Gambar halaman

One section "Student Finance" (p. 30-36), discusses organization of College Scholarship Service in 1954, expansion of existing scholarship funds, agreements as to purposes and use of scholarship funds, development of loan funds, and development of school and candidate understanding. "This sketch of the developments in school finance from 1948 to 1957 and the Board's part in them is necessarily brief and inconclusive but it does serve to show that a new idea-that college opportunity should be open to all who are qualified to use it-creates new problems and that a service agency such as the Board can assume new forms and take on new tasks as part of the search for a new solution."

[blocks in formation]

available by private organizations, by colleges, by States, by the Federal Government, and for residents of New York State. Part II, "How to Prepare for Scholarship Exams" (p. 94-429), consists of practice questions and answers and sample examination questions in English, social studies, mathematics, science, health, art, and music.

197. BUCHNER, CHARLES A. There's No Scholarship Surplus: It's a Shortage! Sat. Eve. Post, 231: 10, Nov. 15, 1958. (Author: Professor of Education, New York University.)

"The much publicized, out-of-focus scholarship picture builds up false hopes in the minds of many high school students aspiring to a sheepskin. . . . Scholarships do not go begging. Instead, they are needed in greater numbers."

198. BUTTON, DANIEL E. For Faculty Families: To Fee or Not To Fee. Coll. & Univ. Bus., 24: 23-24, June 1958. (Author: Former Assistant to the President, State University of New York.)

Reports varying practices in 55 institutions in every State regarding remission of tuition to staff members and even to members of their families. Reports that 36 provide some fee benefits for their faculty members. Lists 10 factors that should be taken into account by an institution in formulation of a policy on the matter.

199. CAMERON, MEREDITH E. Women's Colleges and Scholarships. Assoc. Amer. Coll. Bull., 42: 233–239, May 1956. (Author: Academic Dean, Mount Holyoke College, Massachusetts.)

"College thinking about scholarships is changing; the thinking of students and their families, of schools, and of alumnae has not kept pace with it." Poses and answers two questions: "What role do scholarships play in the economy and make up of privately endowed colleges in general and of women's colleges in particular?" and "Who should receive scholarships, and in what amount?"

200. Can You Get a Scholarship? Chang. Times, 9: 33-35, Dec. 1955.

Suggests various sources for scholarships, including high school, college, community, industry, professional societies, foundations, unions, State, church, veteran's groups, and Federal Government.

201. CLARK, JOSEPH S., JR. The Case for Federal Scholarships. New Leader,

40: 6-8, June 10, 1957. (Author: U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania.)

"Senator Wayne Morse of Oregon and I have introduced a National Scholarship Act to provide 50,000 scholarships a year-enough for half of those who now drop out for economic reasons. We need wait for no further studies. The needs are clear."

202. CLARK, SALLY G.; WRIGHT, E. WAYNE; and PARKER, CLYDE A. Do Renewable Scholarships Promote Higher Grades? Pers. & Guid. Jour., 35: 302306, Jan. 1957. (Authors: Staff members, Brigham Young University, Utah.)

"This study was designed to determine whether these renewable scholarships produced greater academic achievement among the scholarship recipients than that achieved by nonrecipients." Based on records of 171 scholarship students and 224 nonscholarship students at Brigham Young University, Utah.

203. COLE, CHARLES C., JR. Encouraging Scientific Talent: A Study of America's Able Students Who Are Lost to College and Ways of Attracting Them to College and Science Careers. New York: College Entrance Examination Board, 1956. ix,259 p. (Author: Assistant Dean, Columbia College, Columbia University.)

Teach., 23: 431, Dec. 1956; and by J. S. Richardson, Educ. Research Bull., 37: 137138, May 1958.

