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3.-" The Benevolent Society of Divine Providence;" principal Formed for the "care and education of destitute children of Cuba." Approved,
office, New York City. the orphan and other April 10, 1901.
4.-"Daughters of Abraham Friendly Relief Association;" principal office, Albany. Formed "to give assistance consisting mainly of friendly loans of money to be repaid without interest, in a specified time (usually in installments), to needy persons; and to render such pecuniary relief to deserving persons, such aid and assistance shall be rendered absolutely gratis, and without any charge whatsoever, from contribution and gifts of the members of such corporation and others." Approved, April 10, 1901.
5.-" Stony Wold Sanatorium;" principal office, New York City. Formed "to establish, maintain and carry on a hospital, infirmary or sanatorium for the reception, care and maintenance of, and the rendering of medical assistance to, women and children (including male children not over twelve years of age) who are suffering from or affected with tuberculosis or other thoracic diseases and such other diseases as may arise among the inmates while under the care of the institution." Approved, April 10, 1901.
6.-" Belknap Summer Home for Day Nursery Children;" principal office, Far Rockaway. Formed "to provide a summer vacation for day nursery children, primarily those of the Bryson and Sunnyside Day Nurseries." Approved, June 4, 1901.
7.—“Guild of the Infant Savior;" principal office, New York City. Formed "to receive, by surrender, commitment or otherwise, to support, care for or maintain destitute mothers and infants, and to place out and bind out, or cause to be placed out, bound out or adopted, destitute, abandoned, dependent, neglected or motherless infants in family homes or in such custody and care as may be permitted under or by virtue of any law of the State of New York, and to exercise an oversight over such infants who may have been so placed out or bound out; to secure or assist in
securing such mothers employment or shelter; and generally to assist and coöperate with the Department of Public Charities of the City of New York in helping, caring for and succoring such mothers or infants." Approved, June 4, 1901.
8." The Home Garden of New York City;" principal office, New York City. Formed "to maintain in the City of New York, a homelike place which shall always be open for temporary use to the children of the poor within said city and particularly for such children accustomed to wander upon the streets; the providing of opportunities at such place for work, study and play for such children; the cultivation of such influences as may tend to the betterment of such children and to the brightening and elevating of the homes of the poor within said city; the temporary care of such said children; the maintenance of religious services and schools of instruction which shall be open to such children and families; and the establishment and maintenance of all kindred forms of philanthropic endeavor." Approved, June 4, 1901.
9. " Manhattan Maternity and Dispensary;" principal office, New York City. Formed "to erect, establish and maintain a hospital and dispensary and to render and furnish medical and surgical treatment therein to persons requiring the same, and especially the establishment and maintenance of a maternity hospital where women may be received, cared for or treated during pregnancy or during or after delivery; to provide hospital accommodations for obstetric cases and the surgery of women and children; to supply medical and surgical treatment to women of the poorer classes during their confinement in their homes; to provide facilities for the instruction of physicians and students of medicine; to establish and maintain a training school for nurses and to provide facilities for the instruction and training of women to be professional nurses." Approved, June 4, 1901.
Directorate of Neighborly Neighbors;" principal office, Yonkers. Formed "to provide homes for boys, assist them to find employment, provide for them evening instruction and aid them to become self-supporting." Approved, July 10, 1901.
11.-" The Beachonian Dispensary;" principal office, New York City. Formed "to establish and maintain in the city of New York a dispensary wherein poor persons, without regard to race, nationality, religion or sect, may receive free medical treatment and attendance, according to the Eclectic school or system of medicine." Approved, October 9, 1901.
12. "Cosmopolitan Hospital Society;" principal office, New York City. Formed "to establish and maintain a hospital wherein the method or system of treating the sick shall be according to the Eclectic school or theory." Approved, October 9, 1901.
13. "The Jewish Hospital;" principal office, Brooklyn. Formed" to erect, establish and maintain a hospital which shall afford medical and surgical aid to sick or disabled persons without regard to their creed or nationality." Approved, October 9, 1901.
14." Good Counsel Training School for Young Girls;" principal office, White Plains. Formed "to give industrial, mental and religious training to girls who, from ignorance, indolence or waywardness, may be in moral danger." Approved, October 9,
15.-"The Robins' Nest;" principal office, Greenburgh. Formed "to provide a temporary home in the country for children, between the ages of two and twelve years, from New York who need fresh air and good food." Approved, October 9, 1901.
The following named dispensaries were licensed during the year:
Children's Mission, Dispensary of, 125 Eagle street, Brooklyn, N. Y., April 10, 1901.
Cohoes Hospital Association, Eye and Ear Department, 221 Main street, Cohoes, N. Y., April 10, 1901.
Lutheran Dispensary, corner East New York avenue and Powell street, New York city, October 9, 1901.
Nassau Hospital Dispensary, Mineola, Nassau county, N. Y., October 9, 1901.
St. Vincent's Hospital, Outdoor Department, Eleventh street and Seventh avenue, New York city, January 24, 1901.
Samaritan Hospital Dispensary, Eighth street, Troy, N. Y., April 10, 1901.
The University and Bellevue Hospital Medical College Dispensary and Clinic, 340 East Twenty-sixth street, New York city, January 24, 1901.
PLANS OF BUILDINGS APPROVED.
By the provisions of chapter 225 of the Laws of 1896 (the Poor law), and chapter 546 of the Laws of 1896 (the State Charities law), as amended by chapter 504 of the Laws of 1899, the State Board of Charities is required to approve or disapprove all plans for the erection of almshouses and State charitable and reformatory institutions. The duties imposed upon the Board by these laws have been performed in such manner as to secure the results which it is believed the Legislature sought to accomplish by their enactment. These objects are:
1. The more perfect adaptation of buildings to their purposes. 2. The most approved sanitary arrangements in the details of their plans.
3. Economy in the cost of construction.
All plans are first submitted to a special committee which has power to take such testimony as may be necessary to form a correct judgment, or to visit and inspect the location of a proposed new building, or the building to be improved. The plans for almshouses are generally made by local architects who are frequently unfamiliar with such institutions, and hence their details often require considerable modification. The plans of State institutions are now prepared by the State Architect, and they usually conform in detail to the established principles governing the architecture of such buildings.
It has been the policy of this Board, in the exercise of its duty to approve or disapprove the plans submitted for its action, to insist upon those general principles of construction essential to the adaptation of each building to its purposes, and to secure the best sanitary conditions, as well as economy of construction, and still to leave the local authorities ample opportunity to incorporate such peculiarities in the structure as they may prefer not inconsistent with these established principles.
The more important improvements which the Board has endeavored to secure in the new almshouses are as follows:
1. The complete separation of the sexes. The old almshouses usually consisted of a single building for the administration and for the inmates. This arrangement admitted of the free intermingling of the sexes, and gross immorality not infrequently resulted. The new almshouses provide an independent building for administration, and a separate building for each sex.
2. The abolition of the partially underground story generally known as the "basement." These structures were formerly very common and were usually devoted to kitchen and laundry purposes, but in institutions liable at certain seasons to be overcrowded they were converted into dormitories. Owing to this latter fact these basement stories have been discouraged by the Board and no plans of buildings devoted to the residence of inmates which provide basements are approved. The reasons for this action are twofold:
Partially underground rooms are unfit for living or industrial purposes, owing to the liability to dampness.
There is ample ground space for the construction of buildings, the living rooms of which are in the free air above the surface level.
3. The kitchen and laundry are removed to separate buildings.. By this arrangement the living rooms of the inmates are entirely free from the emanations from these sources of impure air.