Parties and Party Systems: A Framework for Analysis

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ECPR Press, 2005 - 368 halaman

In this rich and broad-ranging volume, Giovanni Sartori outlines what is now recognised to be the most comprehensive and authoritative approach to the classification of party systems. He also offers an extensive review of the concept and rationale of the political party, and develops a sharp critique of various spatial models of party competition. This is political science at its best – combining the intelligent use of theory with sophisticated analytic arguments, and grounding all of this on a substantial cross-national empirical base. 

Parties and Party Systems is one of the classics of postwar political science, and is now established as the foremost work in its field.

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4 Twoparty systems
5 Predominantparty systems
Noncompetitive systems
2 Single party
3 Hegemonic party
Fluid polities and quasiparties
2 The African labyrinth
3 Ad hoc categorising

2 The minimal definition
3 An overview
The party from within
2 A scheme of analysis
Factions without parties?
Fractions within parties
5 The structure of opportunities
6 From party to faction
The numerical criterion
2 Rules for counting
3 A twodimensional mapping
Competitive systems
2 Testing the cases
3 Moderate pluralism and segmented societies
4 The boomerang effect
The overall framework
2 Mapping function and explanatory power
3 From classification to measurement
4 Measuring relevance
The idea of fractionalisation
6 Combining the nominal and mathematical notes
Spatial competition
2 Issues identification images and positions
3 Multidimensional unidimensional and ideological space
4 The direction of competition
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Halaman 11 - By a faction, I understand a number of citizens, whether amounting to a majority or minority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or of interest, adverse to the rights of other citizens or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community.
Halaman 18 - The virtue, spirit, and essence of a House of Commons consists in its being the express image of the feelings of the nation. It was not instituted to be a control upon the people, as of late it has been taught, by a doctrine of the most pernicious tendency. It was designed as a control for the people.
Halaman 12 - THERE is an opinion that parties in free countries are useful checks upon the administration of the government, and serve to keep alive the spirit of liberty. This within certain limits is probably true ; and in governments of a monarchical cast, patriotism may look with indulgence, if not with favor, upon the spirit of party.
Halaman 9 - Party is a body of men united, for promoting by their joint endeavours the national interest, upon some particular principle...
Halaman 109 - ... it is never needed or put to use for any feasible coalition majority. Conversely, a minor party has to be counted, no matter how small, if it finds itself in a position to determine over time at least one of the possible governmental majorities.
Halaman 12 - Liberty itself will find in such a government, with powers properly distributed and adjusted, its surest guardian. It is, indeed, little else than a name, where the government is too feeble to withstand the...
Halaman 31 - Charles E. Lindblom, The Intelligence of Democracy: Decision Making Through Mutual Adjustment. New York: The Free Press, 1965, p.
Halaman 205 - The hegemonic party neither allows for a formal nor a de facto competition for power. Other parties are permitted to exist, but as second class, licensed parties; for they are not permitted to compete with the hegemonic party in antagonistic terms and on an equal basis.
Halaman 40 - system", then, only when they are parts (in the plural); and a party system is precisely the system of interactions resulting from inter-party competition. That is, the system in question bears on the relatedness of parties to each other, on how each party is a function (in the mathematical sense) ol the other parties and reacts, competitively or otherwise, to the other parties.
Halaman 30 - This proposition is therefore true; that, in a constitution like ours, the safety of the whole depends on the balance of the parts.

Tentang pengarang (2005)

Giovanni Sartori was born in Florence, Italy, in 1924, and was appointed Professor of Political Science at the University of Florence in 1963. He has been a visiting Professor at Harvard and Yale, and in 1976 he succeeded Gabriel Almond as Professor of Political Science at Stanford. In 1979 he was appointed Albert Schweitzer Professor in the Humanities at Columbia University, New York, where he is now Professor Emeritus. Sartori is the author of numerous books across a range of fields in political theory and comparative politics, including Parties and Party Systems (1976), The Theory of Democracy Revisited (2 volumes, 1990), and Comparative Constitutional Engineering (2nd ed, 1997). His most recent books are Homo Videns (2nd ed, 2000), Pluralismo, Multiculturalismo, Estranei (2nd ed, 2002), and Mala Tempora (2004), which has been a bestseller in Italy. In 2005, Parties and Party Systems was also published in a Chinese translation.

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