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Blacks, Negroes, and Mulattoes—Book of Drafts.

BILLS OF EXCHANGE AND PROMISSORY NOTES—Continued.

can not be subjected to the payment of the debts of the irm. Belknap

v. Abbott & Cram, 411.
18. Money paid on notes given for a void patent right, may be recovered

back, and the collection of outstanding notes, in the hands of the vend-
ors of such void patents, will be enjoined. Darst v. Brockway et al.

462.
19. A note or bill discounted by a bank, on which a greater rate of interest

has been taken than six per cent. per annum, in advance, is void.

Creed v. The Commercial Bank of Cincinnati, 489.
20. Where a bill of exchange, intended to be addressed to the defendant in

Philadelphia, is, by mistake, addressed to him in Ohio, and six per cent.
damages, on its being protested, have been paid, they can not be recov-

ered back. The Commercial Bank o. John Reed, 498.
21. Nor will such payment be evidence that the bank, by which the bill was

discounted, has taken a greater rate of interest than was allowed by its

charter. Ib.
BLACKS, NEGROES, AND MULATTOES—
1. All nearer white than black, or of the grade between the mulattoes and

the whites, are entitled to enjoy every political and social privilege.

Jeffries v. Ankeny and others, 375.
2. Where the court of common pleas instructed the jury that a man, who

has any negro blood whatever, was not a lawful voter, it is error.

Thacker v. Hawk, 376.
BOATS-
1. The act providing for the collection of claims against steamboats and

other water-craft, authorizing proceedings against them by name, ex.
tends the right of recovery to provisions, and all other necessaries fur-

nished for the use of the boat. Canal-boat Huron v. Simmons, 458.
2. The statute substitutes the boat for the owner, and authorizes suit against

it, by name, for all money demands against the owner, arising from
debts contracted on account of, or for the use of the boat, or for inja-
ries resulting to passengers or property by the boat, or from miscon-

duct of the officers and crew. Ib.
BOND-
1. A sheriff's return, that he could find no goods or chattels, lands or tene-

ments of the principal debtor, unincumbered by mortgage, is sufficient

to authorize suit upon an injunction bond. Seymour v. King, 342.
2. Such return affords ample ground to commence the suit; under such cir-

cumstances the surety may protect himself by paying the debt and

claiming the benefit of the judgment by way of substitution. Ib.
3. A defective appeal bond, if it contains the substance of a bond, will sus.

tain an appcal, so far as to justify an order to file a new bond. Sater-

lee et al. v. Stevens, 420.
BOOK OF DRAFTS-
The book of drafts of the Connecticut Land Company is not ovidence of 8

legal title, but is evidence of an equity against the trustees of that
company. Kinsman v. Loomis, 475.

Boundary-Chancery.

BOUNDARY-
1. Land on the Ohio river, between high and low-water mark, is not com-

mon to the public, but may be conveyed by the adjacent proprietor,
whose land bounds on the river. Blanchard's Lessee 0. Collins and

others, 138.
2. Where a deed calls for an object on the bank of a stream, thence south,

thence east, thence north, with the bank of the stream, and with the
course of the bank to the place of beginning, the stream, at low-water

mark, is the boundary. Lamb v. Ricketts, 311.
3. Where the owner of land is bounded by a stream, he owns to the center

of the stream, subject to the easement of navigation ; but, to calculate
the quantity of land in a survey, no reference is had to what lies be-

tween low-water mark and the center of the stream. Ib.
4. The legislature may change the boundaries of a county; and, when

such change places an associate judge within the limits of another
county, who does not, within a reasonable time, remove into the limits
of the County for which he was appointed, he forfeits his office. Ohio

0. Choate, 511.
CASES EXPLAINED, AFFIRMED, DOUBTED, OVERRULED-
1. The Granville Alexandrian Society v. John Van Buskirk. Banking

privileges. Doubted. Ohio v. The Granville Alexandrian Society, 13.
2. Douglas v. Waddle, 10 Ohio, 413. Accommodation indorsers. Over-

ruled. Williams v. Bosson & Bros. 67.
3. Lodwick v. Kennedy, 7 Ohio, 433. Insurance. Overruled. Perrin's

Adm'r v. Protection Insurance Company, 170.
4. Fulton and Foster v. Lancaster Insurance Company, 7 Ohio, 5. Insur-

Overruled. Ib.
5. Riley and Van Amringe v. Johnson, 8 Ohio. Bills of exchange. Con-

sideration. Overruled. Carlisle v. Wishart, 172.
6. Brush's Adm’rs v. Ware, 1 McLean. 535. Patents. Recitals. Bell and

wife v. Duncan et al. 194.
7. Reeder et al. o. Barr et al., 4 Ohio, 496. Patents. Recitals. Ib.
8. Bank of Steubenville 'v. Leavitt et al., 5 Ohio, 207. Bank of Steuben-

ville v. Hoge et al. 6 Ohio, 18. Principal and surety. Explained.

