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2. To purchase, hold, or convey any estate, real or personal, for the use of the corporation.

3. To make, open, keep in repair, grade, improve, or discontinue streets, avenues, lanes, alleys, sewers, and sidewalks ; to keep them free from incumbrances, and to protect them from injury.

4. To organize fire companies, hook and ladder companies; to regulate their government, and the times and manner of their exercise; to provide all necessary apparatus for the extinguishment of fires; to require the owners of buildings to provide and keep suitable ladders and fire buckets, which are hereby declared to be appurtenances to the real estate, and exempt from seizure, distress, or sale in any manner; and if the owner shall refuse to procure suitable ladders or fire buckets, after reasonable notice, the trustees may procure and deliver the same to him, and in default of payment therefor, may bring an action of debt against said owner, and be entitled to recover in such action the value of such ladders or fire buckets, or both, with costs of suit; to regulate the storage of gunpowder, and other dangerous materials ; to direct the safe construction [of a place) for the deposit of ashes, and severally enter into, or appoint one or more officers to enter into, at reasonable times, and examine all dwelling houses, lots, yards, enclosures, and buildings of every description, in order to discover whether any of them are in a dangerous condition, and to cause such as may be dangerous to be put into a safe condition ; to compel the owners of houses and buildings to have scuttles on the roofs of said houses and buildings, if deemed necessary ; to regulate the manner of putting up stoves and stove pipes; to prevent fires, and the use of fire-works and fire-arms within the limits of said village, or such parts thereof as they may think proper ; to compel the inhabitants of said village to aid in the extinguishment of fires, and to pull, break down, and raze such buildings in the vicinity of [the] fire as shall be directed by the trustees, or any four of them who may be present at a fire, for the purpose of preventing its communi. cation to other buildings; and any buildings so destroyed shall be paid for by the corporation; to construct and pre

servę reservoirs, pumps, wells, and other water works, and to regulate the use thereof; and generally to establish other measures of prudence for the prevention or extinguishment of fires as they shall deem proper.

5. To clear out and remove vegetable matter and nuisances from the creeks, rivers, and other waters in said village, and prevent other accumulations in said waters; and generally take such other measures for the public health as they shall deem

6. To prevent, abate, or remove nuisances.

7. To restrain the running at large of cattle, and all other animals; to establish pounds, and appoint pound masters and fence viewers, and to prescribe their powers and duties.

8. To protect trees and monuments in said village.

9. To purchase, hold, own, and lay out grave yards or cemeteries, and regulate the burial of the dead, and to make and enforce any regulation or ordinances relating to the


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10. To establish and regulate markets, and restrain sales in the streets; to establish and regulate a public scale, and appoint a weigher to attend to the same; to regulate the place and manner of selling hay, and other gross commodities.

11. To suppress disorderly, lewd, or gaming houses, ard devices for gambling.

12. To call regular and special meetings of the voters of said village.

13. To prescribe the compensation of all officers of said village, except their own.

14. To levy and collect taxes on all such property as is now or shall hereafter be subject to town and county taxes: Provided, that all taxes in any one year for corporation purposes shall not exceed one per centum on the property assessed: And provided also, that taxes levied for the purposes herein contemplated shall be levied upon the assessment roll as made by the town assessor in the month of May annually.

15. To tax every male resident of said village, above the age of twenty-one years, and under the age of fifty years, two days labor, or in lieu thereof two dollars in money, to be appropriated in improving the roads and streets of said village, under the direction of such person as they may appoint.

16. To appoint a board of health when in their opinion it shall be necessary, who shall possess all necessary power to prevent the taking or spreading of any infectious, innoxious, contagious, or pestilential disease or epidemic within said town; to establish a hospital or asylum for the sick, and remove any person who may be affected with any such disease or epidemic to any such hospital or asylum.

17. To licence and regulate groceries, victualling houses, taverns, shows, public exhibitions, and theatrical and other entertainments, and also the sale of spirituous or strong liquors, within said town; and to fix such rate of licences as they may think proper : Provided, however, that the board of trustees, nor any other board of excise, shall have


to grant licences for the sale of strong or spirituous liquors, or wines, or any mixtures thereof, within said village, to be drank in any grocery, store, or victualling house, nor in any tavern, unless such tavern shall have suitable accommodations for the traveler; and all sums received for such licences shall be paid into the village treasury, to be used for corporate purposes.

