imported, of not more value than four hundred dollars; or (5) merchandise consisting of such enumerated or other articles of foreign growth or manufacture, or of both, whose aggregate value is not more than eight hundred dollars; but the master must have on board, and exhibit to any officer of the revenue, on demand, a manifest, subscribed by himself, of the lading of what kind soever which was on board the vessel at the time of her departure from the district from which she last sailed, with the marks and numbers of each cask, bag, box, chest, or other package containing distilled spirits, or merchandise of foreign growth or manufacture, with the name of the shipper and consignee of each. (Rev. Stat., $ 4,359.)

Coasting vessels between Long Island, in the State of New York, and the State of Rhode Island, are entitled to the same privileges as vessels bound from a district in one State to a district in the same or in an adjoining State. (Rev. Stat., § 4,357.)


Licensed Vessels of 20 Tons, or upward. 11. The master of a vessel of the burden of twenty tons or upward, licensed for the coasting trade, bound from a district within one of the great districts to a district within the same great district,

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or within a State adjoining such great district, having cargo as specified in paragraph 10, is entitled to the exemption and subject to the conditions therein specified. (Rev. Stat., $ 4,359.)

If the Revised Statutes had exactly reproduced the original enactment, the clause above, reading “within a State adjoining such great district,” would have read," from a State in one great district to an adjoining State in another great district.” (Chapter xlviii, March 2, 1819, $ 3.)

Registered Vessels of the United States. 12. A vessel under United States register may proceed from a district in one State to another district in the same State, or in another State adjoining on the sea-coast, with ballast, or with such lading as is specified in paragraph 10, without making clearance ; unless she has an indorsement, upon her register, of a rebate of duties on material used in her construction or repair. (See paragraph 5.)

Fishing Vessels. 13. A vessel having a fishing license is not obliged to make clearance; but, if it is desired to have her touch and trade at any foreign port, the master or owner must obtain permit for that purpose, under section 4,364 of the Revised Statutes.

It seems that vessels employed in the whale fishery, under register, must make clearance; and that they have the privileges of registered vessels, and the exemptions of vessels licensed for the fisheries. (Rev. Stat., $ 4,339.) They are bound by the provisions of law relating to crew lists and shipping articles (SS 4,573-4,576).

Pleasure Yachts of the United States. 14. A vessel having a license as a yacht, to be used and employed exclusively as a pleasure vessel, is entitled by law, and by the terms of the license, to proceed from port toport of the United States without clearing at a custom-house, but she must not transport merchandise, nor carry passengers for pay. (Rev. Stat., $ 4,214.)

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Pleasure Yachts of Foreign Clubs. 15. A pleasure yacht belonging to a regularly organized yacht club of any foreign nation which extends like privileges to the yachts of the United States has the privilege of leaving any port of the United States without clearing at a custom-house. (Rev. Stat., $ 4,21.6.)






Licensed Vessels from One District to Another. 16. The master of any vessel licensed to engage in the domestic and foreign trade otherwise than by sea, on the northern, northeastern, and northwestern frontiers, except canal-boats employed in navigating the canals within the United States, must, before the departure of his vessel from a port in one district to a port in another district, present to the collector a manifest, in duplicate, subscribed by himself, of the cargo of his vessel, or of the fact that he has no cargo, and must verify the same by his oath before the collector, who must file one manifest in his office, and deliver the other to the master, with a certificate of clearance indorsed thereon. (Rev. Stat., $ 3,116.)

This he must do, even if there be no custom-house at his place of destination, in which case he must present his certified manifest to the officer of customs, at his first port of arrival after leaving such port of destination. (Rev. Stat., § 3,118.)

Touching at an Intermediate Domestic Port. 17. If the vessel shall touch at an intermediate port of the United States, and there take additional cargo, the master need not, at such intermediate port, report the same, but he must make entry thereof on his original manifest, and, within twenty-four hours after arrival at the port of final unlading, he must present such manifests, and subscribe and make oath to the same before the customs officer. (Rev. Stat., § 3,117.) But cargo for a foreign port must be reported and cleared as in other cases (83,119).

Touching at an Intermediate Foreign Port. 18. A licensed vessel, departing from a port in one district for a port in another district, intending to touch at an intermediate foreign port, must be cleared for such foreign port, but is not liable to clearance fees as if to foreign ports. (Rev. Stat., $ 2,793.)

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Steam-tugs, Towing Rafts, etc. 19. A steam-tug, licensed to engage in the frontier trade, employed in towing rafts or other vessels without sail or steam

motive power, and not required to be licensed, must make clearance.

But, when employed in towing vessels of other descriptions, the steam-tug need not clear. (Rev. Stat., $ 3,123.)

The penalty on the master for neglect is twenty dollars (8 3,125).

Ferry-boats. 20. Vessels used exclusively as ferry-boats, carrying passengers, baggage, and merchandise, need not have manifests presented, nor clearance fees paid. (Rev. Stat., $ 2,792.)


Registered Vessels Touching at a Foreign Port. 21. A vessel under United States register may touch at intermediate foreign ports, for merchandise, passengers and their baggage, for letters and mails; but she must have from the customs officer at the port of departure in the United States a certified manifest, setting forth the particulars of the cargo, the marks, number of packages, by whom shipped, to whom consigned, and at what port to be delivered, designating such merchandise as is entitled to drawback, or to the privilege of being placed in warehouse. (Rev. Stat., $ 3,126.)

By reference to the original act, it will be seen that this privilege was not limited to vessels on the northerly inland frontiers. (Chapter xlviii, May 27, 1848.)

Foreign Tug-boats Towing between United States Ports.

22. Any steam tug-boat, not of the United States, found employed in towing documented vessels of the United States, plying from one port or place in the same to another, is liable to a penalty of fifty cents per ton of the tonnage of the vessel towed, unless the towing is in whole or in part on foreign waters. (Rev. Stat., $ 4,370.)

Foreign Railway Ferry- or Tug-boat. 23. Any foreign railroad company whose road enters the United States, by means of a ferry- or tug-boat, may own such boat, and it is subject to no other nor different restrictions nor regulations in such employment than it would be if owned by a citizen of the United States. (Rev. Stat., $4,370.)

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