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to our court [of Fort Orange and Beverwyck], on Tuesday last; whereupon the court aforesaid have thought good to return this our reply.— Inasmuch as Jan Baptist Van Rensselaer, in the capacity of court of the colony of Rensselaerswyck, has been pleased, through theschout (?) of said Rensselaerswyck, ***** *

[Wanting] the farming out of the wine and beer excise; so it is, that until we can show an order from the right honorable the director general and council of New Netherland, we trust your honor will remain content, for which end, your honor's original written summons and protestation have been sent to the right honorable the director general and council of New Netherland, who will order, in relation thereto, according to their accustomed resolutions; and if your honor desires to learn them he can address himself to our court as having proper authority.

Done in our court of Fort Orange and Beverwyck this 29th of April, 1655.

Joannes Dyckman.

Jan Verbeeck.

I'lETER HERTGERTS.

Franz Barentse Pastoor.

Upon this the first day of May, 1655, Steven Janse [Coninck] desires to sell, at this public sale, the house formerly belonging to the late Gysbert Cornelise [Van Wesap], as it at present stands, with the kitchen also, and garden, hogspen, and lot of the same, all according to the patent thereof on the following conditions: * * * * *

* [Wanting] shall furnish sufficient sureties to the content of the seller, and failing of this, it shall at once be offered for sale again, at the expense of the buyer, and whatever less it comes to be worth shall be made good by the buyer. The payment must be made in the three following installments; the first, within fourteen days, or at least by the end of the month of May, the second next Amsterdam Fairday (Am&terdamsche Kernirs), and the third, next 1656, also in May; all to be paid in good whole beavers, on the aforesaid conditions without any delay; provided that the buyer or bidder is not to lay claim to the two months' rent due from Pietcr the Fleming, who at present occupies the kitchen, but said kitchen shall be delivered on the first of July next, after which the buyer is to regulate matters himself, *****

* [Wanting].

On this the third day of May, 1G55, I, James Dyckman, in the character of clerk and officer, at the earnest petition of Marcelis Janse, the collector, betook myself to the house of Jacob Adriaense Soogemackelyck.1 There were present sitting before the door, the following witnesses, Hendrick Reur- and Barent Pieterse [Coeymans], the miller, and the aforesaid Gemackelyck himself. It was my earnest request that the collector, Marcelis Janse, should guage his casks according to the farming of the excise [Verpachtinije], for which end he had come there. Then I received for an answer from the aforesaid Soogemackelyck that there was

1 Jacob Adriacuse was brother of Pietcr Adriaense Soogemackelyck and both innkeepers They had another surname, Van WogKeluui. '* llcudrik Janse Reur, was deceased in 1675.— Deeds, i, 273.

another gentleman undertaking it, and he would not permit it, so then I, Joannes Dyckman, before doing anything else, there at the house, before the door, made the following protest: since you, Pieter Andriaense Soogemackelyck, will not permit us to guage the wine and beer you have in your cellar, in the name of the right honorable director general and council of New Netherland, I protest that all the damage and expense which the honorable company and collector may suffer shall fall upon your person. * * * ***** [Some

lines wanting] Steven Janse [Coninck] and also a person whose name I
could not tell, from whom, on my friendly request for an answer, I received
the like answer as Pieter Adriaense Soogemackelyck gave me; whereupon
I departed again with the like protest and betook myself to the house of
Adiiaen Janse Van Leyden, finding him and his wife at home, I received
the same answer as the other gentlemen gave; he expressly refused to give
permission for the guaging, * * * * so I protested
against him word for word as I had done against the others.
Fort Orange, this 4th of May, 1665.

Johannes Dyckman.
Marcelys Jansen, Collector.

* * * * [Wanting]. I, Anthonys de Hooges, acknowledge that I have sold to Volckert Janse [Douw] the west portion of my lot extending behind the house of the buyer aforesaid for a certain sum of money to my satisfaction, the length of the aforesaid part, being ten and a half and the breadth four rods, and I therefore so convey and release the same to and for the behoof of Volckert Janse, with such ownership and possession as were granted to me and others without making any pretension of right, claim, or authority to the same from this time forth.

As witnessmy hand here subscribed in Beverwyck this 5th of May, 1655.

Antonius De Hooqes.

I, Joannes Dyckman, customs officer and vice director in Fort Orange, and village of Beverwyck, having seen the above standing conveyance, promise that I will procure that Volkert Janse shall shortly be furnished with a patent in debita forma, for said lot of ground, ten and a half rods in length, and four rods in breadth.