"This is the report of a study of the loss of talented persons from high school to college and of ways to encourage those with high-level ability, particularly those with scientific talent, to enter institutions of higher education, and to follow scientific careers. Our objectives have been to bring together relevant information from all available sources." Contains one chapter, "The Use of Scholarships to Encourage the Production of Scientists" (p. 170-183). "Scholarships continue to be the fairest means of equalizing educational opportunity. Scholarships have advantages which other types of financial aid do not possess. . . . Although the supply of scholarships available to college students continues to increase, the demand for this aid is still far greater. One hundred thousand scholarships needed immediately if we are to salvage our loss of talent from high school to college. The colleges cannot do the task alone. Government and industry should be partners.' Reviews by B. A. Thresher, Coll. & Univ., 32: 357-359, Spring 1957; by W. L. Doyle, Jour. Gen. Educ., 10: 62, Jan. 1957; by H. A. Meyerhoff, Pers. & Guid. Jour., 35: 333, Jan. 1957; by J. G. Harlow, Sch. Review, 65: 107116, March 1957; by A. Raskin, Science


204. Scholarship Applicants Today. Coll. Board Review, No. 32: 17-20, Spring 1957. (Author: See No. 203.)

A study of 12,000 applicants for scholarship aid to the College Scholarship Service who entered college, and of sample of 2,000 of the 9,000 applicants who did not enter college. "The CSS has truly done wonders to help stretch scholarship dollars. It has provided colleges with a much-needed systematic approach to financial aid."

205. College and the Athlete. Newsweek, 53: 78, Mar. 9, 1959.

Quotes President A. W. Griswold of Yale University: "The national traffic in athletic scholarships constitutes one of the greatest educational swindles ever perpetrated on American youth." Reviews existing conditions in various collegiate athletic conferences.

206. COLLEGE ENTRANCE EXAMINATION BOARD. Financing a College Education: A Guide for Counselors. Princeton, N.J.: The Board, 1959. 20 p.

"This book is addressed to guidance counselors and other administrators and teachers in secondary schools who assist students in making their occupational and college plans. It is intended to help counselors meet the increasingly urgent need of students and parents for advice on the problems of financing a college education. The booklet focuses attention on the three areas about which counselors, students, and parents are most anxious for information-sources of financial support, the work of the College Scholarship Service, and the determination of financial need by colleges." Bibliography, 12 titles.

207. College Scholarship Service. Higher Educ. 11: 71-72, Jan. 1955.

Report of organization and plans of the College Scholarship Service, under auspices of College Entrance Examination Board.

208. COLVER, ROBERT M. Scholarship Selection and Administration-An Objective Appraisal of One Program. Coll. & Univ., 30: 20-27, Oct. 1954. (Author: Assistant Director, Bureau of Testing and Guidance, Duke University, North Carolina.)

Based on author's doctoral dissertation at University of Kansas. An analysis of three groups of students at University of Kansas over a 22-year period: (1) 176 accepted on

[blocks in formation]

217. Do You Want To Win a Scholarship? Sen. Schol. 68: 8-10, 28, Feb. 16, 1956.

"High school graduates with above-average records have a good chance at the 150,000 scholarships available annually in American colleges." Suggests four classifications of scholarships: (1) those given by your high school, (2) those from colleges and universities, (3) those from Government, and (4) those from industries. Tabulates major details concerning 18 "typical scholarship opportunities."

218. DOLAN, ELEANOR F. and HORINE, MARIE. Scholarship Inquiry Returns. AAUW Jour., 53: 110-114, Jan 1960; and 53: 177-180, Mar. 1960. (Authors: Staff members, AAUW.)

Summary of questionnaires sent to 361 branches of the Association for information on their local scholarship programs as distinguished from the fellowships of the national organization. "This report is based upon information about only the 1,771 recorded scholarship holders of the past 5 years. The total amount granted to them was $293,745." Discusses selection process and effectiveness of the local programs. Suggests nine standards "which, if followed, would improve the effectiveness of the program." Conclusion: "The Program Development and Research Committee would be less than frank if it did not express its conviction that this study proves the wisdom of AAUW's concentration on fellowships for graduate students."

219. EDMAN, V. RAYMOND. No Federal Scholarships, Thank You! Coll. & Univ. Bus., 25: 17, Sept. 1958. (Author: President, Wheaton College, Illinois.)

"The present hue and cry for Federal scholarship aid is among the most recent panaceas proposed for higher education. Scholarship aid is not a Federal responsibility."

220. EDUCATIONAL TESTING SERVICE. Sponsored Scholarship Program Successes, 1957-58. Princeton, N.J.: The Service, 1957. 30 p.

