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Remark, Sir, if you please, that besides the bearings of the principal stocks to which I exclusively confine myself, leisure not permitting me to obtain thorough details, each tribe distinguishes itself by peculiar devices. The Iroquois who are masters of this village, amount to no more than sixty-three—I mean warriors. 60

Jit Sault St. Louis. The Iroquois, who compose exclusively the village are nearly three hundred and three bearing arms. - - - - - - 300

These two villages proceeding from the Iroquois of
Lake Ontario, or Frontenac, have the same armorial
devices. Three principal tribes carry the Wolf, the
Bear and the Tortoise.

Note.Argent, to the Wolf gules, &c.
They usually ornament them merely with charcoal.

The Great River of the Outawas.
At Lake Nepissingue there is one small village of thir-
ty men, who bear a Squirrel,Atchitamts.

River and Lake Themiscaming.
The Tabittibis are one hundred warriors.

They have for device an Eagle.
At the mouth of the Themiscaming there
are twenty warriors. - - . -

At the head of the Lake twenty domiciled. These savages are what are called Tetes de Bottle, who amount to over six hundred in the Northern country. - - - - - - -

I shall speak of them hereafter without reference to their numbers.

Jit Missilimakinak The Outawas of this village amount to one hundred and eighty warriors; the two principal branches

30 100

20 20

600 1865

are Kiskakous (1) and Sinago (2); the

Bear (1) and Black Squirrel (2). - - 180

River Missisague. The Missisagues on the river number thirty men, and twenty men on the Island called Manitouatim of Lake Huron. .... 50 And have for device, a Crane.

Lake SuperiorAt the Mouth.

At Sault St. Mary are the Sauteurs, to the number of thirty; they are in two divisions, and have for devices, the Crane and the Vine, (/a

Barbue.) 30

North of this Lake is Michipicoton.

The Papinakois and those of the interior; the first are twenty warriors, and have for device, a Hare. 20

River Ounepigon. The Oskemanettigons are domiciled there to the number of forty warriors. ... 40 They have for device, the bird called the Fisher.

The Monsonies, who are migratory, estimate themselves two hundred men, and have for device, the Moose. ----- 200

The Abettibis and the Tetes de Boule come there also.

Some have informed me that the first have
for arms the Partridge with the Eagle. I
have already stated that they are in all one
hundred warriors.

The Nametjilinis have one hundred and fifty fit to bear

arms. They have for device, a Sturgeon. 150

The tribes of the Savannas, one hundred and forty warriors strong, have for armorial device, a Hare. 140

2675 2675

Gamanettigoya. The Ouac6 are in number sixty men, and have for device a Vine, (une Barbue). - 60

Tecamamiouen, or Rainy Lake(Lac de la Pluie.) These savages are the same as those who come to Nepigon. They are about this lake to the number of one hundred men. - - 100

Lake of the Woods—(Lac des Bois.) The Cristinaux are scattered hereabout, to the number of two hundred warriors. They have for device the Bustard, (POutarde.) - - 200

Lake Ounepigon.
The Cristinaux are around this lake to the number of

sixty men. ..... 60

Assenipoels. See Scioux.

South of Lake Superior.

Kiouanan. In this quarter there are domiciled forty Sauteurs, who have for device the Crane and the Stag. 40

The Sauteurs of Point Chagouamigon are one hundred

and fifty warriors, ----- 150

The Scioux are at the head of this lake in the woods and along the lakes. Though scattered they are computed at three hundred men, - 300

The Scioux of the Prairies are, in the opinion of voya

geurs, over two thousand men, - - 2000

Their armorial devices are the Buffalo, the Black Dog, and the Otter.

The Assenipoels, or Pouans according to others, can vie

with the Scioux, from whom they formerly

sprung. They number one hundred and

fifty to the south of Lake Ounepigon, and 150

have for device, a Big Stone or a Rock.


The Puans have withdrawn, since 1728, to the Scioux, to the number of eighty; they have for armorial bearings, the Stagj the Polecat (Pichoux), the Tiger, - - - 80

The head of Lake Superior. The AyoBois are settled at the south of the River de Missouris, at the other side of the Mississippi. They are no more than eighty. They 80 have for device a Fox.

Lake Michigan with its dependancies.
The Folles Avoines, north of this lake, number one

hundred and sixty warriors. The most con- 160 siderable tribes have for device, the Large tailed Bear, the Stag, a Kiliou—that is a species of Eagle (the most beautiful bird of this country,)—perched on a cross. In explanation of a cross forming the armorial bearings of the savages, it is stated that formerly a Chief of the Folles Avoines finding himself dangerously sick, consented, after trying the ordinary remedies, to see a Missionary, who, cross in hand, prayed to God for his recovery, and obtained it from his mercy. In gratitude for this benefit, the Chief desired that to his arms should be added a Cross on which the Kiliou has ever since been always perched.

Poutesatamis. In 1728 there was a village of this

name retired on an island to the number of 20

The Bay. At the head of this Lake is the sojourn, or rather the country of the Sakis. This nation could put under arms one hundred and fifty men. Others do not count but one 150 hundred and twenty. They have for- device, a Crab, a Wolf, and a She-Bear.

Fox River.

Fox river discharges into this Lake. This nation how migratory, consists, when not separated, still of one hundred men bearing arms, ..... 100

They have for device, a Fox.
The Kickapous,. formerly their allies, may he eighty

men. They bear for device the Pheasant

and the Otter, 80

The Maskoutin has for armorial device the Wolf and

the Stag. This nation is estimated at sixty

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.v. River St. Joseph, south of Lake Michigan.

The Pottesatamies, who call themselves the Governor's eldest sons, compose the village of St. Joseph, to the number of one hundred warriors, ------- 100

The principal families have for device the Golden Carp, the Frog, the Crab, the Tortoise.

There are in the village about ten Miamis who bear in their arms, a Crane, - - 10

Eight Illinois Kaskakias are also included whose device is a feather of an arrow, i - i>^-»iJ-» notched ; ( X ) or two ar

rows supported one against the other in saltier (like a St. Andrew's cross.) These are the nations best known to us as well along the great river of the Outawas as north and south of Lakes Superior and Michigan. I propose now proceeding again from Montreal by way of the Lakes to Missilimakinak.

From Montreal on the Lake route, I spoke of Sault St. Louis, on the first sheet.

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