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Done at the session of their honors of the aforesaid colony this 2d of July, 1655. Pretentious ut in regislro. Lower stood by order of the same.1

A. De Hooges, Schout and Secretary.

* * * * [Wanting] reading as follows : the court of Fort Orange and the village of Beverwyck, having seen and examined the request made to them by the court of the colony of Rensselaerswyck, return as answer thereto, that they are sufficient of themselves as they have always shown, and with a like desire for the muintenance of justice are inspired, and moreover shall not stand idle. On the contrary, their duty shows that the person of Jacob Hendrickse Maat, in case he shall be found in their jurisdiction, must be apprehended and taken under the keeping of justice, placed and confined in a secure place, until such time as the state and condition of the patient Steven Janse [Coninck], shall have taken a favorable or unfavorable turn, in order that he may then be dealt with as justice and right may demand In meantime their honors [of the Court of Fort Orange] testify their pleasure, that the court aforesaid [of Rensselaerswyck] show themselves lovers, and affect the maintenance, of justice.

Done at the session of their honors aforesaid, on the 7th of July, A.D. 1655. Presentibus omnibus. By order of the same,

J. De Deckere,-2 1655.

* * * * [Wanting] by the schout, made to secretary Johan de Deckere, in order that certain persons, dwelling under our jurisdiction, may be brought by our constable, before the tribunal and court of Rensselaerswyck, are answered as follows: Your request, sent to me this morning, is, I acknowledge, in some cases wholly founded in justice and right, also some cases may occur, where the concession sought for with good reason should be withheld, unless the reasons, occasion and question were made known to us, why one dwelling under our jurisdiction should properly appear before your honor's court and there be tried. We request, therefore, that your honors will afford us, by the bearer, the occasion for this demand of yours, that having found reasons for refusal the same may be adhered to, or otherwise renounced, being content under similar circumstances to regulate our conduct in the like manner. Vale.

Done this 7th July, 1655.

J. De Deckere, 1655.

***** [Wanting]. Immediately after our arrival here, we composed and promulgated a certain placard, a copy of which accompanies this; the effects we await with more patience than hope, as yet seeing nothing more than a superficial cure, because the disease (in my opinion), has grown old and penetrated to the bone. As it respects the

1 The last paper was dated the 10th of April, from which date till July 2d, the village appears to have been without a secretary. The above is the first paper recorded by Secretary De Deckere.

3 For an account of Jan De Decker, see O'Callaghan's History of New Nelherland, n, 304, note. He remained in Port Orange, as vice director one year, and then returned to New Amsterdam.

Hist. Col. iv. 30

person of Dyckman, we consider him, according to the report of the deputy, in a miserable posture, it is doubtful, which is most impeded, his understanding or speech; at all events he is absolutely unfitted to attend to civil, or judicial matters. As to the salary and hundred guilders for maintenance, received by Dyckman, I hope to be allowed the same, and request some evidence or acts that I may receive it. Johan de Hulter, on Tuesday last, the 2nd (?) of July, having appeared before the magistrates, asked for letters of recommendation to your honors, to the end that they would please make and publish a placard, for the prohibition, reformation and checking of the insolence, opposition and disobedience of his servants in particular, and of others in general, complaining and testifying that they are great and intolerable.

***** [Wanting]. I request that some paper be sent, having hitherto used other folk's as my own, also four quires (?), in restitution of what the constable says he has used. According to order I have boarded at the house of pastor Schaets, for six guilders a week; I request a warrant by which the same may be paid. Herewith, worshipful sir, I commend you to the protection of the Almighty.

Fort Orange, the of July, 1655.

On the 23d day of July, 1655, I, Johan de Deckere, in the character of clerk and officer, at the request of Marcelis Janse, collector, assisted by our constable, betook myself to the house of Jacob Adriaensen Soogemackelyck,1 and requested him to please let the collector make a proper guaging of the wine and beer he had in possession. Whereupon the aforesaid Soogemackelyck gave me as an answer, that he could not serve two masters, and also that it was forbidden him. Since nothing else can be done at this time, I, Johan de Deckere, have made the following protest. As you, Pr. Adriaensen Soogemackelyck, will not permit us to guage the wine and beer in your cellar * * * * [wanting] in the name and behalf of the honorable the director general and high council in New Netherland, for all the expense, damage and interest which the honorable company and the collector have been put to and suffered through your refusal, and by your perseverance therein shall cause them to suffer, that upon your person and those who may have ordered the same, such a punishment may be rendered as shall be proper. And in the act of making this protest, there appeared the person of Jan Baptist Van Rensselaer, accompanied by his brother and Brant Van Slechtenhorst,who having been informed of the reasons of my coming there, said that I did not appear there with proper qualifications, demanded the same of me, and declared that unless the same were shown he would not permit the guaging, on the other hand, if the same were shown, the guaging should immediately be allowed; also that it was not according to forms of law, or the custom of soldiers, without previously notifying the person, as if boarding a vessel; that before they were brought to the knowledge thereof, they might have armed themselves against the same. So, in like manner, on this occasion, I have protested against the same as before.

