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NATIONAL SCIENCE BOARD
Did the Foundation's recommendations for new Board Members include any non-scientific or pre-college science educators? If not, how can such action be encouraged?
In response to the solicitation for recommendations
Dr. Massey participates directly in science education at the precollege level, through involvement as a project director for academic year institutes for urban high school teachers in science, and has published widely in this area.
Dr. Massey received the Outstanding Educator of
Among the current Members of the Board, Dr. Lloyd M.
Dr. Cooke has served actively on the High School Advisory Committee of the EDC since its inception in 1970. He has led the Union Carbide team which
has participated in the important work of the BedSty Street Academy for nine years. During the 1976-77 school term the Academy enabled 235 previously disruptive and truant students to achieve a high level of self-control and self-confidence in a unique environmental readiness and learning readiness program. These students were then returned to Boys & Girls High School where they proceeded to function "normally."
In addition to the direct involvement of Dr. Massey and Dr. Cooke in precollege science education, most Members and nominees of the National Science Board have indirectly participated in activities at this level through programs at their institutions which include high school students and teachers of science at the high school level or below.
In addition, the Director and senior staff receive advice from the National Science Foundation Advisory Council, a body established to provide advice and counsel on matters of Foundation-wide concern. It operates at the agency level in order to provide a perspective from outside the Foundation on issues that transcend matters of concern to an individual discipline or program area, and that relate to the Foundation's interaction with the scientific community, with the Congress, and with the public. It includes the following individuals who are nonscientists or precollege science educators:
Emilio Q. Daddario, Attorney
Saville R. Davis, Special Correspondent for The
Carleton E. McMullin, City Manager, Little Rock,
Harold R. Sims, Vice President, Corporate Affairs,
Constance P. Tate, Coordinator of Science, Baltimore City Public School System
The various directorates of the National Science Foundation also have advisory committees. Those advising in particular the Directorate for Science Education and the Directorate for Applied Science and Research Applications also include representation from the nonscience and precollege science education communities.
Thus, the National Science Foundation has available to it, from a variety of sources, input and advice from not only the scientific community but also from the nonscience and science education portions of society.
NATIONAL SCIENCE BOARD
I understand that new financial disclosure laws
Two recent nominees to the Board, understanding
One of the two persons who had asked that their
In general, these two nominees and other nominees
United States Government
Office of Personnel Management
In Reply Reter To:
Financial Disclosure By Persons Who Are Expected Date F6 1979
Heads of Departments, Independent Agencies and
The question has arisen whether Section 201 of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978, P.L. 95-521, requires reports by persons assuming, nominated to, or terminating employment in, a position designated in Section 201(f) of the Act, even though the terms of such person's employment or appointment is expected to involve or actually involves service of 60 days or less. The question is generated by the fact that the primary reporting provision, Section 201(d), which requires an annual report on or before May 15 of each year, specifically excludes such persons, while other provisions do not expressly do so.
It is clear from the legislative history of the Act that arrival and departure reports were designed to be in aid of, and were viewed as directly connected with, the May 15 annual report. See S. Rep. No. 95-170, 95th Congress, 1st Sess. p.111 (1977). If no annual report is required, no report ancillary to it should be required. Although other considerations may be applicable in the case of Presidential appointees, and the legislative history does not separately address such cases, it is clear that Congress did not intend individuals serving part-time to make the unrestricted public disclosure of financial interests that the government requires in the case of full-time employees. On the other hand, the basic need remains for such reporting as will satisfy agency ethics counsellors and Congressional committees considering nominations that there is no apparent conflict-of-interest.
In reaching this conclusion, we have sought the opinions of those closely involved in the drafting of the Act, and they are in concurrence.
Accordingly, pursuant to Section 201(g) of the Act, I hereby authorize an across-the-board extension of 90 days with
respect to the filing of public financial disclosure reports by 1) persons joining the government in a position described in 201(f) but who are expected to serve 60 calendar days or less; 2) persons leaving a position described in 201(f) who served less than 60 calendar days; and 3) nominees of the President to a position, appointment to which requires the advice and consent of the Senate, who are expected to serve for 60 calendar days or less in any calendar year. If any of the above described persons joining the government should actually work 61 days in this calendar year, this extension shall no longer apply and the reports required by Section 201(b) would be due immediately. However, as a condition of and in connection with this extension, the following rules shall apply to persons joining the government whose duties are expected to involve less than 61 days of service during this calendar year:
1. Each special government employee whose appointment does not require the advice and consent of the Senate shall comply with the requirements for reporting established by the agency for which he will serve, and each executive agency shall require at least such reporting as is prescribed by Form 278A, issued by this Office.
2. Each nominee of the President to a position, appointment to which requires the advice and consent of the Senate, shall fill out reporting Form 278A and deliver it to the designated agency ethics official in the agency in which he will, if appointed, serve. Delivery shall be made within 10 days of the transmittal of his nomination by the President. Such officer shall also transmit a copy to the Counsel to the President.
Neither the Form 278A or any similar reports filed, nor any copies, shall be made public, but shall be reviewed by the designated agency ethics official and other recipients for purpose of determining the existence of, and protecting against, potential conflicts-of-interest.
4. A nominee shall also make available to any Committee of the Senate or Congress considering his nomination, such information as the Committee, in its discretion, shall desire for this purpose.
If the reporting requirements for these individuals are not legislatively clarified within the aforesaid 90 days,