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with the courts of the several states, or their circuit courts, as the case may be, of all causes where an alien sues for a tort only in violation of the law of nations, or a treaty of the United States. They also have cognizance, concurrent as last-mentioned, of all suits at common law, where the United States sue, and the matter in dig. pute amounts, exclusive of costs, to the sum or value of one hundred dollars. They also have jurisdiction, exclusively of the courts of the several states, of all suits against consuls or vice-consuls, except for offences above the description aforesaid. The trial of issues in fact, in the district courts, in all causes, except civil causes of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction, is by jury.

An act of the 18th of December, 1812, requires the district and territorial judges of the United States to reside within the districts and territorics, respectively, for which they are appointed; and makes it unlawful for any judge, appointed under the authority of the United States, to exercise the profession or employment of counsel or attorney, or to be engaged in the practice of the law. And any person offending against the injunction or prohibition of this act, shall be deemed guilty of a misde

meanor.

Pay. Fees, &c.

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MARSHALS, AND CLERKS.
Marshals. Residence.

Pay.

Clerks. Residence. Albert Smith,

Portland, $Fees, &c. John Mussey, | Portland,
Pearson Cogswell,

Gilmanton, 200 & foes. C. W. Cutter, Portsmouth,
Heman Lowry,
Burlington, 200 & fees. Jesse Gove,

Rutland,
S. D. Harris,

Boston,

Fees, &c. J. W. Davis, Boston, B. Anthony,

Providence,

do. Benjamin Cowell, Providence,
James Mitchell,
New Haven,

do. C. X. Ingersoll, New Haven,
J. W. Livingston, Skeneateles, 200 & fees. R. R. Lansing, Utica,
Thomas Morris,
New York, Fees, &c. F.J. Betts,

New York,
Zeph. Drake, N.Germantown do. W. Pennington, Newark,
John Conrad,

Philadelphia, do. D. Caldwell, Philadelphia,
John M. Davis, Pittsburg, 200 & fees. E. J. Roberts. Pittsburg,
D. C. Wilson,

Wilmington, 200 do. T. Witherspoon, Wilmington,
Thomas Finley,

Baltimore, Fees, &c. Philip Moore, Baltimore,
John Pegram,
Richmond,

do. Richard Jeffries, Richmond, Benjamin Reeder, Clarksburg, 200 & fees. John Webster,

Clarksburg,
Beverly Daniel, Raleigh, Fees, &c. W. H. Haywood, Raleigh,
M. A. Waring,
Charleston,

do.
James Jarvey,

Charleston,
J. H. Morel,
Savannah,
do. George Glen,

Savannah,
F. W. Armstrong, Claiborne,

do. J. Austin,

Mobile, John H. Norton, Natchez, 200 & fees. Wm. Burns, Natchez, J. Nicholson,

New Orleans, 200 do. F. H. Duperier,

New Iberia,

Fees, &c. William Lyon,

Chucky Bend, 200 & fees. W. C. Mynott, Knoxville,
Robert Purdy,

Murfreesboro', 200 do. N. A. McNairy. Nashville,
J. M. McCalla,
Lexington, 200 do. J. H. Hanna,

Frankfort,
John Patterson,

Steubenville, 200 do. W. K. Bond, William Marshall, Vernon,

200 do. Henry Hurst, Corydon, Charles Slade,

Kaskaskia, 200 do. Augustus Jones, St. Louis,

200 do.

St. Louis,
Isaac Barton,

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PLACES AND TIMES OF HOLDING THE SUPREME, DISTRICT, AND

CIRCUIT COURTS OF THE UNITED STATES.

Supreme Court. The Supreme Court is held in the city of Washington, and has one session every year, commencing on the second Monday in January.

District Court.

Wiscasset—Last Tuesday in Feb., and 2d Tuesday in ΜΑΙΝΕ. .

Sept.;-Portland—First Tuesday in June and Dec.

S Portsmouth3d Tuesday in March and Sept. ;-ExeN. HAMPSHIRE.

ter—3d Tuesday in June and Dec.

Windsor & Rutland1st Monday in Feb. and Aug. ; VERMONT.

and 2d Monday in May and Nov. MASSACHUSETTS.

S Boston–30 Tuesday in March, 4th Tuesday in June,

20 Tuesday in Sept., and 1st Tuesday in Dec. RHODE ISLAND.

$ Newport—20 Tuesday in May, and 3d in October

Providence-1st Tuesday in Aug., and February. CONNECTICUT.

New Haven-4th Tuesday in Feb. and Aug. ;

Hartford—4th Tuesday in May and Nov. New York,

S. Distkict. } New York—1st Tuesday of each month.

NEW YORK, s Albany-3d Tuesday in Jan. ;-Utica—Last Tuesday N. DISTRICT. in August.

