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Remark, Sir, if you please, that besides the bearings of the principal stocks to which I exclusively confine myself, leisure not permitting me to obtain thorough details, each tribe distinguishes itself by peculiar devices. The Iroquois who are masters of this village, amount to no more than sixty-three—I mean warriors. 60
Jit Sault St. Louis. The Iroquois, who compose exclusively the village are nearly three hundred and three bearing arms. - - - - - - 300
These two villages proceeding from the Iroquois of
Note.—Argent, to the Wolf gules, &c.
The Great River of the Outawas.
River and Lake Themiscaming.
They have for device an Eagle.
At the head of the Lake twenty domiciled. These savages are what are called Tetes de Bottle, who amount to over six hundred in the Northern country. - - - - - - -
I shall speak of them hereafter without reference to their numbers.
Jit Missilimakinak The Outawas of this village amount to one hundred and eighty warriors; the two principal branches
are Kiskakous (1) and Sinago (2); the
Bear (1) and Black Squirrel (2). - - 180
River Missisague. The Missisagues on the river number thirty men, and twenty men on the Island called Manitouatim of Lake Huron. .... 50 And have for device, a Crane.
Lake Superior—At the Mouth.
At Sault St. Mary are the Sauteurs, to the number of thirty; they are in two divisions, and have for devices, the Crane and the Vine, (/a
North of this Lake is Michipicoton.
The Papinakois and those of the interior; the first are twenty warriors, and have for device, a Hare. 20
River Ounepigon. The Oskemanettigons are domiciled there to the number of forty warriors. ... 40 They have for device, the bird called the Fisher.
The Monsonies, who are migratory, estimate themselves two hundred men, and have for device, the Moose. ----- 200
The Abettibis and the Tetes de Boule come there also.
Some have informed me that the first have
The Nametjilinis have one hundred and fifty fit to bear
arms. They have for device, a Sturgeon. 150
The tribes of the Savannas, one hundred and forty warriors strong, have for armorial device, a Hare. 140
Gamanettigoya. The Ouac6 are in number sixty men, and have for device a Vine, (une Barbue). - 60
Tecamamiouen, or Rainy Lake—(Lac de la Pluie.) These savages are the same as those who come to Nepigon. They are about this lake to the number of one hundred men. - - 100
Lake of the Woods—(Lac des Bois.) The Cristinaux are scattered hereabout, to the number of two hundred warriors. They have for device the Bustard, (POutarde.) - - 200
sixty men. ..... 60
Assenipoels. See Scioux.
South of Lake Superior.
Kiouanan. In this quarter there are domiciled forty Sauteurs, who have for device the Crane and the Stag. 40
The Sauteurs of Point Chagouamigon are one hundred
and fifty warriors, ----- 150
The Scioux are at the head of this lake in the woods and along the lakes. Though scattered they are computed at three hundred men, - 300
The Scioux of the Prairies are, in the opinion of voya
geurs, over two thousand men, - - 2000
Their armorial devices are the Buffalo, the Black Dog, and the Otter.
The Assenipoels, or Pouans according to others, can vie
with the Scioux, from whom they formerly
sprung. They number one hundred and
fifty to the south of Lake Ounepigon, and 150
have for device, a Big Stone or a Rock.
The Puans have withdrawn, since 1728, to the Scioux, to the number of eighty; they have for armorial bearings, the Stagj the Polecat (Pichoux), the Tiger, - - - 80
The head of Lake Superior. The AyoBois are settled at the south of the River de Missouris, at the other side of the Mississippi. They are no more than eighty. They 80 have for device a Fox.
Lake Michigan with its dependancies.
hundred and sixty warriors. The most con- 160 siderable tribes have for device, the Large tailed Bear, the Stag, a Kiliou—that is a species of Eagle (the most beautiful bird of this country,)—perched on a cross. In explanation of a cross forming the armorial bearings of the savages, it is stated that formerly a Chief of the Folles Avoines finding himself dangerously sick, consented, after trying the ordinary remedies, to see a Missionary, who, cross in hand, prayed to God for his recovery, and obtained it from his mercy. In gratitude for this benefit, the Chief desired that to his arms should be added a Cross on which the Kiliou has ever since been always perched.
Poutesatamis. In 1728 there was a village of this
name retired on an island to the number of 20
The Bay. At the head of this Lake is the sojourn, or rather the country of the Sakis. This nation could put under arms one hundred and fifty men. Others do not count but one 150 hundred and twenty. They have for- device, a Crab, a Wolf, and a She-Bear.
Fox river discharges into this Lake. This nation how migratory, consists, when not separated, still of one hundred men bearing arms, ..... 100
They have for device, a Fox.
men. They bear for device the Pheasant
and the Otter, 80
The Maskoutin has for armorial device the Wolf and
the Stag. This nation is estimated at sixty
.v. River St. Joseph, south of Lake Michigan.
The Pottesatamies, who call themselves the Governor's eldest sons, compose the village of St. Joseph, to the number of one hundred warriors, ------- 100
The principal families have for device the Golden Carp, the Frog, the Crab, the Tortoise.
There are in the village about ten Miamis who bear in their arms, a Crane, - - 10
Eight Illinois Kaskakias are also included whose device is a feather of an arrow, i - i>^-»iJ-» notched ; ( X ) or two ar
rows supported one against the other in saltier (like a St. Andrew's cross.) These are the nations best known to us as well along the great river of the Outawas as north and south of Lakes Superior and Michigan. I propose now proceeding again from Montreal by way of the Lakes to Missilimakinak.
From Montreal on the Lake route, I spoke of Sault St. Louis, on the first sheet.