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Henceforth, then, from the ation falls most heavily. The age of five to fourteen wholly, result will be that the middle and partially from the age of class will find the education of fourteon to eighteen, the chil- its own children, which it has dren of the working olasses always undertaken itself, inwill belong to the State. They creasingly difficult. And this will be fed and taught as the difficulty is the more to be State wills, and if only they deplored, because from the were put into uniform they middle class, independent and might as well be living in re- self-supporting as it is, oomes formatories. That the work- much of the best talent and ing classes should approve of the best intelligenoe of the this servile polioy is astonishing country. This hardship cannot enough, and yet they appear to be exaggerated. The middle support Mr Fisher's Bill with class, often worse paid than a whole heart. Now the basis the working olass, which rules of every strong State is the us to-day by force of numbers, family, and it is the family will be asked to pay for the and the responsibility which it education of children whose brings with it that the Govern- parents are perfectly well able ment has set itself to destroy. to pay for it themselves. Nor is the paradox mitigated Thus the burden will be put by the reflection that at the upon the wrong shoulders ; the very moment when they declare continuation schools will be themselves ready to give up supported by those who do not their children of five years of frequent them; and the best age to the publio oustody, the profit that the country can working classes demand to take hope to extract from them will into their own hands the sole be the fines levied apon the and undivided government of young defaulters, five shillings the Empire. How shall a man for the first, and a pound for rulo a great State who declines any subsequent offenoe. to manage his own household ? Nor is the Education DeHow shall we dare to talk of partment likely to stay its freedom when we have put into hand at the continuation the chains of a compulsory and schools. Its aim is nothing undefined system of education less than to take hold of all all the "young persons " in the the schools and universities in land?

the land. All the parents in And education, thus freely England are to be dragooned given, must be paid for, and as the working classes wish here we are faced by a second to be dragooned to-day. The injustice. The bulk of the House of Commons has passed money, which will be spent a clause which will prevent a upon the training of the chil. parent from sending his sons dren of the working classes, to any school which the Board must be wrong from the of Education does not deem middle olass, upon which tax. efficient. Eton or Harrow or Charterhouse may easily fall vades the book, and a little under the ban, and fow will explanation might have disbelieve the Board of Education pelled it. However, we must are fair judges of efficiency. o'en take it as it comes, and The strength of England in admit that William Hickey the past has been that she was an engaging ruffian, who has had schools and univer- has earned our gratitude by sities of many types. Thus painting & portrait of himself we have found men who could in which nothing is sacrificed perform the widely differ- to diffidence or modesty. ing duties imposed by the He wrote his memoirs long governance of a large empire. after the events which they If the ambition of the Board chroniole, and they lack the of Eduoation be not checked precision of a journal kept we shall all be shaped and from day to day. Otherwise inspected to a single pattern. we might describe Hickey as We shall all learn the same & Pepys of the eighteenth oenthing at the same hour, and be tury. He has something of fit only to obey the unreason- Pepys's candour and Pepys's able behests of a nicely on- lack of self-consciousness. He gineered majority. We shall gives himself away with the think alike and act alike, and same light-heartedness whereinstead of going and coming with he gives away his friends. freely as we please, we shall His standard of honour is not be packed into whitewashed high, and he makes no prebuildings provided by the tence that he is any better Government, and there we than he is. He steals money shall sit, like Peter Bell's from his respeotable father, a party, “all silent and all friend of Burke, and the “blant, damned.”

pleasant creature" of Gold

smith's 'Retaliation,' as gladly The Memoirs of William as he robs his friend of his Hickey, of which & second mistress. Throughout his life volume has just been pub. he kept the worst of good comlished (London: Hurst & pany, and was most intimately Blackett), deserve more care- at home in the taverns and ful editing than they have gambling - hells of London. received. We have a right Drury Lane was his favourite to be told something more quarter, though in later years about their ingenious author he did not disdain the masthan the editor has told querades which Mme. Cornelys us. We have a right to arranged in Soho Square. And ask preoise questions about though, when he chose his own the manuscript, whose pedi- companions, they were rather gree apparently goes back only cheerful than wise, fortune to 1865, and to see a specimen threw him continually among reproduced in facsimile. As the great. His book contains it is, an air of mystery per- sketches — the more valuable perhaps because they appear select the companions of his to be drawn without intention revels. If we may believe

-of Burke and Francis and Hiokey, Henry Mordaunt, my Warren Hastings, and many Lord Peterborough's brother, another distinguished or noto was an upredeemed sooundrel, rious statesman, And Hiokey mad, brutal, and unsorupulous; is no hero - worshipper. He yet Hiokey, who hated him, bends the knee to nobody. could no more easily avoid his Whoever it be that orosses his society than Mordaunt could path, he meets him upon equal avoid the society of Hiokey, terms, and keeps himself in whom he cordially detested, and gendously in the centre of the who at last carried off from pioture, as though he was him the beautiful Charlotte rather conferring than acoept- Barry. Truly, the bottle which ing a favour. He has all the makes odd companions never lighter vices. He is raffish, brought together ap odder rowdy, extravagant, unsorup- couple than William Hickey ulous in money and in love, and Henry Mordaunt. and yet he defies the consor In the second volume of his in his book as he defied most "Memoirs' Hiokey carries his sensors, except that “special reader abroad with him to the attorney,” his father, during West and East Indies. And if his life.

he changes his sky he does not It is characteristio of him ohange his mind. The hottest that, as be sat down in middle climate neither checks his zest age to compose his ‘Memoirs,'he of life nor moderates his remembered with the greatest appetites. The pursuit of law, pride and vividness his triumphs which seems in India to have with the bottle. Never once been profitable enough, was was he unresponsive to the but an interlude in his life of challenge. He would drink busy amusement. And yet ho with any one who was ready finds time to paint, after his to sit late and to drink deep. summary fashion, the great In his hot youth champagne men whom he encountered. He and burgundy seem to have speaks familiarly of Hastings caught his palate. Grown to and Impoy. He agrees with manhood, he preferred claret, the rest of the world that and if we numbered the bottles Francis was a pompous fellow, which he says that he drank the more readily because he in his second volume, the result roplied to Burke's letter of would be astonishing. If he introduotion that the idea “of falls in the encounter, he con- his ever having it in his power fesses defeat like a man. He to be useful to an attorney" speaks almost as tenderly of was ridiculous; and he notes the headaches, the proper con- with pleasure the litigation in sequence of his debauches, as which Franois was involved of the debauches themselves. with George Francis Grand, the Nor is he careful always to husband of a famous lady, to whom Francis was attached, India, where he hoped that and whom Talleyrand presently pleasure and the rupee would married by order of Napoleon. still await him. So we look Yet he never takes us very forward to a third volume of far or very deep into affairs of these entertaining Memoirs' State, which are, in his eyes, with curiosity, and our debt mere interruptions to the pro- to the editor will be increased per business of life. No sooner if, as we have suggested, he had he made a comfortable describe more clearly the his. sum of money than he hastened tory of the manuscript and home to spend it in London, throw a little more light upon and he takes leave of us at the life and character of its Lisbon, on his way back to author.

Printed by William Blackwood ana Sons.

This is the Original Edition printed in Edinburgh and issued in America

by authority of the Publishers.

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