Done as above,

Joannes Dyckman.

Worshipful, valiant and most noble sir, and right honorable gentlemen of the council of New Netherland. General and right honorable sirs: Our last to your honors was of date the 29th of April last, but to our great surprise, although a continual south wind has been blowing, no answer to the same has been received, notwithstanding the urgent letter that we wrote respecting the farming of the excise, about which the collector, as is proper, at the first opportunity, * * * or other like heavy claim makes, of which the honorable president and clerk of this court will give your honors minuter information by word of mouth, what treatment his honor [the collector] met with from the innkeepers dwelling without the limits [of the village of Beverwyck], who would by no means permit the guaging of their liquors, whereupon nothing more has been done, than in the presence of the collector, Marcelis Janse, to protest against the same in the names of your honors, as your honors shall be particularly shown in writing. Now it is so, that in case we do not receive the support of your honors in this matter, we shall not only be a by-word, but of little esteem in consequence thereof. We can but hope, therefore, that your honors will, in proper time, put in execution your former resolutions. How needful a secretary is here requires * * * * * [wanting], being a sober and fit person to relieve his honor, the clerk ', since his honor declines longer to serve here (?), of which his honor, by word of mouth, will give your honors an explanation, for his honor, confined to his house, is no longer fitted to perform the office of secretary in a community so greatly multiplied. Diverse complaints reach us, of those, who, last year furnished your honors with money, in a time of need, asking restitution and payment, for examples, Hendrick Jochemse, Willem Bout, and others; your honors will please, according to promise, make payment thereof, or confirm the writing relating to the same, to which end the original requisition, the said honorable custom officer takes with this, and further will so do and act therein as we have given order. Our humble petition is that your honors will give a favorable hearing, and also will please grant it to us speedily; and further referring you to his honor [the custom officer], for a verbal report respecting the condition of things up here; in the meantime, general and right honorable sirs of the council, we pray Almighty God your honors' counsels to bless and prosper more and more, and remain your honors' faithful servants of the court of Fort Orange and Bcverwyck.

Fort Orange, 10 April, 1655.

* * * [Wanting] of the court of Rensselaerswyck, delivered the following petition: The court of the colony of Rensselaerswyck, understanding that from the fight between Steven Janse [Coninck] and Jacob Hendrickse Maet,there exists just reasons and motives, in the matter of their bounden duty, to be vigilant and watchful in the administration of justice, the offense being such, that Steven Janse was struck in the left side with a knife in the hand of Jacob Janse [Hendrickse] aforesaid in such a manner that he was redeemed from pcriculum vitie, and that said Mact was committed in the jurisdiction of the aforesaid colony. So it is that they [of the court of Rensselaerswyck] send a friendly request to the honorable court of Fort Orange and Beverwyck, who have proposed the matter that they will please detain the aforesaid Jacob Hendrickse Tinder their honora' jurisdiction, and put him into the hands of our officer, to be disposed of only according to his crime, and to do with his person as shall be found in accordance with the laws: this request of theirs being founded on a reciprocal accommodation and duty in case a like occurrence should happen on their fide; their honors also not being ignorant that such is a mutual obligation of all (principal associated) courts, they wait for a speedy resolution and answer to this, inasmuch as danger comes from delay.

1 Johannes Dyckman, whose health failing, he retired from the office and became insane. - This is the last paper recorded by Joannes Dyckman, in these records.

Done at the session of their honors of the aforesaid colony this 2d of July, 1655. Presentibus ut in registro. Lower stood by order of the same.1

A. De Hooges, Schout and Secretary.

***** [Wanting] reading as follows : the court of Fort Orange and the village of Beverwyck, having seen and examined the request made to them by the court of the colony of Rensselaerswyck, return as answer thereto, that they are sufficient of themselves as they have always shown, and with a like desire for the maintenance of justice are inspired, and moreover shall not stand idle. On the contrary, their duty shows that the person of Jacob Hendrickse Maat, in case he shall be found in their jurisdiction, must be apprehended and taken under the keeping of justice, placed and confined in a secure place, until such time as the state and condition of the patient Steven Janse [Coninck], shall have taken a favorable or unfavorable turn, in order that he may then be dealt with as justice and right may demand In meantime their honors [of the Court of Fort Orange] testify their pleasure, that the court aforesaid [of, Rensselaerswyck] show themselves lovers, and affect the maintenance, of justice.