Slipher v. Fisher et al. 301.
9. The Lessees of McCulloch v. Aten, 2 Ohio, 307. Gavit v. Chambers

3 Ohio, 495. Benner's Lessee v. Platter et al., 6 Ohio, 504. Boundary.

Watercourse. Lamb v. Ricketts, 315.
10. Dixon and Hawke v. Ewing's Adm’rs, 3 Ohio, 280. Principal and surety.

Affirmed. Bank of Lake Erie v. Western Reserve Bank, 444.
11. Moore's Lessee v. Vance, 1 Ohio, 1. Acknowledgment of deed. Affirmed.

Kinsman v. Loomis and Ward, 475.
12. Bank of Chillicothe v. Swayne and others, 8 Ohio, 257. Banks. Interest.

Affirmed. Creed v. Commercial Bank of Cincinnati, 489.
CHANCERY-
1. The assignee of a note not negotiable may sue the maker in chancory, to

enforce payment. Townsend 0. P. & G. Carpenter, 21.

ance.

Chancery.

CHANCERY-Continued.
2. The chancellor often refuses to aid in the execution of contracts which

be would not rescind. Watkins v. Collins et al. 31.
3. Inadequacy of price may be so gross as to carry evidence of fraud.

Ib. 35.
4. Equity bas no jurisdiction to compel a sheriff to pay over money collected

on an execution. Douglass v. Wallace, 42.
8. In the sale of real estate at auction, a mistake by the auctioneer, in en-

tering the name of the owner of the real estate in the memorandum of

sale, will be corrected in equity. Pugh and Shultz v. Chesseldine, 109.
8. If the purchaser has treated the contract as valid, although he might

have aband ned it, he will be required to perform it. Ib.
7. Where a patent for land recites assignments, by persons competent to

convey, there is no presumptive notice of latent defects to one who de-

rives title under such patent. Bell and wife v. Duncan et al. 192.
8. The defense of bona fide purchaser is available to one deriving title under

such patent. Ib.
9. It is otherwise, if the patent recites assignments by persons not compe-

tent to convey. Ib.
10. Where a bond is executed by one member of a firm, all the members

intending the instrument should bind them, the obligee has no remedy
against the firm at law, but on the ground of mistake may charge them

in equity. McNaughten v. Partridge et al. 223.
11. If the obligee, after discovery of the mistake, pursues the individual

maker of the bond, it is a ratification of the instrument, and relief

against the copartners will not be afforded in equity. Ib.
12. A mistake in law may be corrected in equity. Semble. Ib.
13, A general demand against a judgment debtor, to disclose his assets, that

they may be subject to execution, is proper. Miers and Caulson v. The

Zanesville and Maysville Turnpike Company, 273.
14. No suit lies against the stale to compel payment of subscription to stock.

Ib.
16. Where there is a receiver of tolls appointed under the statute, by a court

of competent jurisdiction, it acquires authority to determine all ques.

tions touching the distribution and appropriation. Ib.
16. A judgment debtor may pursue different interests, and against different

persons, in the same bill. Cadwallader v. The Granville Alexandrian

Society et al. 292.
17. And may demand, in general terms, from bis debtor a disclosure of his

assets. Ib.
18. Where forfeiture or a penalty may ensue from the answer to a bill, the
defendant is not bound to answer.

Ib.
19. Where a bill is framed in the alternative, charging that property is held

under an illegal and void agreement, and praying that it may be set
aside, or, if held valid, that the debtor's residuary interest may be sub-
jected to payment of the debt, the defendant may be protected in with,

Chancery.

cure.

CHANCERY-Continued.

holding a disclosuro, as to a part, while he would be bound to answer

the remainder. Ib.
20. To create a case of election, there must be a plurality of gifts or rights,

with an intention, express or implied, of the party who has the right
to control one or both, that one should be a substitute for the other.

