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ple and we but a small, you will protect us from the French, which if you do not, we shall loose all our hunting and Bevers, The French will have all the Bevers, and are angry with us for bringing any to you.

Brethren. Wee have putt all our land and our selfs under the Protection of the great Duke of York, the brother of your great Sachim; We have given the Susquehanne River which we wonn with the sword to this Government and desire that it may be a branch of that great tree that grows here, Whose topp reaches to the Sunn, under whose branches we shall shelter our selves from the French or any other people, and our fire burn in your houses and your fire burns with us, and we desire that it always may be so, and will not that any of your Penns people shall settle upon the Susquehanne River; for all our folks or soldiers are like Wolfs in the Woods, as you Sachim of Virginia know, We having no other land to leave to our wives & Children.

Wee have put ourselves under the Great Sachim Charles that lives over the Great Lake, and we do give you Two White Drest Dear Skins to be sent to the Great Sachim Charles That he may write upon them, and putt a great Redd Seale to them, Thatt we do putt the Susquehanne River above the Washinta or falls and all the rest of our land under the Great Duke of York and to nobody else, Our brethren bis Servants were as fathers to our Wives and Children, and did give us Bread when we were in need of it, and we will neither joyn our selves nor our Land to any other Governme then to this, and this Proposition we desire that Corlaer the Govrn' may send over to your Great Sachim Charles that dwells over the Great Lake with this Belt of Wampum Peeg, and another Smaller Belt for the Duke of York his brother, and we give a Bever to the Corlaer to send over this Proposition.

And you great Man of Virginia, meaning the Lord Effingham Govern' of Virginia, we let you know that Great Penn did speak to us here in Corlaer's house by his agents, and desired to buy the Susquehanne River, but we would not hearken to him nor come under His Government, and therefore desire you to be witness of what we now do and that we have already done and lett your friend that lives over the Great lake know that we are a ffree

people uniting our selves to what Sachem we please, and do give you one beavor skinn.

This is a true Copy Translated, compared and
Revised P me

Robt LIVINGSTON.

SIR JOHN WERDEN TO COL. DONGAN.

[From same, Vol. IV.]

St. James's, 27th August, 1684. EXTRACT.] Touching Susquehannah River or lands abot it or trade in it, wch the Indians convey to you or invite you to, we think you will doe well to preserve yor interest there as much as possible that soe nothing more may goe away to M-Penn or ether New Jerseys. For it is apparent they are apt enough to stretch their privileges as well as the people of New England have beene, who never probably will be reduced to reason by prosecution of the Quo Warranto weh is brought agst ym

[Council Minutes V.] At a Council August the 30th 1686. P'sent the Govern' M. S. V. Cortlandt M N. Bayard, Maj. Ger.

Baxter J. Spragge Arnold Interpreter. The Govern' gave presents to the Indians for wch they thanked him after their manner, and he said to them Brethren

* * * * I allso desire that neither ffrench nor English go & liue at the Susquehannah River; nor hunt nor trade amongst the Brethren without my passe and seale, the impression of which I will giue them but if they doe that the Brethren bring them to Albany and deliver them at the Town house when care shall be taken for punishing them (except the priests and one man wth each or either of them) allthough any of them should be married to an Indian squa; they being only spies upon the Brethren.

At a Council Septembr 1st 1686. P’sent the Gov. M. Steph. v. Cortlandt M N. Bayard, Maior G.

Baxter J Spragge The Indians of the fiue Nations returned the following answer

The Cayouges & Oneydes answered first & said Brother Corlear We are come hither at New York by yr order although the appointed place is at Albany.

We have understood your propositions that we are no more Brothers but looked upon as Children of wch we are gladd

And what concerns the sending the prisoners back againe which the Cayouges and Oneydes have no hand in taking them ; that concerns the Sinequas

What your Hono' hath said about the Indians that are at Canada we will do our utmost endeauo to bring them from thence & do desire that yr Hono" would write a letter to them, we will have more influence upon them then our bare words

Concerning the Indians going to Cadaracqua that doth not concern us but the Onondagos

What yor Hono hath said of the Christian hunters & the traders that may come upon the Susquehañah River to hunt or trade wthout your passe ; that we should take their goods from them & bring their persons to Albany, we dare not meddle therewith; for a man whose goods is taken from him will defend himself wich may create trouble or warre, & therefor we deliver the seales to yr Hono' againe.

