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The Cost of Living, Tuition and Fee Charges. Coll. & Univ. Bus., 27: 19-21, Dec. 1959. (Author: With U.S. Office of Education.)

Shows in both tabular and graphic form trend of tuition charges, separately for publicly and privately controlled institutions, in comparison with cost of living index and median family incomes over last 20 years. Using 1939 as base of 100, shows that tuition in publicly controlled institutions has increased to 229, in privately controlled institutions to 265, cost of living to 208, and median family income to 380.

167. LUDLUM, ROBERT P. How High Should Tuition Go? Educ. Record, 39: 306-310, Oct. 1958. (Author: President, Blackburn College, Illinois.)

"To suggest that tuition should be raised to the point where it would cover the cost of instruction is to make not only a new suggestion but also one that runs counter to convictions we have held for centuries." States various reasons for the change and quotes several individuals as opposed to the plan on the basis of broad social values.

168. MEAD, MARGARET. Dangers of Marriage in College. Smith Alumnae Quart., 51: 80-82, Winter 1960. (. (Author: Professor of Anthropology, Columbia University.)

Makes observations on economic difficulties of undergraduates who marry and the burdens laid upon the institutions in providing facilities for married students. Says that "all over the United States undergraduate marriages are increasing, not only in the municipal universities and technical schools but also on the green campuses once sacred to a more leisurely pursuit of knowledge."

169. MUELLER, KATE HAVNER. The Married Student on the Campus. Coll. & Univ., 35: 155-163, Winter 1960. (Author: Professor of Education, Indiana University.)

"Eleven State universities with a total of 160,000 students had 21 percent married in 1955, and expected up to 25 percent in 1965. Most couples live in university apartments, either luxurious ones at $90 to $120 a month, or simpler ones at $60 to $70; others in city trailer courts at $40 or $50 a month; and still others in the fringe of decrepit rooming houses any campus is likely to harbor."

cord, 40: 189-196, July 1959. (Author: Professor of Economics, University of Illinois.)

170. NEISWANGER, WILLIAM A. Tuition Policy and Benefits Received. Educ. Re

A careful comparison of two methods of financing higher education in 1869-70, at an added cost of several billion dollars, as proposed by Seymour E. Harris of Harvard University through increases in tuition and by John A. Pollard of the Council for Financial Aid to Education through increased governmental support. Argues strongly against the concept implicit in the Harris proposal that a student should pay all or the major part of the cost of his college education by tuition (and debt if necessary), since greatest value of higher education is to the public welfare not to the individual student.

171. OSTHEIMER, RICHARD H. Student Charges and Financing Higher Education. New York: Columbia University Press, 1953. xx,217. Published for the Commission on Financing Higher Education.

Doctoral dissertation (Ph. D.) at Columbia University. "The purpose of this book is to study what the consequences may be, should colleges and universities seek to increase their revenues by raising student charges. The first question, of course, is whether higher charges would in fact yield higher revenues. Second, what would be the effect on society's goal of equality of educational opportunity. ... A third and related concern is the possible effect on the quality of higher education." An extensive use of statistical analysis with numerous tables in attempting to answer these basic questions. Reviews by E. J. Mortola, Coll. & Univ., 29: 452-455, April 1954; and by C. C. DeLong, Jour. Higher Educ., 25: 110-111, Feb. 1954.

172. PERKINS, JOHN ALANSON. Financing Higher Education: Perspectives and Possibilities. In Association of Graduate Schools in the Association of American Universities, Proceedings, 1958, p. 71–81. Also in Educ. Record, 40: 99-107, Apr. 1959. (Author: President, University of Delaware.)

"There have been, broadly speaking, two ideas put forth on how to get the needed money from the students or from the Government. The first has been promoted by some industrialists and popularized by Fortune Magazine and the ubiquitous Mr. Beardsley Ruml. It suggests that higher education, private and public alike, should charge students the full cost of that education." States arguments against this method and in favor of the second.

