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CHAPTER XI.-FINES AND PENALTIES. $218. Jurisdiction of justices of the peace. $221. Officers prohibited from taking con. 219. Fines and penalties, how collected.

tracts, doing work for profit, or 220. Penalty for receiving bonus from

furnishing material. publisher of school-books. SECTION 218. Jurisdiction. [7549.] Justices of the peace shall have jurisdiction in all cases in which a school district is a party interested, when the amount claimed by the plaintiff shall not exceed $100; and the parties shall have the right of appeal, as in other cases. (Laws 1876, ch. 122, art. 9, sec. 1.)

SEC. 219. How Collected. [7550.] All fines and penalties not otherwise provided for in this act shall be collected by an action in any court of competent jurisdiction. (Laws 1876, ch. 122, art. 9, sec. 2.)

SEC. 220. Penalty for Receiving Bonus. [7551.] If the state superintendent, or any county superintendent of public instruction, shall receive from the publisher of any schoolbooks, or from any other person interested in the sale or introduction of any book into the public schools in the state, any money or nus in any manner as an in lucement for the recommendation or introduction of any such book into the public schools of the state, such superintendent shall, upon conviction thereof before any court of competent jurisdiction, be found guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be fined in a sum not less than $1000 nor exceeding $5000, or shall be imprisoned in the penitentiary for any time not less than one year nor more than five years, or both such fine and imprisonment. (Laws 1876, ch. 122, art. 9, sec. 3.)

SEC. 221. Officers Prohibited from Taking Contracts, Doing Work for Profit, or Furnishing Material. [2873.] That all officers, state and county, and all officers appointed or elected for the purpose of overseeing and directing any of the public improvements of the state, and all officers holding and exercising any office of trust or profit under and by virtue of any law of the state, be and they are hereby prohibited from taking any contract, or performing or doing or having performed or done for their own profit, any work in and about the office holden by them, or in or about any work over which they have in whole or in part the supervision, direction or control, and from furnishing any materials used in any such work, and from furnishing for the use of any institution, public work, county, township, or other interest, the protection of which interest is a part of the duties of his office, any firewood, clothing, materials for building, or other things required by such institution, public work, county, township or other interest so in the keeping, in whole or in part, of such person. (Laws 1867, ch. 132, sec. 4.)


$222. · Doors of schoolhouses.
223. Exits, fire-escapes.
224. Furnaces.
225. Plans of buildings submitted to state


$226. Inspection, duty of school boards.
227. Fire drills.
228. Penalty.
229. Time for compliance.

SECTION 222. Doors of Schoolhouses. [7851.] That the doors of all public or private schoolhouses of more than one story shall open outwards, and all doors of schoolhouses shall remain unlocked while school is in session. (Laws 1909, ch. 209, sec. 1.)

ec. Exits, Fire-escapes. [7852.] That in every public or private schoolhouse of two or more stories every story above the first shall be provided with either two or more exits from the upper floor separate and distinct from the exits of the lower floor, or shall be provided with sufficient and suitable fire-escapes, 117 which shall be built of iron or steel. (Laws 1909, ch. 209, sec. 2.)

SEC. 224. Furnaces. [7853.] That the tops of all furnaces in public and private schoolhouses shall be covered with asbestos covering or masonry, and the top of such furnace shall not be nearer than eighteen inches to the nearest woodwork above. The ceiling above said furnaces shall be covered with asbestos. (Laws 1909, ch. 209, sec. 3.)

SEC. 225. Plans of Buildings Submitted to State Architect. [7854.] That no contract shall be let for the erection of any school building, nor shall any public funds be paid out for the erection of schoolhouses of two or more stories, until the plans for such buildings shall have been submitted to the state architect and approved as to all the requirements of this act. (Laws 1909, ch. 209, sec. 4.)

SEC. 226. Inspection; Duty of School Boards. [7855.] That each county superintendent shall annually inspect each publicschool building, including the county-high-school building, in districts under his supervision; and the mayor or fire marshal shall annually inspect all public and private school buildings in cities of the second class; and the fire marshal shall annually inspect all public and private school buildings in cities of the first class.* The examining officer under this section shall report to the respective school boards having jurisdiction any violation of this act, or any conditions which he may deem dangerous, or which will in any way prevent a speedy exit

117. A ladder fire-escape is not a “suitable” fire-escape for a schoolhouse.

* See sections 845-847, General Statutes of 1909, concerning the condemning of buildings in cities of the third class.

from the building, and it shall be the duty of said school board when thus notified immediately to make such changes as are required by this act, and such boards are hereby authorized to draw upon their general revenue funds, without further appropriation, to comply with all the requirements of this act. (Laws 1909, ch. 209, sec. 5.)

SEC. 227. Fire-drills. [7856.] That in every public or private school having more than one hundred pupils (excepting colleges and universities) a fire-drill and summary dismissal from the building shall be practiced at least once each month at some time during school hours, aside from the regular dismissal at the close of the day's session. (Laws 1909, ch. 209, sec. 6.)