New Brunswick-20 Tuesday in March and Sept. ; NEW JERSEY. - Burlington—3d Tuesday in May and Novem.

ber. PENNSYLVANIA, Philadelphia_3d Monday in February, May, Au. E. District.

gust, and November. PENNSYLVANIA, S Pittsburg—1st Monday in May, and 3d Monday in W. DISTRICT. October.

Newcastle & Dover-alternately, on the 4th Tuesday DELAWARE.

in Nov. 1789; and three other sessions, progressive

ly, on the 4th Tuesday of every 3d calendar month. MARYLAND.

Baltimore-on the 1st Tuesday in March, June,

Sept., and Dec. COLUMBIA. Washington1st Monday in June and December. VIRGINIA, S Richmond—15th of May, and 15th of November ;E, DISTRICT. Norfolk-1st of May, and 1st of November.

Staunton—2d Monday in April and September ;VIRGINIA,

Wythe Court House-3d Monday in April and W. DISTRICT. Sept. ;-Lewisburg—4th Monday April and Sept. ;

- Clarksburg—4th Monday in May and Oct.

Edenton—3d Monday in April and Oct.;-NewbernN. CAROLINA. 4th Monday in April and Oct. ;-Wilmington-1st

Monday after the 4th Monday in April and Oct.

Charleston–3: Monday in March and Sept. ; 1st S. CAROLINA.

Monday in July, and 2d Monday in Dec. ;-Laurens Court House—the next Tuesday after the adjournment of the Circuit Court at Columbia.

GEORGIA.

Savannah20 Tuesday in Feb., May, Aug., and Nov. ALA. N. DISTRICT. Huntsville1st Monday in March and October. ALA. S. DISTRICT. Mobile-1st Monday in May and December. MississiPPI. Adams Co. Court House-4th Mond. in Jan. & June. LA. E. District. New Orleans—2d Monday in December. LA. W. District. Opelousas Court House-30 Monday in August. TENNESSEE, S Knoxville-31 Monday in April, and 2d Monday in

E. DISTRICT. October. TENNESSEE,

W. District. } Nashville4th Monday in May and November.

KENTUCKY.

Frankfort—1st Monday in May and November.
Columbus—3d Monday in July, and 4th Monday in

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INDIANA. ILLINOIS. MISSOURI.

Indianopolis-1st Monday in May and November.
Vandalia_3d Monday in June and November.
Jefferson—Ist Monday in March and September.

Circuit Courts.

MAINE.

Portland1st May ;-Wiscasset-1st October. N. HAMPSHIRE. Portsmouth-8th May ;-Exeter-8th October. VERMONT. Windsor-20th May ;-Rutland—30 October. MASSACHUSETTS. Boston15th May, and 15th October. RHODE ISLAND. Newport15th June ;-Providence-15th November. CONNECTICUT.

New Haven— last Wednesday in April ;-Hartford,

17th September. New YORK. New York-last Monday in Feb., May, July, and Oct. NEW JERSEY. Trenton—1st April, and 1st October. PENNSYLVANIA. Philadelphia-11th April, and 11th October. DELAWARE. Newcastle & Dover, alternately, 30 June, & 27th Oct. MARYLAND. Baltimore_8th April, and 1st November.

COLUMBIA.

{ Warongest on Novemberland'Mayoral – Alexandria—1st

VIRGINIA.
N. CAROLINA.
S. CAROLINA.

GEORGIA.

Monday in November and May.
Richmond—22d May, and 220 November.
Raleigh12th May, and 12th November.
Charleston--2d Tuesday, April;-Columbia—4th Mon-

day, November.
Savannah-Thursday after the 1st Monday in May;

Milledgeville-Thursday after the 1st Monday in

November.
Nashville1st Monday, Sept. ;-Knoxville-20 Mon-

day in October.
Frankfort1st Monday in May and November.

Columbus--20 Monday in July, & 3d Monday in Dec.

TENNESSEE.

KENTUCKY.
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IX. INTERCOURSE WITH FOREIGN STATES. MINISTERS Plenipotentiary receive an annual salary of $9,000, besides $9,000 for an outfit. A Chargé d'Affaires receives a salary of $4,500, and a Secretary of Legation one of $2,000. These several officers are appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.

PUBLIC MINISTERS OF THE UNITED STATES.

Envoys Extraordi. Foreign States. nary and Ministers State. Date. Salary. Secretaries of Legation. Salary.

Plenipotentiary. Great Britain, Louis McLane, Del. 1829. 9,000. Washington Irving, N.Y. 2,000. France, Wm. C. Rives, Va. 1829. 9,000. Charles C. Harper, Md. 2,000. Russia, Henry Middleton, s.c. 1820. 9,000. B. T. Watts, S. C. 2,000. Spain, C. P. Van Noss, Vt. 1829. 9,000. Charles S. Walsh, Md. 2,000. Netherlands, Wm. P. Preble, Me. 1829. 9,000. Auguste Davezac, La. 2,000. Colombia, Th. P. Moore, Ken. 1829.9,000. J. Č. Pickett, Ken. 2,000.

