Gambar halaman

towards the close of the fourth century. At an early period of youth he was taken into Ireland as a captive, and was employed upon the mountains in charge of cattle. After a few years of heavy servitude he regained his liberty ; but was soon afterwards recluced to his former situation. In his wretched durance, he learned much patience, and found the mode of subjugating his passions. He was again released, and travelled into Gaul. Here he was for a considerable time a disciple of his relative, the Bishop of Tours; and he also imbibed much knowledge and piety at Auxerre, from the good and distinguished prelate of that see. After having embraced the ecclesiastical state, he travelled into Italy, and at length, in the year 432, he received Episcopal consecration ; was admitted into the Patrician order, and appointed by Pope Celestine, who then filled the apostolic chair, to the charge of that island in which he had been formerly a captive, and for whose spiritual welfare he felt an ardent zeal, and was anxious to devote himself to a life of toil and sufferings. Henceforth he is known only by the name of Patrick.' p. 22.

The author gathers much warmth as he comes down to the later periods of Irish history. Who can blame a conscientious Catholic for being warm on such a subject? What has been the fate of Ireland for the last fifty years ? What is it now? Seven millions of people, inhabitants of a land proverbial for its generous, ardent, and highminded national character, are compelled to wear the galling yoke of servitude. Their political rights are a dream, and their religious freedom a shadow. Five sixths of them are obliged to support a church, which they believe to be contrary to Scripture and truth, and to uphold a profligate hierarchy, whose dark and cumbrous mass rests like an incubus on the soil, which is doomed to cherish its unnatural growth. And when the sufferers cry out against oppression like this, they are called rebels, and visited with fire, and sword, and death. We doubt not the accuracy of the author's assertion, that no man in Great Britain dares write a true history of Ireland. It would draw a picture of British domination not to be endured. Plowdon, according to Bishop England, is the only · honest writer' who has treated the subject; and Plowdon · has been driven into exile for writing the truth.'



Address delivered before the Philadelphia Society for promoting Agriculture, at its Meeting, on the 20th July, 1824. By Matthew Carey, Esq.

The Massachusetts Agricultural Repository and Journal. Vol. VIII. No. 2. June, 1824.

ARTS AND SCIENCES. The Boston Journal of Philosophy and the Arts. No. VII. June.

BIOGRAPHY. A Short Biography of the Illustrious Citizen, Marquis de La Fayette, the Hero, the Statesman, the Philanthropist, the early and constant Friend of America, and the Champion of the Equal Rights of Mankind. By a Citizen of Washington, D. C.

BOTANY. Florula Bostoniensis, a Collection of Plants, of Boston and Vicini. ty, with their Generic and Specific Characters, Principal Synony. mes, Descriptions, Places of Growth and Time of Flowering, and Occasional Remarks. By Jacob Bigelow, M. D. Second Edition, greatly enlarged. To which is added a Glossary of the Botanical Terms used in the Work. Boston. Cummings, Hilliard, and Co.

Eaton's Manual of Botany, to which is prefixed a Grammar and Vocabulary. A new Edition.

EDUCATION. The Prize Book, No. V. of the Public State School. 8vo. Bosa ton.

Adam's Latin Grammar, abridged and arranged in a Course of Practical Lessons, adapted to the Capacity of young Learners. By

William Russell. 18mo. pp. 240. Appendix 40. New Haven. A. H. Maltby and Co.

The principal improvements, which the author professes to have introduced into this abriigment, are a more patural and lucid arrangement, frequent recapitulation of the important parts, explanations of all difficult terms, and an attempt throughout the work to bring the whole into an analytical method. In some of these things he has succeeded; in others he has driven his passion for simplifying a little too far. There are cases in which a formal explanation only confuses the idea of a thing to be explained; and it is a fruitless task in the study of grammar especially, to endeavor to make a child undersland everything as be proceeds. To obtain the first rudiments of grammar is after all an effort of memory, and this faculty is the main thing to be considered in constructing an elementary treatise. Simplicity and a clear arrangement are the points chiefly to be kept in view, and in these particulars this abridgment seems to be an improvement on the larger work, and to be well fitted for the young pupil at his first entrance on the study of the Latin language. It is recommended by Professors Kingsley and Goodrich of Yale College.

A Grammar of Composition, including a Practical Review of the Principles of Rhetoric, a Series of Exercises in Rhetorical Analysis, and six Introductory Courses of Composition. 12mo. pp. 150. New Haven. A. H. Maltby and Co.

Mr Russell, the author of the above abridgment, is also the author of this compend. It is perspicuous, and particularly designed for academies and schools of the higher order. It is highly recommended by Mr Goodrich, Professor of Rhetoric and Oratory in Yale College. The author mentions a second part on Declamation, which we have not seen.

Suggestions on Education, relating particularly to the Method of Instruction commonly adopted in Geography, History, Grammar, Logic, and the Classics. Svo. pp. 32. New Haven. A. H. Maltby and Co. 1823.

Sixth Report of the Board of Directors of the Presbyterian Education Society, presented at the Annual Meeting, May 13, 1824. 8vo. pp. 56. New York. J. Seymour.

Elemcots of Latin Prosody and Metre, compiled from the best Authorities, together with a Synopsis of Poetic Licenses occurring in the Versilication of Virgil, a Metrical Index to the Lyric Composition of Horace, and the Scanning of the Mixed Trimeter and Dimeter Iambics of the latter Poet. By Charles Anthon, Adjunct Professor of Languages in Colombia College, New York. 12mo. pp. 120. New York. T. and J. Swords. ..

