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degree. - Brother Junior Warden, what is the constant care of
every Master Mason?

J. W. To prove the lodge close tiled.
W. M. Direct that duty to be done.

J. W. Brother Inner Guard, you will prove the lodge close tiled. (The master's knocks are given on the door by Inner Guard and Tiler which proves it close tiled.)

J. G. Brother Junior Warden (with sign) the lodge is close tiled.

J. W. (with the knocks and sign) Worshipful Master, the lodge is close tiled.

W. M. Brother Senior Warden, the next care?
S. W. To see the brethren appear to order as Master Masons.

W. M. To order brethren as Master Masons.- Brother Junior
Warden, from whence came you?

J. W. From the west, whither we have been in search of the genuine secrets of a Master Mason.

W. M. Brother Senior Warden, have you discovered the object of your researches?

S. W. Worshipful Master, we have not; but we have discovered certain substituted secrets, which by your permission, we are willing to impart.

W. M Let those substituted secrets be regularly imparted. (The Junior Warden gives the signs, tokens and words to the Senior Iarden and he to the master.)

S. W. Worshipful Master, deign to receive the substituted secrets of a Master Mason.

W. M. I shall be happy to receive them, and for the instruction of the brethren present, you will repeat them aloud. (S. W. gives them.). Brethren, those substituted secrets being regularly imparted to me, I, as the humble representative of King Solomon, and as the master of this lodge, do ratify and confirm, that those substituted secrets shail designate you and all Master Masons, until future time and circumstances shall restore the genuine



P. M. With gratitude to our Master, we bend.

W. M. Brother Senior Warden our labours being ended in this degrec, you have my command to close this Master Mason's lodge. (He gives the ihree knocks and sits down.)

s. W. Brethren, in the name of the inost high, and by the command of the Worshipful Master, I declare this · Master Mason's lodge closed (Gives three knocks and sits down).

J. W. And it is accordingly closed. (three knocks and sits down. The Inner Guard and Tiler give their knocks, which concludes the ceremony.)

Such is the beginning, the middle and the end of Freemasonry: such its purpose; such its utility! Nonsense still

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mystified excites curiosity; but nonsense exposed excites disgust. That Freemasonry has excited much .curiosity is well known; but that it is wholly worthless and even 'mischievious as an institution is now to be seen. It has been a game for rogues and fools to play at, to convert fools into rogues.

My next letter will commence a review of the four addressed to you, with further illustrations, historical, ceremonial and moral. For the present, I leave you to enjoy them as they now appear, and remain the founder of a morality that shall extend to all, and embrace all, and be practised and felt by all, more moral than a mason can be,





Dorchester Gaol, July 22, 1825 I beg of you to submit the petition, which the accompanying No. 2, Vol. 12, of The Republican contains, to your Law Officers, and to see, if they can shake my exposition of the law on matters of blasphemy towards the Christian religion.

I am, Sir, your prisoner,



We have published Palmer's Oration on the Anniversary of American Independence separate from the Republican at fourpence.

Also, a Demonstration, for a penny, that evil cannot exist in - conjunction with such a God as Christians or Deists worship.

We have not been able to get ready a sufficient supply of the likeness of the Jewish and Christian God. Some of the Christian Lithographists are ashamed or afraid of this phantom of theirs and their predecessors' brains. In a few days, we hope be to forward enough to meet all demands. The “ John Bull” newspaper has obliged us with the following advertisement:

TO JOHN BULL. Sir, For some weeks past, a Caricature of the most infamous nature has been exhibited in the window of Carlile's shop, in Fleet-street. The subject is a hideous personification of the Deity, composed, as appears by the quotations appended to it, from the figurative expressions made use of in the prophetical writings of the Old Testament, taken in a literal sense. I shall not disgust your religious readers by describing this appalling outrage on public decency more minutely--- that its object should not be mistaken, the inscriptions about the picture state what the figure is intended 'for; at the top is written, “ Jews and Christians behold


God the Great Jehovah, or Trinity in Unity;” and at the bottom, .“ A God for à shilling.” I have only to observe further, that it 'is a matter of surprise no steps have been taken to put a stop to an exhibition so disgraceful. Surely the Lord Mayor would be justified in directing bis officers to remove a picture displaying a subject so decidedly blasphemous.

E. I. c. A hideous personifioation of the Deity it may be; John, or E. I. c:but it is not a caricature, further than the Bible iš a caricature of the same thing: not more a caricature; 'than the Wesleyan prints of the Indian Gods: 1t srings, John, and I am glad to see it. It formsa: point in that moral revenge which I will take of my persecutors for my six years imprisonment. The Lord Magar remove it! He would find it a more difficult job than to make St.