'From the manner In which the names of Jacob and Pieter Adriaensen Soogemackelyck are asnociated in this protest, it would seem that they were in partnership.

a For an account of Brant Van Slechtenhorst, director of Reusselaerewyck, see O'Callagban's History of New Netherland, u, p. 69.

As before, by request, I betook myself to the house of Maria Goosense
[Van Scbaick], and made the aforementioned demand of her; she made
the same kind of answer as Soogemackelyck did before. Accordingly I
protested against her as before. * * * * [Wanting] at
the house of Arien Appel, and to him made the same demand. He gave
for an answer, that he dare not take it upon him. Therefore I protested
against him also as before.
Done on the 23d July.

J. De Deckere, 1655.
Marcelys Janse.

Worshipful, valiant and most noble Heer general, and right honorable
sirs of the council, etc. My lords:
Herewith is sent a copy of a placard, which was referred to in a former
letter, but omitted; there goes also with this a copy of certain questions
and answers, and the protest made thereto; from which the condition of
things may easily be judged and considered, and that without your
honors, nothing more can be done by us for the maintenance of order.
Therefore we shall await, in respect to this matter, for advice or the
pleasure of your arrival. In the meantime, Heer general and right hono-
rable sirs, may Almighty God grant his favor and blessing upon your
honors' government.

We remain your honors' humble servants.

* * * * [Wanting]. Most noble Heer general and right

honorable sirs of the council of New Netherland. My lords:

With the expiration of the service of commissaries Jan Verbeeck and Jan Tomasse [Mingael], according to old custom and use, we think it proper to propose to your honors herewith, a double number of persons, to wit: Rut Jacobsen, Andries Herbertsen, Dirk Janse Croon, and Dirk Telyer (?). We request, that you will please out of the said proposed number, or otherwise out of the body of the burgesses, two such persons to elect in place of the aforenamed, according to your honors accustomed wisdom, for the service of the aforesaid office of commissaries, as you shall judge fit and capable. Heer general, we cannot neglect this opportunity to congratulate your honor on your safe and happy voyage and arrival; we protest that the report and tidings of them were very pleasant for us to hear; it gave us occasion to thank Almighty God therefor, and to pray, that He would please more and more be present by His grace in your honors' government, and bless your honors' weighty affairs.

Your honors' willing and trusty servants of the court of Fort Orange and Beverwyck.

30th of July, 1655.

***** [Wanting] nevertheless afterwards

being in discourse with Dominie Schaets, and from him understanding that the poor's purse was richly garnished, I particularly requested him in your honors' name, for the remission of some alms, with the recommendation that the church consistory should propose the same, it being a point that the power only depends on them, wherein he was wholly agreed, and consented that it was in the highest degree proper that to the poor without distinction, the helping hand should be stretched out; accepting his authority to be used therein with the consistory, and having delivered over to -him an extract out of the letter relating to this point, it was allowed by the consistory, and a sum of 200 guilders was sent to the deacons of the city of New Amsterdam. The last matter to dispatch, about the disobedient tapsters, is the most scandalous; some being willing rather to fight to the last drop of blood, and others * * * that those persons should be sent away. In the mean while with this explanation (since winter is upon us), we shall wait till the next year. Mons. Rensselaer desires to send a pleasant greeting; he has as yet threshed no corn, on the contrary appears not inclined to do so. Thomas Chambers,1 alias Clabbort (so it was reported), has indeed several hundred schepels of wheat; but on account of his absence at the Esopus he cannot bo spoken to. Wherefore, on his return, tbe business can be arranged, and a vessel dispatched also. Your worship may look for the grain ordered, or at least a part of it. In place of the 4000 ordered not more than 2050 pantiles were sent, there being no more at present to be had; these were all sold to a third person, who not being able to get them off, threw up the purchase. The matters intrusted to Sander Leendertse [Glen] should have been dispatched by this time, except that in respect to the contemplated blockhouse of necessity to be set up and used, those of the respective courts ordered that it should be delivered agaiu by Sander Leendertse to your honor next spring (God willing), or a contract and agreement be made with him on account thereof. Yesterday the gesondeur, Mr. Oldaten (?), arrived. I wish your honor had given order for more provisions, indeed I see not, who will help us to meat