Mr Anthon speaks of his purpose and labors as follows. It was originally intended by the compiler to publish merely an improved edition of the Latin Prosody of Alvarez. Upon reflection, however, this plan was abandoned, as heing liable to many objections, and the one which has been followed in the present instance was adopted in its stead. The metrical rules of Alvarez, occasionally altered, wherever such alteration seemed necessary, are first given, and the principles concisely stated in them are next presented more in detail and in an English garb. This was a judicious decision. There was no harm in retaining the Latin rules of Alvarez, because they occupy a comparatively small space, and are really comprehensive in their matter, however clumsy in their manner. But to have published the Latin rules without the explanations

English would hare been conferring a meagre benefit on the student. The old traditionary mode of teaching Latin through the medium of Latin rules is a trammel, which it is quite time to throw off. There would be just as much propriety in studying chemistry, mineralogy, architecture, or any other science or art in the Latin language betore it has been learnt, as in resorting to this method of studying the principles of the language itself. To this little treatise on Latin Prosody the author has communicated much value, by his numerous quotations from the poets, to illustrate by a full example every rule and every exception. They will thus be impressed more deeply on the mind. Besides Alvarez's work, he acknowledges himself indebted, in forming this compilation, to Dr Cary's Latin Prosody, the Port Royal Latin Grammar, and Gesner's Thesaurus.

The Analytic Guide and Authentic Key to the Art of Short Hand Writing. By M. T. C. Gould. Third Edition. 16mo. pp. 35. New Haven.

ELOCUTION. Elementary Analysis of some Principal Phenomena of Oral Language, as contradistinguished from Graphic Composition, with a View to the Improvement of Public Speaking and Reading. By Dr Jonathan Barber. Washington. Davis and Force.

GEOGRAPHY. Universal Geography, Ancient and Modern, on the Principles of Comparison and Classification. Modern Geography by William C. Woodbridge, A. M. Ancient Geography by Emma Willard. 12mo. pp. 388, and 88. Hartford. O. D. Cooke and Sons.

Modern Atlas on a New Plan, to accompany the System of Universal Geography. By William C. Woodbridge.

A Dialogue on the Geography of the United States, comprised in a Pack of Geographical Conversation Cards, with thirty Colored Maps. New York. A. T. Goodrich.

HISTORY. A History of Boston, the Metropolis of Massachusetts, from its origin to the present period; with some Account of the Environs. Embellished with Engravings. By a Citizen of Boston. 8vo. Nos. I and II, published.

Notes on the Settlement and Indian Wars of the Western Parts of Virginia and Pennsylvania, from the year 1763 until the year 1783 inclusive. Together with a View of the State of Society and Manners of the first Settlers of the Western Country. By the Rev. Dr Joseph Doddridge. 12mo. Wellsburgh, Va."

New Hampshire Historical Collections. Vol. III. Nos. 7, 8, 9.

A History of the Colonies Planted by the English on the Continent of North America, from their Settlement to the Commencement of that War, which terminated in their Independence. By John Marshall. 8vo. Philadelphia. A. Small.

vol. XIX.-N0. 45.


LAW. A Dissertation on the Nature and Extent of the Jurisdiction of the Courts of the United States, being a Valedictory Address delivered to the Students of the Law Academy of Philadelphia, at the Close of the Academical Year, on the 22d April, 1824. By Peter S. Duponceau, LL. D. Provost of the Academy. To which are added, a Brief Sketch of the National Judiciary Powers exercised in the United States prior to the Adoption of the present Federal Constitution. By Thomas Sergeant, Esq. Vice Provost. And the Author's Discourse on Legal Education, delivered at the opening of the Law Academy, in February, 1821. With an Appendix and Notes. 8vo. Philadelphia.

The Case of Gibbons against Ogden, heard and determined in the Supreme Court of the United States, February Term, 1824, on Appeal from the Court of Errors in the State of New York, and involving the Constitutionality of the Laws of that State, granting to Livingston and Fulton the exclusive Navigation of its Waters by Steam Boats. Reported by Henry Wheaton. 8vo. pp. 244. New York. R. Donaldson.

The arguments before the Supreme Court in the celebrated Steam Boat case are all reported at full length in this volume, together with the opinion of Chief Justice Marshall, and the concurrent opinion of Judge Johnson. The arguments are by Messrs Webster and Wirt for the appellant, and Messrs Oakley and Emmett for the respondent, and they embrace a most profound and elaborate discussion of the great question concerning national and state sovereignty. The report of this case is published in anticipation of Mr Wheaton's annual volume, for reasons stated in the advertisement as follows.

• The editor has been induced to prepare the following case for publication in a pamphlet form, on account of the peculiar interest attending it, and the importance of the principles of constitutional law involved in its determination. A large portion of the public, for whom the adjudications of the Supreme Court, upon questions of private or local jurisprudence, can have no attractions, is deeply interested in the more important subjects, which are occasionally discussed in this high tribunal. It has, therefore, been thought, that a separate report of this case would be acceptable, not only to the profession, but to all who take an interest in discussions so closely connected with the fundamental principles of our national government. This class of causes has recently increased in number and importance; and though the editor cannot pretend to do justice to the learning and eloquence of the eminent individuals engaged in them, yet, should this attempt be approved, he may hereafter endeavor to present to the public a separate account of the decisions of the court upon questions of constitutional law, in anticipation of the annual publication of reports. The determination of the important question of the validity of the state bankrupt or insolvent laws, which was argued at the last term, and the final decision of which is postponed to the next, will probably give another occasion for a similar publication.'

These views and resolutions of the editor are good, and it is to be hoped he will be encouraged by the approbation and patronage of the public to carry them into execution. The knowledge thus diffused will have a strong influence, both in enlightening and consolidating public opinion on subjects of the greatest importance.

Reports of Cases Argued and Determined in the Superior Court of Judicature for the State of New Hampshire, between February,

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