Paul's and the Mansion House exchange places. You, John, "1. know, do not like the Methodists, but why should not I describe the god as you and brother Christians describe the gods of other. ignorant pagans?. Get it prosecited, John, and I will improve upan the next.

I am veryglad to see the first number of The Trades, NewsPAPER AND MECITA NİCS WEEKLY JOURNAL," a paper professed... ly in the hands of journeymen mechanics. I have not yet read it through; But the very title, if well supported; deserves the undivided support of every journeyman. This is evidently a day's · mạrch gained upon the enemy--ignorance and its companions superstition and mechanic-degradation.

: R. C.


S. d.

Hibernicus of Bath for Mrs. Jeffreys


Erratta in last weeks Subscription list.
A Christian but no persecutor, for ls. read £l.

Printed and Published by R. CARLILE, 135, Fleet Street.-All Correspor.

dences for · The Republican" to be left at the pláce of publication:

No. 5, Vol. 12.] LONDON, Friday, August 5, 1825. [PRICE 6d.



Sir, 1. I LATELY received the 25th number of your paper, entitled the Republican, which was transmitted under cover directed to me at Bradford, and although I am not in the habit of reading your periodical work (the principles and spirit of which I cannot approve of, yet,) being both challenged and invited to enter your arena, I feel myself compelled (although very reluctantly) to do so.

2. With respect to the great question between you and the public, I do not scruple to avow, that I consider you as a most unjustly, cruelly, and wickedly persecuted man; and I am not greatly surprised at your entertaining strong prejudices against a religion, which you have hastily and most unjustly accused as the root of such bitter and corrupted fruits. Wben, in your own person, and in the persons of your relatives and friends, you have witnessed such enormities of oppression, and injustice, under the pretended sanctions of Law and Religion; it is not altogether unnatural, that you should entertain a contempt for the civil institutions of the country; and designate the Priesthood, as a cover for fraud, hypocrisy, and tyranny. When you asked for a fish, they gave you a serpent; and when you desired bread, they gave you a stone. But while, Sir, I have no besitation, in proclaiming my opinion concerning the cruelty, and the injustice of your lot; my abhorrence of the motives which determined that lot; and my detestation of the hypocrisy, and cowardice, which suggested those motives; you must allow me with equal frankness, to say, that I think you have most unjustly, attributed to Christi-, anity*, those effects which have been directly contrary to

Pray, Sir, tell me what is Christianity, other than those current principles which do and which have passed here and in other countries under

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Printed and Published by R. Carlile, 135, Fleet Street.

its spirit, and principles; and (judging from some numbers of your work, which I have only occasionally seen) you appear to me, to have allowed some of your correspondents, to treat long cherished, and generally venerated religious Tenets, with a levity and indecency, disgraceful to enquirers after Truth; hostile to everything like free and impartial investigation ; and highly injurious to your own reputatiou ; against wbich, the public opinion has for so long a time been setting with such an overwhelming current.

3. While, however, I think it right, and honest, to protest against such an unbecoming mode of investigating opinions, wbich, (to say the least,) have received the sanction of age, of talent, and of virtue; it is but just to acknowledge, that your correspondent who signs himself Leucippus, has met the most momentous question respecting the divine existence and government, in a fair and dispassionate manner; and although I canno. help deploring, what appears to me to be a lamentable delusion of the judgment, and a very mysterious blindness to the most obvious facts; yet I would most willingly, give him full credit, for sincerity; and do feel, a very earnest desire, to satisfy (as far as it is in my power) the doubts of your unbelieving friend.

4. From his observations on the first part of my sermon, respecting the application of the term Fool to infidels in practice; it seems that your correspondent has understood me as implying, that vice is the proper practice of the infidel; which certainly was not my meaning, as I am well persuaded, that many of those, who have taken their rank in the schools of Infidelity, have exhibited such brilliant examples of the social virtues, as might well have put many professing Christians to the blush.

5. By an infidel in practice, I mean one, who although professedly a believer in the being and attributes of God, yet, habitually lives in open violation of the divine laws, and contempt of the divine authority, and such a man, I consider, as a fool, in the strictest sense of the word; and as a fool of no ordinary magnitude ;. but with respect to infidels in theory; although I would be far from asserting, that there is a necessary connection between infidelity and vice;

that name? I take it as I see it in practice: and if I go to the New Testa ment, I find the very theory wicked. I could not refrain from this observation; but I leave the general reply to Leucippus.

R. .C

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