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The total freight earnings for the year ending June

30, 1887, are.... For the year ending June 30, 1886

$19,370,775 31 18,517,338 83

$853,436 48

$5,372,192 86 5,392,923 99

Freight earnings increase for the year...
The total passenger earnings for the year ending

June 30, 1887, were
For the year ending June 30, 1886, were

Passenger earnings decrease
From miscellaneous sources for the year ending June

30, 1887, receipts were
For the year ending June 30, 1886, were....

$20,731 13

$1,419, 118 49 1,192,056 52

Increase in earnings from miscellaneous sources

$227,061 97

OPERATING EXPENSES.

The total operating expenses of all lines in the State

for year ending June 30, 1887, were.... For the year ending June 30, 1886..

$13,448,918 43 12,040,266 81

Increase for 1887...

$1,408,651 62

NET INCOME.

Total net income of all lines for year ending June

30, 1887... For year ending June 30, 1886 ...

$12,713,168 23 13,063,052 53

Decrease in net earnings for 1887

$349,884 30

TAXES,

*The amount of taxes paid into the State treasury

for the year ending December 31, 1886, by the rail.

way companies was. For the year ending Dec. 31, 1885.

$672,236 48 611,743 55

Increase for year 1886

$60,492 93 ACCIDENTS.

* This som represents the amount of taxes certified by the commission to the state auditor as due and payable under the law. The Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway Co. dispute the correctness of the amount certified us due from it. See table No. XVIII.

The number of passengers killed during the year was...
The number of passengers injured but not killed was..
The number of employes killed was....
Number of employes injured but not killed..
The number of persons killed while walking on track..
Number injured from same cause...

7 32 45 306 60 46

Total casualties....

496 There were 112 persons killed during the year, as against 92 for the year ending June 30, 1886.

The whole number of injured was 384, as against 230 the year before:

A more detailed statement of casualties and of the causes will be found in the accident tables attached to this report.

EMPLOYES.

The total number of employes on all the lines doing business

in Minnesota for the year ending June 30, 1887, was.. The proportion for Minnesota was.. Showing an increase in the State over the previous year of..

61,483 15,883 1,138

PASSENGER TRAFFIC.

8,141,163 6,323,188

The total number of passengers carried on all lines within

the State during the year was... The total number carried the previous year was. The average distance travelled by each passenger during

the year ending June 30, 1887, was..
The average distance so travelled the previous year was..
The total number of passsngers carried one mile the cur-

rent year was...
The total number so carried in 1886 was
The average rate per passenger per mile for 1887 was....
The rate for 1886 was.

26 miles 31 miles

211,509,301 196,499,789 2.48 cents 2.70 cents

FREIGHT TRAFFIC.

The total number of tons of freight carried on the lines

within the State for the year was For the year previous ...

11, 150,382 9,178,668

The average earnings on each ton in Minnesota was for 1887 ...

1.64 For 1886

2.01 Average rate per ton per mile, 1887..

.0127 cents The usual tables are found appended to the report in the form and in the order which has hitherto obtained in the annual reports from this office.

ORGANIZATION OF THE COMMISSION.

"An Act for the regulation of Railroad Companies," approved March 5, 1885, created (Sec. 1) a commision to be styled “Railroad and Warehouse Commissioners, to consist of three suitable persons to be appointed by the governor."

Section 2 of said act provides that within thirty days after this act shall take effect the governor shall appoint two persons who, with the then railroad commissioner shall constitute the commission, who shall hold their office until the first Monday in January, 1887, and until their successors are appointed and qualified, that the governor shall after, and within thirty days of the organization of the legislature: appoint three railroad commissioners to succeed those whose terms have expired in January, 1887, who shall hold their office for two years, and until their successors are appointed and qualified.

In accordance with these provisions of law, commissions were is. sued by the goveruor on the eighth day of January, 1887, to Horace Austin, John L. Gibbs, and George L. Becker. On January 12, 1887, the commissioners met and organized by choosing Horace Austin president, E. S. Warner secretary, and A. K. Teisberg clerk.

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LEGISLATION OF 1887.