173. PIERPONT, WILBUR K. A Sense of Proportion is Needed on Our Tuition and Fee Charges. Coll. & Univ. Bus., 27: 30-33, July 1959. (Author: Vice President, University of Michigan.)

"People everywhere are talking about student tuition and fees. These people include parents, taxpayers, alumni, legislators, college and university staff members, business men, and newspaper and magazine editors. This is a healthy thing." Discusses various factors to be considered in setting fair tuition fees, including program costs, future earning power, institutional objectives, social interest and need, income levels of economic groups, and financial resources.

174. Planning for College: What a Survey of 189 Colleges Shows. U.S. News, 45: 52-56, Dec. 5, 1958.

Discusses costs of tuition and fees, board and room, and other necessary expenses, for institutions grouped by geographic areas. Reports in detail concerning three institutions each in six geographic areas, with costs varying from $900 per year at University of Alabama to $2,500 per year at Dartmouth College, New Hampshire.

175. PUSEY, NATHAN M. The Need for Public Support. Educ. Record, 40: 29–34, Jan. 1959. (Author: President, Harvard University.)

"The financial difficulty of higher education in America at the moment is large and serious, simply because we are not, and have not been, spending enough on our educational system." Discusses various sources of additional support including tuition increases. Illustrates by frequent references to experience at Harvard University.

175a. ROPER, ELMO and ASSOCIATES. Parents' College Plans Study. New York: 1959. 30 p. (The Education Plan of the Ford Foundation.)

Based upon interviews with 5,011 parents of 7,295 children under 18 years of age not in college, in all parts of the United States in April 1959. Results reported in 30 tables. Major findings: Parents expect to send 69 percent of their children to college, a majority to State colleges. Median expense expected is $1,450 per year. Sixty-seven percent expect to use some form of savings to finance college attendance, 41 percent hope for some form of scholarship, 20 percent expect to use current income, 29 percent expect the child to earn money for college.

176. RUML, BEARDSLEY and MORRISON, DONALD H. Memo to a College Trustee:

A Report on Financial and Structural Problems of the Liberal College. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1959. ix,94 p. Summary as "Open Letter to a Trustee," in Think, 25: 16-18, Sept. 1959. Symposium on various aspects of the plan by eight authors, Jour. Higher Educ., 30: 411-452, Nov. 1959. (Authors: (1) Former Dean, Social Science Division, University of Chicago; former Treasurer, R. H. Macy & Co., Inc.; former Chairman, Federal Reserve Bank, New York; Trustee Dartmouth College, New Hampshire; (2) Former Provost, Dartmouth College.)

Prepared for the Fund for the Advancement of Education. "This Report is concerned with a cluster of crucial questions: How can the American liberal arts colleges meet their responsibilities with respect to the fostering of liberal education? How can they serve their important purpose in helping to prepare the next generation of adults to deal wisely and humanely with the problems and opportunities of an increasingly complex world? How can they make the conrtibution to teaching and to scholarship that is required? More specifically, how can our colleges-and our universities, too-arrange their faculties, their teaching programs, their facilities, and their finances to provide liberal education for twice as many students as today, a liberal education of constantly improving quality? Today these institutions are not organized to meet this challenge." Presents a plan for almost doubling faculty salaries without increase of tuition which is assumed to be $800 per year. Outlines plans for hypothetical institutions of 800, 1,200, 1,800, and 3,000 students, each with this tuition. Reviews by W. L. Thorp in AAUP Bull., 45: 577-579, Dec. 1959; by P. Pickrel, Harpers, 219: 87-88, Aug. 1959; and by E. W. Harrington, Quart. Jour. Speech, 46: 220-221, Apr. 1960. Editorial Comments, Coll. & Univ. Bus., 26: 22, June 1959.

177. That Bond Put Away for College Doesn't Look So Big Now. U.S. News, 43:54, July 5, 1957.

"Warning to parents: Savings bonds, put aside for a college education, will buy less time in school than you have expected. . . . Here's the story of a special inflation problem for parents. A little $1,000 U.S. savings bond, now coming due, will pay for less than two-thirds of a year in college."