221. EIGHT MEDICAL LIBRARIAN SCHOLARSHIPS. Lib. Jour. 82: 2072, Dec. 1, 1957.

"The following pages contain brief summaries of undergraduate scholarship programs sponsored by industrial, business, civil, religious, labor, and fraternal groups. All of these programs use the facilities of Educational Testing Service in one or more phases of their operations." Describes 130 such programs. Bibliography, 9 titles.

[blocks in formation]

"Last June a bright high school senior in a Midwestern town received scholarship offers totaling more than $25,000. . . . A top football player has a still better opportunity. . . . The college loan fund appears to be a casualty. Why should a student borrow funds when he can get his academics for nothing? . . . Four corrective measures appear to be indicated. Scholarships should be confined to need, parents who pay full tuition for their children should be honored, educational loans should replace many scholarships, and a new system of recognition devised for scholastic excellence."

226. GWINN, RALPH W. Federal Scholarships-What For? Nat. Republic, 45: 1-2, 30-31, April 1958. (Author: U.S. Congressman from New York.)

[blocks in formation]

Based on unpublished doctoral dissertations by the authors at University of Wisconsin: (1) by Harris in 1955, "The Identification of Financial Need in Awarding Scholarships at a State University," and (2) by Schenk in 1953, "Evaluation of Procedures Used in Awarding Scholarships at a State Un versity." Conclusions: "It is difficult to administer scholarship programs which have as one of their conditions financial need. It seems to the writers that on the basis of this study an elaborate means test... must be developed if the job is to be done effectively. . . . It seems that the whole concept of the use of financial need as an effective criterion of making scholarship awards to college students must be reappraised."

230. HART, JAMES EARL. Administration of Athletic Scholarships at the University of Missouri. Columbia: University of Missouri, 1956. 219 p. Abstract in Diss. Abstracts, 16: 2366-2367, Dec. 1956. Available on microfilm from University Microfilms, Ann Arbor, Mich.

Unpublished doctoral dissertation (Ed. D.). Based on analysis of records of 386 scholar

ship recipients in the years 1951-52 to 195455. Athletic scholarships are awarded on basis of athletic ability, scholarship, citizenship, and need. Promise to participate in athletics cannot be a condition of the awards. Approximately 60 percent of athletic scholarships were awarded to football players. Conclusion: "The University of Missouri has controlled grants-in-aid to athletes within the limits prescribed by the Missouri Valley Intercollegiate Athletic Association."

231. Help Your Students by That Scholarship! Sen. Schol., 74: 10T, Feb. 20, 1959.

"Even if your students don't win National Merit Scholarships, they may still qualify for any one of thousands of scholarships in many hundreds of institutions of higher learning." Bibliography, 19 titles.

232. HICKEY, MARGARET. Citizens Establish Their Own Educational Fund in Fall River, Mass. Lad. Home Jour., 76: 35-36, Sept. 1959. (Author: Editor, Public Affairs Department, Ladies Home Journal.)

Reports methods and success of new plan developed at Fall River. "With only the first birthday celebrated, collections to date have amounted to over $12,000. For the 1958-59 school year, $3,700 worth of scholarships, renewable for 4 years, were awarded to 24 students of Greater Fall River."

233. HOEBEL, E. ADAMSON. The Social Science Research Council's Fellowship Program. Educ. Record, 37: 235-236, July 1956. (Author: Professor of Anthropology, University fo Minnesota.)

Reviews program, initiated in 1953, for grants for study and research in social sciences by undergraduates in summer between junior and senior years of $600, followed by grants of $1,500 for graduate study. During first 3 years 142 awards were made.

234. HOFFMAN, BANESH. "Best Answers" or Better Minds? Amer. Scholar, 28: 195-202, Spring 1959. Reprinted as "College Board Exams Aren't Doing the Job," in Best Articles and Stories, 3: 2437, Nov. 1959.

Claims that type of questions used by College Entrance Examination Board and National Merit Scholarship Corporation "reward superficiality and penalize intellectual honesty."

235. HOLLAND, JOHN L., and STALNAKER, JOHN M. An Honorary Scholastic

« SebelumnyaLanjutkan »