SEC. 228. Penalty. [7857.] That any officer or member of a school board who shall permit any provisions of this act to be violated for sixty days may be removed from his office by a civil action. Independent of such civil action, any officer, member of a school board, city superintendent, principal or teacher violating any provision of this act shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be punished by a fine of not less than fifty dollars or more than five hundred dollars, or by imprisonment in jail not exceeding six months, or by both such fine and imprisonment; provided, however, that this act shall not prevent the prosecution and punishment of an officer or other person under the ordinary provisions of the crimes act for death or injury to any child in a public or private school occasioned by the negligence of such officer or other person. (Laws 1909, ch. 209, sec. 7.)

SEC. 229. Time for Compliance. [7858.] That within sixty days after the taking effect of this act the provisions of section 1 of this act must be fully complied with, and within one hundred and twenty days the provisions of sections 2 and 3 must be complied with; and any neglect to comply with the provisions of this act beyond the times herein specified shall subject the officers and persons named in this act to the penalties prescribed in this act. (Laws 1909, ch. 209, sec. 8.)



$230. High-school tuition.
231. County treasurer collect taxes.
232. High-school fraternities; unlawful to

belong to.

$233. Expulsion for membership in fra


SECTION 230. High-school Tuition. [7790.] That all school districts located in counties not maintaining a county high school are hereby authorized, at each annual meeting of the several school districts, to levy, in the manner provided by law for the levying of other taxes, tax sufficient to pay in full the tuition in a high school in the county or any adjoining county in which said district is located of each and every scholar whose parents or guardians are actually residing in said districts in good faith who shall desire to attend the said high school during the next ensuing year; the number of such scholars to be ascertained and determined by the clerk of said district immediately prior to the holding of the annual meeting of said district; provided, however, that the provisions of this act shall not apply to any county in which was adopted the provisions of chapter 397 of the Session Laws of 1905. (Laws 1907, ch. 336, sec. 1.)

SEC. 231. County Treasurer Collect Taxes. [7791.] The taxes provided for in section 1 of this act shall be paid to the county treasurer of the various counties as other taxes are paid, and when so collected shall be turned over to the schooldistrict treasurer and receipted for by him as other school moneys, and he shall keep separate accounts of such funds, and shall pay the same out for the purposes mentioned in this act upon the same terms and conditions as other school-district moneys are paid out. (Laws 1899, ch. 250, sec. 2.)

SEC. 232. High-school Fraternities; Unlawful to Belong to. [7752.] It shall be unlawful for the pupils of any high schools to participate in or be members of any secret fraternity or secret organization whatsoever that is in any degree a school organization. (Laws 1907, ch. 320, sec. 1.)

SEC. 233. Expulsion for Membership in Fraternities. [7753.] Any boards of education or board of trustees of county high schools are hereby authorized and empowered to deny to any student regularly enrolled in such high school, who shall violate section 1 of this act, any or all of the privileges of such high school or to expel such student for failure or refusal to comply with the requirements of this act. (Laws 1907, ch. 320, sec. 2.)



$234. What counties may establish.
235. Election, how called.
236. Ballots canvassed.
237. Trustees elected, when and how.
238. Officers of board of trustees ; quorum.
239. Levy by trustees.
240. Levy limited.
241. Levy limited.
242. Taxes levied and collected.
243. Duties of treasurer and secretary of

high school.
244. Site to be selected and purchased by

board of trustees ; may lease suit

able buildings. 245. Principal and assistant teachers to

be employed by board of trustees.

$246. Three courses of study shall be pro

vided. 247. Tuition ; rules and regulations to be

adopted by the board of trustees. 248. Non-resident pupils, admitted when. 249. Principal shall make rules and regu

lations for government of school. 250. Rights and privileges of those grad

uating from normal course. 251. Report of trustees to board of county

252. Vacancies in board of trustees, how

253. Salary of trustees.

SECTION 234. What Counties. [7765.] Each county having a population of 6000 inhabitants or over, as shown by the last state or federal census, may establish a county high school on the conditions and in the manner hereinafter prescribed, for the purpose of affording better educational facilities for pupils more advanced than those attending district schools, and for persons who desire to fit themselves for the vocation of teaching. (Laws 1886, ch. 147, sec. 1.)

SEC. 235. Election. [7766.] When one-third of the electors of a county, as shown by the returns of the last preceding election, shall petition the board of county commissioners requesting that a county high school be established in their county, at a place in the said petition named, or whenever the said county commissioners shall at their discretion think proper, they shall give twenty days' notice previous to the next general election, or previous to a special election called for that purpose, that they will submit the question to the electors of said county whether such high school shall be established, and at the place specified, at which election the electors of the county shall vote by ballot for or against establishing such high school. The notice contemplated in this section shall be given as are all legal notices of a general or of a special election. (Laws 1886, ch. 147, sec. 2.)

SEC. 236. Ballots Canvassed. [7767.] After said election the ballots on said question shall be canvassed in the same manner as in the election of county officers, and if a majority of all the votes cast shall be in favor of establishing such high school, the county commissioners shall immediately proceed to appoint six persons, who shall be residents and freeholders of the county, but no more than two of whom shall be residents of the same commissioner district, who shall, with the county superintendent of instruction, 118 constitute a board of trustees for said school. Each of said trustees appointed as aforesaid

118. The county superintendent is entitled to vote on all questions coming before the board of trustees.

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