178. Tuition and Other Fees of Member Institutions. In Eastern Association

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Princeton, N.J.: Educational Testing Service, Apr. 1957. vii,84+71 unnumbered pages of appendix.

Based on aptitude tests and extensive questionnaire studies of more than 35,000 12th grade students in 516 high schools. One section, "Reactions of Students to Hypothetical Scholarships" (p. 53-58), reports results of inquiry whether superior students would accept scholarships paying all necessary college expenses if they would agree to major in one of ten specified fields. "More than half of the boys would accept a fully paid college education in engineering. Almost half of the boys would accept full scholarships in other scientific fields or in business; 27 percent would accept a scholarship in education. To highscoring girls, the sciences seem much less desirable; their favorites were business, acceptable to 66 percent, and education, acceptable to 38 percent."

187. BALDWIN, JANET. Road to Culture: Over It Flash the Wheels of 33 Cyclists Turning in Funds for Indiana Students. Rotarian, 88: 43, May 1956.

Describes the "little 500" annual bicycle races, the proceeds of which are "parceled out to working students in the form of $100 scholarships."

188. BENDER, WILBUR J. A Critical Role for the Colleges. Coll. Board Re(Author: view, No. 39, 8-9, Fall 1959. Dean of Admissions and Financial Aids, Harvard College.)

Address before annual meeting of College Scholarship Service, Oct. 27, 1958. Summarizes information on variety of scholarships becoming increasingly available Federal, State, corporation, and other-and states a dozen possible limitations on their most effective use. "I should like to see . . . a statement of principles drawn up by the colleges which would define the broad purposes and financial basic policies of the ideal aid program."

189. BERDIE, RALPH F. One-half of University Students on Government Scholarships. Jour. Higher Educ., 29: 98-100, 116, Feb. 1958. (Author: Student Counselor, University of Minnesota.)

spending hundreds of millions of dollars for government scholarships."

"A review of a government scholarship program in another country may assist in the current discussions of possible Federal scholarship programs." A detailed report on operation of the Commonwealth Scholarship Plan in Australia, begun in 1951. "If this country spent money for scholarships in a way comparable to Australia, we would be

190. Assumptions Underlying Scholarship Proposals. Coll. & Univ., 34: 82-88, Fall 1958. (Author: Professor of Psychology, University of Minnesota.)

"The writer recently attended a hearing before the Subcommittee on Special Education of the U.S. House of Representatives where those who testified regarding Federal scholarship programs often made several assumptions, frequently without being fully aware of the nature of these assumptions. They assumed that a large proportion of well qualified high school graduates do not attend college; that this number was large enough so that some action was called for; that a primary cause for this was financial; and finally, that more loan and scholarship funds would result in a greater number of competent high school graduates attending college. What is the evidence covering these assumptions?" Presents and discusses evidence in detail. Bibliography, 8 titles.

191. BLACKWELL, T. E. Are State Scholarships an Answer to Increasing Demand for Higher Education? Coll. & Univ. Bus., 22:38-39, May 1957. (Author: Educational Management Consultant, Washington University, Missouri.)

Considers court decisions in Nebraska, South Dakota, Nevada, Illinois, Virginia, New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania on right of the State to establish scholarships for use in privately controlled educational institutions.

192. BOWLES, FRANK H. How To Get Into College. New York: E. P. Dutton & Co., 1958. viii,157 p. (Author: President, College Entrance Examination Board, New York.)

Consists chiefly of 1,358 questions and answers, 62 of them (Nos. 249-310) devoted to "Financing College." States that "scholarship aid is becoming harder to get and is given out with great care and on strict terms." Gives much information on policies of colleges in awarding scholarships. Reviews by W. G. Bowling, Coll. & Univ., 34: 326-330, Spring 1959; and by R. N. Scott, High School Jour., 42: 143, Jan. 1959.

193. Admission to College: A Perspective for the 1960's. New York: College Entrance Examination Board, 1960. 144 p. (57th Annual Report of the President of the College Entrance Examination Board.) (Author: See No. 192.)

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