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And who those lovers, who with rapture view,
When the soul sees but Beauty, hears Music the best ; As pure as the blue's stainless bosom above,
As the song of the sphere everlastingly blest! To trace in the hues of the morn and the eve,
The moods of the mind, which the Muses inherit, In the flowers, and the wonders of Nature, perceive
The mystical semblance of passion and spirit.
2. 'Twere sweet, for a while on her beauty to gaze,
Her visible frame, with the eye that we see; And sweet, but to list to her modulate maze,
With the ear of the flesh, -and the spirit be free: But sweeter, eternally sweet, 'tis to prove,
In the blood, and the heart, and the soul, that we feel; And, oh, sweeter! in eloquent numbers to love, The feelings of Virtue and Love to reveal !
3. 0, sweeter, eternally sweet, 'tis to sing,
That Beauty, that's scatter'd o'er earth, sea, and sky,— The glory of Summer-the grace of the Spring
In thy form are embodied, enthroned in thine eye ! 'Tis rapture to know that my Iphigen hears,
The song of a harp she is sure to approve, That her smiles will reward me, and sometimes her tears,
While Fancy is bathed in the visions of Love!
Burning intensely, gloriously bright,
may it measure then the conclave blue,
To aërial measures, with light fairy tread,
every other extacy confessed ?
The author is indebted to Warton's 5th Ode for some of the ideas and imagery, in the preceding description of the poetical character of Lausus. The reader may discover the extent of his obligations, by reference to the Ode itself.
END OF CANTO SECOND.
ORIGIN AND PROGRESS
Most nations are fond of aspiring to the ideal honour of early origin; and, in the maintenance of their claims, too frequently display "little else but vanity. In the absence of moral and intellectual worth, it is with nations as with individuals; they pride themselves in ancestry, or any other adventitious good. Our estimation of character should be regulated by what a 'man is, and not by what he was : the same remark will apply to men in a congregated state. What availed it that the modern Greeks, so long the vassals of Turkish tyranny, descended from the most intellectual race that ever peopled the world ? May the hopes which their recent exertions have excited be abundantly realized! What can it profit the Italians, that the Romans were the dread or envy of their contemporaries? We, as a nation, were we ever so inclined, cannot boast of very early origin; happily, however, if the present, rather than the past, be the period for the estimation of national excellence, we have every thing to hope, and nothing to fear, from the comparison.
The state of a language must naturally correspond with the mental condition of the people who speak it. National language is a collection of verbal signs, which, when arranged, become the indexes of a particular people's ideas ; and, in proportion as these become enlarged, enriched, and refined, the language they speak will become free, copious, and harmonious, the reverse must follow, should the mental progress of any country unhappily retrograde: when ideas cease to occupy the mind, the terms by which they were expressed must become obsolete.
The origin of the English Language is confessedly Saxon. This is demonstrable, from a review of the great majority of words which compose it, as well as from an examination of its structure; and it is abundantly corroborated by historical fact.
Mr. Turner, in his excellent history of the Anglo-Saxons, has observed, that not more than one-fifth of the original language has become obsolete, or, in other words, that fourfifths constitute our present language; and this he has proved, by taking a variety of passages from some of our most celebrated authors, and marking the Saxon words in italics. The passages alluded to are borrowed from Shakspeare, Milton, Cowley, the Translators of the Sacred Scriptures, Thomson, Addison, Spencer, Locke, Pope, Young, Swift, Robertson, Hume, Gibbon, and Johnson.
We subjoin an example or two, as illustrative of his general principle :
The flesh is heir to! 'twere a consummation
All seasons, and their change; all please alike.
How it outruns the following eye!
Use all precautions now, and try
That way it went; but thou shalt find
No track is left behind.
Of all the time thou'st shot away,
I'll bid thee fetch but yesterday,
Dr. Hickes has observed, that, of the fifty-eight words which compose the Lord's Prayer, not more than three of them are of Gallo-Norman introduction.
Besides this kind of verbal proof, we may add, from whatever foreign sources additions to our language have been made, they have no effect on its structure. With very few exceptions, such additions have at once conformed to all the previously-established rules of formation and construction ; so that the whole genius and structure of the language have remained completely Saxon. The exceptions, to which we refer, consist of a few idiomatic forms of expression, and of those nouns derived from the learned languages, which form their plurals, not according to the English usage, but as in their primitive state ; and, as they are not numerous, it may not be tedious to name them :--Antithesis, apparatus, appendix, arcanum, automaton, axis, basis, calx, cherub, crisis, criterion, datum, diæresis, ellipsis, emphasis, effluvium, encomium, erratum, genius, genus, hiatus, hypothesis, index, lamina, magus, medium, memorandum, metamorphosis, phenomenon, radius, seraph, series, species, stamen, stratum, and