The Maquas stood up and said We desire that yr Honor will order that lande & a priest may be at Saraghtoge; for they will be most Maquas that return from Canada ; & for the reasons given your Honor by the Cayouges & Oneydes we allso deliver your Honof the Seals againe-upon that they gaue a present

The Onondages stood up and said in Answer Brother Corlear * * * * We are affraid the seals given us put us in a new trouble ; therefore we deliver them to your Honour againe, that we may live wholly in peace.

The Sinnequas said We came first to Albany Although we liue the furthest off,

and do find Corlear to be a good brother to us, therefore did not delay.

I shall speak first of the Seales; We know the ffrench by their Coats and the other Christians by their habitts & if we should take their goods from them, it would create trouble or warre & therefor deliver the same againe.

EXTRACT OF A LETTER FROM GOVR DONGAN TO M. DE DENONVILLE, DATED 31 OCTOBR 1687.

[Lond. Doc. VI.]

Sir, I doe not take the King my Master's right to the five nations on this side of the lake from Mons de la Barr, but from our records which demonstrates that these five nations has been in a free and brotherly correspondence from the first Settlement of this towne, and further they have subxitted themselves, there country and conquests to the Dutch in their time and to the Kinge of England since this Colonie came under His Majesties obedience, so that the King haveing given a Pattent to Mr Wm Penn of a tract of land in which there conquest land uppon the Susquehana River was included in the grant, Since all this they came to me in the presents of the Lord Effingham now Gov' of Virginia presentinge two dorst dressed?] Deerskins desiringe me to send them to the Kinge that a red broade seale might bee affixed to them, that, that part of Susquehanna river might be annexed to this Collony haveinge some of their friends livinge there.

THE HUMBLE ADDRESS OF THE GOVERNOUR AND COUNCILL OF YOUR MAJESTY'S PROVINCE OF NEW YORKE AND DEPENDENCYS. [6 aug. 1691.]

[Lond. Doc. VIII.] Most Gracious Sovereigne

May it please Yor Most Excell: Majty There being nothing so dear unto us as the prosperity of your Majesty the increase of your empire and the safety of your

people planted in these remote parts of America, We therefore in all humble manner find it is our duty to represent unto your most sacred Majesty the State and Condicôn of this your Majesty's Province, that by a view thereof iour Majesty may be truely informed of the advantages accruing to your Majesty and also of the great detriment and prejudice that threatens your Majesty's interest by the pretences of our Neighbours and the strength of the French your Majesty's declared enemys. Therefore Most Excel Sovereigne

This your Majtys Province was first settled and planted in the year of our Lord 1619. by the States Generall of the United Provinces, who did extend the line of their dominion from this your Majesty's Citty of New Yorke to the Eastward so farr as Connecticut River and to the Westward along the Coast beyond the Delaware River, and to the Northward up Hudson's River so farr as Schenetady and from thence to the Lakes of Canada, and from thence to the Westward so farr as the Sinnekes land or the Indian hunting reacheth. Since which time in the year of our Lord 1664. King Charles the Second did subdue and reduce to the allegiance of Your Majesty's Crowne all the Inhabitants and Territorys within the limitts aforesaid; all which was granted by King Charles the Second unto His Royall Highness James Duke of Yorke in the same year together with the governm' of all that tract of land to the Westward of Delaware River unto Maryland.

His Royall Highness was pleased out of the premises to grant a certain tract of land unto the Right Honorable John Lord Barclay and Sir George Carterett limited and bounded by Hudson and Delaware Rivers, as per the Deed of Conveyance relation being thereunto had may more fully appeare; the remaining part continued in His Royall Highnesses possession untill the yeare of our Lord 1682, William Penn procured a Pattent from King Charles the Second for land to the Westward of Delaware River, now called Pensilvania, as per said pattent doth more largely appeare.

His Royall Highness was also pleased to grant unto the said William Penn, New Castle upon Delaware River and twelve

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