Sfor all have been called upon), and from what magazine to draw rations or them; and though I well remember that your honor has given recommendation in this respect to the magistrates, and letters have been received by them, and excellent promises made; nevertheless I also observe that they make a more show of favorable inclination, and a superficial acceptance of short duration; and at once the major part as soon as your honor is lost sight of, will artfully get rid of their * * and thrust the weight upon my neck (who have no remedy therefor or any means in hand); howbeit it is just what commonly happens with such shabby commissaries, having been too long in the world, your honor, not to have experienced the proof thereof at some time; nevertheless I shall do whatever is granted me within my short reach, and whatever shall fall within my capacity. There came here about 300 Mohawks, proposing (ut aiuni) to go to fight against the French Indians, in the meantime a a vessel (?) has set sail and the watch is doubled. What conversation was had with them to-day, your honor can perceive from the annexed document. ***** [Wanting] the magistrate

must allow (although contra mandatum), and thought highly needful to make a demand on the farmer of the excise for one or two hundred guilders, to be used for the purchase of wood and lights for the use of the watch, together with some food for the soldiers as necessity shall demand. The aforesaid Clabbort2 is here also to-day; on his arrival, I

1 For an account of Thomas Chambers, see O'Callaghan's History of New Ntlherland, H, 39-1, note.

2 Thomas Chambers.

spoke to him and asked for the said wheat; C. said, however, he did not believe he had it to spare. I see no chance elsewhere for doing anything. Herewith, worshipful sir, I commend myself to your honor's favor and yourself to that of Almighty God. To conclude, I am sir, etc. Done 19th of November, 1655.

Propositions made by certain sachems (sachimaes) of the Mohawks

before the clerk and those of the respective courts of Fort Orange

and the colony of Rensselaerswyck, together with some burghers on

the 19th of November, 1655.

Present.— J. De Decker, Rutger Jacobsen, Andries Herpertsen, VolcJcert Janse (Douwe), J. Bpl Van Rensselaer, A. Van Curler, J. Van Twitter, J. Hap [or StoW], H. Jochemse, Philip Pt** [Schuyler], etc.

The first proposition was a remembrance of the late affairs, and a renewal of harmony and peace, including the French nation, together with the river Indians at the Esopus. Also they said they should go to war with the French Indians, and suspected the French of being opposed to their treaty, and their promises of being mingled with many lies; hence their request was, that we would keep ourselves quiet and show neutrality. Thereupon they laid down a belt of seewant. The second and third proposals were in form of a complaint, that we did not entertain them in such a manner as they entertained us when visiting their land. * *

* * [Wanting] that we did not provide the least thing for and mend their guns or other things, except they were asked payment and seewant therefor; with other trifles of the like kind: they held that it was not altogether brotherly. Hereupon they gave two bundles or belts of seewant.

Answer to the aforesaid propositions.

To the first that we were inclined as yet and at all times to maintain with their chiefs a renewal of peace, faithfully and without breach, that we could do nothing having an opposite appearance, and recommended that they on their side should remain faithful, suggesting that with their fights and wars we should not meddle or concern ourselves as being external to, and not concerning us. Hereupon were given them fifteen bars of lead. On the second complaint that we did not entertain and satisfy them as fully as they did us [we answered], that if one two, or three of them came as we did they should be properly lodged and accommodated, but that justice and law provided in this respect that none should be compelled to do so, sinoe every person being free, must earn his own maintenance, and that no one was holden to be another's servant for nothing, that such being the custom among us, no more complaints were to be made about it, as our other brothers did. Whereupon there was laid down and presented to them 25 pounds of gunpowder: all of which with their customary barbarian applause they received and accepted.

Done ut supra.

J. De Decker, 1655.

Most noble, worshipful, valiant and right honorable Heer general:

Since my lastintelligence delivered orally by Andries Herpertsen, touching the offenses of the tapsters, to me recommended and given in charge, that your honor [it being your purpose to come hither] should think it

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