Ch'gé d'Affaires. Portugal, Th. L. L. Brent, Va.

1825. 4,500. Sweden, Christo. Hughes, Md. 1819. 4,500. Denmark,

Henry Wheaton, N. Y. 1827. 4,500. Mexico, Anthony Butler,

4,500. ||John Mason,

2,000. Brazil,

4,500. Cent. Rep. Am.

4,500.
Buenos Ayres, J. M. Forbes, Fi. 1825. 4,500.
Chili, Samuel Larned, R. I. 1828. 4,500.
Peru,
Eman. J. West, II.

1829. 4,500.
FOREIGN MINISTERS NOW IN THE UNITED STATES.
From
Great Britain. Rt. Hon. Ch. R. Vaughan, Envoy Extr. and Min. Plenip.
France. Count de Menou, Chargé d'Affaires.
Russia. Baron Krudener, Envoy Extr. and Minister Plenipotentiary.
Spain. Don Francisco Tacon, Minister Resident.
Netherlands. Chevalier Bengeman Huygens, Env. Extr. and Min. Plenip.
Portugal. Chevalier Torlade D'Azambuja, Chargé d'Affaires.
Prussia. L. Neiderstetter, Chargé d'Affaires.
Sweden. Baron Stackleburg, Chargé d'Affaires.
Mexico. Don J. M. Tornell, Envoy Extr. and Min. Plenipotentiary.
Chili.

Don Joaquin Campino, Minister Extr. and Plenipotentiary. Brazil.

De Araujo Ribeiro, Chargé d'Affaires.
Colombia. Don Xavier de Medina, Consul General, New York.

X. THE ARMY. THE military peace establishment of the United States was reduced by an act of Congress, of the 2d of March, 1821, from ten to six thousand men. The law went into operation the same year, on the first of June, and it remains unaltered. The army, as organized according to this law, is under the command of one major general and two brigadier generals ; and it consists of four regiments of artillery and seven regiments of infantry, comprising of the general staff, 119, of artillery 2,240, and of infantry 3,829_total 6,188 men,

GENERAL AND PRINCIPAL STAFF OFFICERS. Alexander Macomb, Major General,

Chief in command. Edmund P. Gaines, Brigadier General,

Major Gen. Brevet. Windfield Scott,

do.

do. Roger Jones, Colonel,

Adjutant General. Thomas S. Jesup,

Brig. Gen., Maj. Gen. Bvt. Quarter Mast. Gen. John E. Wool, Colonel, Brig. Gen. Bvt. Inspector General. George Croghan, Colonel,

do. George Gibson, Col., Br. Gen. Bvt.

Com. Gen. of Subsist Charles Gratiot, Colonel, Brig. Gen. Bvt. Chief Engineer.

Compensation to Officers of the Army, including Pay, Subsistence,
Forage, Fuel, Quarters, and Expense for Servants.
Per month. Per ann.

Per month. Per. ann. Major General, 544,585, 6,535,00. Maj. of Staff, 176,493, 2,117,92. Brigadier General, 370,123, 4,441,50. Major, (182,83], 2,194,00. Adjutant General, 269,54, 3,234,48. Surgeon, 125,834, 1,510,00. JInspector General, 233,04, 2,796,48. As't Surgeon, 102,371, 1,228,50. Com’y Gen. of Sub. 261,54, 3,138,48. Capt. of Ord. 142,874, 1,714,50. Col. of Ordnance, 261,54, 3,138,48. Captain, 132,87), 1,594,50. Lieut. Col. of Ord. 220,00, 2,640,00. Lieut. of Ord. 115,893, 1,390,74. Colonel,

246,54, 12,958,48. IstLieutenant, 112,562, 1,350,75. Lieut. Colonel, 205,00, 12,460,00.123 Lieutenant, 107,561, 11,290,75.

XI. MILITARY ACADEMY. The Military Academy consists of the Corps of Engineers ; of one professor and an assistant professor of Natural and Experimental Philosophy ; one professor and an assistant professor of Mathematics; one professor and an assistant professor of the Art of Engineering in all its branches; a chaplain and professor of ethics; a teacher of drawing; a surgeon; and a swordmaster. The number of cadets is limited to two hundred and fifty. They may be attached, at the discretion of the President of the United States, as students to the military academy, and become subject to its regulations. They are arranged in companies of non-commissioned officers and privates, for the purposes of military instruction. There are four musicians to each company; and the corps is trained and taught all the duties of a private, a non-commissioned officer, and an officer; is encamped at least three months of each year, and instructed in all the duties incident to a regular camp. Candidates for cadets must not be under fourteen, nor above twentyone years of age ; and each cadet, previously to his appointment by the President, must be versed in reading, writing, and arithmetic, and must sign articles, with the consent of his parent and guardian, thereby engaging to serve five years, unless sooner discharged. The pay of a cadet is sixteen dollars per month, and two rations per day. When any cadet has received a regular degree from the academic staff, after going through all

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