The act for the regulation of railroad companies approved March 5, 1885, provided among other things that it should be the duty of the commissioners “ to investigate and consider, what, if any amendment or revision of the railroad laws of this State the best interests of the State may demand, and they shall make a special biennial report on said subject to the legislature."

In obedience to this requirement the Railroad and Warehouse Com. missioners, whose term expired in January, 1887, made such a report to the last legislature. This report contained the draft of seven laws which had been submitted to the Attorney General, and were by him approved, under the following titles, viz. :

1. "An Act to regulate common carriers and creating the Railroad and Warehouse Commission of the State of Minnesota, and defining the duties of such commission in relation to common carriers."

2. “An Act relative to the issuing of false, fraudulent and part paid and unpaid shares of the stock of railroad companies and pro. viding a penalty therefor."

3. “An Act regulating the proceedings of railroad companies desiring to increase their capital stuck."

4. “An Act to provide for the taxation of persons, copartnerships, associations, carloaning companies, sleeping car companies, corporations and fast freight lines engaged in the business of running cars over any of the railroads of this State and not being exclusively the property of any railroad company paying taxes on their gross receipts.

5. An amendment to the constitution, to he section 5 of article 10, entitled, “Control of Railroads,' an act submitting the same to the people for adoption or rejection."

6. An Act for the taxation of railroad companies."

7. “An Act to regulate the furnishing of cars and the shipment of carload lots of freight.”

The commissioners also submitted to the legislature in this report the full draft of two laws amending the Grain and Warehouse Laws of the State under the following titles, viz. :

1. “An Act to regulate grain warehouses and the inspection, weighing and handling of grain at St. Paul, Minneapolis and Duluth, and defining the duties of the Railroad and Warehouse Commission in relation thereto."

2. “An Act to regulate the warehousing and handling of grain at all points in Minnesota except at the cities of St. Paul, Minneapolis and Duluth."

The supreme court of the State having at the January 1887 term decided that section 15 of the act of March 5. 1885, requiring railroad companies to permit any person or company to construct and operate elevators and warehouses at regular way stations, in consideration of an annual rental of one dollar was unconstitutional. The commission in a supplemental report submitted to the legislature the draft of an act upon this subject, which was prepared especially to meet the views laid down by the supreme court in the decision referred to.

Of the acts so drafted and submitted by the commission to the leg. islature the first one named became a law with some essential changes and modifications The second, the third and the fifth were also passed. The fourth, the sixth and the seventh, and the two bills amending the grain and warehouse laws, as well as the act with reference to grain warehouses on the right of way of railroads, all failed to receive the favorable consideration of the legislature.

The act creating the Railroad and Warehouse Commission and defining the duties of such commission was approved March 7, 1887. It repeals (Sec. 21) all acts and parts of acts inconsistent there with, and directs" that the provisions of this act shall apply to and govern the existing railroad and warehouse commissioners appointed by virtue of an act approved March 5, 1885, who are hereby clothed with the power and charged with the duties and responsibilities of this act."

In its main and essential features it follows the “act to regulate commerce" passed by Congress and approved Feb. 4, 1887. That act controls and regulates inter-state commerce.

The act of vur State legislature aims to do the same thing, so far as comon carriers are concerned who are “engaged in the transportation of passengers or property wholly by railroad or partly by railroad and partly by water, when both are used under a common control management or arrangement, for a carriage or shipment from one place or station to another, both being within the State of Minnesota.

The passage of these two acts, one by Congress and the other by the State legislature, simultaneously, each creating a commission clothed with similar powers and charged with like duties and responsibilities, the one having charge of inter-state commerce, and the other the control and regulation of local commerce within the State of Minnesota marks the commencement of a new era in the relations between common carriers and the public.

With these laws in force, and with a federal commission organized under the act of Congress, and a State commission created by the State law, each within its proper sphere acting in harniony and in the same general direction, there are no questions arising affecting the policy of common carriers to the public which are not clearly under the jurisdiction of the one or the other.

While the congressional act and the state act are in their essential provisions for the most part in harmony with each other, and are ex. pressed in almost the same words, yet there are some important differences to which the attention of the people of the State should be called.

The inter-state commerce law prohibits passes and free transportation except that common carriers may give free carriage to their own

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