18. To make, pass, ordain, and establish such bye-laws, ordinances, and regulations, not repugnant to the laws of Wisconsin, or the constitution and laws of the United States, for the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of this act as they may deem proper ; but no such bye-law, ordinance, or regulation shall take effect, or be in force, until the same shall be published three weeks successively in some public newspaper, or posted up for the same length of time in three or more public places in said town; and to repeal, alter, or amend the same at pleasure.

Sec. 15. The said trustees, as often as they shall make Trustees may any bye-laws, ordinances, or regulations, may ordain and alties. provide such reasonable fines, forfeitures and penalties upon the offenders against the same, as they shall deem proper, not exceeding twenty dollars for any one offence, to be pros

enforce pen


ecuted and recovered before any justice of the peace or court having cognizance of the same, in the name of the corporation, to and for the use of the corporation; and in any such action it shall be lawful to declare generally in debt for such penalty or forfeiture, and the defendant may plead the general issue, and give the special matter in evidence. All expenses incurred in prosecuting for the recovery of any penalty or forfeiture shall be defrayed by the corporation; and all penalties and forfeitures, when collected, shall be paid to the treasurer for the use of the village. Also, to remit such fines, or forfeitures, or penalties, or any part thereof.

Sec. 16. The affidavit of the printer, of the publication

of any bye-laws or ordinances, or the affidavit of the clerk of Evidence of publication of

the corporation, of the putting up notices, bye-laws or ordibye-laws. nances, as required by this act, shall be sufficient proof in all

courts and elsewhere, that such notices, bye-laws and ordi

nances were properly published or posted up. Quorum of

Sec. 17. Any four of said trustees shall be a board for the transaction of all business, but no bye-law or ordinance shall pass or be of force, unless four, at least, of said trustees

shall concur therein. Competeney

Sec. 18. No person shall be an incompetent judge, jusof officors.

tice, witness, or juror, by reason of his being an inhabitant, or freeholder in the village of Fond du Lac, in any action in

which said village is a party or interested. Annual state- Sec. 19. It shall be the duty of the trustees, before the ment of ar.

annual election, to publish a full and correct statement, in fairs.

detail, of the receipts and expenditures by said trustees, for said village for the preceeding year.

Sec. 20. For the purpose of levying any tax by said corAssessment

poration, the clerk thereof shall annually, in the month of roll.

June, upon the completion of the same, procure from the assessors of the town of Fond du Lac, a copy of the assessment roll of all property liable to taxation within the limits of said corporation, certified by one or more of the assessors as a true copy thereof, and lay the same before the trustees of said village, which copy so certified shall be the assessment roll for said corporation for the year in which the same shall be made: Provided, that the trustees of said village shall have the same power, and be subject to the same restrictions and regulations for correction of errors and omissions in the same, as are prescribed to town supervisors in relation to town assessments by section fifteen of an act to amend an act entitled "

an act to provide for the government of the several towns in this territory, and for the revision of county government," approved April 15, 1843. Sec. 21. When the said trustees shall have determined

Schedule and the rate per centum to be taxed on the assessed value of prop-rate of taxa

tion. erty as contained in the assessment roll as aforesaid, it shall be the duty of the clerk, in the month of June, to make out in accordance with such determination, a schedule of all property, as contained in said assessment roll, together with the names of owners thereof, when known, annexing to each lot or other kind of property, the amount of tax which shall be chargeable on the same, agreeably to the assessment as returned, and the rate per centum of taxation, as fixed by the trustees, which schedule shall be called the tax list, and shall be recorded in a book to be by him kept for that purpose, and said tax list, or the record thereof, shall either of them be conclusive evidence of the amount of corporation taxes assessed for the current year, in which the same shall be made out and dated.

Sec. 22. It shall be the duty of the clerk to complete the tax list as aforesaid, and deliver the same to the treasurer in Tax list to bo the month of June, and make a record of such delivery in the completed in

Juno. book where such list shall be recorded, which record shall be conclusive evidence of such delivery, and the tax assessed on real estate shall be a lien on the same from the date of assessment, until the same shall be paid, together with all penalties and costs which may accrue thereon agreeably to the provisions of this act.

Sec. 23. Upon the receipt of the tax list as aforesaid, it shall Notice to pay be the duty of the treasurer to give public notice in a news. taxes. paper published in said village, or by posting up notice in three public places in said village, that such tax list has been committed to him for collection, and that he will receive payment for taxes at his office, for the term of two months next

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