Done at the session of their honors aforesaid, on the 7th of July, A.D. 1655. Presentibus omnibus. By order of the same,

J. De Deckere,"2 1655.

* * * * [Wanting] by the schout, made to secretary Johan de Deckere, in order that certain persons, dwelling under our jurisdiction, may be brought by our constable, before the tribunal and court of Rensselaerswyck, are answered as follows: Your request, sent to me this morning, is, I acknowledge, in some cases wholly founded in justice and right, also some cases may occur, where the concession sought for with good reason should be withheld, unless the reasons, occasion and question were made known to us, why one dwelling under our jurisdiction should properly appear before your honor's court and there be tried. We request, therefore, that your honors will afford us, by the bearer, the occasion for this demand of yours, that having found reasons for refusal the same may be adhered to, or otherwise renounced, being content under similar circumstances to regulate our conduct in the like manner. Vale.

Done this 7th July, 1655.

J. De Deokeke, 1655.

***** [Wanting]. Immediately after our arrival here, we composed and promulgated a certain placard, a copy of which accompanies this; the effects we await with more patience than hope, as yet seeing nothing more than a superficial cure, because the disease (in my opinion), has grown old and penetrated to the bone. As it respects the

1 The last paper was dated the 10th of April, from which date till Jnly 2d, the village appears to have been without a secretary. The above is the first paper recorded by Secretary De Deckere.

* For an account of Jan De Decker, see O'Callaghan's IRstonj of New Nettertand, n, 804, note. He remained in Fort Orange, as vice director one year, and then returned to New Amsterdam.

Mist. Col. iv. 30

person of Dyckman, we consider him, according to the report of the deputy, in a miserable posture, it is doubtful, which is most impeded, his understanding or speech; at all events he is absolutely unfitted to attend to civil, or judicial matters. As to the salary and hundred guilders for maintenance, received by Dyckman, I hope to be allowed the same, and request some evidence or acts that I may receive it. Johan de Hulter, on Tuesday last, the 2nd (?) of July, having appeared before the magistrates, asked for letters of recommendation to your honors, to the end that they would please make and publish a placard, for the prohibition, reformation and checking of the insolence, opposition and disobedience of his servants in particular, and of others in general, complaining and testifying that they are great and intolerable.

***** [Wanting]. I request that some paper be sent, having hitherto used other folk's as my own, also four quires (?), in restitution of what the constable says he has used. According to order I have boarded at the house of pastor Schaets, for six guilders a week; I request a warrant by which the same may be paid. Herewith, worshipful sir, I commend you to the protection of the Almighty.

Fort Orange, the of July, 1655.

On the 23d day of July, 1655, I, Johan de Deckere, in the character of clerk and officer, at the request of Marcelis Janse, collector, assisted by our constable, betook myself to the house of Jacob Adriaensen Soogemackelyck,1 and requested him to please let the collector make a proper guaging of the wine and beer he had in possession. Whereupon the aforesaid Soogemackelyck gave me as an answer, that he could not serve two masters, and also that it was forbidden him. Since nothing else can be done at this time, I, Johan de Deckere, have made the following protest. As you, Pr. Adriaensen Soogemackelyck, will not permit us to guage the wine and beer in your cellar * * * * [wanting] in the name and behalf of the honorable the director general and high council in New Netherland, for all the expense, damage and interest which the honorable company and the collector have been put to and suffered through your refusal, and by your perseverance therein shall cause them to suffer, that upon your person and those who may have ordered the same, such a punishment may be rendered as shall be proper. And in the act of making this protest, there appeared the person of Jan Baptist Van Rensselaer, accompanied by his brother and Brant Van Slechtenhorst,who having been informed of the reasons of my coming there, said that I did not appear there with proper qualifications, demanded the same of me, and declared that unless the same were shown he would not permit the guaging, on the other hand, if the same were shown, the guaging should immediately be allowed; also that it was not according to forms of law, or the custom of soldiers, without previously notifying the person, as if boarding a vessel; that before they were brought to the knowledge thereof, they might have armed themselves against the same. So, in like manner, on this occasion, I have protested against the same as before.

'From the manner In which the names of Jacob and Pieter Adriaensen Soogemackelyck are asnociated in this protest, it would seem that they were in partnership.

a For an account of Brant Van Slechtenhorst, director of Reusselaerewyck, see O'Callagban's History of New Netherland, u, p. 69.

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