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they fix their leg or rather foot, and this stake is closed by another tied together at a man's height. They place a man at each side who sleeps near them and who is careful to visit the prisoners from time to time, during the night.
When they have lost any men on the field of battle they paint the men with the legs in the air, and without heads and in the same number as they have lost; and to denote the tribe to which they belonged, they paint the animal of the tribe of the deceased Oh its back, the paws in the air, and if it be the chief of the party that is dead, the animal is without the head.
If there be only wounded, they paint a broken gun which however is connected with the stock, or even an arrow, and to denote where they have been wounded, they paint the animal of the tribe to which the wounded belong with an arrow piercing the part in which the wound is located; and if it be a gunshot they make the mark Of the ball on the body of a different color.
If they have sick, and are obliged to carry them, they paint litters (boyards) of the same number as the sick, because they carry only one on each litter.
When they are thirty or forty leagues1 from their village they send notice of their approach, and of what has happened them. Then every one prepares to receive the prisoners, when there are any, and to torment each as they deem proper.
Those who are condemned to be burnt are conveyed to the cabin which has been given them. All the warriors assemble in a war cabin and afterwards send for them to make them sing, dance, and to torment them until they are carried to the stake.
During this time two or three young men are preparing the stake, placing the fuel near and keep their guns loaded.
When every thing is ready, he is brought and tied to the stake and finally burnt. When he is burnt up to the stomach they detach him, break all his fingers, raise the scalp which was left hanging behind by a small tongue of skin to the head. They put him to death in these agonies, after which each takes bis morsel and proceeds to make merry.
i 1 Tkr«e or four milw —Coldw.
Explanation Of The Ithst Designs.
A. This is a person returning from war who has taken a prisoner, killed a man and a woman whose scalps hang from the end •f a stick that he carries.
B. The prisoner.
G. Ckichicois (or a gourd), which he holds in the hand.
D. These are cords attached to his neck, arms and girdle.
E. This is the scalp of a man, what is joined on one side it the scalp-lock.
F. This is the scalp of a woman; they paint it with the hair thin.
G. Council of war between the tribe of the Bear and that of the Beaver; they are brothers.
H. A Bear.
I. A Beaver.
L. Is a belt which he holds in his paws to avenge the death of some one and he is conferring about it with his brother, the Beaver.
K. Council for affairs of state.
M. The Bear.
N. The Council fire.
0. The Tortoise; so of the other tribes, each ranges at its own side.
P. Canoe going to war.
Q. Paddles. They know hereby how many men there are in the canoe, because they place as many paddles as there are men. Over these is painted the animal of the tribe to which they belong.
R. The canoe.
S. This is a man returning from hunting who has slept two nights on the hunting ground and killed three does; for when they are bucks, they add their antlers.
What is on his back, is his bundle.
T. Deer's head. This is the way they paint them.
V. This is the manner they mark the time they have been hunting. Each mark or rather each bar is a day.
Y. Fashion of painting the dead; the two first are men and the third is a woman who is distinguished only by the waistcloth that she has.
As regards the dead, they inter them with all they have. When it is a man they paint red calumets, calumets of peace on the Tomb; some times they plant a stake on which they paint how often he has been in battle; how many prisoners he has taken; the post ordinarily is only four or five feet high and much embellished.