Melick and wife v. Darling, 243.
21. The party who is to take has a choice, but he can not enjoy the benefits

of both. Ib.
22. Where a person without title conveys by deed of warranty, and after-

ward receives title, as trustee from the rightful owner, for the purpose
of transmitting it to a bona fide purchaser from the rightful owner, the

doctrine of estoppel does not apply. Burchard v. Hubbard et al. 316.
23. The legal title of a trustee, under a deed of trust, with power to sell for

the payment of debts, is not divested by discharge of the debts, but the

trustee may maintain ejectment. Moore o. Burnet, 334.
24. In an ordinary deed of trust a reconveyance from trustee to cestui que

trust is necessary, to reinvest him with the legal title. Ib. 341.
26. But a mortgage is a mere incident to the debt which it is intended to se-

It lives and dies with the debt; satisfaction destroys it. Ib.
26. Where, prior to a judgment, a permanent leasehold estate had been con-

veyed by deed, absolute upon its face, although intended only as secu-
rity, there remained only an equitable interest in the judgment debtor,
to which no judgment lien attached. Loring v. Melingy and others,

355.
27. And the creditor who first pursued the equity by bill, is entitled to be

first satisfied. Ib.
28. The partition of lands incumbered by a dower estate, may be enforced

in equity by the owner of the incumbrance, he being also tenant in

common of the remainder. Morgan v. Staley, 389.
29. A transfer by a firm, to one partner, bona fide, and by him to a third

person, in like manner, for valuable consideration, passes both the legal
and the equitable title to the property against the creditors of the

firm. Wilcox and Welch v. Kellogg and others, 394.
30. The equity of creditors upon partnership property, for debts due them,

is only the equity of the partners in the property, and can only be

reached through the partners. Ib.
31. An absolute transfer of propetry, without fraud, does not come within the

provisions of the act of February 23, 1835, relating to fraudulent assign-

ments. Ib.
32. Joint property will, in equity, be subjected to the payment of partner-

ship debts. Belknap v. Abbott & Cram, 411.
33. Notes, given by one member of a firm to his partners, on its dissolution,

become their individual property, and, in the possession of their as-
signee, can not be subjocted to the payment of the debts of the firm,
Ib.

Chancery.

CHANCERY-Continued.
34. To enjoin a judgment at law, on the ground of illegal interest, the bill

must show a tender of the amount equitably due. Shelton o. Gill et

al. 417.
35. An objection to the examination of a defendant in chancery as a witness,

without a special order for that purpose, comes too late at the final

hearing, and after cross-examination. Woods o. Dille et al. 455.
36. Where a parol contract, for the purchase or sale of lands, is admitted by

a defendant in his answer, without relying upon the statute of frauds

as a defense, performance will be decreed. Ib.
37. Possession, obtained under a contract of purchase, doos not become ad-

verse to the vendor, while the contract is acted upon, and payment

mado. Ib.
38. What protection will be afforded to a bona fide purchaser, without notice,

is a question which does not arise, where neither party has the legal

title. Ib.
39. As between equities, the elder will prevail. Ib.
40. Relief will be afforded, in a court of equity, against the payment of

notes given for a void patent right. Darst v. Brockway et al. 462.
41. Money paid on such notes may, on the ground of failure of considera-

tion, be recovered back, and the collection of such outstanding notes,

in the hands of the vendors, will be enjoined. Ib.
42. Where an instrument, by mistake of the parties as to the legal effect of

the terms used, fails to carry out their intention, relief may be afforded

in equity. Evants v. Strode's Adm'r, 480.
43. A mistake of law will be corrected in equity. Ib.
44. Where a court of equity have all the parties before them, and can settle

and adjust all their rights, so as to avoid subsequent litigation, it will

do so, although relief might be had at law. Ib.
45. As where, after eviction, a bill was filed to correct a mistake, in a deed

which contained a defective warranty, the court having obtained juris-
diction to correct the mistake, and having the proper parties before
thom, will not drive the complainant to his action at law upon the

corrected deed, but will decree compensation. Ib.
46. A special act, authorizing Morris Seely to file a bill as in chancery,

against the state, and requiring the cause to be decided upon "princi-
ples of justice and good faith," must be construed as intending to re-
lieve the complainant from all technical objections that might arise in
a proceeding, according to the known usages of law and chancery, and
as conferring upon the court power to examine the claim, in the same
spirit of liberality that might be proper for the legislature to exercise.

Seely v. The State, 501.
47. In such case, the objection that the complainant has not, by performance

of his own part of the contract, placed himself in a condition to claim
damages of the state for her non-performance, will not be sustained,
although the objection might have prevailed in an ordinary chancery
proceeding. Ib.

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